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2014人教新版八年级英语下册__unit1_全单元

发布时间:2014-02-19 17:26:54  

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

body
tooth

feet

teeth

nose

face ear

toe

neck

face

leg

heel

elbow

1a Look at the picture. Write the correct letter[a—m] for each

part of the body.

i k c g ____arm ____back ____ear ____eye ____foot m

a ____hand____head ____leg ____mouth b l f

d ____neck ____nose ____stomach ____tooth j h e

What’s the matter? (你)怎么了?

have a (bad) cold 感冒

have a stomachache 胃痛

have a (high) fever
发烧 have a toothache 牙痛 have a headache 头痛

have a sore back
背痛

have a sore throat
喉咙痛

What’s the matter with you ?
=What’s the trouble with you? =What’s wrong with you? 你怎么啦? I have a (bad) cold. =I have got a (bad) cold. 我患感冒了。

What’s the matter with him ? He has/has got a stomachache.
他胃痛。

What’s the matter with him? He has/has got a sore back/backache.
他背痛。

What’s the matter with him ?

He has a sore throat.
他喉咙痛。

What’s the matter with her ? She has/has got a (high) fever.
她发烧。

What’s the matter with her? She has a (bad) toothache.
她牙痛。

What’s the matter with him? He has a (bad) headache.他头痛。

He has a lot of headaches.他头经常痛。

What’s the matter? He has a sore back He has a sore neck.

She has a sore throat.

What’s the matter?
He has a headache.
He has a toothache. He has a stomachache.

1b: Listen and look at the picture.
Then number the names (1-5).

2 4 Sarah_____ 1 David_____ Nancy_____ 5 Ben_______ Judy_____ 3

Conversation 1

Nurse: You don't look well. What’s the matter, Sarah? Sarah: I was playing with my friends at the park yesterday. Then it got windy, but I didn't put on my jacket. Now I have a cold.

have a cold=catch a cold

Conversation 2

Nurse:What’s the matter, David? Are you OK? David: I ate too much junk food at my friend's birthday party. So last night, I got a stomachache. I almost couldn't get myself out of bed this morning.

Conversation 3

Nurse:What’s the matter, Ben? Can you move? Ben: Not really. I was playing soccer the other day and I hurt myself. It seemed OK at first, but now I have a really sore back.

Conversation 4

Nurse: You look really tired. What’s the matter, Nancy? Nancy: I didn't sleep well last night. I have a toothache. It's terrible! I can't really eat anything either. It hurts a lot.

Conversation 5

Nurse: What’s the matter, Judy? Judy: I'm sorry, but it's very difficult for me to talk. Nurse: Oh, dear.What’s the matter? Judy: I talked too much yesterday and didn't drink enough water. I have a very sore throat now.

Conversation 5

A: Oh, no! What happened? B: I was making dinner just now and I cut myself by accident. A: Oh, that looks serious. You should put some medicine on it . Here, let me lhelp you.
B: OK, thanks.

Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、重点短语 1. have a fever 发烧 2. have a cough 咳嗽 3. have a toothache 牙疼 4. talk too much 说得太多 5. drink enough water

喝足够的水 6. have a cold 受凉;感冒 7. have a stomachache 胃疼 8. have a sore back 背疼 9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛 10. lie down and rest 躺下来休息 11. hot tea w ith honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

12. see a dentist 看牙医 13. get an X-ray 拍X 光片 14. take one’ s temperature 量体温 15. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药 16. feel very hot 感到很热 17. sound like 听起来像 18. all weekend 整个周末 19. in the same way ? 以同样的方式 20. go to a doctor 看医生 21. go along 沿着……走 22. on the side of the road 在马路边

23. shout for help 大声呼救 24. without th inking twice 没有多想 25. get off 下车 26. have a heart problem 有心脏病 27. to one’ s surprise 使....... [京讶的 28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于 29. in time 及时 30. save a life 挽救生命 31. get into trouble 造成麻烦 32. right away 立刻;马上 = at once / right now 33. because of 由于

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

二、重点句型 1. What’ s the matter? 什么事?怎么啦? What’ s the matter with you?你怎么了? = What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you? 2. What should she do? 她该怎么办呢? Should I take my temperature? 我应该量一下体温吗? 主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原形. .. ①You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。 ② You shouldn’ t go out at night. 你晚上不应该出去。

? 3. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? ? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢? ? 4. I think I sat in the same way for too long without ? moving. ? 我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。 ? 5. She said that the man had a heart problem andshould go to the hospital

sing a song

Grammar Focus
1.What’s the matter with sb? = What’s the trouble with sb? = What’s wrong with sb?
注:with为介词,后跟人称代词宾格, 如her,him,them等。
怎 么 了

eg:What’s the matter with your mother? What’s wrong with you? What’s the trouble with her?

Grammar Focus
在英语中,表达“疼痛或不舒服”时的常用结构:

(1)主语+have/has+病症
(2)主语+have/has+a+sore+发病部位
sore 是一个独立的形容词,指的是身体某一部位的酸痛。如:
sore back, sore throat,sore back,sore neck.

(3)主语+have/has+a+部位-ache
-ache作后缀,常与表示身体部位的名词合成一个新词, 表身体某部位疼痛,如:toothache , headache , stomachache .

(4)(There is)something wrong with +one’s+部位
某人某部位不舒服/出了毛病。

常用sore 修饰的词: throat leg foot

eye

常加后缀-ache构成的词: head tooth stomach ear

两者都可用的词:back

Look and say

a. 喉咙痛 b. 背痛 c. 牙痛 d. 头痛 e. 胃痛 f. 感冒

have a sore throat have a sore back have a toothache

have a headache
have a stomachache have a cold

g. 发烧

have a fever

2a-2b

Listen and number the pictures 1-5 in the order you hear them. Listen again and match the problems with the advice.

1. fever 2. stomachache 3. cough and sore throat

a. lie down and rest

4. toothache
5. cut myself

b. drink some hot tea with honey c. see a dentist and get an X-ray d. take your temperature e. put some medicine on it

Conversation 1

A:You don't look well. Your face looks a bit red. B: Yeah, and my head feels very hot. What should I do? A: Maybe you have a fever. You should take your temperature. B: Yes, you're right.

Conversation 2

A:What’s the matter? B: I didn't take good care of myself. I didn't wear enough warm clothes yesterday. Now I have a cough and a sore throat. A: You should drink some hot tea with homey.
B:That sounds like a good idea.

Conversation 3

A: You look terrible! What’s the matter? B: I think I ate too much at dinner last night. It was an all-you-can-eat meal at the restaurant. But now I have a stomachache. A: That's too bad. You shouldn't eat so much next time. Right now , you should lie down and rest.
B: I guess I should.

Conversation 4

A: What's wrong with your face? B: It's not my face. It's my tooth. I have a toothache. A: You should see a dentist and get an X-ray. B: But will it hurt? A: No, and if you don't go to the dentist now, it'll hurt even more later!

problem question

n. 问题,难题,习题(有待解决) n. 问题(有待回答)

This question is a problem.

They are doing some math problems/exercises. May I ask you a question ?

对 症 下 药

stomachache

fever toothache sore throat

--What shouldn’t he do?

--I think he shouldn’t …
shouldn’t = should not He has a sore throat

drink cold drink.
He shouldn’t eat ice cream.

eat hot food.
talk too much.

talk loudly.

A:What’s the matter? a toothache ? Do you have______________ B:Yes, I do. A:You should______________. see a dentist You shouldn't ___________________. eat sweet things .

I have a cold. What should I do?

You should

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

stay in bed . have a good rest. lie down and rest. wear warm clothes. drink lots of water. drink hot tea. take some medicine.

.

take some medicine

traditional Chinese medicine western medicine

-What’s the matter?

-My head feels very hot. -Maybe you have a fever, I think you should … -That’s a good idea./
That sounds like a good idea. / I guess I should./ Yes, you’re right.

Pairwork:
What’s the matter? sore back I have a_________.
see a doctor You should ____________. exercise You shouldn't___________.

What’s the matter? fever I have a _________. drink lots of water and go to bed You should_____________________________. go out and exercise You shouldn't________________________.

A:What’s the matter? stomachache B:I have a _____________.

lie down and have a rest A:You should_______________________.
You shouldn't _______________________. eat anything for two hours

2d.Read the conversation and answer my questions .


1. What's the matter with Lisa? 2. What did Lisa do on the weekend? 3. What should Lisa do ?

Mandy: Lisa, are you OK? Lisa: I have a headache and I can't move my neck. What should I do? Should I take my temperature? Mandy: No, it doesn't sound like you have a fever. What did you do on the weekend? Lisa: I played computer games all weekend. Mandy: That's probably why. You need to take breaks away from the computer. Lisa: Yeah, I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving. Mandy:I think you should lie down and rest. If your head and neck still hurt tomorrow, then go to a docotor. Lisa: OK. Thanks, Mandy.

Grammar Focus

翻译下列句子: 1. 我头痛。

1. I have a headache.
2. You should go to bed.

2. 你应当去睡觉。
3. 他肚子痛。

3. He has a stomachache. 4. He shouldn’t eat anything. 5.She has a toothache.

4. 他不应当吃任 何东西。
5. 她牙痛。

6. 她应当看牙医。 6. She should see a dentist.

Section A

3a-4c

3a-3c

Read the passage in 3a. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? How do you know? Then read the passage again and check ( √ )the things that happened in the story. 1. ______Wang Ping was the driver of bus No. 26 at 9:00 a.m. yesterday. 2. ——— Bus No. 26 hit an old man on Zhanghua Road. 3. ______ The old man had a heart problem and needed to go to the hospital right away.

3a-3c

4. ______The passengers on the bus did not want to go to the hospital, so only Wang Ping went with the woman and old man. 5. ——— Some passengers helped to get the old man onto the bus. 6. ______ The old man got to the hospital in time.

3a-3c

Now answer my questions. 1. Why was Wang Ping surprised that the passengers agreed to go to the hospital with him? 2. Did the passengers think Wang Ping did the right thing? How do you know? 3. Do you agree that people often do not help others because they do not want to get intyo trouble?

3a-3c

Bus Driver and Passengers Save an Old Man

At 9:00 a.m. yesterday, bus No. 26 was going along Zhanghua Road when the driver saw an old man lying on the side of the road. A woman next to him was shouting for help. The bus driver, 24-year-old Wang Ping, stopped the bus without thinking twice. He got off and asked the woman what happned. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital.

3a-3c

Mr. Wang knew he had to act quickly. He told the passengers that he must take the man to the hospital. He expected most or all of the passengers to get off and wait for the next bus. But to his surprise, they all agreed to go with him. Some passengers helped Mr. Wang to move the man onto the bus.

3a-3c

Thanks to Mr. Wang and the passengers, the doctors saved the man in tiome. " It's sad that many people don't want to help others because they don't want any trouble," says one passenger." But the driver didn't think about himself. He only thought about saving a life.

Grammar Focus

翻译下列句子

1. ---怎么了?

--- 我

肚子疼。
--- 下一次你不要吃得太多。 ---What's the matter? --- I have a stomachache. --- You shouldn't eat so much next time.

Grammar Focus

翻译下列句子

2. ---Ben怎么了?

?

--- 他伤着了自己,他背疼。
--- 他应该躺下来休息。

---What's the matter with Ben? --- He hurt himself. He has a sore back. --- He should lie down and rest.

Grammar Focus

翻译下列句子

3. ---你发烧了吗?

?
? ?

--- 是的,我发烧了。
/不,我没发烧。 /我不知道。

---Do you have a fever? ---Yes, I do./ No, I don't. / I don't know.

Grammar Focus

翻译下列句子

4. ---他牙疼吗?

?
?

--- 是的,他牙疼。

---他应该去看牙医并且拍一个X片 子。 ---Does he have a toothache? ---Yes, he soes. --- He should see a dentist and get an X-ray.

Grammar Focus

翻译下列句子

5. ---她应该干什么?

? --- 她应该量体温。 ---What should she do? ---She should take her temperature. 6. ---我应该在上面敷一些药吗? ---是的,你应该。/不,你不应该
---Should I put some medicine on it? ---Yes, you should./ No, you shouldn't.

4a. Fill th the blanks and practice the conversations. myself when I played basdetball 1. A: I hurt _______ should I do? yesterday. What _______

B: You ______see a doctor and get an X-ray. should 2. A: _______ the matter? What's B: My sister and I ______ sore throats. ______ we go to school? have Should A: No, you ________. shouldn't 3. A:_______ Mike ______ a fever? B: No, he ______. have He _____ a stomachache. Does doesn'tdrinkhas A: He ________ some hot tea.
should

advice n. 建议,忠告,劝 some/much/a lot of/lots of advice
a piece of advice 一条建议

should shouldn’t =should not

4b.Circle the best advice for these health problems. Then add your own advice. 1. Jenny cut herself. She should ( get an X-ray/

put some medicine on the cut).
My advice:________________________ _________________________________

2. Kate has a toothache. She should ( see a dentist/ get some sleep). My advice:________________________

_________________________________ 3. Mary and Sue have colds.
They shouldn't ( sleep/ exercise). My advice:________________________ _________________________________

4. Bob has a sore back. He should ( lie down and rest/ take his temperature). My advice:________________________ _________________________________

4c. One students mimes a problem. The other students in your group guess the problem and give advice. A: What's the matter? Did you hurt yourself ( when you were ) playing soccer?
B: No, I didn't. C: Did you fall down? B: Yes, I did. D: You should go home and get some rest.

Section B

1a-1d

1a. When these accidents happen, what should you do? Put the actions in order.

_____ Go to the hospital. _____ Get an X-ray. _____ Rest for a few days.

_____ Put a bandage on it. _____ Run it under water. _____ Put some medicine on it.

_____ Clean your face. _____ Put your head bac

k. _____ Put on a clean T-shirt.

1b. Listen to the school nurse. Check the problems you hear. Treatments

Problems

Someone felt sick.

b, c

Someone cut his knee.

d, a
f

Someone had a fever.

Someone had a nosebleed.

Someone hurt his back.

Someone got hit on the head.

e

1c. Listen again. Write the letter of each treatment next to the problems you checked in the chart above.
a. put a bandage on it b. took his temperature c. told hem to rest d. put some medicine on it e. took him to the hospital to get an X-ray f. told her to put her head back

Teacher: Hello, Jenny! You look tired. Nurse: Well, today was a busy day in my office. One boy hurt hemself in P.E. class. Teacher: What happened? Nurse: He was running under the hot sun and then he felt sick and fell down. Teacher: Yes, the weather is very hot today. Nurse: He cut his knee, so I washed the cut and put some medicine on it. Then I put a bandage on it.

Teacher: Was the cut serious? Nurse: Not really, but I also took his temperature. Luckily he didn't have a fever. I told hem he should rest. Teacher: What else happened? Nurse: One girl had a nosebleed. I told her to put her head back to stop the blood. Oh, and another boy got hit on the head with a baseball bat. Teacher: That sounds bad. I hope he's OK... Nurse: I hope so, too. He was taken to the hospital to get an X-ray.

1d. Role-play a conversation between the nurse and the teacher. Use the informatin in 1b and 1c.
A: Who came to your office today? B: First, a boy came in. He hurt hemself in P.E. class. A: What happened? B: ......

Problems
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? tired hungry thirsty ill angry dangerous thin fat hot

Advice
eat an apple drink some water go to bed early listen to music go to see a doctor eat more food wear less clothes do more exercises ask for help

根据提示给你的英语老师写一张请假条。 have a fever ; doctor told me to stay in bed for two days can’t go to school today ; tomorrow ; hope get well; very soon; thank you Dear Miss Ding: I’m sorry to tell you that I’m not feeling well Itoday. have a fever . The doctor told me to stay in bed for two days. So I can’t go to school today and tomorrow. I hope I can get well very soon. Thank you! Yours Tony

Section B

2a-2e

2a. Accidents or problems can sometimes happen when we do sports. Write the letter of each sport next to each accident or problem that can happen.
A= soccer B= mountain climbing C=swimming ______ fall down _______get sunburned

______ have problems breathing
——— cut ourselves _____ get hit by a ball ______ hurt out back or arm

2b-2c. Read the passage and underline the words you don't know, then circle True, False or Don't Know. 1. Aron almost lost his life three times because of climbing accidents. ( True False Don't know ) 2. Aron had a serious accident in April 2003. ( True False Don't know ) 3. Aron ran out of water after three days. ( True False Don't know ) 4. Aron wrote his book before his serio

us accident. ( True False Don't know ) 5. Aron still goes moutain climbing. ( True False Don't know )

2d. Read the passage again and answer the questions.

1. Where did the accident happen on April 26, 2003? 2. Why couldn't Aron move? 3. How did Aron free himself? 4. What did Aron do after the accident?

5. What does " between a rock and a hard place" mean?

2e. Put the sentences in the correct order.

2 ______ On April 26, 2003, he had a serious mountain climbing accident. 1 ______ Aron loves mountain clibing and doesn't mind taking risks. 5 ______ Aron did not give up after the accident and keeps on climbing moutains today. 4 He wrote a book about his experience. ______ 3 Aron lost half his right arm from the 2003 ______ accident.

He Lost His Arm But Is Still Climbing Aron Ralston is an American man who is interested in mountain climbing. As a mountain climber, Aron is used to taking risks. This is one of the exciting things about doing dangerous sports. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because of accidents. On April 26, 2003, he found himself in a very dangerous situation when (he was) climbing in Utah.

On that day, Aron's arm was caught under a 360kilo rock that fell on him when he was climbing by himself in the mountains. Because he could not free his arm, he stayed there for five days and hoped that someone would find him.But when his water ran out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life. He was not ready to die that day. So he used his knife to cut off half his right arm. Then, with his left arm, he bandaged himself so that he would not lose too much blood. After that, he climbed down the mountain to find help.

After losing his arm, he wrote a book called Between a Rock and a Hard Place. Thid means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of. In this book, Aron tells of the importance of making good decisions, and of being in control of one's life. His love for mountain climbing is so great that he kept on climbing mountains even after this experience.

Do we have the same spirit as Aron? Let's think about it before we find ourselves" between a rock and a hard place", and before we have to make a decision that could mean life or death.

34. get out of 离开;从……出来 35. hurt oneself 受伤 36.bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎 37. fall down 摔倒 38. feel sick 感到恶心 39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血 40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖 41. put her head back 把她的头向后仰 42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难 43. mountain climbing 登山运动

44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事 45. run out (of) 用完;用尽(=use up) 46. so that 以便 47. so. . . that 如此… …以至于… 48. be in control of 掌管;管理 49. in a d iffic u lt situation 在闲境屮 50. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事 51. make a decision 做出决定 52. take risks 冒险 53. give up 放弃

Section B

3a-3

3a. Imagine you are the scho

ol nurse and a student just had an accident or health problem. Make notes about what he / she should and shouldn't do. 3b. Write a conversation between the nurse and the student using the notes in 3a. Use the questions and phrases below to help you. What's the matter?/ What happened? /Are you OK? No, I don't feel well. /I feel .../ I have a .../Should I ...? You should .../ You shouldn't ... fell down / got hit by.../ cut myself / hurt my...

2.Put these questions and answers in order ot make a conversation.

_____ I hurt myself playing soccer. I have a sore leg. _____ What should I do? _____ I think you should see a doctor and get an X-ray. _____ OK, thanks. I'll do that now. _____ What's the matter? _____ Oh, that doesn't sound good.

3. Write advice for these people.

1. Problem: Alan cut himself. Advice:________________________________ 2. Problem: Cindy has a headache.

Advice:________________________________

3. Problem: My cousins have had colds. Advice:________________________________ 4. Problem: Jack hurt his back playing volleyball. Advice:________________________________

Thank you for listening!


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