1. ★stand up--- sit down=take a seat坐下 go to your seat 回到你的座位上
2.★be(am\is\are) good at sth./doing sth.=do well in sth/doing sth.在。。。方面擅长
考：★be good for+n./doing sth. 对。。。有好处 do harm to+n 对。。。有害
考：Doing morning exercises is good for your health.. Smoking does harm to your health. ★be good to sb.=be friendly to sb.=be kind to sb. 对某人友好、友善
考：The teacher is good/friendly/kind to students.
★Be good with sb. =get along with sb.与某人相处得好
考：Lucy is good with/gets along with her classmates.
3. ★ 对。。。不擅长 考：He is not good at/is bad at maths=He does badly in maths.
4. ★make a vest 制作背心 ★make breakfast 做早餐 ★make a sentence/make sentences 造句 ★make a joke开玩笑 ★make friends(with) sb.与某人交朋友
★make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 考：The teacher makes him do morning exercises every day. ★make sb.+adj. 使。。。处于。。。状态
考：The trees and plants can make the air clean.树和植被能使空气干净。
★make sb. healthy 使某人健康 health n. healthy adj. healthily adv.
考：Eating healthy food makes people healthy. 吃健康的食品使人们身体健康
考；They live healthily。 他们健康地生活着。
His way of living is very healthy.他的生活方式是友谊与健康的。
★ 考：keep healthy=stay healthy=be healthy保持健康
=be in good/poor health 身体健康/身体不健康
Eating fruits and vegetables can keep people healthy.
★on the bed 在床上 ★under the bed 在床下 ★in the sun在阳光下
★behind the door在门后 ★in front of在。。。前面 ★near here=neighborhood在附近 ★in town在城镇 ★in the park 在公园 ★in the zoo在动物园 ★ in the jeep在吉普车里 ★on the ship 在船上★on the plane 在飞机上★in the boat在小船上 ★in the truck 在卡车里 ★in the market在市场 ★on the ground在地上 ★at the sports centre 在体育中心
★in the swimming pool 在游泳池 ★at the desk在桌子旁 ★in the mountain在山里 ★next to紧挨着 ★in the sky在天空上 ★on Sunday在星期天 ★on weekend 在周末 ★in a factory在工厂 ★on a farm 在农场 ★in the world 在世界上 ★all over the world ★in spring/summer/autumn.fall/winter在春天、夏天、秋天、冬天
★on the Planting Day 在植树节 ★in the middle of 在。。。中间
On the morning of July first 在七月一日的早上 on a cold day 在寒冷的一天
On Christmas Eve 在平安夜 at Christmas 在圣诞节期间 at night 在晚上
in the night在夜间 At the party 在聚会上
6. ★be(am\is\are) with sb. 和某人在一起
7. ★play games 玩游戏 ★play pingpong/football/volleyball/basketball/chess打乒乓球、踢足球、
★ play the violin/piano/drum 拉小提琴，弹钢琴，打鼓
★ play the tape/radio 播放磁带/收音机 an MP4 player一个MP4 播放器
8. ★ 让某人进来/出去
9. ★run a race 赛跑 ★ run after 追逐 ★run up the hill跑上山 ★ run about 到处跑 ★climb up
爬山 ★run away 跑开 The cat is running after the mouse. Don‘t run about in the street..
10. ★be in bed 卧床
11. ★line up 排队
12. ★come on 加油 ★come back 回来 ★come out (of) 从。。。出来 ★come into=go into 进入
13. ★take out 拿出来 ★put into 放入 ★take care 小心
14. ★look at=have a look at 看 ★look out of 从。。。向外看
16. ★get the apples 摘苹果 ★get down 下来
17. ★see a doctor 看医生 ★see a dentist 看牙医 ★see eye to eye 意见一致
★see sb.off 为某人送行 ★see through 看穿、识破
18. ★be late （for） （为 ）。。。迟到 Don‘t be late for school.
19. ★say hello/goodbye to sb. 向某人问好/说再见
20. ★fly a kite 放风筝 They are flying a kite on the playground now.
21. ★at school上学 ★at work 在工作 ★at home=be in 在家 ★be out 不在家
22. ★in English 用英语
What‘s this in English?=What‘这个用英语怎么说？
23. ★have/has to= must 必须
24. ★want sth./to do sth. 想要某物/想要做某事 want to do sth.=would like to do sth.=like to do sth.
=feel like doing sth.
I ‘d like to go shopping.=I feel like going shopping.=I want to go shopping.
★want to be 想成为。。。When I grow up, I want to be a singer.
25. ★因。。。而原谅我 考：26. ★this way, please 请这边走。 ★by the way 顺便说一下
27. ★be(am/is/are) from=come from 来自
28. ★what about sth./doing sth.=how about sth./doing sth. 。。。怎么样？
考：What about/how about playing cards?
29. ★ 在医院 ★in hospital 住院 （考点在冠词的使用）
His father works in a hospital. 他爸爸在一家医院上班。His father is in hospitai. 他爸爸在住院 ★at the table在桌子旁 ★at table 在吃饭
30. ★welcome to sp. 欢迎到某地
31. ★be well(well adj) =be in good health身体健康
well adv. Sports star eats well.体育明星吃得很好。
32. ★all right 行，还可以 That‘s all right. 不客气/没关系
33. ★ not…at all 一点也不 He doesn‘t like maths at all.
34. ★go shopping/swimming/boating/hiking/fish去购物/游泳/划船/徒步旅行
★go for a walk=take a walk 散步 do some shopping=go shopping 购物
She usually goes for a walk/takes a walk after supper.
35. ★stay at home 呆在家里 ★stay with sb. 与某人呆在一起
36. ★call sb.=phone sb.=ring sb.给某人打电话
★call sb. at…(号码) 给某人打。。。号码 Please call me at 123456
e-mail sb. at…给某人发邮件到。。。 Please e-mail me at…..
38. ★listen to =hear 听。前者是听的动作，后者是听得结果He listened to the music but heard
39. ★be on time按时 ★be in time 准时 You should be on time.你要准时到。
40. ★fall down 摔倒
41. ★over there 那边
42. ★go away走开 ★go to the cinema去看电影 ★ at the cinema 在电影院
★go out to do sth. 外出做某事 We went out to have dinner last night.我们昨天晚上出去吃的晚饭。
★go on(doing sth.) 继续做某事 They go on making the model plane. 他们继续做模型飞机。
43. ★write a letter (to sb.)=write to sb.给某人写信 hear…from 收到。。。的来信。
I wrote a letter to my pen pal yesterday.=I wrote to my pen pal yesterday.昨天，我给我的笔友写
★write down 记下 ★write out 写出
44. ★do/play sports 做运动
45. ★clean the window 擦窗户 ★sweep the floor 擦地板
46. ★do one‘s homework 做家庭作业
47. ★have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早、中、晚饭。
★Have ….for breakfast/lunch/supper 早、中、晚饭吃。。。。I had an egg and a cup of milk for breakfast this morning.
48. ★tell sb.to do sth.告诉某人做某事 ★tell jokes 讲笑话 ★tell stories讲故事
★play a joke on sb. 与某人开玩笑
49. ★ like doing sth.=enjoy doing sth.=love doing sth.=feel like doing sth. 喜欢做某事
★hate doing sth.=don‘t/doesn‘t like doing sth. 讨厌做某事
50. ★on the phone/computer 通过电话、通过电脑
考：They talk with each other on the phone.他们通过电话交谈。
51. ★run to跑向 ★walk to =go to…on foot 步行到某地 ★ride to=go to….by bike骑车到某地 ★fly to=go to….by plane 坐飞机到某地
52. ★a glass of /a bottle of milk一瓶牛奶
53. ★one moment=wait a minute 等一下
54. ★too much too many 太多（前者修饰不可数名词，后者修饰可数名词）
too much homework 太多的家庭作业 too many students 太多的学生
考：You are ___ fat. You shouldn‘t eat __ fast food.
★much too 副词表示太，非常 You talk too much. 你说的太多了。
55. ★play with sb.与某人玩耍
56. ★roll away 滚走
57. ★take sb.into sp. 带某人进入到某地 ★take some photos(of) 拍。。。的照片
58. ★look after..well=take good care of 照顾、照料
You are so young that you can‘t look after/take care of yourself. 你太小了，不能自己照顾自己。
59. ★one …the other一个。。。另一个
60. ★at the end (of) 在。。。的结尾/末尾
61. ★go down=walk along沿着。。。走 ★turn left/right向左、右转
★on the left/right 在左边、右边
at the second crossing of/at the second corner/turning of 在。。。第二个十字路口/在。。。第二个拐角 The apple is next to the box on the left.
62. ★look for=find 寻找（前者指寻找的动作，后者指寻找的结果）
I looked for my pen everywhere yesterday, but I couldn‘t find it.昨天我到处找我的笔，但没有找到
63. ★Take off 脱下（动作）/起飞
★ put on穿上（动作）=wear=be in =get dressed=have on穿上（状态）
The girl in red is my sister.穿红色衣服的女孩是我的妹妹。
My sisiter is wearing/having on a red coat. 我的妹妹穿着一件红色的大衣。
It is cold outside. You had better put on your coat. 外面太冷了，你最好穿上你的大衣。
-考: It is too cold outside. The boy wants to ____ his coat. want to do
-考：The dress looks nice ___ you. -考：You look beautiful ___ red.
-考：The baby is so young that he can’t ___ himself. -考：Who ____ a blue T-shirt today? -考： -考：The girl ___ red is my sister.
-考：___ girls, we have skirts ___ pink ___ only $20.
A. To, on, for B. For, in, for C. To, in, at D. For, on, at
-考：64.★look like看起来像 ★taste/smell/feel/sound like 尝、闻、摸、听起来像
65.★try to do sth.=try one‘s best to do sth.=do one‘s best to do sth.尽力做某事
I‘ll try to learn English.=I‘ll try/do my best to learn English.我会尽力学英语的。
66.★throw away扔掉 ★pick up捡起
Don‘t throw the newspaper away. Please pick it up.(注意不能写成：pick up it)
67.★have a good time=have fun doing sth.=enjoy oneself玩的愉快
68.★two and half hours=two hours and a half 两个半小时
69. ★talk to/with sb. 与某人交谈 ★talk about sth. 谈论某事 ★chat with sb. 与某人闲聊
They are talking to/with their teacher.他们正在与他们的老师交谈
They are talking about how to do it. 他们正在谈论如何做这件事。
70.★buy/get sb.sth.=buy/get sth.for sb 给某人买/得到某物（注意介词用for,不用to）
考：buy…from 从。。买I bought a pair of trousers from the supermarket. 我从超市买了一条裤子。 考：上星期我给妈妈买了一件礼物
71.★give/pass/bring/ sth.= give/pass/bring sth. to sb. 给、递、带来某物给某人（注意介词用to,不
72.★help sb.(to) do sth.=help sb.with sth. 帮助某人做某事
考：He helped me finish my work.=He helped me with my work.他帮我完成了工作。
73.★Thank you for+n/doing sth=thanks for n/doing sth. 谢谢你的。。。/谢谢你为。。。做某事。
考：Thank you for your help.=Thanks for helping me.谢谢你帮助我。
74.★bring about 带来 This warming of the sea will bring about great changes in weather.
★grow up 成长
78.★keep/stop/prevent sb./sth. from doing sth 阻止某人某物。。。
80.★live in 居住 Where do you live? I live in Luoyang.
81.★take a trip=go on a trip 旅游 have a good trip/weekend/holiday 旅行/周末/假期愉快
82.★be sure （not）to do sth. 确定做某事 /确定不做某事
考：Be sure not to do that again.一定不要再做那件事了。（否定）
make sure+句子/of,about/what,how.when….to do sth.确信，弄明白
I make sure that he would come.我确信他回来。
83.★laught at sb.嘲笑某人★make fun of sb.捉弄某人People always make fun of each other.
84.★smile at sb.对某人笑 ★shout at sb.对某人大叫
85.★have a test =have a break 休息一下
86.★be afraid of doing sth.害怕做某事 ★ be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事
87.★at last=in the end=finally 最后 ★in fact=actually 事实上
88.★get out of 从。。。出来 ★wait for 等待
get off/on下/上车 He got off at the second stop.他在第二站下车了。
89.★on one‘s way home 在某人回家的路上 ★on one‘s way to 在去某地的路上
90.★wake up醒来 ★fall asleep入睡 ★do morning exercises做早操 ★wash one‘s face洗脸
91.★ask sb. to do sth.要某人做某事 ★ask sb.for sth.请求，恳求 ask the police for help ask sb. about sth.问某人某方面的问题
Ask some students about sports 问一些学生关于运动方面的问题
92.★be happy to do sth.高兴地做某事 ★begin to do sth. 开始做某事=start to do sth.
93.★the old saying 谚语
94.★every three months 每三个月 ★send…. into 把。。。送进/射进
★all day and all night 日日夜夜
95.★have a good meal 吃一顿大餐 ★dress up as 装扮成。。。
96.★From door to door 挨家挨户 ★catch insects 捉昆虫 ★surf the internet 上网
97.★map of the world 世界地图 a map of 。。。的地图
考：Can you find Luoyang on the map of Henan?你能在河南地图上找到洛阳吗？（注意划线处的介词）
98.★Here and there=everywhere 到处
99.★no =not…a/not…any 没有 ★nothing=not..anything 没有
There isn‘t anything new.=There is nothing new.
100.★be busy doing sth.=be busy with sth.
考：He is busy drawing a picture.=He is busy with picture. 他忙于画画。
考：busy-busier-busiest Shanghai is the busiest city in China.上海市中国最繁忙的城市。 101.★catch up with跟上
Work hard and you‘ll catch up with the others.努力学，你会赶上其他人的。
★keep up with 赶上，不落后She had to run to keep up with them.她得跑着才能赶上他们。 ★come up with 提出He came up with an idea yesterday.他昨天提出了一个想法。
★put up with 容忍，忍受 I couldn‘t put up with his bad temper. 我不能容忍他的坏脾气。 102.★ ★have a picnic ★hide and seek
104.★be proud of=take a pride in 以。。。而自豪
考：他为他的儿子而感到自豪。 105.★At a time 一次 ★at this time 在这时 I can eat five oranges at a time.
106.★Many kinds of ★It‘s very kind of you.
107.★In the future在未来 ★in future 今后
108.★Each other互相（两者） ★every other 每隔一个 ★every other line 每隔一行
★one another互相 （三者以上） ★one after the other=one after another一个接一个
109.★answer for对。。。负责 ★in answer to sth.作为对某事的回应
110.★be in trouble=get into trouble 处于困境 He is in trouble.他陷于困境。
Have some trouble in doing sth. 做某事有些困难
It ?s a troublesome problem.那是一个棘手的问题。
111.★First name=given name名 last name=family name=surname姓氏
middle name=second name 中间名
full name 全名 a family name 家谱
John Smith is my best friend. His first name is John. His last name is Smith.
112.★A photo of my family=my family photo 我的全家照。
113.★turn off/on 关上/打开 turn off/on the tap关上/打开水龙头。
turn up/down 开大/关小Please turn up/down the gas. 请把煤气开大/关小
by turns=take one‘s turn 轮流 out of turn 不按顺序
We are driving the car by turns=We take turns at driving the car.我们轮流开车
114.★an ID card 一张身份证。Your ID card number.你的身份证号。
my school ID card 我的学生证
115.★bring sth. to sb. /sp. 给某人带来某物/把某物带来到某地 take sth.to sp.把某物带走到某地 116.★tidy.adj 整洁的 undity adj. 不整洁的 a tidy girl an untidy girl
tidy v.把。。。弄整洁 tidy the room 把房间打扫整洁
117.★think about doing sth. 考虑着做某事 think of sb./sth/想起某人/某事 think over 仔细考虑 118.★以合理/贵/便宜的价格
We sell all our clothes at very good prices.我们卖的所有衣服价格合理。
119.★Sth. in +颜色 。。。颜色的。。。socks in all colors各种颜色的袜子
120.★sell v. sell sb. sth.=sell sth.to sb. 卖给某人某物sale n.出售 be on sale 出售
at a great sale 减价
121. ★date of birth=birthday 生日 on one‘s twelfth birthday 在某人12岁生日那天 122. ★have science/geography/history 有科学、地理、历史课
have a class/lesson have classes/lessons 有课 do one‘s lesson/homework 做作业
123★.need to do sth.需要做某事(主语是人I need to get up early every day 我每天需要早早起床 need doing sth. 需要做某事(主语是物) The room needs cleaning.房间需要打扫。
124. ★sports meeting 运动会 sports shoes 运动鞋 sports star 运动明星
running star 跑步明星 runner赛跑选手
125. ★remember to do sth/remember doing sth. 记得去做某事（还没做）/记得做过某事 126. ★forget to do sth./forget doing sth.忘记去做某事（还没做）/忘记做过某事
127. ★sun-sunny rain-rainy wind-windy cloud-cloudy fog-foggy 前面的词是名词，后面是形容词
dry adj.干旱---droughts n.干旱 build v.建筑—building n. 建筑物
128. ★join=be a member of 加入/成为。。。的一员
Would you like to join us?=Would you like to be a member of us.
take part in =join in =join
129. ★get/be ready for 为。。。做准备。I‘ll get ready for the new term.我将为新学期做好准备。 130. ★succeed in doing sth.在。。。做事成功。
If you succeed in tricking someone,you laugh and say,April Fool
131★.review one‘s lessons 复习某人的功课
132. ★not any more 不再 He didn‘t catch the birds any more. 他不再捉鸟了。
-考： = You need to to keep -考：Students do morning -考：What time does he exercise? He (usually) at 6:30.
- -考：in the ninth floor.
-考：Our math teacher always makes his class ___. A. alive B. lively C. living D. live -考：
football match. -考：Is the fish still 主系表 -考：There are three people 135. ★look sound smell taste feel都是系动词+ adj.
-考：The dish smells ___(good).
-考：He doesn‘t feel ___(good). He has a bad cold.
-考：The boy was ill yesterday, but today he feel ___(good).
-改错：The boy doesn‘t look well. The boy doesn‘t feel well.
-考： -考：-考：He is good at maths.(同义句-考：He had a bad cold yesterday. But today he is feeling better (well的比较级).
-考： It is bad for your eyes to play computer games for too long.
（Ving作主语当单数=It 作主语 后面用to do）
It is helpful to read English aloud.=Reading English aloud is helpful.
-考： -考： They are both healthy.
-考：136. ★. either A or B 要么…要么… neither A nor B既不…也不…
-考：Either he or I -考：Neither she nor I -考：Either Tom or his friend②：A、B为其他成分要形式统一-考He likes either running or swimming(swim)
-考：He wants neither new bikes -考： -考：The man is ___ English __ Chinese. A. neither, or B. either, nor C. both, and D. either, or ③：四个也中的either ****，too **** as well **also*** **not **(,) either
-考 -考：There are some tall trees on ___ sides of the street.
-考：There are some tall trees on ___ sides of the lake.
-考：There are a lot of trees on ___ side of the street.
A. each B. every C. both
=He -考： them -考：Is he free today?(同义句)
-考：Did she have no time yesterday?（同义句）
-考：He had no time yesterday. （同义句）
He was not free yesterday. （同义句）
-考：You should have your car 138.
It is bad for your health to eat too much junk food.
】=I think【 it is exciting to have a school trip.】 it exciting to have a trip.
-考：After school, he usually plays football for one hour and a half.
-考：Thirty minutes is half an hour.
-考：She never exercises. He has a(n) ___ life style. adj+ n(healthy/unhealthy) -考：We should do more exercise to keep ___.系+adj.(adj. healthy/unhealthy)
-考：You should take care of your ____. your+ n (health)
-考：He eats ___ to stay ____.V+ adv 系+ adj. (healthily healthy)
-考：___, he didn‘
t pass the exam.adv + 句子(luckily unluckily)
-考：I wish you good ____.adj.+ n (luck)
-考：I had a(n) ___ day. My bike didn‘t work adj. +n（lucky/unlucky）
-考：He didn‘t go to work yesterday.(变肯) __________________________
142.brush-brushed-brushed brushestooth(单)---teeth(复) brush teeth v 刷牙 toothbrush n 牙刷
-考：-考：He (usually) (brush) his teeth twice a day.(How often)
144. ★频度副词1. always usually often hardly(ever几乎不) never可有可无
2. 对频度副词、twice a day、every day、every other day提问用how often
3. 见到no / not / little / few / hardly(ever) / never 都判断成否定句
-考： -考：I usually study English at 8:00.(改he) -考：
问工作用what job 要分单复数
What are you？ What is he?
What do you do? What does he do?
What is your job? What is his job?
146. ★问时间用when 问时间点用when、what time 问延续性时间用how long
-考：He gets up How often does he get up early ?
-考： When/What time does he get up every day?
-考： How long did he stay in Beijing?
-考： On Sunday.
147. ★有修饰 at home -----in 修饰 home at school -----in 修饰 school
by car---- in修饰car by bus---on 修饰bus by bike---on修饰bike
in the morning in the afternoon in the evening 有修饰用on
at noon at night
考：Tom is not at school. He is in my home. 考：He gets up early in the morning.
148. ★ _____ room is clean.(Tom and Peter‘s) _____ rooms are clean.
149. ★ play with fire play with my pet dog play with the matches(火柴) 150. ★. get good grades = study well He got good grades last term.=He studied well last term. 151. ★ on school days = on weekdays =from Monday to Friday.
He has a lot of homework on school days.=He has a lot of homework on weekdays
=He has a lot of homework from Monday to Friday.
152. ★ at about 9:00=at around 9:00
153. ★ know about 了解 ask sb about询问某人关于 tell sb about告诉某人关于
. 随和的 outstanding adj. 杰出的 155. ★ He worries about you.=He is worried about you. 156. ★away from
My home is _____ my school. A . away from B. far away C. far two kilometers away from
D. two kilometers away E. far away from F. far from G. two kilometers away from H. two kilometers from
157. ★have no time to do sth have much time to do sth= have a lot of time to do sth=have lots of time to do sth
158. ★sometimes =at times 有时=from time to time
-考：He rides a bike to school. =He goes to school ___ ___ ___.
-考：-考：How do you get to the zoo? =How do you ___ ___ the zoo?
-考：How long does it take ___(walk) to the train station.
-考：He__10 Yuan buying the book yesterday.= He ___ 10 Yuan ____ the book.=He ___ 10 Yuan _____ the book
-考：He spent 2 hours doing homework.= It ___ him 2 hours ___ ___ homework.
-考：-考：It takes 10 minutes to go to school. =It takes _______ walk to go to school.(drive/walk名词)
-考：-考：I live two kilometers ___ the library. A. from B. away C. far away D. far away from -考：___ is it from your city to mine?It is about 1,200 kilometers.
A. How often B. How longC. How far D. How soon
two hundred of the students学生中的两百位
-考：He goes ___ the street. A. cross B. crosses C. across D. through
-考：Don‘t ___ the street until it turns green.-考：I like to walk ___ the park.
-考：You can see him __ the hole on the wall-考：You should look bath sides before ___ the street. -考：They crossed the river on a ropeway yesterday.-考：He must ___ the river every day. 164.
-考：We all have our likes and d____.-考：He is like his father.
-考：He likes ___(run).But it is too hot today, he likes __(swim)
-考：-考：-考：166. ★ What do you think of **? 你认为…怎样=How do you like **?
-考： ___ ___ ___ ___ ___the movie? __ ___ ___ ___ the movie? 167. ★短：play chess play the drums play football play basketball play baseball play volleyball
-考：He made a ___(speak) yesterday.
加入的同义句=be a member of
He joins the music club=He is a member of the music club.
-固a music club join a music club
a swimming club a soccer club
a tennis club a sports club
a chess club an art club
school music festival spring festival
-例：What club do you like? What club do you want to join?
-例：-例：-考：My brother wants to join the art club. _______________________________
- -考： -考：【that it is going to rain】.
173. ★after school 放学后 after class下课后(不要the) 174. ★a school show学校表演 a talent show 才艺表演
175. ★on weekend(s) on the weekend(s) do kung fu do Chinese kung fu come and join us come and show us come and see for yourself
the art festival the music festival Spring Festival show me your talent a talent show
-考：【What he said】-考：-考：177. ★
考：He helps me (to) do the housework.= He helps me with the housework.
考：Could you give me some help? 考：It ishelpful.
考：Can you help me make(make) the bed? 考：He couldn‘t help laughing(laugh) when hearing the
考：The policeman helped the old woman ___ the road. help sb (to) doA. across B. cross C.
through D. over
考：Please help yourselves to some bread, children. Please help yourself to some bread, child. 178. ★music (n)---musician(n) play(v)---player
(n) run(v)---runner(n) sing(v)---singer(n) dance(v)---dancer(n) piano(n)---pianist(n) (去o) tour(v)----tourist science(n)---scientist
violin(n)---violinist(n) guitar(n)---guitarist(n) drum(n)---drummer(n) farm(n)---farmer(n) visit(v)---visitor(n)
-考：Mr. Li teaches ___ English .双宾：宾格A. our B. us C. we D. ours
-考：last term180. ★ Green can sing and dance at the same time.(变否定)
Green can‘t sing or dance at the same time.
-考：He is not free(同义句)=He is busy.=He has no time.=He doesn‘t have (any) time.
-考：Is he free today?(同义句) Does he have time today? -考：
-考：He must go there with his parents.(否) -考：You mustn‘t walk on the grass.(同义句
-考：He needn‘t go there.(同) He doesn‘t have to go there.
183. ★ few和-考：He stays in Beijing for half a year. -考：How much milk do you like? -考：-考：He has a few friends, because he is easygoing.
更多 可数 many---more---most 不可数 much---more---most
更少 可数few---fewer---fewest 不可数little---less---least
例：The boss wants to use ___ people ___ time ___ money to do ___ work.
-考：The city will have ___ trees and ___ pollution.
-考：Please move the chair away.(否) -考： -考：Close the window, please. OK, I will. 祈使句and/or +将来时will+V原
-考： 185. ★ May ….? 肯定：Yes, please. 否定：No, you can‘t Must…? 肯定用must
Need…? 否定用needn‘t/don‘t have to
注意：must的否定是needn‘t/don‘t have to mustn‘t（不应该）不是must的否定
mustn‘t = shouldn‘t = Don‘t V原(祈使句的否定句)
186. ★ 电影：action movie---action movies thriller---thrillers comedy---comedies
documentary---documentaries-考： ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___?
187. ★ She can sing and dance. (否定/一般疑问) She can‘t sing or dance. Can she sing or dance?
188. ★ What else…?=What other things? …
-考：同189. ★ difficult ---adj. 困难的 difficulty ---n 困难
-例：It is difficult for the little boy to dress himself. -例：You must face these difficulties.
different---adj. 不同的 difference---n 不同 be different from be the same as
-例：There are many differences between the life in the city and the life in the countryside.
-例：My bike is different from yours.=My bike is not the same as yours.
The twins ___ ___ ___ ___ each other.
190. ★ adj./adv adj.
独自 孤单 -例：She is not alone at home.(adj.)-例：She lives alone (adv.)
-例：I didn‘t feel lonely. (adj.)
-考：She is outgoing and has many friends. She never feels ___.A. alone B. lonely C. awake D. asleep 191. ★probable ---adj. 可能的probably---adv 可能= Maybe（句首）
+sb.（人）The news surprised her.
n. 可数n，表“惊奇、吃惊” in surprise 惊奇地 to one‘s surprise 令人吃惊的是。。。
adj surprised/surprising be surprised at….对。。。。感到惊奇
be surprised to do be surprised that[从句]
193. ★borrow…form lend…to (borrow-borrowed-borrowed lend-lent-lent)
站在主语角度‘借’ 往里‘借’的越多越好 往外‘借’的越少越好
-考：Tom doesn’t take some money, so he ___ some money from me. -考：I ___ some money to him. -考：He ___ a book from his friend.
-考：He borrowed some money ___ his brother.= His brother ____ some money ___ him.
-考：I can’t ___ you my bike because something is wrong with it.
-考：As we know, some people are good at ____ but bad at giving back.
A. lending B. keeping C. borrowing D. using
-考：Can you lend your pen to me?= Can ___ ___ your pen? 194. ★seem + to do/+that从句 seem to do = It seems that从句
-例：He seems to like the music.=It seems that he likes the music.
‘s---at the butcher‘s doctor---the doctor‘s ---at the doctor‘s
196. ★收信 receive a letter from sb= hear from sb
197. ★be pleased with对…满意--adj. 反：unpleasant不高兴的
-考：Why wasn‘t you happy? adj: ed修饰人 ant修饰物，还要反义词 - -考：Thanks for your help. It is my pleasure .
198. 成功(以名词来背adj.、adv)---adj. successful---adv successfully
-考：考： in the tennis competition yesterday. -考：199. ★learn sth by oneself=teach oneself sth 自学
-考：He learned English by himself.=He taught himself English.
200. ★used to do 前后不加：过去常常be used to doing 前后都加：现在经常be used to do 加前不加后：被动
-考：He used to like playing soccer. But now he is used to studying hard.
The knife is used to cut things.= The knife is used for cutting things.
1. ★It is time to do sth=It is time for sth.
2. ★What‘ your name？=May I have your name?=your name,please?=What‘s the name of you?你叫什么名字？
3. ★How old are you ?=May I have your age?=What‘s the age of you?多大了？
I am thirteen=I am thirteen years old.
=I am at the age of 13.=My age is 13.
=I am at age 13.我十三了。
4. ★the more….the more The more money they have, the more they want.
5. ★What‘s wrong with you?=What‘s the matter with you?=What‘s the trouble with you?
= Is there anything wrong with you?你怎么了？
6. ★best of all 所有之中最。。。
What‘s her favorite subject?=Which/What subject does she like best?她最喜欢的科目是什么？ She likes English best of all= She likes English best=Her favorite subject is English
7. ★Which floor do/does you/he live on? I/He live(s) on the second floor.
8. ★What do you like? I like s.(可数名词要加s,不可数名词不加) I like tomatoes/bread
9. ★How many how much 多少（解释在后面）
10. ★You, too.=The same to you. 你也一样。
Happy New Year 回答：The same to you.
--Could you tell me the way to the bank? –I‘m sorry. I‘m new here.—Thank you all the same. --你能告诉我去银行的路吗？--对不起，我是刚来的。--仍然谢谢你。
11. ★Can you tell me the way to sp.=Excuse me,where‘s sp.=Coud you tell me how I can get to sp.= Is there sp. near here? 你能告诉我去。。。路吗？
12. ★It is one‘s turn to do sth.该轮到某人做某事了。
It is my turn to be on duty today.今天轮到我值日了。
13. ★I think it‘s on the sofa.（变否定句式注意否定前置）--I don‘t think it is on the sofa.
14. ★人称代词宾格（注意let 后跟动原）Let us play the violin.
否定句是：let sb. not do sth 让某人不要做某事（注意这里的sb.适用于第一人称）let us not run. Don‘t let sb. do sth. 让某人不要做某事（注意这里的sb.适用于第三人称）Don‘t let him run.
15. ★What‘s this in English?=What‘这个用英语怎么说？
16. ★what about sth./doing sth.=how about sth./doing sth. 。。。怎么样？
What about/how about playing cards?
17. ★How much be….?(be 后名词是复数，用are,否则用is)=What‘s the price (价格)of sth.? =What price is/are…?。。。多少钱？
How much are/is the socks/ book?=What‘s the price of the socks/book?
=What price are/is the socks/ book?
回答：They are….用于主语是复数/It‘s…..用于主语是单数（注意除了中国钱币单位不加s 外，
这种规则用于其他度量单位.如：10 metres 十米 10 jin ）
They are 20 dollars. It‘s 15 yuan.
18. ★ 给你 它在这儿。（注意主语是代词时不倒装）
Here is the book.(句子要倒装) be动词根据后面的名词来定单复数。
如果后又多个名词，采取就近原则 Here is a book and two pens.
19. ★ The price of sth.is high/low某物的价格高/低 The price of jeans is high.牛仔裤价格高。 Sth. is expensive/dear/cheap 某物贵/便宜 The jeans are expensive.牛仔裤太贵了。
20. ★What do you need？你需要什么我需要一件上学穿的毛衣。注意介词for）
21. ★What activity do you have in your school? 你们学校有什么活动
We have an art festival.我们有艺术节。
What other activities do you like best?你还最喜欢其他的什么活动？
I like English Day best.我最喜欢英语节。
22. ★When were you born? 你什么时候出生的？ st,1993.我生于1993年5月/1993年5月1日。
23. ★What‘s the weather like today/tomorrow? =How is the weather today/tomorrow?今天/明天天气怎样？
It‘s cold/It will be cold.今天天冷。/明天将会冷。
24. ★It‘s +adj.+(for sb.) to do sth. 做某事对某人来说。。。
It‘s fun for us to walk in snow. 对我们来说在雪地里走很有趣。
It‘s +adj.+of sb. to do sth. 做某事这个人太。。。（表性格品质）
It‘s kind of you to help me.来帮助我，你真是太好了。
25. ★What will you do when you grow up? 当你长大时，你要做什么？
I‘ll be a farmer. I‘ll grow rice and wheat for the people.我将成为一名农民，为人们种植大米和小麦。
26. ★What day is today ? It‘s Sunday 今天星期几？今天星期天
What date is today?=What‘s the date? It‘s Natioal Day今天的日期是什么？今天是国庆节。
27. ★Why don‘t you do sth.=Why not do sth.?为什么不做某事呢？
Why don‘t you write？=Why not write?为什么不写呢？
28. ★How+adj/adv+主语+谓语 How blue the sky is.天空多么蓝啊！
How well she dances.她跳得多好呀！
How+adj.+a/an+n.+主语+谓语 How nice a place it is.多漂亮的地方啊！
How+主语+谓语 How time flies!时间过得真快啊！
★what+(a/an)+adj.+n.+主语+谓语What a clever girl she is! 多么聪明的姑娘呀！
What good children they are! 他们是多么好的孩子呀
What delicious food it is! 多么有味的食物呀！
①What a hot day it is! How hot the day is ! 多么热的天气呀！
②What tall buildings they are! How tall the buildings are! 多么高的楼房呀！
③What bad weather it is! How bad the weather is! 多么糟糕的天气呀！
④What bright sunshine it is! How bright the sunshine is! 多么明亮的阳光呀！
29.问几点What time is it (by your watch)? What‘s the time(by your watch)?
30.There is something wrong with my bike= My bike didn‘t work.
31. We found the trip exciting.=We found it exciting to go on a trip. 同33. sound +adj. = It sounds like +n/从句 seem-短：seem to do seem +adj. = It seems that…
look +adj. = It looks like +n / 从句
-例：He seems happy. (seem adj.) It seems 【that he is happy.】
-例：He looks ill.(look+ adj.=It looks like+从句=It looks like 【he is ill.】
The music sounds great.= It sounds like 【 the music is great】
-考：His day off sounds busy.= It sounds like【】
34. What do you think of **?=How do you like **?
-考： What do you think of the movie?=How do you like the movie?
35. such 和so such+ n / n短/其他/many so + much 短语/few/little
-考：busy that he has no time. a busy day off that he has no time.
. 可能的---adv possibly---反：impossible
His name is Mike.—‘ 3.问“如何，方式”等用how
—How does he come to school every day?
5.对特定选择范围的哪一个用which 6.对时间提问用when,what time(用于具体时间点) 7.对地点提问用where,对原因提问用why
‘t he come to school?
8.问日期用what date,问星期用what day, 问钟点用what time
9.对可数名词提问用how many, 对不可数名词提问用how much
— 10.问多大岁数用how old, 问山多高用how high, 问人或树多高用how tall
11.问时间持续多久或长度用how long,问频率用how often,
12.问距离用how far,问多宽用how wide, 问价钱用how much,问重量用how heavy — 13.问尺码用what size, 问形状用what shape, 问种类用what kind, 问颜色用what color
常 考 的 部 分 固 定 搭 配 a group of一群 a kind of 一种，一类 a large number of 大量 a lot of(lots of)许多 a pair of一双 according to 按照，根据 after all 毕竟 after school放学后 agree to 同意
agree with sb同意某人的意见 all day long整天
all over到处 all right 行了，好吧 all the same 还是，仍然 all the time 一直 arrive in(at)到达 as soon as possible尽可能早 as well 也，又 ask for 寻求 at first 起初
at last最后 at least至少 at most 至多
at once 立刻 at present 现在 at school 在学校 at the moment现在 at the same time同时 at work 在工作
at weekends在周末 attend a meeting 参加会议 be able to 能够做
be absent from缺席 be afraid of 害怕 be angry at sth为…生气
be angry with sb 生某人的气 be bad for对…有害
be born in+地点 出生于.. be born into a family of … be busy doing sth 忙于… be busy with sth
be careful doing sth be careful with sth 小心做… be covered with sth 被…覆盖 be different from与…不同 be familiar to sth 对··熟悉 be famous for 以··著名
be fond of 喜欢 be full of 充满 be good at 擅长于
be located in/on/at 坐落于 be interested in 对··感兴趣 kinds of 各种各样的 either…or…或者……或者……，不是……就是…… neither…nor…既不……也不…… Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶
take a seat 就坐 home cooking 家常做法
be famous for 因……而着名 on ones way to在……途中
be sick/ill in hospital生病住院 at the end of在……的尽头，在……的末尾
wait for 等待 in time 及时 make one''s way to…往……（艰难地）走去 just then 正在那时 first of all 首先，第一 go wrong 走错路
be/get lost 迷路 make a noise 吵闹，喧哗 get on 上车 - get off 下车 stand in line 站队 waiting room 候诊室，候车室 laugh at 嘲笑
at the head of……在……的前头 throw about 乱丢，抛散
in fact 实际上 at midnight 在半夜 have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快 quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架 take one''s temperature 给某人体温
have/get a pain in…某处疼痛 have a headache 头痛
as soon as… 一……就…… feel like doing sth. 想要干某事
stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事 fall asleep 入睡
again and again再三地，反复地 wake up 醒来，叫醒
instead of 代替 look over 检查 take exercise运动
had better（not） do sth. 最好（不要）干某事 at the weekend 在周末 on time 按时 out of从……向外 all by oneself 独立，单独 lots of=a lot of 许多 no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再 get back 回来，取回 sooner or later迟早 run away 逃跑
eat up 吃光，吃完 run after 追赶 take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物 take（good） care of…=look after…（well） （好好）照顾，照料
think of 考虑到，想起 keep a diary 坚持写日记
leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下 harder and harder 越来越厉害 turn on打开（电灯、收音机、煤气等） turn off 关
believe, consider, declare, expect, feel , report, say, see, suppose, think, understand It is said that… 据说 It is reported that… 据报道
It is believed that… 大家相信 It is hoped that… 大家希望
It is well known that… 众所周知 It is thought that… 大家认为
It is suggested that… 据建议 It is taken granted that… 被视为当然 It has been decided that… 大家决定 It must be remember that…务必记住的是 It is said that she will leave for Wuhan on Tuesday.
1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。
[用法] used to + 动词原形，表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态，含有现在不再如此之意。
[搭配] used to do的否定式可以是usedn''t to do或didn''t use to do.
[比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事；be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事；
be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。
2.…return it sooner or later.……迟早要将它归还。
[用法] l）sooner or later意为"迟早"、"早晚"。
[拓展]return还可用作不及物动词，意为"返回"，相当于go back或come back。
3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气……
[用法]no matter what 相当于whatever，其意为"无论什么"，引导状语从句。
[拓展]类似no matter what的表达方式还有：no matter when无论什么时候
no matter where无论什么地方 no matter who无论谁 no matter how 无论怎么样 4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green.
[用法]practise doing sth. 表示"实践、练习（做）某事"。
[拓展]practice名词，"实践"、"实施"、"练习";put a plan into practice实行某计划。
5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. 他鼓励大家参加保护我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。
[用法]1）encourage用作动词，意思是"鼓励"、"支持"。2）take part in"参加"，常表示参加活动。
[搭配]1）encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓励或支持某人 encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人干某事
2）protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害
6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。
[搭配]1）warn sb.+ that从句 2）warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事
3）warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事
4）warn sb. against（doing） sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事
1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语。
"前面陈述的否定情况也适于另一人（物）时，常用"Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语。"这种倒装结构。
2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing. 这一指路的句型意为"在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。"相当于Take the first /second/…tur
ning on the right/left.
3.It takes sb.some time to do sth.
4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth.
5.What''s wrong with…？
此句型相当于What''s the matter/ trouble with…？后跟某物作宾语时，意为"某物出什么毛病了？
7.Sorry to hear that.全句应为I''m sorry to hear that. 意为"听到此事我很难过（遗憾）。"常用于
8.There be 结构
eg.There are twenty girls in our class. have也解释为―有‖但是与there be有区别，它的含义
是―所有，属有‖，其主语为某人。eg.I have a nice watch.
b.There be 结构中的be动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致。
There is a river near our school. 否：There is not a river near our school.
问：Is there a river near our school. 回答：Yes, there is. No, there isn't.