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unit_7-terrorism

发布时间:2014-02-25 13:52:57  

Unit 7 Terrorism
What is Terrorism? Explain the different forms of it.

Bombing

Shooting

Explosion

Hijack of Planes

Suicide Attacks

Nuclear Weapons

Biological Weapons

Assassination

Who is the target of terrorism?
Targets Listen to the following passage and note down the words or phrases related to the attack targets of terrorism.

diplomats and diplomatic facilities

business executives and corporate offices

innocent civilians

military personnel and bases


transportation vehicles and facilities

II

Terrorism often targets __________ in order to create an atmosphere of fear, intimidation, and insecurity. Some terrorists deliberately direct attacks against large numbers of ordinary citizens who simply happen to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. More selective terrorist attacks target __________ such as embassies and consulates;

__________; __________;

and __________, such as airlines and airports, trains and train stations, buses and bus terminals, and subways. Terrorist attacks on buildings or other inanimate targets often serve a symbolic purpose: They are intended more to draw attention to the terrorists and their cause than to destroy property or kill and injure persons, although death and destruction nevertheless often result.
II


Terrorism often targets innocent civilians in order to create an atmosphere of fear, intimidation, and insecurity. Some terrorists deliberately direct attacks against large numbers of ordinary citizens who simply happen to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. More selective terrorist attacks target diplomats and diplomatic facilities such as embassies and consulates; military personnel and military bases; business executives and corporate offices; and transportation vehicles and facilities, such as airlines and airports, trains and train stations, buses and bus terminals, and subways. Terrorist attacks on buildings or other inanimate targets often serve a symbolic purpose: They are intended more to draw attention to the terrorists and their cause than to destroy property or kill and injure persons, although death and destruction nevertheless often result.
II


Debate Two groups of people are divided as to how we should fight against international terrorism. Now prepare and debate by taking the following steps: Step 1 Form teams Make teams of four people. Half of the teams will take the side of Group A and the other half Group B. Step 2 Have a pre-debate discussion Prepare your arguments and supporting facts by the information discussed. Step 3 Hold the debate The debate begins between the two teams having contrary views. It will go on until one side fails to respond.

Word-web Look at the following cartoons, can you think of some words that are related to the September 11 Attacks?

terrorist

hijack

crash

firemen

Laden Pentagon

World Trade Center collapse

debris

Bush

the camp

New York south tower 3000 deaths

fire escape

four planes shock

mourn north tower


jump

9-11-2001

cry

Washington D. C.

Discussion Watch the video and look at the pictures. Form groups of four or five students and discuss the question “How much do you know about the September 11 Attacks? ”

II



Background Information
1. September 11 Attacks:

It is a coordinated terrorist strike on the United States in 2001 that killed more than 3,000 people and shook the nation to its core. On the sunny morning of September 11, 2001, 19 terrorists, working in teams of 4 or 5, hijacked four commercial jetliners and turned them toward targets chosen for destruction. Two of the planes, loaded with fuel and passengers, were flown at full speed into the
II


2. Osama bin Laden (1957? ): He is a Saudi Arabian multimillionaire suspected of planning terrorist attacks against the United States. September 11, 2001 terror attacks were sponsored by him. In 1999 the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) placed bin Laden on its Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list in connection with the bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. Little is known in the West about bin Laden’s life. He inherited his great personal wealth from his father, whose construction company prospered through close connections with the Saudi royal family.

3. Colin Luther Powell (1937? ): He is a United States military leader and secretary of state under President George W. Bush (2001?2005). He is the first black secretary of state in U.S. history.

4. Katharine Hepburn (1907?2003): She is an American actor, winner of four Academy Awards for best actress, noted for her unique combination of timeless beauty, wit, and fiery passion. Hepburn had a rich stage and screen career that lasted more than 60 years.

5. Sidney Poitier (1927? ): He is an American motionpicture actor, the first black to become a major Hollywood star.

6. Spencer Tracy (1900?1967): He is an American actor, noted for the naturalness and understatement of his many moving and varied characterizations. Admired by audiences and critics alike, he was also well respected by his peers.

Topic-related Prediction

Text A is entitled “The Nightmare and the Dreams--How has Sept. 11 affected our national unconscious?”. Before you read the story, think about the answers to the following questions.
1. Why do people have the nightmare? 2. What are the dreams they may have?

3. In your opinion what does “unconscious” refer to?
4. What are probably the changes people experience?

Global Reading
1. Part Division of the Text

2. Further Understanding
For Parts 1 & 2 Questions and Answers For Part 3 True or False For Part 4 Supply the Missing Information For Part 5 Interview For Part 6 Multiple Choice 3. Scanning

Questions and Answers 1.Why did the author feel very hot? 2.How did the author feel when she took a walk on the Brooklyn Bridge that early morning? 3.What does “the changed landscape of downtown” imply? 4.Why did the author say that “people seem to love it more now,


or at least mention it more or notice it more”?
5.Do you agree with the author that the New Yorkers are lucky?

Part Division of the Text Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 Lines 1~4 5~18 19~47 Main Ideas I felt hot all yesterday. People seem to love the Brooklyn Bridge more than ever before. People grow more friendly to one another regardless of race. It is a fashion now for people to wear ID tags. There seemed to be a baby boom after Sept. 11, at least, in Brooklyn. People seem to be having more bad dreams, Sept. 11-related.

48~73
74~86 87~115

True or False 1. The man the author saw was around 30 years old. ( T ) 2. The full charge of friendliness was assumed and answered 30 or 40 years ago. ( F ) The author was not sure whether it would have been the case. 3. In the film Mr. Poitier said that he would be secretary of state. ( F ) In the film Mr. Poitier said that his child would be secretary of state.

True or False

4. According to the author, America is the land where dream are made of. ( T )
5. The author didn’t remember how moving the movie was. ( T )

Supply the Missing Information

wearing ID tags . I think it More and more, I see people _____________ over what the phenomenon ______ implies . Suppose the people give me their answers _______ one after another. Then, what will those __________ people think at sight of those tags? unemployed Actually, in the past, they were only worn by people working in nuclear ____________________ halls of government . power plants or great _________________

Interview Form groups of three students. One will be the reporter, the other two are a couple in a DINK (double income, no kids) family. After experiencing the September 11 Attacks they have changed their opinions to expect a baby now. And the wife will give birth to a baby soon. The reporter is asking them how there is such a change and what is their plan for the future.

Multiple Choice 1. People getting extraordinary Sept. 11-related dreams are mostly ______. A) old people B) middle aged C) children D) youngsters

Multiple Choice 1. People getting extraordinary Sept. 11-related dreams are mostly ______. A A) old people B) middle aged C) children D) youngsters

Multiple Choice 1. People getting extraordinary Sept. 11-related dreams are mostly ______. B A) old people B) middle aged C) children D) youngsters

Multiple Choice 1. People getting extraordinary Sept. 11-related dreams are mostly ______. C A) old people B) middle aged C) children D) youngsters

Multiple Choice 1. People getting extraordinary Sept. 11-related dreams are mostly ______. D A) old people B) middle aged C) children D) youngsters

Multiple Choice 2. Why didn’t the author’s friend answer her questions in detail? ( )

A) Because he did not see what happened on Sept. 11. B) Because he was not good at describing. C) Because he was ill at that time. D) Because he was so deeply influenced by the attack that he was reluctant to recall anything about it again.

Multiple Choice 2. Why

didn’t the author’s friend answer her questions in detail? ( A )

A) Because he did not see what happened on Sept. 11. B) Because he was not good at describing. C) Because he was ill at that time. D) Because he was so deeply influenced by the attack that he was reluctant to recall anything about it again.

Multiple Choice 2. Why didn’t the author’s friend answer her questions in detail? ( B )

A) Because he did not see what happened on Sept. 11. B) Because he was not good at describing. C) Because he was ill at that time. D) Because he was so deeply influenced by the attack that he was reluctant to recall anything about it again.

Multiple Choice 2. Why didn’t the author’s friend answer her questions in detail? ( C )

A) Because he did not see what happened on Sept. 11. B) Because he was not good at describing. C) Because he was ill at that time. D) Because he was so deeply influenced by the attack that he was reluctant to recall anything about it again.

Multiple Choice 2. Why didn’t the author’s friend answer her questions in detail? ( D )

A) Because he did not see what happened on Sept. 11. B) Because he was not good at describing. C) Because he was ill at that time. D) Because he was so deeply influenced by the attack that he was reluctant to recall anything about it again.

Multiple Choice 3. Which of the following statements is not true? ( )

A) According to the author, the dreams can express the nation’s unconscious. B) The author called on the readers to send their Sept. 11-related dreams. C) The author wanted to read those dreams for fun.

D) Possibly the author will weave those dreams into a passage.

Multiple Choice 3. Which of the following statements is not true? ( A ) A) According to the author, the dreams can express the nation’s unconscious. B) The author called on the readers to send their Sept. 11-related dreams. C) The author wanted to read those dreams for fun.

D) Possibly the author will weave those dreams into a passage.

Multiple Choice 3. Which of the following statements is not true? ( B ) A) According to the author, the dreams can express the nation’s unconscious. B) The author called on the readers to send their Sept. 11-related dreams. C) The author wanted to read those dreams for fun.

D) Possibly the author will weave those dreams into a passage.

Multiple Choice 3. Which of the following statements is not true? ( C ) A) According to the author, the dreams can express the nation’s unconscious. B) The author called on the readers to send their Sept. 11-related dreams. C) The author wanted to read those dreams for fun.

D) Possibly the author will weave those dreams into a passage.

Multiple Choice 3. Which of the following statements is not true? ( D ) A) According to the author, the dreams can express the nation’s unconscious. B) The author called on the readers to send their Sept. 11-related dreams. C) The author wanted to read those dreams for fun.

D) Possibly the author will w

eave those dreams into a passage.

Scanning The text is a familiar essay. On the left column of the following chart are some features of this style. Scan the text and find their corresponding supporting details. Features Supporting Details

Marked by informality The text begins with a paragraph telling how “I felt hot all yesterday”. Using concrete, often How an African American and the subtle details to author greeted each other in a convey abstract ideas friendly way. How her friend turned and inmost feelings away when answering questions about the Sept. 11 event.

Scanning The text is a familiar essay. On the left column of the following chart are some features of this style. Scan the text and find their corresponding supporting details. Features Supporting Details

Why were so many people Searching for meaning wearing ID tags? Why was there a baby boom? We feel as if we were faxed. Use of figurative the Brooklyn Bridge as a symbol language of beauty, freedom and technological wonder

Word Completion all of a sudden unusual ponder endure boom obscure unconscious reflect on imagination back up contend come out weave 6. The man contended ________ that it was not his fault. 7. His imagination _________ played round that queer idea. 8. He was unconscious __________ of his mistake. 9. I can’t _____ endure her endless complaint noise a moment longer. 10. The most ______ unusual car was a Benz which had only three wheels.

Discussion Discuss and list the possible causes, targets, forms of the Terrorism.

Causes cultural domination

economic exploitation

political oppression Causes

ethnic discrimination

religious persecution

Writing Practice Persuasion / Argumentation 1. Explanation The purpose of persuasion or argumentation is to convince readers that a particular opinion or point of view is the right one. It is to persuade someone to think something, to feel something or to do something that they might not have thought, felt, or done before. Ways of reasoning are usually used in argumentation. They are Inductive Reasoning (归纳推理法)and Deductive Reasoning (演绎推
理法).

Inductive Reasoning is the more common way. When you use induction, you start with facts and proceed from facts to general conclusion. In other words, you move from specific example to a general statement. Example: Fact 1. Each member of the family has a bad cough for weeks after they moved to the new house. Fact 2. Some other people living in this building have also suffered from cough. Fact 3. This building has been newly decorated. Conclusion: The decoration material must contain some pollutants.

Deductive Reasoning is just the opposite of inductive reasoning—it moves from a general statement to a specific conclusion. Example: Well-known concept: Polluting decoration material does harm to people’s health. Fact 1. Each member of family has a bad cough for weeks after they moved to the new house. Fact 2. Some other people living in this bu

ilding have also suffered from cough. Fact 3. This building has been newly decorated. Conclusion: The decoration material must contain some pollutants.

Writing Practice 2. Sample Does Lottery Really Bring Us Luck? Nowadays, many people are enthusiastic about buying all kinds of lottery tickets. The purpose of them is to realize their dreams of becoming rich. However, some people don’t agree on this activity. They think trying luck on lottery is harmful. They believe that such practice is likely to make people expect good luck rather than hard work to achieve their goals. (In the first paragraph, the author presents us two points of view about buying lottery by using “However”.)

Writing Practice I believe that it is a meaningful thing. It does more good than harm to our society. First, the money collected can be used to help the poor and the needed. Second, the accumulated money will be helpful to promote our welfare and make contribution to the whole society. Moreover, if you are lucky enough, you may be rewarded. (The author puts forward his own opinion and lists the reasons as well.) So I favor lottery tickets. If I have some spare money, I’ll buy them. (Conclusion.)

Writing Practice 3. Homework Write an essay based on the title and outlines given below, using inductive or deductive reasoning. Title: Sandstorms Outlines: 1) 目前我国沙尘暴越来越严重 2) 造成这一现象的原因 3) 如何解决这一问题

Sandstorms are getting more and more serious in some regions in the northern parts of China, esp. in spring. As the suffusing dust blocks out the sky, covering cities in dust, the storms bring much inconvenience and trouble to people’s daily life and work, and even claim some lives in some serious regions. However, it arouses the concern of the whole nation. Naturally, there are many factors that cause this abnormal climate. (1) To begin with, the encroachment of the desert in Inner Mongolia should take the main blame for the storms. (2) Besides, the continuous high temperature and little rain should also be heavily responsible for the high frequency of storms. (3) However, we shouldn’t only blame nature for the sandstorms, because, to some extent, human beings should bear partial responsibility for this phenomenon. There’s no denying that it’s our destruction of vegetation and protective

Sandstorms are getting more and more serious in some regions in the northern parts of China, esp. in spring. As the suffusing dust blocks out the sky, covering cities in dust, the storms bring much inconvenience and trouble to people’s daily life and work, and even claim some lives in some serious regions. However, it arouses the concern of the whole nation. Naturally, there are many factors that cause this abnormal climate. (1) To begin with, the encroachment of the desert in Inner Mongolia should take the main blame for the storms. (2) Besides, the continuous high temperature and little rain should also be heavily re

sponsible for the high frequency of storms.

(3) However, we shouldn’t only blame nature for the sandstorms, because, to some extent, human beings should bear partial responsibility for this phenomenon. There’s no denying that it’s our destruction of vegetation and protective forests that makes the north-wind kick up the loose soil so easily, and thus form the storms. However, as a coin has two sides, the storms well sound the ecological alarm and should be regarded as sand penalty to man. In a word, the haunt of the storms repeatedly warns us that it’s high time we made laws to protect our ecological environment, restored the vegetation and planted more protective forests and took what ever effective measures to stop the rampant storms and restore our ecological environment.

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