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2014届上海宝山区初三英语一模试卷(Part Two ,Part Three)含答案

发布时间:2014-02-24 19:18:52  

Part 2 Phonetics, Vocabulary and Grammar(第二部分语音、词汇和语法)

II. Choose the best answer(选择最恰当的答案)(共20分)

27.Which of the following underlined parts is different in pronunciation from others?

A) Tom needs some information for his project. B) I have many questions to ask you.

C) His situation is even worse than before. D) Cars are a major source of pollution.

28. This isused car. It's much cheaper than a new one.

A) the B) an C) a D)/

29.Every year Alice spendsmoney on new clothes.

A) many B) a large number of C) quite a few D) huge amounts of

30.We shall have a holiday after the final exam.

A) three weeks B) three-week C) three week's D) three-weeks

31.He was too angry to say____________.

A) nothing B) something C) anything D) everything

32.The World Trade Centre in New York was destroyed by terrorist(恐怖分子)attacks September 11,2001.

A) in B) by C) at D) on

33. The little girl is wearing a new skirt now. She looks____________.

A) lovely B) wonderfully C) happily D) beautifully

34.Who drives,your father or your mother?

A) the most careful B) more careful C) the most carefully D) more carefully

35. of the surface of the earth covered with water.

A) Seventh-tens...are B) Seventh-tens...is C) Seven-tenths ... is D) Seven-tenths.. .are

36.The rainyet. You'd better not go out.

A) hasn't stopped B) didn't stop C) won't stop D) doesn't stop

37. A lot of waterin Shanghai every year. It's a big problem.

A) wastes B) is wasted C) have been wasted D) is wasting

38. 1 really don't know this question.

A) which to do B) which to answer C) what to do D) how to answer

39. Julia has been busy plans for her wedding.

A) make B) to make C) made D) making

40. Fresh water ispreciousit is sometimes called liquid gold.

A) such-that B) too ...to C) as ...as D) so.,.that

41 .Mike didn't tell us.

A) if he will give us a lecture B) whether he would go with us

C) when he has started D) when he will arrive

42. Human brains can hardly calculate faster than a computer, ?

A) are they B) aren't they C) can't they D) can they

42. Human brains can hardly calculate faster than a computer, ?

A) are they B) aren't they C) can't they D) can they A) lays B) lying C) lies D) laid

44. A:Would you mind my opening the window?

B:

A) I would B) I'm afraid it's too windy

C) Yes, please go ahead D) Sure. I'm going to close it soon

45. Which of the following is NOT a state of the United States?

A) New York B) Hawaii C) California D) Los Angeles

III. Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each one can only be used once(将下列

"Wild Man of Shennongjia(神农架)”has long been a mystery(神秘)to people. Since the 1970s, many local

people have claimed(声称) to have sighted the wild man in the area. From 1976 to 1981,the Chinese scientists had made three 科学考察) during which they only found some indirect

evidence. But recently Chinese scientists are again becoming excited the fact that a large hairy animal may live in central China. Now they hope it won't be too long before they are able to its existence(存在).Their confidence is the result of a new discovery of the mystery animal inHubei Province.

Ten Chinese engineers, enjoying a holiday in a National Forest Park, were driving down a road.

As their bus turned a comer, the men were amazed by what they saw, Three tall

animals, covered with long black hair, were crossing the road. On seeing the animals, the engineers

immediately stopped and ran after them. However, when they saw how the animals moved with great speed and strength, they did not dare to follow any further. The men did not take any

photos.

However, scientists are delighted bythe discovery, because the engineers were all very educated people and what they described.

After the discovery, scientists returned to the forest and inches appears to be the length of the animal's foot! Chinese scientists have now set up a special group to exchange information and make a the forest. But in the meantime, some believe that this half-man, half-monkey exists. They will not believe that it is real until one of the animals has been caught. Although scientists cannot jump to the conclusion that the Wild Man is in Shennongjia,, their exploration and investigation will get as close as possible to the truth.

IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms(用括号中所给单词的适当形式完成下

列句子)(共8分)

54. My new flat is on the floor of the building. (nine)

55. Floods are the No. I naturalin China during the summer season every year. (kill)

56. I'msorry for what I have done. (terrible)

57. Everyone should know theof saving water. (important)

58. Yesterday the________________ of traffic accident were taken to Baoshan Hospital at once. (injure)

60. Jane is a shy girl whospeaking in public. (like)

61.They chose Mr. Brownof the Students' Union. (chair)

V. Rewrite the following sentences as required(根据所给要求,改写T列句子。62-67题,每空格限填一词。68题注意句首大写)(共14分)

62. Mr. Brown wants to buy a new car.(改为一般疑问句)

Mr. Brownto buy a new car?

对划线部分提问)

you read books yesterday?

64. Jack's father reported a robbery a week ago.(改为被动语态)

A robbery by Jack's father a week ago.

65. The little boy never has lunch at school.(改为反意疑问句)

The little boy never has lunch at school, ?

66. "Can I keep the magazine for two weeks?" the boy asked the librarian.(改成含有宾语从句的复合句) The boy asked the librarian lie keep the magazine for two weeks.

67.In order to make himself heard, the man at the door shouted as loudly as possible.(保持句意基本不变) In order to make himself heard, the man at the door shouted the of

his voice.

68. world, of, in, natural, most,is, the, one,important, resources,water, the(连词成句)

Part 3 Reading and Writing(第三部分读与写)

VI. Reading Comprehension(阅读理解)(共50分)

A. Choose the best answer(根据短文内容,选择最恰当的答案)(12分)

A mother in Australia was told by a doctor that her newborn son was "dead", but she helped bring him back to life by holding

the baby against her body. She used a method known as

"kangaroo care"(袋鼠护理法).The child, named Jamie, was

born after only 27 weeks with his twin sister, Emily, at a hospital

in Sydney. Her birth went well, but his was a different story. The

doctor struggled for 20 minutes to save Jamie before declaring(宣布)him dead.

"His little arms and legs were just falling down away from his body," Kate Ogg said, "I took my coat off and put him on my chest with his head over my arm." She and her husband, David, spoke to the child as she continued to hold him for nearly two hours. During that time, the two-pound baby showed signs of life. She said,“1told my mom, who was there, that he was still alive. Then he held out his hand and grabbed(抓住)my finger." Their tiny baby grew stronger and stronger in his mother's arms, and their final goodbye turned into a hello.

The doctor at first ignored(忽VI!)the baby's movements, but when he put the stethoscope(听诊器)to its chest, his mouth was wide open and he said, "It's my fault. It's a miracle(奇迹)”.

"The 'kangaroo care' helps the baby keep body warmth," Dr Pinchi Srinivasan said. "It also regulates(调节) heartbeat and breathing rates and is believed to help weight gain and improve sleeping habits. Fathers can also use `kangaroo care'. The key to the method is skin-to-skin contact."

The practice began in less developed nations. It has become a recognized practice in helping premature(早产的)babies. The technique(技术)is good for babies, and is used in many baby care centres.

69. Jamie and Emily are

A) twin sisters B) twin brothers C) twin D) twins

70. After hearing what the doctor said, the mother

A) chose to believe the doctor

B) didn't give up and tried to bring her baby to life

C) became so sad that she almost became mad

D) became angry at what the doctor did to her son

71 .When the baby first showed signs of life, the doctor .

A) didn't believe a miracle had happened B) was too shocked to do anything

C) was cheered and tried to save the baby at once

D) was moved by what the mother did to the baby

72. From what Dr Pinchi Srinivasan said, we learn the baby came back to life mainly because of.

A) the mother's soft words B) the doctor's careful care

C) the father's "kangaroo care" D) skin-to-skin contact with the mother

73. According to the passage, premature babies refer to babies that are born

A) with diseases B) before their time

C) dead D) heavy

74. What's the main idea of this passage?

A) A baby was almost killed呼a doctor's wrong decision.

B) A doctor in Australia announced a baby was dead by mistake.

C) A mom in Australia saved her baby with "kangaroo care".

D) A mom in Australia invented a new method of saving babies.

B. Choose the words or expressions to complete the passage(选择最恰当的单词或词语,完成短文)(12分)

Grandma was the only mother Thomas had ever known. She appeared to be a loving

lady but often angered easily. When Thomas one day discovered that other children

had someone they called Mum and asked why he must call her grandma instead of

Mum. She told him gently about his mother's death before he was three months old.

There was not the same reaction(反应

Dad. Then his grandma glared at(瞪了一眼)him and got angrier than he had

seen and the sharp reply was, "He was a bad man. He didn't want your mother, and he didn't want you when you were born." Thomas never asked about his father any more.

Shortly after his fifth birthday and two days before Christmas Day, Thomas was woken up by his grandma's for breathlessness(喘不过气),and between gasps(喘气),trying to tell him to fetch the next-door neighbour. As soon as the neighbour arrived,she sent Thomas to call another neighbour. Next Thomas was told he must stay downstairs, so lie sat in the kitchen, This eased(减轻)Thomas's worry. A doctor would stay a long time with someone who was seriously ill.The fact be told he could go upstairs and see her. But the first neighbour came down and explained that Grandma was 打扰).Shortly afterwards the second neighbour came down, helped Thomas put his toys in a box, and then took him to have lunch with her and her two children.

75. A) none B) someone C) no one D) anyone

76. A) never B) not C) hardly D) ever

77. A) keeping B) fighting C) appearing D) starting

78. A) note B) attention C) interest D) attraction

79 A) quickly B) fast C) hurriedly D) soon

80 A) lying in the bed B) laying in bed C) sleeping D) gone

C. Read the passage and rill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当

的词,使内容通顺,每空格限填一词,首字母已给)(14分)

There are different ways of telling a story. It can be told in words, in pictures. in music,

And acted , or it can be told by still another way---by dancing. Dancing

that tells a story is called a ballet(芭蕾舞).The dancing in a ballet is done to music, but

the story is told by the movements of the dancers. There is no singing and speaking in it. A

ballet is a work of art just as abeautiful picture.

The origin(起源courts of the rulers of Italy. Two hundred years later ballet was popular in the French court. The French King Louis XIV founded a ballet school. Later the rulers of Russia became interested in ballet. They offered large amounts of money to the best ballet masters and dancers of France. They also set up their own ballet schools and dance companies(舞蹈团).Soon Russians produced many famous ballets. "Swan Lake" was one of them. Russians

The basic positions(姿势)and techniques of ballet were developed long ago. Over the centuries,choreographers(编舞者)have revised(修改)the classical techniques, but the basic positions haveremained the same. When you begin learning the steps and poses(舞姿)of ballet, you will realize that most of them have French names. For example, a 芭蕾双人舞).Most of the French terms have Ballet dancing is known for its grace and elegance, as ballerinas(芭蕾舞女演员)seem toglide(滑行)across the stage almost effortlessly(不费力地). Probably the most important part of aballet dancer's equipment is ballet shoes. ,female balletdancers wear pointe shoes(足尖鞋)to raise themselves even higher and lighter by going up on their toes. Pointe shoes make it possible for ballerinas to dance on the tips of their toes. 大胆的舞蹈动作).But now a girl has as good a chance as a boy of being a famous ballet dancer. Many of the most famous ballets were adapted from fairy tales and folk stories. Some ballets are based on historical events and bible stories. In a ballet, you can find the most beautiful and graceful of all dance styles. If you've ever seen a ballet on stage, you are aware of a ballerina's amazing ability to transport an entire audience into another world. All ballet dancers have one thing in common: a love of the grace, beauty and discipline(有素养)of ballet.

D. Answer the questions(根据短文内容回答下列问题)(12分)

Music not only gives you something to sing and dance to, but also can make you

feel happier. Scientists say that music can help to relax people's mind and even help to

relieve pain. How does music work its magic? It is the fact that music can adjust(调节) about music. The studies have shown that when people are excited or happy they are more

helpful. The opposite(相反的情况)happens when people feelaggressive(好斗的)or under stress. The use of music can influence how helpful people can be.

Dr. Adrian North made a study with 256 university students. Half the group took exercise in the gymnasium listening to music which can bring happiness and the other half exercised to aggressive music. When leaving the gym, the students were asked to hand out flyers(传单)insupport of the local disabled athlete's foundation(残疾运动员基金会).

The results showed that nearly half of the group that listened to happy music were willing to(愿意)hand out flyers. But less than 20% in the group that heard the aggressive music were willing todo so. This study suggests that our choice of music can influence our willingness to cooperate(合作).While a study also shows that productivity(生产效率)can be increased with the right choiceof background music in the workplace. As music stimulates(刺激)workers' mind, job satisfactionis often positively influenced. Other studies have shown that workers who are in a good moodhave more job satisfaction than those in a bad mood.

These studies show that music can have a powerful influence on a person's ability tocooperate. Moods have a direct influence(直接影响)on cooperation and job satisfaction, Thesefactors(因素)also have a direct relationship to the success of a business.

88. What do scientists say about music?

89. The phrase "back up" in Line 6, Paragraph 1 most probably means "support", doesn't it?

90. Why do people use the right choice of background music in the workplace?

91. How many university students did Dr. Adrian North make a study with?

92. How do people feel if they are bored or sad?

93. What do moods have a direct influence on?

VII. Writing(作文)(共21.分)

94. Write at least 60 words on the topic "How to be a good learner?"(以“怎样成为一个好的学习者?”为题,写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格.) 短文需包含下列至少三个要点

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