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unit_1 Mama's Soup Pot

发布时间:2014-02-25 12:03:04  

大学英语基础教程4
College Basic English

Lecturer: Liu Yonghua 2013.2.27

Chinese name: 刘永华( a little bit boyish) English name: crystal Graduated from: Shanghai Maritime University (SMU) Mobil phone No.: 132 2390 9073 E-mail address: crystal000517@sina.com

About me

About learning English
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More listening : English for you 空中美语 http://www.englishtide.com/ VOA (飞达广播网) 听力特快http://www.listeningexpress.com/ Dictionary: 有道词典

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Unit 1 part 1 preparatory
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1. He spoke English so well that I took it for granted that he was an Englishman. 2. That young man inherited one million dollars from his grandfather. 3. She stirred her coffee with a spoon. 4. This watch is guaranteed for two years. 5. He remained emphatic on the point.

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6. A smile often denotes pleasure. 7. Modern girls seldom confide in their mothers. 8. Then we launched into a full discussion of all the issue raised. 9. People have begun to turn off because they have had enough of Korean soap operas. 10. The actress wanted a hat to go with her dress.

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guarantee 保证 confide 讲真心话,吐露秘密 take … for granted 视…… 为理所当然 denote 表示 stir 搅动,搅拌 emphatic 强调的,用力地 turn off 关掉,不感兴趣 launch into 开始(进入,从事) inherit 继承 go with 与……相配

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Expressions in context
at one time 曾经, 一度 ? He was so devoted to piano playing at one time. 2. take sth. for granted 想当然 ? I took it for granted that he would be coming to the meeting. 3. point out 指出 ? I didn’t realize the significance of the event until he pointed it out.
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4. in a state of 处于某个状态 It is noon; I’m in a state of hunger. 5. turn off 使失去兴趣、爱好或热情 This music really turns me off. 6. bring out/ brought out 取出,拿出 The wine really brings out the spicy flavor of the meat.

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6. go with 与……相配 The curtain doesn’t go with the bedroom. 7. be faced with (把事实等)摆在……面前 He will be faced with the evidence of his crime.

Expressions learned in display
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1. point out 2. in a state of 3. take for granted 4. turn off 5. brought out 6. at one time 7. were faced with 8. go with

Part Ⅱ Language in context
1. Where do you think is the safest place in the world? 2. Who can give you the feeling of security? 3. How do you understand “love”?

Summary in Chinese
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这篇课文内容朴实,读来感人。作为一个移民 家庭,妈妈做的蔬菜通心粉汤每次都让作者有 一种安全感,让他回味无穷,时时刻刻让他有 回家的感觉。课文围绕着朋友索尔到家里来吃 饭的前前后后和多年后在母亲去世后去索尔家 里做客展开,我们要深刻理解文化的渗透性



项脊轩志
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项脊轩,旧南阁子也。室仅方丈,可容一人居。百年 老屋,尘泥渗(shèn)漉(lù),雨泽下注;每移案, 顾视无可置者。又北向,不能得日,日过午已昏。余 稍为修葺(qì ),使不上漏。前辟四窗,垣墙周庭, 以当南日,日影反照,室始洞然。又杂植兰桂竹木于 庭,旧时栏楯(shǔn),亦遂增胜。借书满架,偃仰 啸歌,冥然兀坐,万籁有声;而庭阶寂寂,小鸟时来 啄食,人至不去。三五之夜,明月半墙,桂影斑驳, 风移影动,珊珊可爱。

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然余居于此,多可喜,亦多可悲。先是,庭中通南北为一。迨 (dài)诸父异爨(cuàn),内外多置小门,墙往往而是。东犬 西吠,客逾庖(páo)而宴,鸡栖于厅。庭中始为篱,已为墙, 凡再变矣。家有老妪(yù), 尝居于此。妪,先大母婢也,乳 二世,先妣(bǐ)抚之甚厚。室西连于中闺,先妣尝一至。妪每 谓余曰:“某所,而母立于兹。”妪又曰:“汝姊(zǐ)在吾怀, 呱呱(gū)而泣;娘以指叩门扉曰:‘儿寒乎?欲食乎?’吾 从板外相为应答。”语未毕, 余泣,妪亦泣。(情景同

stilted: we made polite, stilted conversation. 我们说了些客气呆板的话。 stony: 词根 stone stony 的比较级:stonier 最高级:stoniest wreck

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embrace

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assurance

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amidst

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wink

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There are too many treasures in life we take for granted, the worth of which we don’t fully realize until they’re pointed out to us in some unexpected way. So it was with Mama’s soup pot. I can still see it sitting on the stove in all its chipped white-and-blue-enameled glory, its contents bubbling, steam rising as if from an active volcano. When I entered the back porch, the aroma was not only mouthwatering but reassuring. Whether Mama was standing over the pot stirring with a long wooden spoon or not, I knew I was home.

Mama’s soup pot

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take it for granted (that…) assume that something is true
or will happen

Don’t take it for granted that he will support you. We cannot take it for granted that a computer system will never fail. worth: the quality that renders something desirable, useful, or
valuable

This research project is of great worth. He keeps in the safe $3 million worth of diamonds.

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treasure n. sth. or sb. considered especially precious
or valuable

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The police found the lost treasure in an abandoned well. This museum has many art treasures.

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point out (to) make or write a comment on Did he point out where you were wrong? Point out the mistake in this sentence, please.

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unexpected adj. coming without warning Mr. Green paid me an unexpected visit. His reaction on this matter is unexpected.

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reassuring adj. 安心的 Your message is reassuring to me. 你的短信让人安心。

minestrone

cabbage celery tomato potato onion porridge wine

macaroni pasta

spaghetti

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There was no recipe for her minestrone soup. It had been so since her girlhood in the mountains of northern Italy, where she learned its secret from her grandma, who had inherited it from generations.

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girlhood n. 少女时期 She spent her girlhood in Africa. She had a happy girlhood. inherit The oldest son will inherit the title. He inherits his father’s farm.

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For our large immigrant family, Mama’s soup guaranteed we would never go hungry. It was a symbol of security. And we could judge the state of our family economy by its contents. A thick brew with tomatoes, pasta, beans, carrots, celery, onion, corn and meat indicated things were going well with the family. A watery soup denoted meager times.

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immigrant: ---Canada has many immigrants from Europe. ---He admitted that he was an illegal immigrant. guarantee: undertake to do, accomplish or ensure
(something) for another

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---Blue skies do not always guarantee fine weather. ---We cannot guarantee the punctual arrival of trains in fogy weather. 雾天我们不能保证火车准时到达。

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symbo

l 象征、标志 White is a symbol of purity. The dove is the symbol of peace. security 安全 network security [计] 网络安全; [计] 网路安全; [计] 网络安 全性;网络保密 Security Council安理会;安全理事会;联合国安理会;联合国 安全理事会 Security Question安全问题;找回密码问题;安全提问;选择安 全问题 He loves the security of a happy home life. 他非常喜欢幸福的家 庭生活所来的那种安全感。

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At one time, however, Mama’s soup pot became a source of embarrassment to me, for I feared it would cost me a new friend I had made at school. Sol was an unusual pal for me because his father was a doctor and they lived in the best part of town. Often Sol invited me to his home for dinner. The family had a cook in a white uniform who worked in a kitchen of gleaming chrome and shinning utensils. The food was good, but I found it bland, lacking the heartiness of my home fare served from flameblackened pots. Moreover, the atmosphere matched the food. Everything was so formal. Sol’s mother and father were polite, but conversation around the table was stilted and subdued. And no one hugged!

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at one time At one time we lived in London. embarrassment 困窘,难堪 Coughing at a concert can be a real embarrassment.在音乐会上咳嗽真会使人难 堪。

uniform

The stars were shinning bright. 星光灿烂

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cooking utensils

Paragraph 6-13
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retort quick at retort 善于回嘴的 say a few words in retort stony a stony expression 冷漠的表情 a stony gaze (stare, look) 冷眼凝视 know better than (to do) I know better than to go swimming after dinner. 我不至于笨的吃过饭去游泳。 She should know better than to spend all her money on chocolate.

In my opinion as far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that …..

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She gave him a slap on the cheek.

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ink stain 墨迹 Blood stained the blanket. 血染毛毯。

Paragraph14-22
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launch into He used the money to launch into a new business. After graduation from Cambridge John launched into politics. animated 生气勃勃的,活灵活现的 animal animation ailment 小病,精神不安 He got timely treatment for his ailment. 他的病得到了及时治疗。

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eccentric : odd, strange 古怪的,偏执的 She is an eccentric old lady. My neighbor is an eccentric young man. amazement astonishment 惊愕,惊异 We stared at him in amazement. 我们惊奇地注视着他。

Paragraph 23-24
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glorious 光荣的,辉煌的 glorious traditions 光荣传统 Our country has a glorious history.我们的国 家有一段光辉的历史。 era 时代 period, times, epoch the era of space travel 太空旅行时代 We are now in a great new era of information. 我们现在正处于一个新的伟大的信息时代。

Paragraph 2

5-29
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the best man at his wedding 伴郎 bridesmaid chunks of meat 大块的肉 wink

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bride bridegroom

Comprehension Check
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1. F 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. T 6. F 7. F 8. F

Study and practice
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1. stirred 2. inherited 3. guarantee 4. hugged 5. confide 6. indicated 7. carved 8. stained 9. hug 10. eccentric

Rewrite the following sentences
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1. Please point out my errors. 2. She’s often told me not to take something for granted. 3. They did not go well with porridge and buns. 4. The country was then in a state of nature. 5. The magician brought out some flowers from his magic hat. 6. He turned off the light as he left the house. 7. The two continents were connected by a land mass at one time. 8. I had to be faced with the awful job of breaking the news to the girl’s family.

Translation
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1. Dark clouds denote a coming storm. 2. He scored a bull’s eye in their argument with that witty retort. 3. A gleam of interest came into her eye. 4. I love seeing animated cartoons. 5. His present salary is rather meager. 6. At first glance, it looked like unalloyed good news. 7. I couldn’t convince him of my innocence. 8. John fell and chipped one of his front teeth.

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1. 人生中有很多财富,这好像是理所当然的事 情。 2. 对于我们这个很大的移民家庭来说,妈妈的 汤就是一种保证,我们永远都不会挨饿。 3. 在家里,热烈的拥抱是从来不变的事情。 4. 和我们一家人吃饭会让索尔完全感到厌烦的。 5. 我相信这是我最后一次看到我的朋友索尔了。

Model
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我进入办公室。 老师们正在开会。 合并成一句话? 当我进入办公室时,老师们正在开会。 The same case with English Adverbial Clause I came into the office. The teachers were having a meeting. ????? When I came into the office, the teachers were having a meeting.

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上一页中,把两个句子合并成一个句子的词, 叫连接词,或引导词。 连接词,相当于汉语里的关联词,可以是一个 词,也可以是一个词组。 比如,when, while, since, before, as if, as soon as,the moment

定义
在句子中起状语作用的从句叫作状语从句。状 语从句可位于主句前(通常用逗号与主句隔 开),也可位于主句之后(不需用逗号隔开)。 状语从句可表示时间、地点、原因、条件、让 步、方式、比较、目的和结果等。

时间状语从句
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连接词
连接词
When as the moment the instant once after

意义
当。。。时 当。。。时 一。。。就 一。。。就

连接词
While as soon as directly immediately since before

意义
当。。。时 一。。。就 一。。。就 一。。。就 自。。。以来 自。。。以来

一旦。。。

自。。。以来

till

直到。。。

until

直到。。。

when/while/as
when 表示从句动作与主句动作同时发生,或先于主句动作; while 表示从句的动作与主句动作同时发生,且又延续的含义,因 此该从句的谓语动词通常是延续性的。 as 表示从句动作与主句动作相并发生,所以常常译为“边。。。 边。。。”,有时也可表示从句动作先于主句动作

注: when 可指一段时间,也可指一点时间;while仅可 指一段时间; as 主要指一段时间,和when一样也可 指一点时间

till/until 两者都表示”直到…”意义上无差别,但在句首 只能用until.

地点状语从句
1.连接词 where wherever everywhere anywhere 在。。。地方 在任何地方 每一。。。地方 无论何处,随便哪里

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Her husband had died. She had to support her family. ????? She had to support her family since her husband had died. We go to work by bike. We can prevent the air from polluting. ????? We can prevent the air from polluting if we go to work by bike/

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We didn’t go home . We finished the work. ????? We didn’t go home until we finished the work. You’ll miss the train. You hurry up. ???? You’ll miss the train unless you hurry up.

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I’ll give him your message. He comes back from lunch. ????? I’ll give him your message as soon as he comes back from lunch. We stood at the top of the building. The people blow were hardly visible. ????? As we stood at the top of the building, the people blow were hardly visible.

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Scientists say it may be five or sixe years. It is possible to test this medicine on human patients. ????? Scientists say it may be five or sixe years before it is possible to test this medicine on human patients.

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We were about to set off on our way. It suddenly began to rain. ?????? It suddenly began to rain when we were about to set off on our way.

since unless before if
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where while

as if until

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1. since 2. unless 3. where 4. as if 5. before 6. if 7. while 8. until


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