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七年级下册Unit 1 单词课文详解

发布时间:2014-02-19 17:26:49  

一、重点单词的讲解。

1. cheerful adj.快乐的,高兴的; cheer n.欢呼 v.欢呼,使……高兴,加油 Eg:Do you know why he is always so cheerful?你知道他为什么总是如此快乐吗?

2. hard-working adj.工作努力的,勤勉的 反义词:lazy adj.懒惰的

Eg:I think Simon is a hard-working student.我觉得西蒙是一个勤奋的学生。

3. patient adj.耐心的 反义词:impatient adj.没耐心的 ; patient n.病人 Eg:Don’t worry! Be patient, please. 不要担心,请耐心点。

4. smart adj.聪明的,机敏的,时髦的 近义词:clever adj.机智的 反义词:foolish adj.愚蠢的

Eg:You are so smart. You can finish that difficult Maths problem in only five minutes.

你真聪明,可以在5分钟之内就解出那道数学难题。

5. probably =maybe adv.很可能

Eg:You’re probably right.你很可能是对的。

6. forget-forgot-forgotten v.忘记 反义词:remember v.记住,记得

(1)forget 后接人或事、物,表示忘记某人、某事、某物

Eg:He forgot the name of his teacher.他忘记了他老师的名字。

(2)forget后接to do sth. 表示忘记做某事。

Eg:Don’t forget to reply to Jane in the morning.上午别忘了给简回复。

(3)forget后接doing sth. 表示忘记做过某事。

Eg:He forgot buying that scarf in Paris.他忘记在巴黎买过这条围巾。

7. smell n. 气味 v. 闻,嗅

(1)作行为动词,后面直接跟宾语。

Eg:Smell the perfume. Do you like it?闻闻这香水的味道。你喜欢吗?

(2)做系动词,后接形容词修饰主语。

Eg:The meat smells nice, but tastes terrible.这肉闻起来不错,但味道很糟糕。

8. care n.照顾,照料 v.关心,关注,在乎

Eg:Baby dogs and cats need a lot of care.小狗和小猫需要很多照顾。 The only thing he cares about is money.他只在乎钱。

9. miss v.想念,怀念 ,错过,错失

Eg:He missed the ball.他没有接到球。

10. joke n.玩笑 v.说笑话,开玩笑

Eg:I didn’t get the joke. 我不明白这个笑话有什么好笑的。

11. laugh v.笑;laughter n.笑声

Eg:Why are you laughing so happily?为什么你笑得这么开心?

12. remain v.仍然是,保持不变

(1)remain常用作系动词,后接名词或形容词做表语。

Eg:We will remain friends forever.我们将永远做朋友。

13. strict adj.严格的,严厉的

Eg:She’s very strict about things like homework.她对作业之类的事要求非常严格。

14. encourage v.鼓励

(1)encourage sb. to do sth.

Eg: Our PE teacher often encourages us to do more sport.我们的体育老师经常鼓励我们多做运动。

15. support n.支持 v.支持

Eg:Everybody else said I was wrong but Paul supported me.大家都说我错了,只有保罗支持我。

16. successful adj.获得成功的 success n.成功 succeed v.

Eg:Who do you think is the most successful person in the world?你认为世界上最成功的人是谁?

练一练

练习:根据句意和所给的首字母填空。

1. She passed her exam easily, because she is h__________ .

2. My grandparents stay at hometown and I m_____ them very much.

3. I was laughing because she just told me a funny j_______.

4. Don’t l______ at others when they are in trouble.

5. Teachers always give us s_____ so that we can work out the problem.

businessman in the future.

to work by bus everyday.

8. Children should not spend too much time TV.

me to keep trying.

about his studies.

根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。

1. 父母对我的学习总是很严格要求。

My parents ____ always ____ _____ my studies.

2. 医生要我爸爸戒烟。

The doctor told my father to ____ ___smoking.

3. 我妈妈照顾着整个家庭。

My mother ____ ____ ____ my family.

4.爸爸喜欢饭后给我们讲笑话。

My father likes to ____ ____ to us after dinner.

课文重点句子的讲解。

1、

(1)take time意为“花时间”,后接动词不定式。 Eg:Take time to check your answers before you test paper, please.

交卷之前请花点时间检查你的答案。

四花费(spend, pay, cost, take)的用法:

人+spend (spent) +时间/金钱+ on sth./ (in) doing sth.

人+pay(paid) +钱+for+物

物+cost (cost) +sb. +金钱

It takes (took) sb. some time to do sth.

如:I spent 200 yuan on the bag.= I paid 200 yuan for the bag.= I bought the bag for

200 yuan

(2)help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事= help sb. with sth.在某方面帮助某人

Li Ping helps me learn English. = Li Ping helps me with my English.

help oneself (to) 请自便;请随便吃 with the help of= with one’s help在某人

的帮助下

can’t/ couldn’t help doing sth. 忍不住……,禁不住……

练一练

1. They spend too much time( ) the report

A. writing B. to write C. on writing D. write

2. --Will you please ( ) for my dinner Peter?

--Sure!

A. spend B. pay C. cost D. take

3. It will ( )me too much time to read this book.

A. take B. cost C. spend D. pay

4.This science book ____ me a great amount of money.

A. took B. cost C. used D. spent

with 介词 “带有” 表伴随状态、特征。后面跟名词、动名词(动词-ing) 反

义词:without“没有 ”

形容词的用法:形容词修饰名词,放在名词的前面; 修饰be动词、系动词(get,

become, appear等)构成系表结构 放在be动词的后面;修饰感官动词(look,

smell,taste, sound, feel)放在感官动词的后面

a good cook look beautiful

4、I will never forget the taste, and the smell as well. 我将永远不会忘记那种味道

和气味。

(1)as well意为“除……之外,也,还”。,和too的意思相近。

Eg:He knows English, and he knows French as well.他懂英语,还懂法语。

(2) 辨析:as well<too>,also, either

as well<too>常用于口语,多置于肯定句句末。Eg:I can swim too<as

well>.

also, 置于动词之前,助动词、be动词之后,常用于句中。Eg:He also

wants to go.

either,常用于否定句句尾。Eg:He doesn’t want to go either.他也不想去。

辨析:as well as与as well

作为习语用作介词时,as well as的涵义是"还有"、"不但…而且…"。

值得注意的是,在A as well as B的结构里,语意的重点在 A,不在 B。

判断正误:

He can speak Spanish as well as English.

他不但会说英语,而且会讲西班牙语( )

他不但会说西班牙语,而且会讲英语( )

5、(1) take care of= look after= care for(此外,care for还有喜欢的意思) 照顾、爱护

Eg: Nurses take care of patients in hospital.= Nurses look after patients in

hospital.

护士在医院照顾病人。

(2)care about 意为“关心,介意” care for 意为“喜欢,为……操心” Eg:Einstein who cared little for money never cared about his salary.

爱恩斯坦对金钱不感兴趣,他从不在乎薪水多少。

6、她常

常讲笑话,让我哈哈大笑,但她从不取笑人。

(1)tell jokes意为“讲笑话”

tell sb (not) to do sth 告诉某人做(不要做)某事

Eg:Don’t tell jokes in class.上课时不要讲笑话。

(2)make sb. do sth.意为“使某人做某事”。make后直接跟动词的原形(let/have

也是此用法)。

make sth + adj. “使……处于某种状态”(此用法还有 leave/keep)

Eg:The teacher made the students do a lot of homework.这个老师让学生做

很多的作业。

(3)make fun of意为“嘲弄,取笑”与laugh at 意思相近。

Eg:The older children always make fun of him because of his accent. = The older children always laugh at him because of his accent.

大一些的孩子常常取笑他的口音。

拓展:1、be made of 由什么制成(看得出原材料)eg:The house is made of wood.

2、be made from 由什么制成(看不出原材料)eg: Wine is made from grapes.

3、be made into 把……制成。Eg:Grapes are made into wine.

4、be made in +地方 “产于某地”

7、我希望我们将永远朋友。

(1)hope v. 希望(希望自己)

hope to do sth. 希望做某事。不能说:hope sb to do sth

eg. I hope to be a teacher when I grow up. 长大后我想成为一名演员。

hope + that 从句

I hope (that) you’ll deal with the problem as soon as possible. 我希望你尽快解决这个问题

wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事(希望别人) I wish you to write a letter soon. 我希望你尽快写封信。

(2)remain friends 意为“还是朋友,保持朋友联系”

Eg:You must tell me the truth, if we are to remain friends.如果我们还是朋友

的话,你必须告诉我实情。

8、 be good at sth/doing sth =do well in sth/doing sth 擅长某事/做某事

9、His classes are always full of fun. 他的课总是充满了欢乐。

(1)be full of=be filled with意为“充满……”

Eg:The bottle is full of milk.这个瓶子里装满了牛奶。

(2)fun n. 乐趣,欢乐; funny adj.好玩的,有趣的,滑稽的,古怪的 Eg:His classes are always funny.他的课总是很有趣。

have fun doing sth 做某事玩得愉快

10、He uses lots of games in his teaching. 他在教学中运用许多游戏。

(1)teaching n.教学 teach v.教 teacher n. 教师

Eg:Linda wants to go into teaching.琳达想从事教学工作。

(2) lots of = a lot of 许多 后既接可数名词复数=many 也接不可数名词

=much

(3) in 在此表示“在……方面”

11、support.李老师对我们的学习要求严格,但他总是鼓励我们,给我们支持。

(1)be strict about/in 对某事要求严格,后面只能接sth.

Eg:Our teachers are always strict about our homework.我们老师对我们

的作业要求很严格。

(2)be strict with 对某人要求严格,后面只能接人

Eg:He is very strict with his students.他对学生非常严格。

My father is always strict in behavior with me.我爸爸对我的行为

举止要求很严格。

(3) encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事

(4) support n. 支持

support v. 支持 support sb to do sth 支持某人做某事

12、He often says,“Never give up and you’ll be successful.”他常常说:“永不放弃,你就会成功

(1)give up 意为“放弃,投降,认输”,可作不及物动词用。

Eg:I give up, tell me what the answer is .我认输,告诉我答案吧。

(2)give up sth 放弃某事/某物 give up doing sth 放弃做某事

Eg:In fact I’ve given up this idea.事实上我已经放弃了这个想法。

He told me to give up smoking.他建议我戒烟。

(3)Never give up!是祈使句。相当于Don’t give up forever.永不放弃。

(4)successful:adj. "成功的",其名词为success,其动词为succeed.

短语:be successful in doing sth

=have success in doing sth

Exercise:

家庭作业

单词拼写(每小题1分,共10分)

1. My parents live in Greece. I’ll p_______ move to Greece later in the year.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

when she was only 20.

10. 完成句子.(每空1分,共20分)

1. 取笑别人是不礼貌的。

It is impolite to _________ _________ _________ others.

2. 老师对学生的学习要求严格。

Teachers ________ _________ ________ students about their studies.

3. 你不可能猜到答案,你要放弃吗?

You’ll never guess the answer. Will you _______ _______?

4. 我喜欢语文也喜欢英语。

I like Chinese and English ________ _______.

5. 我们应该学会照顾他人。

We should learn to _______ ________ _________ others.

6. 她整晚都在讲笑话和有趣的故事。

She spent the evening _______ ________ and telling funny stories.

7. 瓶子里装满了热水,小心

The bottle ________ _________ _________ hot water. Be careful.

8. 不要盯着别人看,这样不礼貌。

Don’t _______ ________ others. It is not polite.

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