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人教版九年级unit11学案

发布时间:2014-02-25 17:03:45  

宾语是句子的重要成分之一,在多数情况下,是由名词性的词类充当的。如果宾语部分是由一个句子充当的话,则被称为宾语从句。我们以前学过的间接引语实质上就是宾语从句。 含宾语从句的句子是最常见的复合句之一,要想真正掌握宾语从句的用法,必须把握三个关键点:

【闯关1】连接词 宾语从句的连接词是有规律可循的,通常分为三种类型:

★由that引导的宾语从句,无意义,只起连接作用,在口语或非正式文体中常被省略。

【小试身手】改为含有宾语从句的复合句:

①“My father works in a bank,” Zhang Hui says.

Zhang Hui says his father in a bank.

★当从句由一般疑问句变化而来时,要用连词if或whether引导,表示选择,意为“是否”。

【小试身手】改为含有宾语从句的复合句:

②“Do you have any rooms to rent?” she asked me.

She asked me I any rooms to rent.

★由连接代词who / whom / which / what / whose或连接副词when / where / why / how引导的宾语从句,连接词在从句中都充当一定的句子成分,不可省略。

【小试身手】根据汉语完成英语句子:

③告诉我你是什么意思。

Tell me .

④出租车司机问我想去哪里。

The taxi driver asked me to go.

【闯关2】语序

在含有宾语从句的复合句中,宾语从句必须用陈述语序。即:连接词+主语+谓语+其他。

判断句子的正误并改正:

⑤I don’t know who is he talking to.

⑥The teacher asked who was the first to get to the top of the mountain.

【闯关3】时态

★如果主句是一般现在时,从句的谓语动词可根据实际情况选用所需的时态。

【小试身手】用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空:

⑦David says he (like)Chinese food very much.

⑧I know that you (have)a meeting next week.

★如果主句是一般过去时,则宾语从句通常选用相应的过去时态。

【闯关4】人称

a.从句的主语如果是第一人称,变为宾语从句则与主句的主语一致;如果是第二人称,则与主句的宾语一致;如果是第三人称,不用变化。如:

“May I use your knife?”He asked me.

→He asked me if he might use my knife.

“Do you know her telephone number?”He asked me.

→He asked me if I know her telephone number.

宾语从句相关练习:

1.(2010 .河北中考) Your T-shirt is so cool. Could you tell me ________?

A. where you buy it B. where do you buy it

C. where you bought it D. where did you buy it

2.(2010.自贡中考)—Do you know ________the new mobile phone last week?

--Maybe 900 yuan. I’m not quite sure.

A. how much she paid for B. how much will she pay for

C. how much did she pay for

3.(2010潍坊中考)Alice in Wonderland is a fantastic movie. It’s about ______.

A. how did Alice end the Red Queen’s reign of terror(恐怖统治)

B. what did Alice end the Red Queen’s reign of terror

C. how Alice ended the Red Queen’s reign of terror

D. what Alice ended the Red Queen’s reign of terror

4.I didn’t understand . So I raised my hand to ask.(2007河北邢台)

A. what my teacher says B. what does my teacher say

C. what my teacher said D. what did my teacher say

1. There’s always something happening. 总是有事情发生。(Section A, 3a)

本句是there be句型的一个固定结构,即there be+sb./ sth.+doing sth.,意为“有??在做??”。

My friend said there was a truck collecting rubbish outside.

我的朋友说外面有一辆卡车正在收集垃圾。

There is a Mr Wang waiting to see you outside your office.

有一个姓王的人在门外等着要见你。

【即学即用】

There are many students magazines in the reading-room.

A. read B. to read C. reading D. are reading

知识拓展

◎there be+sb. /sth.+to do sth.,表示“主语将做某事”。

There will be some Australian students to come to our class.

有几个澳大利亚的学生要到我们班里来。

◎根据意思上的需要,可以将there be句型中的be换成其他含有“存在”意义的不及物动词或词组。常见的这类动词(词组)有:lie, live, stand, appear, seem to be等。例如:

There stands a big tree in front of the house. 那座房子前有一棵大树。

There seems to be a misunderstanding between us. 我们之间好像有些误解。

2. I also like to look at books in the bookstore. 我也喜欢在书店里看书。(Section A, 3a) 汉语的“看书”既可表示“阅读”的意思,也可表示“翻看一下”,“随便看看”的意思。英语的表达在词语上就有所不同了。请“看”区别。

He looks at that book, takes it down and reads it carefully.

他看了看那本书,然后拿下来,认真地读了起来。

looks at that book与read it(the book)在内容上是完全不同的。look at that book仅指“看书”,用来表示“看了看”,不是以阅读为目的;而read it(the book)则是“读了读”书中的内容。 3. Go past the park and turn left onto Oak Street.走过公园,然后向左拐到橡树街。(Section A, 4)

go past the park...是一种指路方式,go past表示“走过”的意思,past是介词,意为“途经”,“经过”。

When she went past the parking, Mary saw a man standing at a new car.

当玛丽走过停车场时,看见一个人站在一辆新车旁。

4. They have organized games and the staff dressed up as clowns. 他们组织游戏活动,工作人员打扮成小丑的模样。(Section B, 3a)

◎dress作为及物动词,指穿衣服的动作,后面不用表示衣服的名词作宾语,但可用指人的名词或代词作宾语,表示给某人穿衣服。

She dressed her children quickly.她很快给孩子们穿上衣服。

◎dress的过去分词dressed与get连用表示“穿上衣服”。

Let’s get dressed and leave at once.咱们穿好衣服马上出发。

◎dress up是“化装”,“穿上盛装”,“打扮”的意思。

They all dressed up as PLA men.他们都打扮成解放军的模样。

She likes to dress up for a party.她喜欢把自己打扮得漂漂亮亮去参加晚会。

【即学即用】

改错: The little boy likes to dress up himself to a policeman.

课堂练习:

1. Would you please the window? It’s cold now.

A. open B. to open C. close D. to close

2. —Would you please tell me how long the movie ?

—About half an hour.

A. has begun B. had begun C. has been on D. had been on

3. Could you please tell me get to the railway station?

A. where can I B. how can I C. where I can D. how I can

4. Could you please tell me get to the railway station?

A. where can I B. how can I C. where I can D. how I can

5. They have spent many hours through the History Museum.

A. to walk B. walking C. to walking D. walked

6. Long, long ago people didn’t know that the earth around the sun.

A. moves B. moved C. was moving D. move

阅读练习:

A

A group of frogs were traveling through the woods, and two of them fell into a deep pit(深坑). All the other frogs gathered around the pit. When they saw how deep the pit was, they told the unfortunate frogs that they would never get out. The two frogs didn’t listen to them and tried to jump up out of the pit. The other frogs kept telling them to stop.

Finally, one of the frogs listened to what the other frogs were saying and gave up. He fell down and died. The other frog went on jumping as hard as he could.

Once again, the crowd of frogs shouted at him to stop, but he jumped even harder and finally got out. The other frogs asked him, “Why did you go on jumping?”

The frog explained to them that he was deaf. He thought they were encouraging him all the time.

26. When two of the frogs fell into a deep pit, the other frogs ______.

A. told them to jump out of the pit B. told them it was impossible to get out

C. told them to keep on jumping

D. encouraged them to jump out of the pit

27. The two frogs ______ at first.

A. accepted their advice B. gave up jumping up out of the pit

C. still kept jumping D. argued with the others

28. Which one of the following statements is true?

A. The two frogs got out of the pit at last. B. The two frogs did as the others told them to do.

C. One stopped jumping and died, and the other succeeded at last.

D. One fell down and died, and so did the other.

29. The frog that was safe at last was ______.

A. deaf B. foolish C. boring D. blind

30. The story told us ______. A. the frog could jump out of the pit because the other frogs encouraged it to do so

B. we shouldn’t give a man any advice when he is doing something

C. we should listen to other people’s advice whatever we do

D. words could encourage a man to overcome(战胜)any difficulties, but they could also make a man lose heart to win

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