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2014春八年级下册unit1_what's_the_matter课文重难点讲解

发布时间:2014-02-24 19:18:39  

张明工作室in 2014.1.6

2014年春季学期八年级英语下册目录

Unit1 What’s the matter?

Unit2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks.

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?

Unit4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?

Units 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains.

Unit 7 What’s the highest mountain in the world?

Unit8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?

Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?

Unit10 I’ve had this bike for three years.

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Unit1 What’s the matter?

Section A

1. What’ s the ? 怎么啦?出什么事情了?

【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.问题;事情

What’ s the matter with you?

= What’s the trouble with you?

= What’ s wrong with you?

你怎么了?

【注】: matter 和trouble 为名词, 其前可加the 或形容词性物主代词 , wrong 是adj. 不能加the

【2013自贡3】18. —What’s the matter ______ Tom. He is wet through.

—His car ran _______ the river.

A.with; in B.to; into C.with; into

【用法】用于询问某人有什么病或某人遇到什么麻烦、问题其后跟询问对象时, 与介词with连用。即:

— What’s the matter with you ?

— I have a bad cold.

( ) ①What’s ____ with you?

A. trouble B. the matter C. the wrong D. matter

( )② — ______?

— Nothing serious , but a bit tired.

—Better have a rest now, dear.

A. Is that all B. Is there anything else

C. What’s this D. What’s the matter with you

【2013湖北孝感】—_________?

— I have a headache and I don’t feel like eating anything.

A. How are you B. What can I do for you

C. What’s the matter with you D. How do you like it

【2011.云南昆明】27. —What’s the matter with Tina?

—_______________.

A. She is away. B. She is cool.

C. She has a sore throat. D. She should take some medicine

【拓展】matter的用法

( ) — I’m sorry to break your pen. —_______

A. That’s right B. It doesn’t matter C. Thank you

【2013江苏徐州】3. —Please don't throw paper on the ground.

—________,I won't.

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A. Excuse me B. That's all right

C. Sorry D. It doesn't matter

【2013黑龙江齐齐哈尔】17.-I have a pain in my back.

- _____ . You’d better see a doctor.

A. I’m sorry to hear that B. Nothing serious

C. It doesn’t matter

【2013湖北武汉】39. —I’m very sorry. I broke your tea cup.

—__________.

A. It doesn’t matter B. You’d better not

C. Take it easy D. It’s too bad

【2013四川广安】26.—Sorry, I'm late again.

—______.

A.That’s OK B.It doesn't matter C.Good idea

2. I have a cold 我感冒了

I have a stomachache 我患胃痛

I have a sore back. 我背痛。

【解析1】have a cold 受凉;感冒

have a sore throat 患喉咙痛 have a sore back 患背痛

have a fever 发烧 have a cold =catch a cold 患感冒

have a stomachache 患胃痛 have a toothache患牙痛

have a headache 患头痛 have a backache患背痛

①Mike’s sister _________________(not have) a stomachache.

【2012曲靖中考】I didn’t sleep well last night, because I _____ a toothache .

A. was B. went C. had D. took

【2013山东莱芜】—Tony, What’s ___ matter with you?

— I have _____ toothache.

A. a; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; /

【解析2】back n 背;背部 at the back of......在......的后面

【解析3】

3. hand n 手 hand in hand 手拉手

V 交给;传递 hand in 上交 hand on 依次传递 hand out 分发

4. She talked yesterday and didn’t drink 她昨天说话太多了并且没有喝足够的水。

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( ) Mr. Smith eats ______ food, so he’s _____ fat.

A .much too; too much B .too many; much too

C. too much; too much D. too much ;much too

【2013孝感】—Why are you so tired these days?

—Well, I have ________ homework to do.

A. too much B. too many C. much too D. many too

【2013广西玉林】— The meat is ____ delicious.

— Yes, but don’t eat _____.

A. too much; too much B. much too; too much

C. too much ; much too D. much too; much too

【解析2】enough 的用法

( ) ① The boy isn’t ___ to dress himself.

A. old enough B. enough old C. old

( ) ②—What do you think of the lecture of Li Yang’s Crazy English?

— I think it’s _____ , but someone thinks it’s much too _____.

A. wonderful enough; bored B. enough wonderful; boring

C. wonderful; enough; boring D. enough wonderful ; bored

【2013绥化3】26. — How do you like the talk show?

— I think it’s ________, but some people think it’s so________.

A. wonderful enough; bored B. enough wonderful; boring

C. wonderful enough; boring

5. drink some 喝一些加蜂蜜的热茶。

【解析】with :⑴prep “具有, 带有‖ , 表示某物带有或具有某种特征。

with (反) without

( ) He has a sore throat . He should ______.

A. see a dentist B. drink hot tea with honey

C. drink a lot of milk D. eat nothing

【2010宁夏1】25. — Would you like some coffee?

— Yes, and please get me some milk. I prefer coffee ____ milk.

A. with B. to C. of D. on

【2013达州3】15. —Which would you prefer, coffee or orange juice?

— Either _________ OK, but I prefer coffee __________milk in it.

A.are, with B. is, to C .is, with D. are, to

【2013连云港】30. — I'd like a cup of black coffee. What about you, Maggie? — I prefer coffee ________ sugar.

A. than B. for C. with D. to

⑵prep. 和......一起

I like to talk freely with my friends.

⑶ prep 用......, 表示“使用某种工具”

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Cut it with a knife.

6. see a dentist and get an x- ray. 看牙医并且拍张x光。

【解析1】see a dentist = go to a dentist看牙医

【解析2】X-ray/'eks rei/n. X 射线;X 光

【2011湖南湘西】You are ill. You had better ___ the doctor right now.

A. look at B. see C. watch

【2012四川成都】33. —Where did you go yesterday, Rick?

—I went to see a ______ because I had a cold.

A. teacher B. doctor C. reporter

7. What she do?她该怎么办呢?

Should I ?我应该量一下体温吗?

【解析1】should ―应该‖ 情态动词,后跟动词原形,表示责任和义务

①You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。

② You shouldn’t’ t go out at night.你晚上不应该出去。

①You should _________ (lie) down and rest.

( ) ② You ____ be quiet when you are in the reading room.

A. should B. shouldn’t C. can D. can’t

【2013重庆】30.Hurry up,or you ____catch the train.

A.can’t B.needn’t C.mustn't D. shouldn’t

【2013山西】21. A country has dreams. We teenagers ________ also have dreams. With dreams and hard work, anything amazing can be created.

A. may B. must C. should

【2013安徽】You _____ drive your car so fast. It’s very dangerous.

A. wouldn’t B. shouldn’t C. couldn’t D. mightn’t

【解析2】take one’s temperature 量体温

8. No, it doesn’t you . 不需要, 听起来你不像发烧了。

【解析1】sound like 听起来像, 后接名词或名词性短语作表语。

It sounds like a good idea.

【拓展】 “感官动词+ like

【解析2】fever/ 'fi:v?:(r)/n.发烧 have a fever 发烧

You need to take breaks away from the computer.

你需要休息一下,远离电脑。

9. You break away from the computer.你需要远离电脑,休息休息。

【解析】need v 需要

Do you need to drink more water?

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My TV set needs repairing.

①I need __________(come) to the office quickly

because some work need ___________(finish) at once.

( ) ②David needs ______ a good rest.

A. has B. to have C. have D. having ◆用于否定句是情态动词

( ) ①— Must I hand in my exercise book now, Mr. Zhao?

— No, you ______ .You may give it to me tomorrow.

A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. may not

( ) ②You don’t have to go to bed too late at night.

A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. needn’t D. would like to

【2013湖南邵阳】27.—Must I hand it in today?

—No. you _____ . You can do it tomorrow.

A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't

【2013广东广州】20.—Must I finish my homework now?

—No, you ______. You can go home now.

A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. shouldn’t D. can’t

【2013湖南娄底】25. —Must I start now?

—No, you_________

A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't

9. I think I sat in the same way for too long

我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。

【解析】without doing sth.

10.If your head and still tomorrow, then go to a doctor.

如果你的头和脖子明天还疼的话, 就去看医生。

【解析1】neck /nek/ n.颈;脖子neck and neck 不分上下,势均力敌

【解析2】hurt /h3:(r)t/ v. (hurt /h3:(r)t/) (使痛 ;受伤)

My leg hurts.

11. At 9:00 a.m . yesterday, bus No. 26 was going Zhonghua Road when the driver on the side of the road.

昨天上午9:00 , 26路公共汽车正沿着中华路行驶,这时,司机看见一位老人躺在马路上。

【解析1】along/ down

【2012江苏南京】 My father has habit(习惯) of jogging ____ the Jinchuan River for an hour in the morning .

A. between B. along C. over

【2011襄阳】29.---- Would you mind turning ____ the light? It’s too dark here. ---- OK. Wait a minute, please.

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A. over B. on C. off D. down

【解析2】see (saw , seen) v 看见

【2012四川雅安市1】17. Andy prefers _____ books to ____ TV.

A. reading; watching B. read; watch

C. looking; seeing D. look; see

【2013湖北黄石4】Seeing their teacher ___ into the classroom, they stopped ___

at once.

A. walk; telling B. entering; to speak

C. enter; to tell D. walking; talking

【解析3】lie/lai/v. (lay/lei/ )躺 ;平躺

12.The bus driver, Wang Ping, stopped the bus without thinking twice.

公共汽车司机,24岁的王平,毫不犹豫的停下了车。

【解析】24-year-old 24岁的

“数词+名词+形容词”构成复合形容词,在句中作定语,用连字符后连接,名 词用单数。

( )① Tom,____ boy, is the only child of the family.

A. a five years old B. a five-year-old C. a five-year-olds

( )② My brother has a _____ son.

A. four-years-old B. fourth-year-old C. four-year-old D. four-year-olds

【2013黑龙江绥化】She is a _____ girl with two big eyes.

A. Six-years- old B. six-year - old C. Six years old

13. He and asked the woman what happened.

他下车问那名妇女发生了什么事。

【解析】get off 下车 (反) get on 上车

【2012江苏徐州】 Don’t forget to take your bag when you ___ the bus.

A. get off B. take off C. turn off D. put off

【拓展】与get相关的短语:

【2013山东滨州4】32. —So many problems! I’m tired.

—A. get into B. get off C. get on D. get over

【2013新疆乌鲁木齐2】27. If Ted can _______ his difficulties, he’ll make great

progress.

A. come over B. get over C. get off D. come out

14. But, they all go with him.

但令他吃惊的是,所有的乘客都同意和他一起去医院。 ?'pra?z] 第 7 页 共 7 页

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surprise sb

be surprised + that从句 因...而惊讶

Surprise ⑵ n 惊讶‖

①__________________(使我吃惊的是),he got the first prize in the exam.

②We are ____________at the _____________news.(surprise)

( ) ③ ___his surprise, she succeeded in climbing up the high mountain.

A. At B. To C. In D. On

【2011昭通】I was very surprised when the alien went into a souvenir shop.

A. excited B. amazing C. relaxing D. amazed

【2012山东东营市4】19. The fans were ____ to know the death of their favorite singing star

Whitney Huston.

A. glad B. angry C. excited D. surprised

【2013枣庄】88. I got home for my birthday from my college on Friday evening. No one was

at home, and Mom and Dad hadn’t left me a note. This made me _________.

A. surprised B. happy C. angry D. excited

【解析2】agree v→ (反)disagree – agreement n同意

①— Do you agree with him?

— No, I ___________ (agree ) with him.

( ) ②—I think English is more useful than Chinese.

—I don’t ____ you. They are both useful.

A. get on with B. catch up with C. talk with D. agree with

15. Mr. Wang and the passengers , the doctor saved the man 多亏了王先生和乘客的帮助, 医生及时挽救了那位老人的生命。

【解析1】 thanks to 对亏;由于

⑴thanks to为习语介词,thanks不可以改为thank you,to后也不接动词原形, ⑵ thanks for ,意为―因……而感谢‖,for强调为何而感谢,其后可接名词或 【2013黑龙江绥化】23. ________ the teacher, I’ve made great progress.

A. Thank you B. Thanks C. Thanks lot

【2013呼和浩特】74. _____ her husband,she has now become a famous film star. 第 8 页 共 8 页

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A. Because B. Thanks to C. Thanks for D. With the help

【短语】at times=sometimes 有时 have a good time 玩得高兴

have time =be free 有空 all the time 一直

at the same time 同时 by the time 到……时候

for the first time 第一次

【句型】 It’s time to do sth =It’s time for sth 是该做某事的时间了

It takes sb. some time sth 做某事花费某人多长时间s

【湖北岳阳】I knew it was impossible for me __________(按时上班) when I

missed the last bus.

【山东东营】Tom didn’t go to school _____ this morning because he overslept.

A. at once B. on time C. by accident D. at present

【2013湖北黄石4】The teacher hope all of us can hand ____ our homework ____ time every day.

A. up ; in B. out; on C. on; in D. in ; on

16. But the driver didn’t himself.

但是这位司机完全没有考虑他自己。

【短语】:think about 考虑 think of 想起 think over 仔细考虑

think up = come up with 想出

【谚语】 Think before you act 三思而后行

( ) ①We need______________(想出) a plan.

( )②A. thought about B. thought up C. thought hard

17. Bus No.26an old man on Zhonghua Road

26路公共汽车在中华路上撞到了一位老人

【解析】hit/hit/v. (hit/hit/)( 用手或器具)击;打

18. Do you agree that people often do not help others because they do not want to get into trouble?

人们常常不去帮助别人是因为他们不想惹麻烦。

【解析】trouble/'tr?bl/n .问题;苦恼

【2012大理】That is a monkey on his back. Let’s help him.

A. He has a monkey B. He likes playing with the monky

C. He is in trouble D. He is good at studying

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19. Jenny cut herself . 珍妮伤着自己了

【解析】herself/h3:(r)'self/pron. (she 的反身代词)她自己 【解析】反身代词

(1)◆一、二人称的反身代词

(2)反身代词的常见搭配:

enjoy oneself=have fun =have a good time玩得高兴

teach oneself=learn …by oneself 自学

by oneself =alone 独自

help oneself to 随便吃

introduce oneself to 自我介绍

(3)反身代词必须与主语保持人称的一致。

【温州3】4. —I’ll have a tennis game tomorrow. I’m a little bit nervous. —Believe in ______ . You’re the best in our club.

A. herself B. myself C. yourself D. himself

【聊城2】28. ------ Jim, please help ______ to some bread .

------ Thank you.

A. himself . B. yourself . C. herself D.myself.

【广东八地市4】27. Boys, don’t lose____ in playing Angry Birds. It is bad for your eyes to

play computer games for a long time. A. himself B. yourself C. themselves D. yourselves

【2013山东聊城】28. — Jim, please help ______ to some bread . —- Thank you.

A. himself . B. yourself . C. herself D. myself

20. Did you ?你跌倒了吗?

【解析】fall → fell → fallen v 落下; 跌落

She fell down from her bike The girl fell off the bike. = The girl fell down from the b ike.

The leaf fell into the river.

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( ) It’s not easy for Linda to _____ last night, because she was too excited.

A. go to bed B. fall asleep C. fall into D. fall over

【2013湖北武汉】35. —What does the instruction say?

—The colors in the dress will _______ if you use hot water.

A. fall B. appear C. run D. shine

Section B

1. Someone . 有人生病了。

【解析】feel sick 生病;不舒服

也可放n.前作定语。

ill → illness n.“病;疾病”

①I think her (ill) is very serious. 我认为她的病是很严重。

( ) ②The ___ girl was sent to hospital by her mother yesterday.

A. sick B. ill C. good D. well

2. Aron Ralston is an American manmountain climbing.

阿伦. 罗尔斯是一名热爱登山运动的美国人。

【解析1】 who 引导的定语从句

定语从句:

定义:用一个句子来修饰前面的名词或代词的句子,叫做定语从句。

先行词:被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫做先行词。

定语从句必须放在先行词之后。

关系词:引导定语从句的连词叫做关系词,关系词分为关系代词和关系副词。

who 指人,在定语从句中作主语

【2013吉林】5. —Do you know the little boy _______ is helping the old man cross the road?

—No. But how nice he is!

A. which B. who C. whom

【解析2】be interested in

→interested adj. 对……感兴趣(只做表语)

⑵interest v. 引起??关注;使??感兴趣

be interested in sth./ doing sth.对??变得感兴趣

= show great interest in sth. / doing sth.表现出对??的极大兴趣;

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( ) This book is very _____ and I am ____ in it.

A. interest; interest B. interesting; interested

C. interested; interested D. interested; interested

【2013贺州】 48. This movie wasn’t ______. He fell asleep half way through it.

A. interesting enough B. enough interesting

C. interested enough D. enough interested

【2013宁波】109. —What fun The Croods is!

—Yeah! I like the movie, too. It's so_______.

A. boring B. scary C. interesting D. sad

3. a mountain climber, Aron risks.

作为一名登山者,阿伦习惯于冒险。

【解析1】 as prep,"作为","以……身份"。

【2013淄博】7. ___ a teacher, Mr. Wang thinks it's very important to teach the

students how to learn.

A. From B. With C. As D. Of

【解析2】be used to (doing)习惯于(做);适应于(做)

【用法】(1) use v.使用→useful adj. 有用的 use up 用完

Studying English is__________(use).

We use Internet __________(find) information.

只用于过去时态。

I used to get up at six.

My grandpa is used ___________(live) in country.

Stamps is used ____________(post) letters.

【记】 He used to wear glasses . But now he is used to wearing contact lenses. 他以前常戴(框架)眼镜,但现在习惯戴隐形眼镜。

【2013湖北随州】33. –How does Jack usually go to work?

—He ______ drive a car, but now he ______ there to lose weight.

A. used to; is used to walk B. was used to; is used to walking

C. was used to; is used to walk D. used to; is used to walking

【2013四川雅安】20. My parents getting up early on weekdays

A. used to B. be used to C. was used to D. are used to

【2013黑龙江龙东】30. She live with her grandparents , but she doesn’t now.

A. used to B. is used to C. was used to

【2013贵州安顺】18. She ____ live alone. But she _____ living alone because she

feels lonely.

A. used to; doesn’t used to B. is used to; was used to

C. used to; is not used to D. was used to; doesn’t used to

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3. This is about doing dangerous sports.

做危险的运动时令人兴奋的事情之一

【解析】one of … ......之一

【结构】“one of + the +adj.最高级 +n 复数” , 做主语,谓语动词用第三人称

单数形式。

One of the most popular colors is red in China.

【2011曲靖中考】A good book may be one of your best __________(friend).

【2011曲靖中考】Qujing is one of ____ cities in Yunnan , and has attracted

many people living and working here.

A. the largest B. the large C. larger D. largest

【重庆市2012】-What do you think of the film you saw yesterday?

-Oh! It’s one of ______ films I’ve ever seen.

A. interesting B. more interesting

C. most interesting D. the most interesting

【2013漳州】19. —Do you know Lin Shuhao?

—Yes. He is one of _______ basketball players in the NBA.

A. popular B. more popular C. the most popular

4. There were many times when Aron accidents.

很多次阿伦因为出事故几乎丧命。

【解析1】almost / nearly

almost和nearly作为副词,都可以译为“差不多”、“几乎”、“将近”等。都是程度副词,可

以用来修饰形容词、副词、动词和名词,有时它们可以相互取代

【解析2】lose → lost→ lost v 失去

lose one’s life 失去生命

【解析3】because of 由于; 因为

【拓展】because/because of

【注】: (1) because of +n/ving /代词宾格(用于句中)

— Why do you like pandas?

— Because they are cute.

( ) ① We couldn’t drink the milk ___ it was too hot.

( ) ② He can’t go to school ______illness.

( )③The old man was too tired ______ doing the farm work.

A. because B .because of C. instead D. instead of

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【2013.宜宾】Mo Yan’s books have been sold out in many book stores ___ his

winning of the Nobel Literature Prize.

A. because B. since C. as D. because of

5. April 26,2003, he himself in a very dangerous situation when climbing

in Utah.

2003年4月26日,阿伦在犹他州登山的时候,发现自己处于一个极其危险的状态。

【解析1】on 修饰具体的某一天

on a Sunday morning; on Friday

【2013大连】 19.In America,people start celebrating the New Year _____ 31st December.

A.in B.at C.on D.for

【2013梅州】29.—When did the earthquake in Lushan happen?

—It happened ____ 8:02 ______ the morning of April 20, 2013.

A. on; in B. at; in C. at; on D. on; on

【解析2】find → found →found v寻找

◆find it difficult/ hard to do sth 发现做某事很困难

( ) She found ___ hard to finish the work by herself.

A. that B. it’s C. it D. this

6. On that day, Aron’s arm was caught under a 2,000 – kilo rock that fell on him

when he was climbingin the mountains.

那天,阿伦在独自登山的时候,他的手臂被掉在他身上的2000多斤的岩石压住了。

【解析】by oneself= alone = on one’s own adj. 单独的,指无人陪伴的客观事实,不带感情色彩。

( A. already B. together C. alone D. lonely

【2013广州2】18. The man called his professor for help because he couldn’t solve the problem by ___.

A. herself B. himself C. yourself D. themselves

7. But when his water he knew that he would have to do something to save . 但是当他的水也用完的时候,他意识到他必须做些什么去挽救他自己的生命。

【解析1】 run → ran → run v跑

【区别】:run out of 其主语通常是人

【短语】: run across 偶然遇见 run after 追求,追逐

【2012广西玉林】Yesterday I used up all the salt to cook dumpings. I need to buy some now .

A. ate up B. run out of C. ran of D. ran out of

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【2012曲靖中考】28. His father gave him a lot of money last week, but he has ’s asking me for help.

A. finished running B. spent C. run outside D. gone out

【解析2】own ①adj. 自己的

② v 拥有 → owner n 所有者,物主

one’s own 某人自己的

【2012四川南充3】They can wear clothes ____.

A. themselves B. they own C. their own

8. Then , with his left arm, he bandaged himself he would not lose too much

blood. 然后, 他用左手给自己绑上绷带, 以至于不流太多的血

【解析1】so that 以便,为了 引导目的状语从句,

从句常出现情态动词may/ might .can/ could等,

The boy spoke loudlyeveryone could hear him clearly.

为了能赶上车,她起得很早。(目的状语从句)

【2012广东河源】The teacher speaks very loudly ____ all the students can hear

her.

A. so that B. because C. since D. when

9. This means being I a difficult situation that you cannot seem to.

【解析1】mean → meant → meant v 意味着→ meaning n 意思

(2)

【拓展】询问 “......的意思”的常用句型:

What does ... mean?

What is the meaning of...?

①I mean _________ tomorrow.(go)

( ) ② What do you think “joy” ______?

A. meant B. means C. meaning D. mean

【解析2】get out of 离开,从……出来

【拓展】与get 相关的短语:

get up起床 get to到达 get back 返回

get on 上车 get off 下车 get on with 与??友好相处;

10. In this book, Aron tells of the of making good , and of one’s life. 在这本书里,阿伦讲述了好好做出决定以及掌握自己命运的重要性。

【解析1】 important adj. 重要的(反)unimportan→ importance n 重要性 ①My parents have taught me ____________(…..的重要性)of working hard. ②Anyone can see the ____________(important) of good health.

【解析2】decide v 决定→-decision n 决定

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①Tom decided _________________(study) English well.

②The next morning Alice made a _________(decide).She would tell her mother the

truth.

( ) ③ A. decided B. needs C. decides D. has

【四川南充】The classroom was so dirty . I decided ____.

A. clean it up B. to clean it up C. clean up it

【解析3】be in control of 掌管;管理

11. His love for mountain climbing is great hemountains

even after this experience. 他是如此的热爱爬山甚至与经历这次事故之后,他仍然继续爬山。

【解析1】 so …that 如此…..以致……

―So +adj.+ that‖ “如此……以至……‖

so后面接形容词、副词

He was so strong that he could lift the heavy bag.

【2012江苏镇江】Some word puzzles in this book are ____ difficult that ____

students can solve them.

A. such; few B. such; little C. so; few D. so; little

【解析2】 keep on (doing sth) 继续或坚持做某事 ,但是中间有间断

We must keep on working hard in the coming new year.

12. Do we have spirit Aron?

我们有阿伦那种精神吗?

【解析】 the same … as… 和......一样

( ) 【2013云南中考】’s .

A. not the same as B. all the same as C. worse than D. diffiult to

13. Let’s think about it before we find ourselves “between a rock and a hard place” ,

and before we have to make a decision that could mean life or.

在我们发现自己处于“进退两难”之前好好想想这个问题, 我们一旦做出决定就意味着生或死。

【解析】die v. →(延续性动词) be dead 死,死亡 →death n. 死,死亡

→dead adj. 死的 → dying adj. 将死的

【2012曲靖中考】-- The national hero Wu Bin , a bus driver, hardly had time to

think about himself when in danger.

-- Yes, His ____ is starting to make people think a lot.

A. die B. death C. dead D. died

14. Aron loves mountain climbing and doesn’t taking risks.

阿伦热爱登山,不介意冒险。

【解析】 mind v 介意 n 头脑,想法,记忆

【句型】Would you mind doing sth 你介意做某事吗?

( ) ① Would you mind ____more slowly? I can’t follow you.

A. speak B. spoke C. spoken D. speaking

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( ) ②— Sorry, sir, I made a mistake again.

— _____ . Practice more and you will do better.

A. Never mind B. I’m not sure C. You’re welcome D. Don’t mention it

【2013浙江宁波】— Would you mind turning down the music?

—_________.

A. Not at all B. Never mind C. Yes, I will D. No, I don’t mind

15. Aron did not after the accident and keeps on climbing mountains today.

那次事故之后, 阿伦并没有放弃登山,他现在仍然继续登山。

【解析】give up 放弃

【2013江苏泰州】( )13. — It's too hard for me to be a trailwalker.

— Never ________. Believe in yourself!

A. put up

look up B. give up C. hurry up D.

【2013江苏连云港】11. It was a difficult time for the quake-hit victims in Ya'an,

but they didn't ________ hope.

A. give up B. give off C. give in D. give out

【2013浙江温州】8. Andrea Bocelli never , which makes him a successful

singer.

A. takes away B. gives away C. gets up D. gives up

【2013山东德州】Although many great people ever failed, they never____and

managed to succeed.

A. set out B. stayed up C. kept on D. gave up

【2013安徽】48. The people in Ya'an have met lots of difficulties, but they haven’t

__________hope.

A. picked up B. given up C. looked for D. waited for

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

重点短语

1. have a fever 发烧

2. have a cough 咳嗽

3. have a toothache 牙疼

4. talk too much 说得太多

5. drink enough water 喝足够的水

6. have a cold 受凉;感冒

7. have a stomachache 胃疼

8. have a sore back 背疼

9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛

10. lie down and rest 躺下来休息

11. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

12. see a dentist 看牙医

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13. get an X-ray 拍X 光片

14. take one’ s temperature 量体温

15. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药

16. feel very hot 感到很热

17. sound like 听起来像

18. all weekend 整个周末

19. in the same way 以同样的方式

20. go to a doctor 看医生

21. go along 沿着……走

22. on the side of the road 在马路边

23. shout for help 大声呼救

24. without thinking twice 没有多想

25. get off 下车

26. have a heart problem 有心脏病

27. to one’ s surprise 使....... [京讶的

28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于

29. in time 及时

30. save a life 挽救生命

31. get into trouble 造成麻烦

32. right away 立刻;马上

33. because of 由于

34. get out of 离开;从……出萍

35. hurt oneself 受伤

36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎

37. fa ll down 摔倒

38. feel sick 感到恶心

39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血

40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖

41. put her head back 把她的头向后仰

42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难

43. mountain climbing 登山运动

44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事

45. run out (of) 用完;用尽

46. so that 以便

47. so. . . that 如此… …以至于…

48. be in control of 掌管;管理

49. in a difficult situation 在闲境屮

50. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事

51. make a decision 做出决定

52. take risks 冒险

53. give up 放弃

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