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元音音标

发布时间:2013-09-25 08:49:05  

国际音标
? 元音教学课件

Jieshou middle school

Zhou Lianyu

? Learning aims(学习目标)
? 1、能熟读20个元音音素

? 2、初步掌握其读音规则
? 3、能通过其音标掌握单词的发音

26个字母读音 Aa
[e i]

Bb
[bi:]

Cc
[s i:]

Dd
[di:]

Ee
[i:]

Ff
[ef]
[em]

Gg
[d?i:]
[en]

Hh
[eit?]

Ii Pp
[pi:]

Jj Qq
[kju:]

Kk

Ll
[el]

Mm Nn Ss
[es]

[ai] [d?ei] [kei]

Oo
[?u]

Rr
[a:]

Tt
[ti:]

Uu
[ju:]

Vv

Ww

Xx
[eks]

Yy

Zz

[vi:] [‘d?blju:]

[wai] [zed]

LESSON TWO

[i:]

we she tree three These

me knee sheep canteen Chinese

[i]

milk minute fish window fit rabbit is music his fifteen

[e]

leg bed pen get yes

egg desk elephant seven eleven

[?]

pants at can has splash

map cap many black salad

[

socks of ] sorry donkey off

not hot tock long stop

c

[

sunny lunch duck but ] jump fun run hundred much just

v

元音因素20个发音时声带振
动,气流在通过口腔时不受 发音器官阻碍的音素叫元音。

音素48音素
是英语关于语音的最小 的单位。

辅音因素28个发音时气流在通过
口腔时受到发音器官的阻碍而 发出的音素叫辅音。其中声带 振动的叫浊辅音,声带不震动 的叫清辅音

合作探究:
下面的元音字母和字 母组合发什么音?

seat sheep sit big

apple bag first bird

bed desk

sister mother

short horse clock lost

put book card star

ruler school

bus but

红色字母的发音是否 符合前面的音标 ?

pen( ) be( )
father( ) mother( )

her ( ) brother( ) Bag ( Last ( put( ) ruler( ) ) )

short( ) work( )

bike
name

near
chair sure know boy

元 音 字 母 和 字 母 组 合 发 什 么 音 ?

about

找出红色字母发音不同的单词


C)1、A.dad C )2、A.meet

B.map

C.name

D.cat


( ( (

B.teacher C.breakfast D.please
B.from B.nine B.book C.lot D.mom C.like D.ring D.look

A )3、A.do D )4、A.nice A )5、A.room

C.good

Today is cold. Rose is in the boat. She wants to have a coat. Put on your coat. You know you have a cold.

There is a little bee. Coming from the apple tree. Flying in the flowers. And can’t see me.

Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu 发音练习

1. Aa 的发音
2. Ee 的发音

4. Oo 的发音
5. Uu 的发音

3. Ii 的发音

读一读
1. cake grape snake face 2. have apple hat fat name plate bag cat

上面单词中a的发 音相同吗?

想一想:

我发现:

Aa [ei]

[ei] [?]

cake name [ei] place snake baby

face make take grape potato

读一读 1. we me she he 2. bed pen desk leg let egg
上面单词中e的发 音相同吗?

想一想:

我发现:

Ee [i:]

[i:] [e]

读一读
1. five bike kite nine hi 2. big fish it pig this

上面单词中i的发 音相同吗?

想一想:

我发现:

Ii [ai]

[ai] [i]

white write [ai] like time

rice
ice

nice ride

读一读
1. home hole nose rose 2. box fox orange lock

上面单词中o的发 音相同吗?

想一想:

我发现:

[ ]

c

Oo [?u]

[?u]

Coke those hold OK [?u] over so go potato tomato photo

读一读
1. cute tube music student 2. bus cup toothbrush
上面单词中u的发 音相同吗?

umbrella

想一想:

我发现:

[ ]

v

Uu [ju:]

[ju:]

我发现:

[ ]

v

Uu [ju:]

[ju:]

use tube [ju:] cute unite

music computer cucumber student

练习一
读一读,判断下面每组词划线部分的读音是否相同。

6. kite

milk (

)

7. no 8. have
10. much

only

(
(

) )
) )

face (
uncle (

9. second me

单 元 音

前元音:[i:] [ i ] [e ] [? ]
中元音:

[ ?:] [ ? ] [ ? ]



(12个)

后元音:[ a: ] [ ?:] [ ? ] [u:][u]



双 元 音
(8个)

合口双元音:[ei

[ ?i ]

[ ai ] [ ?u ] [ au ]
[ε? ] [ u?]

]

集中双元音:[ i? ]


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