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Unit1 What's the matter

发布时间:2014-02-25 17:03:50  

Unit1 What’s the matter?

一.课前词汇讲解:

词汇练习:

I. 根据句意及首字母,填入适当的单词。(10分)

1. What's the m________with you?

2. We hear with our e________and see with our e________.

3. He usually goes to school on f________.

4. I have a t____ __, so I want to see a dentist.

5. I'm t________, I would like something to drink.

6. The little baby has two________.

A. tooth B. tooths C. toothes D. teeth

1. matter 问题;事情

1. What’ s the ? 怎么啦?出什么事情了?

【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.问题;事情

What’ s the matter with you?

= What’s the trouble with you?

= What’ s wrong with you?

你怎么了?

【注】: matter 和trouble 为名词, 其前可加the 或形容词性物主代词 , wrong 是adj. 不能加the

【2013自贡3】18. —What’s the matter ______ Tom. He is wet through. —His car ran _______ the river.

A.with; in B.to; into C.with; into

【用法】用于询问某人有什么病或某人遇到什么麻烦、问题其后跟询问对象时, 与介词with连用。即:

— What’s the matter with you ?

— I have a bad cold.

( ) ①What’s ____ with you?

A. trouble B. the matter C. the wrong D. matter

( )② — ______?

— Nothing serious , but a bit tired.

—Better have a rest now, dear.

A. Is that all B. Is there anything else

C. What’s this D. What’s the matter with you

【2013湖北孝感】—_________?

— I have a headache and I don’t feel like eating anything.

A. How are you B. What can I do for you

C. What’s the matter with you D. How do you like it

【2011.云南昆明】27. —What’s the matter with Tina?

—_______________.

A. She is away. B. She is cool.

C. She has a sore throat. D. She should take some medicine

【拓展】matter的用法

( ) — I’m sorry to break your pen. —_______

A. That’s right B. It doesn’t matter C. Thank you

【2013江苏徐州】3. —Please don't throw paper on the ground.

—________,I won't.

A. Excuse me B. That's all right

C. Sorry D. It doesn't matter

【2013黑龙江齐齐哈尔】17.-I have a pain in my back.

- _____ . You’d better see a doctor.

A. I’m sorry to hear that B. Nothing serious

C. It doesn’t matter

【2013湖北武汉】39. —I’m very sorry. I broke your tea cup.

—__________.

A. It doesn’t matter B. You’d better not

C. Take it easy D. It’s too bad

【2013四川广安】26.—Sorry, I'm late again.

—______.

A.That’s OK B.It doesn't matter C.Good idea

2. I have a cold 我感冒了

I have a stomachache 我患胃痛

I have a sore back. 我背痛。

【解析1】have a cold 受凉;感冒

have a sore throat 患喉咙痛 have a sore back 患背痛

have a fever 发烧 have a cold =catch a cold 患感冒 have a stomachache 患胃痛 have a toothache患牙痛

have a headache 患头痛 have a backache患背痛

①Mike’s sister _________________(not have) a stomachache.

【2012曲靖中考】I didn’t sleep well last night, because I _____ a toothache .

A. was B. went C. had D. took

【2013山东莱芜】—Tony, What’s ___ matter with you?

— I have _____ toothache.

A. a; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; /

【解析2】back n 背;背部 at the back of......在......的后面

3. hand n 手 hand in hand 手拉手

V 交给;传递 hand in 上交 hand on 依次传递 hand out 分发

4. She talked yesterday and didn’t drink 她昨天说话太多了并且没有喝足够的水。

A .much too; too much B .too many; much too

C. too much; too much D. too much ;much too

【2013孝感】—Why are you so tired these days?

—Well, I have ________ homework to do.

A. too much B. too many C. much too D. many too

【2013广西玉林】— The meat is ____ delicious.

— Yes, but don’t eat _____.

A. too much; too much B. much too; too much

C. too much ; much too D. much too; much too

【解析2】enough 的用法

( ) ① The boy isn’t ___ to dress himself.

A. old enough B. enough old C. old

( ) ②—What do you think of the lecture of Li Yang’s Crazy English?

— I think it’s _____ , but someone thinks it’s much too _____.

A. wonderful enough; bored B. enough wonderful; boring

C. wonderful; enough; boring D. enough wonderful ; bored

【2013绥化3】26. — How do you like the talk show?

— I think it’s ________, but some people think it’s so________.

A. wonderful enough; bored B. enough wonderful; boring

C. wonderful enough; boring

5. drink some 喝一些加蜂蜜的热茶。

【解析】with :⑴prep “具有, 带有‖ , 表示某物带有或具有某种特征。

with (反) without

( ) He has a sore throat . He should ______.

A. see a dentist B. drink hot tea with honey

C. drink a lot of milk D. eat nothing

【2010宁夏1】25. — Would you like some coffee?

— Yes, and please get me some milk. I prefer coffee ____ milk.

A. with B. to C. of D. on

【2013达州3】15. —Which would you prefer, coffee or orange juice?

— Either _________ OK, but I prefer coffee __________milk in it.

A.are, with B. is, to C .is, with D. are, to

【2013连云港】30. — I'd like a cup of black coffee. What about you, Maggie? — I prefer coffee ________ sugar.

A. than B. for C. with D. to

⑵prep. 和......一起

I like to talk freely with my friends.

⑶ prep 用......, 表示“使用某种工具”

Cut it with a knife.

6. see a dentist and get an x- ray. 看牙医并且拍张x光。

【解析1】see a dentist = go to a dentist看牙医

【解析2】X-ray/'eks rei/n. X 射线;X 光

【2011湖南湘西】You are ill. You had better ___ the doctor right now.

A. look at B. see C. watch

【2012四川成都】33. —Where did you go yesterday, Rick?

—I went to see a ______ because I had a cold.

A. teacher B. doctor C. reporter

7. What she do?她该怎么办呢?

Should I ?我应该量一下体温吗?

【解析1】should ―应该‖ 情态动词,后跟动词原形,表示责任和义务 ①You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。

② You shouldn’t’ t go out at night.你晚上不应该出去。

①You should _________ (lie) down and rest.

( ) ② You ____ be quiet when you are in the reading room.

A. should B. shouldn’t C. can D. can’t

【2013重庆】30.Hurry up,or you ____catch the train.

A.can’t B.needn’t C.mustn't D. shouldn’t

【2013山西】21. A country has dreams. We teenagers ________ also have dreams. With dreams and hard work, anything amazing can be created.

A. may B. must C. should

【2013安徽】You _____ drive your car so fast. It’s very dangerous.

A. wouldn’t B. shouldn’t C. couldn’t D. mightn’t

【解析2】take one’s temperature 量体温

6. see a dentist and get an x- ray. 看牙医并且拍张x光。

【解析1】see a dentist = go to a dentist看牙医

【解析2】X-ray/'eks rei/n. X 射线;X 光

【2011湖南湘西】You are ill. You had better ___ the doctor right now.

A. look at B. see C. watch

【2012四川成都】33. —Where did you go yesterday, Rick?

—I went to see a ______ because I had a cold.

A. teacher B. doctor C. reporter

7. What she do?她该怎么办呢?

Should I ?我应该量一下体温吗?

【解析1】should ―应该‖ 情态动词,后跟动词原形,表示责任和义务 ①You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。

② You shouldn’t’ t go out at night.你晚上不应该出去。

①You should _________ (lie) down and rest.

( ) ② You ____ be quiet when you are in the reading room.

A. should B. shouldn’t C. can D. can’t

【2013重庆】30.Hurry up,or you ____catch the train.

A.can’t B.needn’t C.mustn't D. shouldn’t

【2013山西】21. A country has dreams. We teenagers ________ also have dreams. With dreams and hard work, anything amazing can be created.

A. may B. must C. should

【2013安徽】You _____ drive your car so fast. It’s very dangerous.

A. wouldn’t B. shouldn’t C. couldn’t D. mightn’t

【解析2】take one’s temperature 量体温

10.If your head and still tomorrow, then go to a doctor.

如果你的头和脖子明天还疼的话, 就去看医生。

【解析1】neck /nek/ n.颈;脖子neck and neck 不分上下,势均力敌

【解析2】hurt /h3:(r)t/ v. (hurt /h3:(r)t/) (使痛 ;受伤)

My leg hurts.

11. At 9:00 a.m . yesterday, bus No. 26 was going Zhonghua Road when the driver on the side of the road.

昨天上午9:00 , 26路公共汽车正沿着中华路行驶,这时,司机看见一位老人躺在马路上。

【解析1】along/ down

【2012江苏南京】 My father has habit(习惯) of jogging ____ the Jinchuan River for an hour in the morning .

A. between B. along C. over

【2011襄阳】29.---- Would you mind turning ____ the light? It’s too dark here. ---- OK. Wait a minute, please.

A. over B. on C. off D. down

【解析2】see (saw , seen) v 看见

【2012四川雅安市1】17. Andy prefers _____ books to ____ TV.

A. reading; watching B. read; watch

C. looking; seeing D. look; see

【2013湖北黄石4】Seeing their teacher ___ into the classroom, they stopped ___

at once.

A. walk; telling B. entering; to speak

C. enter; to tell D. walking; talking

【解析3】lie/lai/v. (lay/lei/ )躺 ;平躺

12.The bus driver, Wang Ping, stopped the bus without thinking twice.

公共汽车司机,24岁的王平,毫不犹豫的停下了车。

【解析】24-year-old 24岁的

“数词+名词+形容词”构成复合形容词,在句中作定语,用连字符后连接,名 ( )① Tom,____ boy, is the only child of the family.

A. a five years old B. a five-year-old C. a five-year-olds

( )② My brother has a _____ son.

A. four-years-old B. fourth-year-old C. four-year-old D. four-year-olds

【2013黑龙江绥化】She is a _____ girl with two big eyes.

A. Six-years- old B. six-year - old C. Six years old

13. He and asked the woman what happened.

他下车问那名妇女发生了什么事。

【解析】get off 下车 (反) get on 上车

【2012江苏徐州】 Don’t forget to take your bag when you ___ the bus.

A. get off B. take off C. turn off D. put off

【拓展】与get相关的短语:

【2013山东滨州4】32. —So many problems! I’m tired.

—A. get into B. get off C. get on D. get over

【2013新疆乌鲁木齐2】27. If Ted can _______ his difficulties, he’ll make great progress.

A. come over B. get over C. get off D. come out

14. But, they all go with him.

但令他吃惊的是,所有的乘客都同意和他一起去医院。 ?'pra?z]

surprise sb

be surprised + that从句 因...而惊讶

Surprise ⑵ n 惊讶‖

①__________________(使我吃惊的是),he got the first prize in the exam. ②We are ____________at the _____________news.(surprise)

( ) ③ ___his surprise, she succeeded in climbing up the high mountain.

A. At B. To C. In D. On

【2011昭通】I was very surprised when the alien went into a souvenir shop.

A. excited B. amazing C. relaxing D. amazed

【2012山东东营市4】19. The fans were ____ to know the death of their favorite singing star

Whitney Huston.

A. glad B. angry C. excited D. surprised

【2013枣庄】88. I got home for my birthday from my college on Friday evening. No one was

at home, and Mom and Dad hadn’t left me a note. This made me _________.

A. surprised B. happy C. angry D. excited

【解析2】agree v→ (反)disagree – agreement n同意

①— Do you agree with him?

— No, I ___________ (agree ) with him.

( ) ②—I think English is more useful than Chinese.

—I don’t ____ you. They are both useful.

A. get on with B. catch up with C. talk with D. agree with

15. Mr. Wang and the passengers , the doctor saved the man 多亏了王先生和乘客的帮助, 医生及时挽救了那位老人的生命。

【解析1】 thanks to 对亏;由于

⑴thanks to为习语介词,thanks不可以改为thank you,to后也不接动词原形, ⑵ thanks for ,意为―因……而感谢‖,for强调为何而感谢,其后可接名词或 【2013黑龙江绥化】23. ________ the teacher, I’ve made great progress.

A. Thank you B. Thanks C. Thanks lot

【2013呼和浩特】74. _____ her husband,she has now become a famous film star.

A. Because B. Thanks to C. Thanks for D. With the help

【短语】at times=sometimes 有时 have a good time 玩得高兴

have time =be free 有空 all the time 一直

at the same time 同时 by the time 到……时候

for the first time 第一次

【句型】 It’s time to do sth =It’s time for sth 是该做某事的时间了

It takes sb. some time sth 做某事花费某人多长时间s

【湖北岳阳】I knew it was impossible for me __________(按时上班) when I

missed the last bus.

【山东东营】Tom didn’t go to school _____ this morning because he overslept.

A. at once B. on time C. by accident D. at present

【2013湖北黄石4】The teacher hope all of us can hand ____ our homework ____ time every day.

A. up ; in B. out; on C. on; in D. in ; on

16. But the driver didn’t himself.

但是这位司机完全没有考虑他自己。

【短语】:think about 考虑 think of 想起 think over 仔细考虑

think up = come up with 想出

【谚语】 Think before you act 三思而后行

( ) ①We need______________(想出) a plan.

( )②A. thought about B. thought up C. thought hard

17. Bus No.26an old man on Zhonghua Road

26路公共汽车在中华路上撞到了一位老人

【解析】hit/hit/v. (hit/hit/)( 用手或器具)击;打

18. Do you agree that people often do not help others because they do not want to get into trouble?

人们常常不去帮助别人是因为他们不想惹麻烦。

【解析】trouble/'tr?bl/n .问题;苦恼

【2012大理】That is a monkey on his back. Let’s help him.

A. He has a monkey B. He likes playing with the monky

C. He is in trouble D. He is good at studying

19. Jenny cut herself . 珍妮伤着自己了

【解析】herself/h3:(r)'self/pron. (she 的反身代词)她自己 【解析】反身代词

(1)◆一、二人称的反身代词

(2)反身代词的常见搭配:

enjoy oneself=have fun =have a good time玩得高兴

teach oneself=learn …by oneself 自学

by oneself =alone 独自

help oneself to 随便吃

introduce oneself to 自我介绍

(3)反身代词必须与主语保持人称的一致。

【温州3】4. —I’ll have a tennis game tomorrow. I’m a little bit nervous. —Believe in ______ . You’re the best in our club.

A. herself B. myself C. yourself D. himself

【聊城2】28. ------ Jim, please help ______ to some bread .

------ Thank you.

A. himself . B. yourself . C. herself D.myself.

【广东八地市4】27. Boys, don’t lose____ in playing Angry Birds. It is bad for your eyes to

play computer games for a long time.

A. himself B. yourself C. themselves D. yourselves

【2013山东聊城】28. — Jim, please help ______ to some bread . —- Thank you.

A. himself . B. yourself . C. herself D. myself

20. Did you ?你跌倒了吗?

【解析】fall → fell → fallen v 落下; 跌落

She fell down from her bike

The girl fell off the bike. = The girl fell down from the b ike.

The leaf fell into the river.

( ) It’s not easy for Linda to _____ last night, because she was too excited.

A. go to bed B. fall asleep C. fall into D. fall over

【2013湖北武汉】35. —What does the instruction say?

—The colors in the dress will _______ if you use hot water.

A. fall B. appear C. run D. shine

练习:

1. — Kelly, who's the girl__________glasses in

the photo?

一It’s me. I used to wear glasses and have long hair.

A. by B. of C. on D. with

2. Students shouldn’t go to school ________breakfast. It’s bad for their health.

A. with B. without C. for D. by

3. —— How do you like Li Yundi?

—— A cool guy! His music ______really beautiful.

A. tastes B. sounds C. smells D. looks

4.— What’s the matter with you?

一I________a headache.

A. have B. take C. make D, like

5. To our__________, the little girl is the first to go to bed.

A. surprises B. surprise C. surprised D. surprising

6. ——What did your sister do?

——She_________the bus at the bus stop and went home.

A. got to B. got up C. got down D. got off

7. — What did you see?

— I saw many boys________ games near the river.

A. played B. playing C. plays D. to play

句型转换 (改成否定句)_________________.

(改成一般疑问句)______________________.

(就画线部分提问)

_______ is_____ _____ ________ you?

9.She should drink some hot water.

(改为否定句)_____________________________.

(改为一般疑问句)______________________________

10...He fell down when playing soccer.(改为一般疑问句)

_______he_____down when playing soccer?

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