Unit 1 In China, we open a gift later.
1.Grasp the key words and key structure:
gift, surprise, immediately, difference, accept, tradition, must, serious, taste, I don’t think I should open it now. In china, we open a gift later. You needn't wait! You can’t be serious!
2. Reading aim:
To understand the conversations on customs and social behaviors.
We should learn and respect the traditions of other countries.
Words and expressions
/k? p/ /t?es/ /set/
国际象棋 n. (同类事物 的)(一)套，(一) 副，(一)组 n. 一副国际象棋 筷子 n. 玩具 n. (电子)视频的 adj.
cap chess set
a chess set
/'t??p'stIk/ /t?I / /'vIdi??/
chopstick toy video
video game /gI ft/ /s?'praI z/ /I 'mi:di?tli/ /'dI fr?ns/ /?k'sept/ /tr?'dI ?n/
电子游戏 礼物 n.
惊奇；意外之事 n. 使(某人)吃惊 v. 立刻；当即 adv.
surprise immediately difference accept tradition
差别；差异 n. 收受；接受 v.
例子；实例 n. 例如 必须；应该 v. aux. 月；月份 n. 认真严肃的； 不开玩笑的 adj. 有……的味道 v. 味道；滋味 n. 经历；经验 n.
example must month serious taste experience
/teI st/ /Ik'spI?ri?ns/
1 Listen and number the words and expressions as you hear them.
baseball cap chocolate dictionary video game
6 3 7 5
chess set chopsticks toy
2 4 1
2 Match the words and expressions in Activity 1 with the pictures.
What present do they want to buy for Lingling?
Oh, you remember! What a surprise! It’s bad luck. You can’t be serious! Perfect!
Then listen and read
Betty: Happy birthday, Lingling. Daming: Here’s your gift. Lingling: Oh, you remembered! What a surprise! Tony: You can open it! Lingling: I don’t think I should open it now. In China, we open a gift later. Betty: But back in the US, we open a gift immediately. Lingling: So what do I do? Betty: You needn’t wait! (Lingling opens her presents and finds a dictionary.)
Lingling: Oh, thank you. I really wanted one. Betty: We’re happy you like it. Tony: I noticed another difference. In China, you accept a gift with both hands. But in the west, we usually don’t pay much attention to that. Betty: That’s interesting! I’m interested to know all the Chinese traditions. Tell me more. Lingling: There are a lot. For example, in my home town, people say you mustn’t do any cleaning on the first day of the Spring Festival. And you mustn’t break anything. It’s bad luck.
Daming: You must only use red paper for hongbao because red means luck. And you’d better not have your hair cut during the Spring Festival month. Tony: You can’t be serious! Daming: And in the north of China, people eat lots of Jiaozi! Betty: Perfect! They taste great. Tony: I like eating
jiaozi too. Anyway, the Spring Festival is still over a month away. Let’s celebrate Lingling’s birthday first!
Now check (√) what you usually do in China.
1 Open a present immediately when you receive it. 2 Accept a present with both hands.
3 Use red paper for hongbao.
4 Do cleaning on the first day of the Spring Festival.
5 Cut your hair during the Spring Festival.
6 Break something during the Spring Festival.
4 Complete the passage with the words in the box.
accept attention surprise taste traditions
to receive gifts from
It is always a(n)(1)surprise
family members and friends. In China, we usually
(2) accept a gift with both hands and open it later.
But in the west, people usually do not pay much (3)attention to that. During the Spring Festival, there are many (4) traditions . For example, people in the north of China eat lots of jiaozi. They (5) taste great.
7 Think about what you must and mustn’t / can’t do in the situations. Write notes.
At school Put up your hand before you talk
Eat during the class
At the dining table
Wait for others talk with food to star the meal in your mouth
Now work in pairs. Say what you mustn't/ can’t do.
1.Oh, you remembered! What a surprise! 噢，你还记得，好惊讶！ 英语的感叹句通常以how和what开头， 其中what修饰名词，how 修饰形容词、副词 或动词。 e.g. What a clever boy he is! (他是个)多么聪明的男孩啊！ How kind you are! 你心肠真好!
2. we usually don’t pay much attention to that. 我们通常不太重视那个。 pay attention to 注意；专心；集中注意力。 同义表达：take care of, be careful e.g. I never seem to be able to pay attention to our teacher. 我似乎向来就没法去注意我们的老师。 We've got to take care of him. 我们说好要照顾他的。 His mother told him to be careful again and again. 他的妈妈一再告诉他要细心。
3. you’d better not have your hair cut during the Spring Festival month. 你最好不要在正月里剪头发。 you’d better do sth. 最好做某事 you’d better not do sth 最好不要做某事 You'd better make sure how much the sofa is. 你最好弄清楚那沙发到底多少钱。 You'd better not mention the matter when you talk with him. 和他谈话时,最好不要提这件事。
4. You can't be serious! 你不是认真的吧！ serious在此处的意思是“认真的，不开玩 的”。 e.g. ——The school has decided to give us another day's holiday. 我们学校决定再给我们一天的假期。
——You can‘t be serious!
must, can need等
情态动词后面 + 动词原形 I can play / played basketball. I need buy / bought a computer. 情态动词没有人称和数的变化 She can / cans ride a horse. Amy need / needs buy a book. 否定式构成是在情态动词后面加 "not" I can not play bas
用法: ① 表示能力 : He can speak a little English.
Can you fly? ② 表示猜测 : That can not be our English teacher, because she has gone to Shanghai . ③ 表示请求或允许 : Can I help you?
could也可表示请求，语气委婉，主要用于疑问句， 不可用于肯定句，答语应用can Could I come to see you tomorrow? Yes, you can. （否定答语可用No, I'm afraid not.）
(可以) 用法: ①表示请求或允许 : May I go home，please? Yes, you may. mustn’t / you can’t. No, you _________ (1)以may（表许可或请求）开头的一般疑问句,肯定回 答用may，否定回答用mustn't或can't. (2)在疑问句 中不用于第二人称 ② 表示可能性 : You may be right. might为may的过去式，但也可以代替may， 语气较为婉转客气或更加不肯定。 You might be right.
● You may not smoke here．(不可以) 语气轻 ● You can’t smoke here．（不能）重
● You mustn’t smoke here．（决不可）最重
既可以做情态动词, 也可以做实意动词 I need buy a big house. He need drive me home.
① 情态动词 (need do sth)
Need I buy a big house ? -- Yes, you must. -- No, you needn’t / don’t have to. (不必要) ② 实意动词 (need to do sth) :
He needs to buy a big house. Do I need to buy a big house ? -- Yes, you do. /-- No, you don’t.
① 表示义务、必要或命令 :
You must come early tomorrow．
② 表示推测“肯定，一定” :They must be at home. The light is on.
③ 否定时表示 “禁止” : You mustn’t smoke here.
must开头的疑问句，其否定回答通常用 don‘t have to 或needn’t 。而不用mustn't
---Must I finish my homework first? --- Yes, you must. --- No, you don't have to/ needn't.
It’s eleven o’clock . I have to go now . It was getting dark. He had to finish the work first . I don’t have to go now . He doesn’t have to finish the work first. have to 表示客观因素 We are very glad at the party , but it’s 11 , so we have to leave now . must 表示主观因素 We must study hard to find a good job for ourselves .
My brother was very ill, so I had tocall the doctor in the middle of the night. must work hard. He said that they You mustn't tell him about it. 你一定不要把这件事告诉他 .
You don't have to tell him about it. 你不一定要把此事告诉他。
had better意为“最好”，表示建议和劝告， 简略式为‘d better，否定式为had better not， 后面跟动词原形。 You had better go to see a doctor. You’d better not stay here.
1. — Could I borrow your dictionary?
C — Yes, of course you _______.
A. might B. will C. can D. should C return the book now. You can 2. You ______
keep it till next week if you like. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. may not
3. Johnny, you ______ play with the knife, you B hurt yourself. ______ A. won’t ; can’t B. mustn’t ; may
shouldn’t ; must
D. can’t ; shouldn’t
4. --Will you stay for lunch?
--Sorry, _____. My brother is coming to see me. B
A. I mustn’t
C. I needn’t
B. I can’t
D. I won’t
5. --May I pick a flower in the garden?
C -- ________.
A. No, you needn’t B. Not, please. C. No, you mustn’t D. No, you won’t
6. "Must I drive to his house and pick up the
children?" "No, C ." A. you shouldn't
B. you might not
C. you needn't D. you mustn't 7. There is someone knocking at the door. A it be Tom? A. can B. must C. should D. ought to
?Try to make friends with foreigners and try to communicate with him or her about their culture. ?Try to master the main grammar this unit required.