Go for it !
No.1 Middle School David yang
How do you study for a test?
1、 句型导入 2、 学英语的方法 3、 学英语的困难 4、 综合
Ways of learning English
? How do you study Chinese and English?
? listening ? speaking ? reading ? writing
How do you learn Chinese？
I learn Chinese by using it.
How do you use Chinese?
? listening ? speaking ? reading ? writing
I learn Chinese by listening to
? ? ? ? cassettes the radio songs parents speaking ? friends speaking
?每天都讲中文。 By speaking it every day .
? By reading it every day.
? (text books, newspapers, magazines, story books … )
? By watching TV, ? By watching movies,
? By memorizing the words of pop songs . ? We don’t learn Chinese by joining Chinese clubs/ studying grammar.
How do you learn English?
? I learn English by using it. ? Specific suggestions:
I learn English …
? by having the English class carefully .
? by taking notes carefully .
? by finishing my homework seriously .
? I learn English by listening to cassettes. ? by asking the teacher for help. ? by reading English magazines and newspapers .
? By taking part in English classes after school . ? By getting an English tutor.
? I learn by studying with a group.
? By watching programs on TV. English
? By enjoying English songs.
? By surfing the internet. （网上冲浪） ? By making flashcards. （制作单词认读卡片 )
? By reading the textbook. （读教科书）
By making vocabulary lists. （列单词表）
? Make flashcards ? Make vocabulary lists ? Listen to cassettes
1a Check (?) the ways you study for an English test. Then add other ways you use sometimes. by working with friends by making flashcards n. (教学用)抽认卡
by reading the textbook
by making vocabulary lists by listening to cassettes by asking the teacher for help . .
1b Listen. How do these students study for a test? Write letters from the picture above.
1c Pairwork Ask your partner how
he or she studies for a test.
A: How do you study for a test? B: I study by working with a group.
Boy 1: Hey, gang. There’s a big test on Tuesday. I really need some help. Can you tell me how you study for a big test? Voices: Sure! Yes. Sure we will. Boy 1: You did really well on the last English test, didn’t you, Mei? Girl 1: Yeah. I did OK. Boy 1: Well, how did you study? Girl 1: By making flashcards. Boy 1: Maybe I’ll try that. How did you study, Pierre? Boy 2: By asking the teacher for help. She was really happy I asked. Boy 1: That’s interesting. How do you study, Antonio? Boy 3: I like to study by listening to cassettes. But some times my mother thinks I’m listening to music. And then she gets mad. Boy 1: Oh, we
目标语言（Target Language） 1. How do you study for tests ? 你是怎样准备考试的？ Well , I study by working with my classmates. 哦，我和同学们一起学习。 2. Have you ever studied with a group ? 你曾经参加过学习小组吗？ Yes , I have . I’ve learned a lot that way . 是的，参加过。通过这种方式我学了许多。 3. I don’t have a partner to practice English with . 我没有同伴可以练习英语。 Maybe you should join an English club. 或许，你应该参加一个英语俱乐部。 4. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation ? 大声朗读来练习发音怎么样？ Why don’t you join an English language club ? 你为什么不参加一个英语俱乐部呢？
1. by 介词，表示“通过…方法或途径” 的意思，译成“靠、通过” by后面可以加名词或动名词短语 eg. （ 1） The house was destroyed by fire. 房屋被 火烧毁了。
（2）travel by air （land , sea）航空 （陆路、航海）旅行。 （3）go by train （boat , bus）乘火 车（船，公共汽车）去 （4）shake sb by the hand 和某人握 手 （ 5） I study English by watching English movies. 我通过看英文电影学英语。
另外，by做为介词的含义有很多，我们也已经学 习过一些用法，总结如下 （1）在…旁边、靠近 There is a power station by the river. 河边有一个 电厂。 （2）沿着、经由 come by the highway 由公路来 （3）由于 by mistake 由于差错 （4）被、由 some articles written by Luxun. 一 些由鲁迅写的文章 （5）（表示面积） a room 5m,by 4m 一间长五 米宽四米的房间 （6）逐批 one by one 一个接一个 （7）表示方法、途径 如上
2a Listen and check(?)the questions you hear.
Questions 1. ? Do you learn English by watching English-language videos? 2. ? Do You ever practice conversations with friends? 3. What about listening to cassettes?
4. ? What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?
5. ? Have you ever studied with a group?
aloud adj.出声的;高声的 pronunciation n.发音 adv.出声地;高声地
2b Listen again and match each question above with an answer below.
a. Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way. b. Oh, yes. It improves my speaking skills. n.技能;技巧 c. I do that sometimes. I think it helps. n.说话声;声音 d. No. it’s too hard to understand the voices. Questions Answers 1. Do you learn English by watching d English-language videos? 2. Do You ever practice conversations b with friends? 3. What about listening to cassettes? 4. What about reading aloud to practice c pronunciation? 5. Have you ever studied with a group? a
Girl 1: Welcome to the English club. Today we’re going to talk about the best ways to learn English. Who has an idea? Boy 1: Do you learn English by watching English-language videos? Girl 1: No. It’s too hard to understand the voices. Boy 1: What about keeping a diary in English?
Do you learn English that way? Girl 2: I think so. It helps to write English every day. Girl 3: Have you ever studied with a group? Girl 2: Yes, I have! I’ve learned a lot that way. Girl 1: Do you ever practice conversations with friends? Girl 2: Oh, yes. It improves my speaking skills. Boy 1: What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation? Girl 3: I do that sometimes. I think it helps. Boy 2: I do too. And I always look up new words in a dictionary. Girl 3: That’s a great idea!
2c PAIRWORK Make conversations using the information from activities 2a and 2b.
A: Have you ever studied with a group? B: Yes, I have. I’ve
learned a lot that way.
How do you study for a test?
I study by listening to cassettes.
How do you learn English?
I learn by studying with a group.
Do you learn English by reading aloud?
Yes, I do.
by doing sth: 当你询问怎样做某事或告诉别人怎样做某事时,
eg. How does he make a living? He lives by writing.
By working hard I made great progress this term.
How do you study English ? （运用特殊疑 问句） I study by listening to cassetts. （听录音带） I study by studying with a group. （和小组 一起学习） by watching English programs on TV. （看 英语电视节目） by enjoying English songs. （听英文歌）
by finishing my homework seriously . （认真完成作业）
by taking part in English classes after school . （上课外英语班） by getting an English tutor. （请英语家教） by reading English magazines and newspaper . （读英文杂志、报纸） by surfing the internet. （网上冲浪） by making flashcards. （制作单词认读卡片） by reading the textbook. （读教科书） by asking the teacher for help. （请教老师） by making vocabulary lists. （列单词表） by taking notes carefully . （认真记笔记） by having the English class carefully . （认真上课）
3a Read the article and complete the chart.
How do you learn best?
This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English. Many said they learnt by using English. Some students had more specific suggestions. Lillian Li, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English magazines. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. When we asked about studying grammar, she said, “I never study grammar. It’s too boring.” specific adj. 明确的;详细而精确的 memorize(memorizing) v. 记忆;背诵 grammar n.语法;语法规则
Wei Ming feels differently. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. He also thinks that watching English movies isn’t a bad way because he can
watch the actors say the words. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly. differently adv.不同地;有区别地 frustrate v.使失望;使沮丧;使厌烦
frustrating adj.令人沮丧的;令人失望的 quickly adv.快地;迅速地
Liu Chang said that joining the English club at school was the best way to improve her English. Students get lots of practice and they also have fun. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. “We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese,” she said.
get excited about
not at all 根本(不); 全然(不)
疑难解释 1. He asked his mother to buy him a new bicycle. 他请求他母亲给他买一辆新自行车。 2. Many said they learnt by using English . 许多（学生）说他们通过使用英语来学习。 Many在这里是代词，而不是形容词，意为 Many students. Many is a large number of something. 例如： We can put away many of these plates . We don’t need this many. 我们可以把许多盘子收起来，用不着这么多。
3. I felt frustrated at that time. 那时，我觉 得很沮丧。 类似的还有请同学们在学习中注意收集 4. not at all 根本不，全然不 eg. My brother did not like the scarf at all. not经常可以和助动词结合在一起, at all 则放在句尾
5. get excited 变得兴奋起来 get是系动词， 有“逐渐变得”的含义 get + adj get mad 生气 get clear变得清楚了 The long journey got the children all tired. 长途旅行使得孩子们疲惫不堪。
6. end up doing sth 终止做某事，结束做 某事 后面加动名词短语 相当于finish doing sth . 但要注意与stop doing sth 的区别 eg. We had to stop singing because someb ody knocked at the door. 另外，end up with … 以…结束 The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。
Lillian Li 1. Reading English magazines, the best way 2.Memorizing the words of pop songs, help a little 3.Never study grammar, too boring
1.我认为学英语的最好方法是用英 语。 2、记住单词的最好方法是阅读英 文报纸。 3、 记住流行歌曲的歌词也是有一 些帮助的。 4、 我从来不学语法。太烦人了。
1.Studying grammar, a great way 2. Watching English movies, not a bad way 3. sometimes, find it frustrating, the people speak too quickly
Wei Ming 1. 我学习英语有六年了。 2. 我认为学习英语的最好方法是学 习语法。 3. 看英文电影也不是坏方法， 因为我可以看见演员说单词。 4. 但是，有时候我发现 看电影也挺让人沮丧的。 因为人们讲话太快了。
1. Join the English club, the best way to improve … get lots of practice and have fun 2. Having conversations with friends, not helpful, at all. End up speaking in
1. 加入英语俱乐部是 提高英语的最好方法。 2. 学生们得到很多训练， 也很有乐趣。 3. 和朋友们练习对话根本没有帮助。 4. 我们特别兴奋，然后就以讲汉语结束了。
Complete the chart. Ways of learning English Not successful OK Successful reading English magazines studying grammar joining the English club
studying grammar sometimes the people speak too quickly having conversations with friends
memorizing the words of pop songs
watching English movies
参考句型 ? I think learning English by memorizing the words of pop songs is a great/good way. ? … is not a bad way ? …is helpful/ isn’t helpful at all. ? …successful ? Helps a lot/ helps a little
请根据课文内容判断下列句子的正(T)误(F): ( T )1. Many students thought the best way to learn English is to use it. ( F )2. Lilian Li thought the best way to learn new words was by memorizing them. ( T )3. Lilian Li never studied grammar. ( T )4. Wei Ming has learned English for seventy-two months. ( F )5. Wei Ming thought watching English movies and studying grammar are great ways to learn a language. ( T )6. Joining the English club at school was Liu Chang’s best way to improve her English. ( T )7. The students in the club could get lots of practice. ( F )8. Liu Chang thought having conversations with friends was helpful.
A: I’m doing a survey about learning English.
3b PAIRWORK Role play. Student A, pretend to be one of the people in 3a. Student B, interview Student A about learning English.
Can I ask you some questions?
A: Great! What’s your name?
B: Wei Ming. A: And how do you learn English, Ming? B:…
PAIRWORK Check(?) what you do to learn English. Then interview your partner.
I do this… My partner does this… often sometimes never often sometimes never
write vocabulary lists read English books/magazines study grammar keep an English notebook listen to cassette ask the teacher questions watch Englishlanguage TV
A: Do you write
B: Oh, yes. I do it often.
Difficulties/ Challenges in learning English
1a Learning English can be difficult. What things are difficult for you? Read the list. Check (?) the statements that are true for you.
I can’t pronounce some of the words. I can’t understand spoken English. I read very slowly.
I can’t spell some English words. I make mistakes in grammar.
1b What other things are difficult for you? Make a list.
1. I don’t know how to use commas.
请诵读下面的目标句型：说出困难： I have a problem . I can’t remember the new words. I can’t pronounce some of the words. I can’t understand spoken English . I always make mistakes in grammer. I read very slowly. I don’t know how to sp
eak English well.
2a Paul is learning English. Listen and check (?)the learning challenges he talks about.
1. ? can’t get the pronunciation right 2. forget a lot of new words 3. ? can’t always understand when people talk to me
can’t understand the words in magazines
don’t get much writing practice
2b Listen again. Match the challenges in 2a with the solutions. Solutions
2 a. You can always write the new words in
your notebook and study them at home.
You should find a pen pal.
c. 1 Listening can help. d. 3 Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English?
You should read English aloud. Listening can help. Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking. Would you mind remembering new words by flashcards. Please try to talk with your friends in English as much as possible.
T: You looked worried, Paul.
B: I am, Ms Mitchell. I’m having trouble learning English.
T: You said you liked English. What’s the problem? B: I can’t get the pronunciation right. T: Well, listening can help. Why don’t you borrow the teacher’s tapes. You can listen to them at home and repeat the sentences that are difficult for you. B: That’s a good idea. But what about all the new words? I forget a lot of new words. T: You can always write the new words in your notebook and study them at home. You can even study in the train on the way to school.
B: That might really help! Thanks! T: Can you understand when people talk to you? B: Well, no. Not always. Sometimes I just don’t understand what people are saying. T: Why don’t join an English language club to practice speaking English? The English club meets after school on Tuesdays and Thursdays. B: Maybe I’ll go. The only other problem I have is that I don’t get much writing practice. T: Maybe you should find a pen pal. B: That sounds like a fun way to practice writing. Thanks, Ms Mitchell.
2c PAIRWORK Role play conversations using the information from activities 2a and 2b.
A: I don’t have a partner to practice English with. B: Maybe you should join an English
3a Read the article. Then read the statements about the article. Write “T”(for true) or “F”(for false). How I learned to learn English Last year my English class was difficult for me. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t understand every word. Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word. Also I was afraid to speak in class, because I thought my classmate might laugh at me.I couldn’t always make complete sentences, either. 0 first of all 首先;第一 laugh at sb笑话;取笑(某人) later on 以后;随后 complete adj. 完整的;完全的 be afraid to do sth害怕去做… sentence n. 句子 be afraid of sth/doing sth mak
e a sentence 造句 be afraid+that引导的从句
Then I started to watch English language TV. It helped a lot. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. Another thing that I found very difficult was English Grammar. So I decided to take lots of grammar notes in every class. Then I started to write my own original sentences using the grammar I was learning. It’s amazing how much this helped. Now I am enjoying learning English and I got an A this term. My teacher is very impressed. secret n.秘密;机密 take notes 做笔记;做记录 learner n.学习者 enjoy doing 喜欢做…乐于 term n.学期
做v. … impress 使感动…;给…深刻印象 impress sth on sb /impress sb with sth 使某人铭记某事
1. First of all , it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher. 首先，对我而言，听懂老师的话并不容易。 first of all 首先 It is (was) …for sb to do sth . 在这个句型中，不定式做真正的主语，it是形 式主语。
2. 一些词组 laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 take notes 记笔记 enjoy doing sth 乐意做某事 be impressed 深受感动的
3. 在这篇文章中，出现了许多表示顺序或承接的 连词或词组。这些词使全文流畅、生动、层次清 晰，理清楚。在写作中，正确使用连接词，会使 文章增色不少，提高档次。在文章中，出现的词 有：
first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来、随 also 也、而且（用于肯定句） either 也（用于否定句） so 因此 then然后
teacher, speak, too quickly, not understand
not, matter, if, not, understand, every word
be afraid to, speak in class, laugh at, not, make complete sentences,
1. watch Englishlanguage TV, help, a lot 2. do lots of listening practice, secret, a good language learner
1. decide to, take English notes, lots of, grammar， difficult/ poor 2. write, own
original sentences …
? She spoke too quickly for me to understand. ? =she spoke so quickly that I couldn’t understand.
1. 老师讲话太快了，我听 不懂。 2. 我害怕课上发言， 怕 同学笑话。 3. 我不能说完整的句子。 4. 我的语法不好。
What are the solutions?
１．听不懂每一个单词没关系。 2）做大量的听力练习是秘诀之一。 3) 课上记大量的笔记。 4）用学习的语法自己造句子。
Write “T”(for true) or “F”(for false) The writer found learning English difficult because… F 1. the teacher’s pronunciation was poor.
F 2. people always laughed at her when she spoke.
T 3. she had trouble making complete sentences. T 4. English grammar was difficult. Her English improved when she started..
F 5. going out with English-speaking friends.
F 6. lots of speaking practice.
T 7. using grammar in original sentences.
3b Write a letter telling a friend how to become a better language le
I know it isn’t easy to learn , but I have some ideas that may help. You said you couldn’t understand people who talked fast. Well, you can try to listen for the most important words, not every word.
4 INTERVIEW Ask three classmates about learning English. Take notes. Then tell the class about their answers.
1. What isn’t easy about learning English?
2. What do you do about this?
3. What is your favorite way to learn more English?
Han Wen says that listening is sometimes difficult if people speak too fast.
1 Fill in each blank with the correct word given.Change the form of the word if necessary. feel spell write down join
1. You should write down new English words in a vocabulary list.
2. If you don’t know how to them up in a dictionary. spell new words, look
3. The best way to improve your English is to join an English club. 4. Another thing that he English grammar. finds very difficult was
5. This kind of paper
2 Xu Zheng won the English prize at his school. Later, a reporter of the school magazine interviewed him. Here are the reporter’s notes on Xu Zheng and his essay on why English is important. Use them to write an article about Xu Zheng. Note on Xu Zheng Likes: writing notes/watching movies/listening to pop songs Finds difficult: pronunciation/native speakers talking too fast 组成;构成 adj. 本土的;本族的 n. 讲话者;说话者 Learns by: making up conversations/speaking to friends in English Notes on Xu Zheng’s essay 1. Most people speak English as a secong language. 2. English is popular around the world for computers. 3. English is popular in science. 4. English can help us understand many new books and movies.
用哪些语言才能表达自己的评价呢？请看下 面的目标句型： I think studying English by …is…because … 如： I think studying English by working with a group is a good way because you can ask others when you have questions. I think surfing the internet is a bad way because you have to use a computer and always waste your time. …
这个句型较长是个复合句，出现了由 because 引导的原因状语从句。进入初三后， 我们在写作表达时要避免再使用仅仅由 because 引导的句子，而要写完整的句子。 如：不能写Because I slept late . 意思不完 整，不清晰
要写成 I missed the early bus because I slept late . 这样，有原因，有结果，才是完整的句子。
1. I think I can study English by memorizing the words of pop songs because it is the best way to learn new words. 2. I think I can study English by reading English magazines because it can help us learn new words . 3. I think I can study by using English because we can practice more and study English well . 4. I think I can study by studying grammar because it is a great way to learn sentence structures. 5. I don’t think I can learn English by watching E nglish movies because the nat
ive speakers speak too quickly .
how How do you come to school? How are you? How far is it from your home to school? How long is the river? How long have you been collecting the stamps? How deep is the river? How wide is the road? How tall is the tree? How heavy is the box? How much is the shirt? How much milk is there in the bottle? How many students are there in your class? How often do you eat junk food? How soon will you be back?
Language points: ① video—videos hero—heroes piano—pianos tomato—tomatoes radio—radios potato—potatoes zoo—zoos photo—photos ② What about / How about + Ving? What about playing soccer?
③ V+ -tion = N. pronounce—pronunciation realize—realization memorize—memorization solute—solution operate—operation frustrate—frustration impress—impression decide—decision
④ voice(s) He said in a low voice. noise The machine is making a lot of noise. sound Strange sounds come from the next room. ⑤ too…to… She is too young to go to school. too…for sb. to… The box is too heavy for her to carry.
⑥ the present perfect tense have/has + V.p.p. I have just finished my homework. I have already seen the film. Have you ever been to Beijing? She has never been to America? have been to/ have gone to A: Where is Lucy? B: She’s gone to the teachers’ office. A: Have you ever been to Hainan? B: Yes, I have. I have been there twice.
He is ashamed of having lied to her.
我在回家的途中碰到了简. I met Jane on my way home. 新学员常常犯语法错误. New learners often make mistakes in grammar. 他们毫不困难的找到了他家. They had no trouble finding his home.
It’s not one of the latest mobile pones. It’s behind the times.
I’m not afraid of making mistakes at all when I speak English.
Worst of all, he locked the door without taking the key.
The best way of losing weight is to eat less and do more exercise.
离开教室前别忘了关灯关窗. Don’t forget to turn off the lights and close the windows before you leave the classroom.
按要求完成下列任务 1. 英汉互译 I study English by listening to cassettes.(听录音带) by studying with a group. ( ) by watching English programs on TV. ( ) by taking part in English classes after school. ( ) I study English ________________(读英文杂志)。 _______________________(读教科书) _______________________(认真完成作业)
根据你自己的实际情况，完成下面的题目。 （1）How do you study English? (至少回答 三种答案) a.____________________________. b.____________________________. c.____________________________. d.____________________________.
会说） e.g. I think surfing the Internet is a good way because you have to use a computer. a.______________________________. b. ____________________________ _. c. ______________________________.