1. 学会谈论和评价学习方法； 2. 学会谈论学习中遇到的困难并针对学习中的 困难给别人提建议； 3. 学会在上下文的语言环境中认知词汇
1. 词汇 flashcard, take notes, frustrating, memorize, aloud, comma, make mistakes, be afraid to, list, skills, duty, deal, pronounciation … 2. 句型： How about…? Why don’t you…? How do you study for a test? I study by V-ing …. Do you learn English by …? Yes, I do./ no, I don’t. Have you ever studied with a group? Yes, I have. … is a great / successful way to learn English. … helps a little/ a lot.
How do you learn English?
I learn English by working with friends.
by working with friends
I learn English by making flashcards.
by making flashcards
I learn English by reading the textbook.
by reading the textbook
I learn English by listening to the tapes.
by listening to the tapes
I learn English by asking the teacher for help.
by asking the teacher for help
I learn English by watching TV.
by watching TV
1a Check (?) the ways you study for an English test. Then add other ways you use sometimes. by working with friends by making flashcards
by reading the textbook
by making vocabulary lists by listening to cassettes by asking the teacher for help . .
a ____ 1. Mei
c ____ 2. Pierre
b ____ 3. Antonio
1b. Listen. How do these students study for a test? Write letters from the pictures above.
How does Mei study for a test?
She studies by making flashcards.
How does Antonio study for a test?
He studies by asking the teacher for help.
How does Pierre study for a test?
He studies by listening to tapes.
Please interview 3 classmates about their ways of learning English.
I study English by watching English movies. by surfing the Internet.
by asking the teacher for help.
by + V-ing
1、“方法或手段”，意为“通过；用……的 方法”。 I study for a test by working with friends. 我通过和朋友们一起学习来参加考试。 2、 “以（某种方式）”，“通过”。 Don’t judge a man by his clothes. 不要以衣着取人。
3、“通过……方式，传递的方式”等 A. We went to Europe by water and returned by air. 我们乘船到欧洲去，坐飞机回来。 B. Shall I tell you the result by letter or by telephone? 我是写信还是打电话把结果告诉你 C. What do you mean by that? 你是什么意思？
4、 “在身边，在手头”。 Have you got any money by you? 你身上带钱了吗？ 5、 “（时间）不迟于……， 到……时为 止，在……之前”。 You must hand in your homework by tomorrow afternoon. 你们最迟明天下午要交作业。
6、“凭借；靠；用；通过”。 She made a living by working as a singer. 她靠唱歌谋生。
7、“由于……的结果，凭着”。 I’m sorry I took your umbrella by mistake.
8、 “被，由”。 He is reading a novel by Lu Xun. 他在读鲁迅写的一本小说。 9、 “握（抓、拿）住（身体等的某部分）”。 The old man took the little girl by the hand. 那位老人牵着那个小女孩的手。 10、 “在……旁边，在……附近”。 There is a house by the river. 河附近有一座房子。
2a Listen and check(?)the questions you hear.
1. ? Do you learn English by watching English-language videos? 2. ? Do You ever practice conversations with friends? 3. What about listening to cassettes?
4. ? What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?
5. ? Have you ever studied with a group?
2b Listen again and match each question above with an answer below.
Questions Answers 1. Do you learn English by watching d English-language videos? 2. Do you ever practice conversations b with friends? 3. What about listening to tapes? 4. What about reading aloud to practice c pronunciation? 5. Have you ever studied with a group? a a. Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way. b. Oh, yes. It improves my speaking skills. c. I do that sometimes. I think it helps. d. No. it’s too hard to understand the voices.
A: Welcome to the English club. Today we’re going to talk about the best ways to learn English. Who has an idea ?
B: Do you learn English by watching English-language videos? C: No. It’s too hard to understand the voices . B: What about keeping a diary in English? Do you learn English that way? C: I think so. It helps to write English every day. D: Have you ever studied with a group? C: Yes, I have! I’ve learned a lot that way . A: Do you ever practice conversations with friends ? C: Oh, yes. It improves my speaking skills. B: What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation? D: I do that sometimes. I think it helps.
E: I do too. And I always look up new words in a dictionary. D: That’s a good idea!
Look at the pictures, ask and answer in pairs. For example:
A: Have you ever studied with a group? B: Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way.
A: Have you ever studied by reading books? B: Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way.
A: Have you ever studied by listening tapes? B: Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way.
A: Have you ever studied by surfing the Internet?
B: Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way.
A: Have you ever studied by watching English-language videos? B: Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way.
1. 现在完成时的谓语结构 主语 + have/has + 动词过去分词
e.g. I have lived here since I was born. 我一出生就生活在这里。 The little girl has washed her clothes for one hour.
⑴ 强调过去动作对现在造成的影响和结果。 e.g. I have lost my keys. I can’t find the
m anywhere. (2)表示某种动作或状态从过去某时开始，一直 持续到现在，而且还持续了一段时间。 e.g. I have lived here since I was born.
(3)表示以前曾经做过，表经历。 e.g. I have ever seen the film twice.
3. 现在完成时的一般疑问句结构： 直接将have/has提到主语之前 They have finished the job already. Have they finished the job yet?
4. 现在完成时的否定句结构： 直接在have/has之后加not They haven’t finished the job yet.
Read the article and complete the chart.
How do you learn best?
This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English. Many said they learnt by using English. Some students had more specific suggestions. Lillian Li, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English magazines. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. When we asked about studying grammar, she said, “I never study grammar. It’s too boring.” specific adj. 明确的;详细而精确的 memorize(memorizing) v. 记忆;背诵
Wei Ming feels differently. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. He also thinks that watching English movies isn’t a bad way because he can watch the actors say the words. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly.
differently adv.不同地;有区别地 frustrate v.使失望;使沮丧;使厌烦 frustrating adj.令人沮丧的;令人失望的 quickly adv.快地;迅速地
Liu Chang said that joining the English club at school was the best way to improve her English. Students get lots of practice and they also have fun. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. “We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese,” she said.
add v.又说;继续说 excited adj.激动的;兴奋的 get excited about
not at all 根本(不);全然(不)
Complete the chart.
Ways of learning English Not successful Lillian Li OK Successful
memorizing the words of pop songs watching English movies
reading English magazines
studying grammar joining the English club
Liu Chang having
conversations with friends
请根据课文内容判断下列句子的正(T)误(F): ( T )1. Many students thought the best way to learn English is to use it. ( F )2. Lilian Li thought the best way to learn new words was by memorizing them. reading English magazines ( T )3. Lilian Li never studied grammar. ( T )4. Wei Ming has learned English for seventy-two months. ( F )5. Wei Ming thought watching English movies Watching English movies isn’t a bad wayand but sometimes studying grammar are frustrating. great ways to learn a language. ( T )6. Joining t
he English club at school was Liu Chang’s best way to improve her English. ( T )7. The students in the club could get lots of practice. ( F )8. Liu Chang thought having conversations with friends was helpful. was not helpful at all.
1. This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English.这周, 我们就 学习英语的好办法询问了新星中学的一些学生。 ask sb. about sth. 问某人某件事情 about后面加名词或动名词。 e.g. Ask students about the best way of learning. 问学生们最好的学习方法。 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事，请某人做某事，to后面 加动词原形。
e.g. He asked his mother to buy him a new bicycle.
句中动词不定式 “to learn more English”限 制修饰名词 “ways”, 作定语，构成固定结构 “a way to do sth.”，意为 “做......的方法”.
e.g. Scientists are trying to find ways to save the endangered (濒临灭绝的） animals.
此外, 表示“做......的方法”, 还可用 “a way of doing sth.” 结构。
e.g. Mother says the best way of helping her is to leave the kitchen.
2. Many said they learnt by using English.
许多学生说他们通过使用英语来学习英语。 many 在这里是代词，而不是形容词，意为many students. e.g. We can put away many of these plates. We don’t need so many. 我们可以把许多盘子收起来，用不着这么多。
3. frustrating a. 令人灰心的，令人沮丧的.（修饰物， 事件）
e.g. Watching movies to learn English is frustrating because the people speak too quickly.
通过看电影来学英语是让人灰心的, 因为剧中人物说 话太快了。 frustrated a.灰心的, 沮丧的(修饰人）
e.g. I felt frustrated at that time.
类似的还有： interesting 令人感兴趣的 interested 感兴趣的 disappointing 令人失望的 disappointed 失望的 boring 无聊的 bored 感到无聊的 excited 兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的
5. end up doing sth. 终止做某事, 结束 做某事, 后面加动名词短语, 相当于 finish doing sth., 表示结束做某事,事情 已完成。 e.g. When we practice speaking English, we often end up speaking in Chinese.
但要注意与stop doing sth. 的区别: stop doing sth.指停止做某事，有可能是暂时的，不 久还会继续下去。 e.g. We had to stop singing because somebody knocked at the door. 另外，end up with… 以…而告终，后面加名词或动 名词。 e.g. The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她 的歌唱而告终。
的结构和用法。 动名词即动词的-ing形式，相当于名词。在句子中可做主语, 宾语, 表语等。
e.g. 1). I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the
secrets of learning.
doing lots of listen
ing practice 为动名词短语，做从句中的主 语。listening做定语, 修饰 practice.
2）I am enjoying learning English.
动名词短语做宾语。 3）Seeing is believing. believing做表语 眼见为实。 （seeing做主语，
V-ing（动名词）做主语要注意谓语动词的单复数 如： Memorizing the words of pop songs helps a little. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. Studying English is important. Listening more improves listening skills. Eating too much can make us fat. Eating well and sleeping well help us study well.
3b Role play.
If you are Lillian Li, talk about the ways of learning English.
learning English by reading magazines is the best way. memorizing the words of pop songs helps a little. studying grammar is too boring.
4 Pair work. Check what you do to learn English. Then interview you partner.
A: Do you write vocabulary lists?
B: Oh, yes. I do it often
Words: always>often>usually>sometimes>seldom> never
always often usually sometimes seldom never
1a Learning English can be difficult. What
things are difficult for you? Read the list. Check the statements that are true for you.
I can’t pronounce some of the words. ___
I can’t spell some English words. ___
I can’t understand spoken English. ___ I make mistakes in grammar. ___
I read very slowly. ____
2a Paul is learning English. Listen and check (?)the learning challenges he talks about.
Challenges n.挑战 1. ? can’t get the pronunciation right 2. ? forget a lot of new words 3. ? can’t always understand when people talk to me 4. can’t understand the words in magazines 5. ? don’t get much writing practice
2b Listen again. Match the challenges in 2a with the solutions.
a. 2 You can always write the new words in your notebook and study them at home. b. 5 You should find a pen pal.
c. 1 Listening can help.
d. 3 Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English?
Pairwork Practice giving suggestions
A: I don’t have a partner to practice B: Maybe you should join an English
You can join an English language club. You should join an …. Joining an English club can help. Why don’t you join an …?
How I learned to learn English
Last year my English class was difficult for me. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t understand every word. Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word. Also I was afraid to speak in class, because I thought my classmates might laugh at me. I couldn’t always make complete sentences, either.
Then I started to watch English-language TV. It helped a
lot. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. Another thing that I found very difficult was English grammar. So I decided to take lots of grammar notes in every class. Then I started to write my own original sentences using the grammar I was learning. It’s amazing how much this helped. Now I an enjoying learning English and I got an A this term. My teacher is very impressed.
first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来，随后 also 也，而且（用于肯定句） either 也（用于否定句） so 因此 then 然后
matter v. 认识到；了解到
adj. 完整的；完全的 n. 秘诀；诀窍；秘密 n. 学习者 v. 使感动；使印象深刻
Read the statements about the article. Write “T” for true or “F” for false.
The writer found learning English difficult because… 1. The teacher’s pronunciation was poor. 2. People always laughed at her when she spoke. F
3. She had trouble making complete sentences.
4. English grammar was difficult.
Her English improved when she started… 5. Going out with English speaking friends. 6. Lots of listening practice. T 7. Using grammar in original sentences. T
3b Write a letter telling a friend how to become a better language learner.
Dear Liu Mei, I know it isn’t easy to learn English well, but I have some ideas that may help. You said you couldn’t understand people who talked fast. Well, you can try to listen for the most important words, not every word. You can also do lots of listening practice. I think it’s one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner.
You can also read more English books. Reading is as important as listening for us to learn English well. If you do so, I believe that you can learn English very well later on. Yours, Meimei
1. Fill in each blank with the correct word given. Change the form of the word if necessary. Then make you own sentences with each word.
feel spell write down join find 1. You should _________ write downnew English words in a vocabulary list. 2. If you don’t know how to ____ spell new words, look them up in a dictionary.
feel spell write down join find 3. The best way to improve your join an English club. English is to ____ 4. Another thing that he found _____ very difficult was English grammar. 5. This kind of paper ____ feels very soft.
2. Xu Zheng won a prize for his essay about the importance of English. Later, a reporter from the school magazine interviewed him. Use the reporter’s notes to write an article about Xu Zheng. You can write it after class.
How do we deal with our problems?
1b. Look up the meaning of each word in the box in a dictionary.
How do we deal with our problems?
…unless we deal with our problems, we can easily become unh
…you felt they were unfair.
When we are angry, however we are usually the ones affected.
…we can solve a problem by learning to forget.
We must learn how to change these “problems” into “challenges”.
Stephen Hawking, …, who regards his many physical problems as unimportant.
We are probably quite healthy and smart.
As young adults, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers.
Let’s not worry about our problems. Let’s face the challenges instead.
Section 2 While You Read 1. What may happen when people are angry with others for long? Good friendships may be lost. 2. What happens to children when they have disagreements? They decide not to talk to each other. But this usually does not last for long.
3. What must we learn at school? Why? We must learn how to change these “problems” into “challenges”. Because education is an important part of our development. 4. What’s our duty as young adults? As young adults, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers.
5. Who is Stephen Hawking?
He is a very clever scientist. 6. What should we do after comparing ourselves to Stephen Hawking? We should face the challenges instead of worrying about our problems.
Write out the example given for the context used in the reading. duty(n) smart(adj)
A soldier must do his duty.
It is smart of you to bring a map.
We can solve a problem by ourselves I regard your advice as the first. We’ve no coffee. Would you like tea instead?
3c Scan the reading and check the ways of dealing with problems that are mentioned.
by talking to people about them by trying to forgot about them ? by thinking your problem is not big ? by seeing a psychologist by breaking off a friendship by thinking of a problem in a positive way.
Section 4 Go For It! Look at the reading again. Which way of dealing with problems do you think is the best? Write about a time when you dealt with a problem that way. If you have time, think of another way of dealing with problems. Tell a partner about this.
１. 你是怎么为考试作准备的? _____ How do you study ____ ____ for ____ a ____ test ? 2.他是怎么学习英语的? How does ____ he ______ learn English? 3.我骑车上学． by ______. bike I go to school _____ 4. 这些声
音太难听懂. too hard to understand the voices It’s ____
５．你有没有通过听英文歌来学英语？ __ you learn English ___ _______ to English songs? Do by listening ６．他通过制作词汇清单来学习西班牙语． making __________ vocabulary ______. He learns Spanish by ______ lists ７. 你曾经和小组成员一起学习吗？ Have you ever _______ studied ______ with a group? _____ ８. 他是怎样练习打篮球的？ does he practice _________ playing basketball? How _____
1. 学会了谈论和评价学习方法，如 例如： How do you study for a test? I study by …ing. … is a great / successful way to learn English … helps a little/ a lot. 2. 学会了谈论学习中遇到的困难针对学习中的困难给别人提出 一些建议，如： It wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked. I was also afraid to speak in class, because I thought my classmates might laugh at me. How about watching English language TV? You should read more English stories. Why not study it with a group? …. 3. 学会了在上下文的语言环境中认知词汇.
1. ----- Will you watch the World Cup Match this year? ----- No, but I _____ several World Cup matches since I was a small child. A. had seen B. see C. was seeing D. have seen
2. Lily thinks that ___ English movies
____ a good way to learn English.
A. watching, is C. buying, wasn’t
B. loving, isn’t D. looking, was
3. ----- You are leaving your school. How do you like it? ----- Very much, of course, I ___ this school since I moved here. A. came to B. have gone to C. have been at D. have been to
4. Many English learners are afraid
____ mistakes when pronouncing
A. of making C. to making
B. make D. making
5. The life we were used to ____ greatly
B. has changed √
D. have changed
6. She looked forward to ___ the USA.
1. 我意识到我对那件事感到兴奋。 realized that I _________ got excited about that. I ________ 2. 我经常在语法方面出错误。 make mistakes in grammar. I often ______________ 3.我飞快地记下了他的车牌号。 quickly I wrote down his car number ________. 4.这是一列快车。 fast train. This is a _____ 5.别担心，我很快就回来。 Don’t worry. I’ll be back _____. soon
Swimming and English Learning Can you swim? Do you like swimming? Yes? Well, how can you learn to swim? I think the best way is to go into the water and learn. I’m afraid you’ll never learn to swim just by reading books about swimming or looking at others swimming. It’s the same with the English study. We must practice, practice and practice. Listening and speaking are very important for beginners. The children in Englishspeaking countries fir
st listen to others. Then they try to imitate and speak. We can listen to English programs on radio. You may just understand a few words. It doesn’t matter. Just be relaxed, try to catch every word. Somebody may be a good listener. But he dare not speak. He’s afraid of making mistakes. You know we sometimes make mistakes when we speak Chinese. Don’t be afraid. We must be brave. If you really want to learn English well, you must try to speak with everyone so long as he knows English. Whether you know him or not is not important when there’s nobody to talk with, you can talk to yourself in English. It’s interesting and also a good way to practice your spoken English. Remember, the more you speak, the fewer mistakes you’ll make. Reading and writing are more important for senior school students. First we must choose the books we’re interested in. A lot of reading will improve your language sense. This is the most important. Keep writing English diaries. We can also write English articles. You may even post them to English magazines. Don’t be afraid of failure. Failure is the mother of success. Easier said than done. Well, let’s do more practice from now on. I’m sure you’ll learn English well in this way.
D You can learn to swim by_______.
B. looking at others swimming D. going into the river and learning
A. reading books about it ? C. having lessons on it
C We should learn English by _______. ? A. listening and speaking B. reading and writing ? C. A and B D. swimming ?3. What will you do with mistakes when you speak? D ? A. Don’t make mistakes. B. Study hard ? C. Try not to speak English D. Don’t be afraid. ?4. What’s more important for senior school students? C ? A. listening B. speaking ? C. reading and writing D. learning B ?5. We can listen to English ______, according to the passage. ? A. by train B. on the radio ? C. every minute D. now and then