What did he say to me?
He said: “You are hard-working.”
⊙Report what someone said
He said he was hungry.
She said she was thirsty.
I am having a party for Lana.
I go to the beach every Saturday.
She said she went to the beach every Saturday.
I will call you tomorrow.
I can speak three languages.
She said she could speak three languages.
He said ，“I’m hungry.‖ She said ,―Ｉ’m having a party for Lana. ‖
He said he was hungry. She said she was having a party for Lana.
She said ,―I go to the beach every Saturday. ‖
He told me,― I will call you tomorrow. ‖ She said, ―I can speak three languages. ‖
She said she went to the beach every Saturday.
He told me he would call me tomorrow. She said she could speak three languages.
１、直接引语与间接引语的概念： 直接引语：说话人直接引用别人的原话。 例：Mary said, “I’m late.” 玛莉说：“我迟到了” 。 间接引语：说话人用自己的话把别人的意思转述出来。 例：Mary said she was late. 玛莉说她迟到了。 2、直接引语变间接引语时要注意： （1）变间接引语时根据意思改变人称： 例：He said, “I don’t like junk food.” He said he didn’t like junk food. （2）间接引语中从句的谓语要与主句的谓语时态一致。
一般将来时 现在进行时 直接引语 １、am/is 2、are 3、have/has
间接引语 直接引语 间接引语 １、was ３、had ４、will ６、may ４、would ５、could ６、might ２、were ５、can
1a GROUPWORK Talk about these questions. What is a soap opera?
A serial drama dealing with domestic problems,daily life
Do you ever watch soap operas?
What are some soap operas you know?
What are some things that happen on soap operas?
Family problems, daily life, troubles of the characters
Listen and number the statements in the picture
Lana said she was mad at Marcia.
Lana said she was not going to Marcia’s house on Friday night.
Marcia said Lana thought she was going to her house to study.
1c Ask and answer questions about what the people in the soap opera said.
A: What did Marcia/Lana say?
B: She said she was having a surprise party
for Lana on Friday night. have a surprise party
2a Listen and circle true or false for each statement. 1. Ben told Lana that Marcia was going true false to have a surprise party for her. 2. Lana said she wasn’t mad at Marcia true false anymore. 3. Lana said that she wouldn’t go to true false Marcia’s house on Friday night. 4. Marcia call
ed everyone and told them true false she wasn’t going to have the party. 5. Lana told Marcia she would bring true false some books to her house on Friday night. mad 疯狂的；狂热的 be mad at sb.对某人生气be angry with anymore再；还；今后 not…anymore 不再… bring ―带来，拿来，取来”，指从别处把某人或某物带到或拿到
说话者所在的地点来。 take ―带去，拿走”，指从说话者所在地把某人或某物带去或拿走。
2b Listen again. What did the people on TV say? Circle the correct answers. Ben told Lana that Marcia was going to have a surprise party for her.
Marcia ( is / will ) going to have a surprise party for you.
Lana said she wasn’t mad at Marcia anymore. I ( am / was ) not mad at Marcia anymore.
Lana said she would go to Marcia’s house on Friday night.
I ( will / would ) go to Marcia’s house on Friday night.
Marcia told everyone she wasn’t going to have the party. I ( am / was ) not going to have the party.
Lana said she would bring some drinks and snacks 小吃 to Marcia’s house.
I ( will / would ) bring some drinks and snacks to your house.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
1. a surprise visit/ party/ attack a surprising decision/ defeat/ event 2. be mad at/ with sb. , be angry with sb. He got very mad at her for breaking her promise. 3. anymore: 用于否定句句尾, not…anymore/any more / any longer 不再。。。 He doesn’t work here anymore./ any longer. I can’t wait any longer. 4. after all:终究，毕竟 He failed after all. 5. bring带来 take带走 Bring the book to me. Please take me to the zoo.
2c PAIRWORK Have a conversation about last night’s episode of ―Young Lives‖.
A: What happened on ―Young Lives‖ last night?
B: Ben told Lana that Marcia was going to have a surprise party for her.
Direct speech 直接引语 I am mad at Marcia. Reported speech 间接引语
She said she was mad at Marcia. I am having a party for She said she was having a Lana. party for Lana. I go to the beach every He said he went to the Saturday. beach every Saturday. I will call you tomorrow. He told me he would call me tomorrow / the next day. I can speak three languages. She said she could speak three languages.
He said, ―I go to the beach every Saturday.‖ He said he went to the beach every Saturday. 二、如果主句的谓语动词为said或told时，从句的时态要变成
1. She said, ―I am mad at Marcia.‖ 一般现在时 一般过去时 She said she was mad at Marcia. 2. He said, ―I am doing my homework.‖ 现在进行时 过去进行时 He said he was doing his homework. 3. He told me, ―I will call you tomorrow.‖ 一般将来时 过去将来时 He told me he would call me tomorrow.
? ? ? ? ?
be supposed to: 认为应该 We are supposed to be there at six. When is
the ship supposed to leave? You are not supposed to kick people. None of the girls is supposed to smoke.
pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb.
He passed a book to me. = He passed me a book.
pass on 把…传给另一个；转移
pass on the message 把消息传过去
1. Pass on the stick. 传递接力棒。
2. Please pass the book on one by one.
3. Please read this notice and pass it on to others.
3a Read the newspaper story. Fill in the blanks. ―Young Lives‖ this week It was an exciting week for the people in the soap opera ―Young Lives‖. First of all, Marcia told Ben she was having a surprise party for Lana, and that Lana thought she was going to her house to study. Then Lana told Ben she was mad at Marcia, and that she wasn’t going to her house on Friday. So Ben told Lana that Marcia was going to have a party for her. Lana told Ben that she wasn’t mad at Marcia anymore, and that she would go to Marcia’s house on Friday night. However, Marcia called everyone and told them that she wasn’t going first of all 首先 to have the party.
3b Imagine the next episode of ―Young Lives‖.
Finish the newspaper article with reported speech.
Last night on ―Young Lives‖, it was an exciting night. Although there was not a surprise party, they had a good time. Lana said she would bring some drinks and snacks to Marcia’s house on Friday night. But Lana forgot to bring some drinks. Marcia said it did not matter. Then they went to the park outside Marcia’s house. Marcia and Lana were surprised to see their classmates. Marcia told them she was so happy they could come to see her. Her classmates said she was supposed to have a party. Lana advised she would hold an evening party on the next day off. They stayed out until 9pm. How happy they were!
4 GROUPWORK Role play. Work in groups of four. Use the role play cards to have a conversation. Then change roles and practice again. Student A Student B Student C You are at home. You are at You are at B’s B and C are at B’s home. C is at house working house doing a your house on a homework homework project. doing a project. You You want B to homework have A’s jacket. pass this message project. A calls You were to C: C borrowed you with a supposed to your jacket and message for C. meet at the bus didn’t return it. Pass on the stop this You want to know message, and morning to why C didn’t 消息； then give C’s return it, but A return it and 信息 answer to A. didn’t come to 传递 where it is. the bus stop. suppose 假定；认为；期望 be supposed to 被期望或被要求
? ? ? ? ?
--hi, this is A. May I speak to B? --yeah, speaking. -- Is C with you now? --yeah, we’re doing the homework project together. -- C borrowed my jacket last week, please ask him why he didn’t return it to me and where it is now, I want to wear it tomorrow, ok? ? -- s
ure, I’ll ask him right now.
? B: it’s A. He asked why you didn’t return his jacket, he wanted to wear it tomorrow. ? C: yeah? I wanted to ask him why he didn’t go to the bus stop this morning. We planned to meet there, but he didn’t turn up. My mother washed it this afternoon. ? B: hi A, C said you were supposed to meet at the bus stop this morning and he would return your jacket there, he asked why you didn’t go there this morning? ? A: Yeah, I’m sorry for that, I slept late this morning and forgot it, please tell him to bring it to school tomorrow. ? B: Ok, bye.
1a Check (?) the sentences that are true for you./evaluate yourself.
I’m hard-working./ attentive to my studies用心地 I’m good at speaking./ serious about my lessons.
I’m lazy./ diligent at my lessons.用功学习
In English, I’m better at reading than listening.
I can do better in math./ have neat handwriting.
1b PAIRWORK Talk about your answers. A: I’m not hard-working./ I can’t listen attentively in class.
B: Really? I think you are very hard-working./ I don’t think so./ yeah, I agree. You should work hard. How does your partner evaluate himself? 评价
2a Listen and fill in the speech bubbles.
Picture 1: You are hard-working Picture 3: You can do better
1. Name: Class: Math– hard-working Spanish—good at listening History—can do better Science—lazy student 3. Name: Class: Math– hard-working Spanish—good at speaking History—can do better Science—lazy student
Picture 2: You are good at speaking .
2. Name: Class: Math– hard-working Spanish—good at speaking History—can do better Science—good student 4. Name: Class: Math– hard-working Spanish—good at speaking History—should do better Science—lazy student
2c PAIRWORK Role play. Student A is a parent. Student B is a teenager. Student A asks questions about Student B’s report card. Student B chooses a report card from activity 2b and answers Student A’s questions.
A: What did your math teacher say?/ how did your teacher evaluate you? 评价
B: He said I was hard-working.
3a Read Alan’s letter to his grandmother. Find Alan’s report card in activity 2b on page 29. Dear grandma, How’s it going? I hope that grandpa is well now. I was sorry to hear that he had a cold last week. I hope you are in good health.
Things are fine here. I finished my end-of-year exams last week, and got my report card today. I always get nervous when I see the envelope from school in the mall, but luckily I did OK this time. grandpa 爷爷；外祖父 nervous 神经紧张的；不安的 be in good health 身体健康 get nervous 感到紧张 report card 成绩单 envelope 信封 luckily 幸运地
I had a really hard time with science this semester, and I wasn’t surprised to find that my worst report was from my science teacher. She said I was lazy, which isn’t true. It’s just that I find science really difficult. Another disappointing result w
as in history. My history teacher said I could do better. The good news is that my math teacher said I was hard-working. And my Spanish teacher said my listening was good. Well, that’s about all the news I have for now. Mom and Dad send their love. have a hard time with sth. 在某方面经历困苦have Love, a hard time with sb. 和某人关系处得非常不好 semester 学期 Alan bad—worse—worst true 真实的 disappointing 使人失望的；另人失望的
? 一切还好吧？我希望爷爷现在好了。听到他上 周感冒我很难过。我希望你们健康。这里一切 都好。我上周结束了年终考试，今天收到成绩 单。我看到来自学校邮件的信封时，总是紧张， 但幸运地我这次做的还可以。这学期我科学很 吃力，我不吃惊发现我最差成绩来自科学老师。 她说我懒，不是的。情况是我发现科学确实很 难。另一个令人失望的结果是历史。我历史老 师说我可以做得更好。好消息是我数学老师说 我勤奋。我西班牙语老师说我听力不错。这就 是我暂时所有的情况。妈妈和爸爸向你们问好。
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
1. it: 指一般情形 So it seems. 好像是如此Keep at it!不要放弃 Go it!继续努力 2. well:adj. in good health （比较do well） be/look/feel/get well 3.the end-of-year/ midterm/ final exam学年，期 中，期末考试 4.in the mail=by mail邮寄 5. have a hard time: experience difficulties 6. be surprised to do../at doing..真没想到。。 I was surprised at seeing him there.
? 7. news:不可数，单数 ? Here is the news. A piece of good news,一个好消 息。No news is good news. ? 8. for now: 目前，暂时 ? Are you all right for now? ? Goodbye for now. 后会有期 ? 9.send/give sb. one’s love 向。。致意 ? Give them our love.代我们向他们问好 ? They send you their love.他们向你问好
T or F
? 1. Alan’s grandpa had a cold last week. ( T ) ? 2. Alan never gets nervous when he sees the envelop from school in the mail. ( F ) ? 3. Alan’s worst report was from his English teacher. ( F )
? 4. Alan’s math teacher said he was not hard-working.(F ) ? 5. Alan’s Spanish teacher said his listening was good. ( T )
? ? ? ? ? ? 身体好 年终考试 成绩单 变得紧张 这学期 真没想到。。 be in good health end-of-year exams report card get nervous this semester be surprised to do sth.
? 令人失望的 ? A disappointing 结果 result ? 做得更好 ? do better ? 努力工作的 be hard-working for now ? 暂时 学…很吃力 have a difficult/hard time with …
relatives and friends
语法知识 1. I’m hard-working.
Hard-working 此处为一个合成形容词， 意为“努力工作的”，可以做表语或定 语。例如：
Nancy is a hard-working student.
All the workers in the factory are hard-worki
2. I’m good at speaking. be good at…意为“在…做得好，擅 长”，其反义词组为be bad at 在… 方面差。 他擅长唱歌 He is good at singing 她不擅长跳高 She is not good at high jump. be good at = do well in
3. I always get nervous when I see the envelope from school in the mail. get在句中做系动词，后常跟形容词做表 语，表示进入或变为某种状态，意为 “变得，成为”。例如： 雨越下越大 The rain is getting heavier and heavier. 天黑了，咱们回家吧 It’s getting dark; let’s go home. 我生他的气了。I got angry with him
get sb to do sth表示让某人做某事， 相当于have/make sb do sth.
Mom gets me to clean the kitchen. He could get a tutor to come to his home.
4. She said I was lazy, which isn’t true. (1) 本句含有一个which引导的非限制 性定语从句，which指代I was lazy 这 件事。
The book, which I bought last year, cost me 20 dollar.
5. Another disappointing result was in history. disappointing 做形容词，意为“令人失 望的，灰心的，扫兴的” I know my exam marks are disappointing. I hope I can do better next time disappointing与disappointed的区别：
disappointing意为“令人失望的，灰心 的，扫兴的”而disappointed意为“感 到失望的” be disappointed at.
(2) True 是形容词，意为“ 真实的， 符合事实的”。例如“ Is the news true? 消息真实吗？
True 还可意为“真正的，忠诚的” I am always your true friend. 我永远是你真诚的朋友 True love should last for ever.
She felt _____ when she heard the _____news.
A. disappointing; disappointed B. disappointed; disappointing
3b Pretend to be Scott. Use the information from activity 2b to write a letter to a relative or a friend about your report card. Dear aunt ,
I got my report card today. My math teacher said that I was hard-working. My Spanish teacher said I was good at speaking. My history is not so good. The teacher said I should do better. My science teacher said I was a lazy student. I’ll have to try harder at science.
? Dear uncle, ? I got my report card today.I think I did better than before. My math grade is A, and my math teacher often said I was hardworking. I’m happy to find my Spanish is A too. Language learning is not so hard for me, the teacher said I am good at speaking, because I enjoy listening to the Spanish programmes. It’s a pity I dislike history,so I got a B, the teacher often said I could do better in it, how should I do better? Don’t be surprised to learn my science is C. I had a hard time with it last semester: I find it so boring,and the teacher said I was lazy, maybe he was right. ? That’s about my report card. Mom and Dad give you their love. ? love ? Scott
3c Write your own report card. (Have fun. You don’t have to tell the truth!) Then write a letter to a relative or a friend about your report card. D
This is my report card. My math teacher said I was lazy. Please don’t worry about me. I can catch up with other students. My English teacher said I was good at speaking and listening. I should practice writing and reading a lot. My Chinese teacher said I was good. My science teacher said I did best. Yours,
4 PAIRWORK Imagine your teachers are writing your report card. Write what they would say. Then tell your partner what your teachers said. Report card
Wang Lin is very hard-working.
History teacher: Wang Lin is very lazy.
English teacher: Wang Lin is hard-working.
Science teacher: Wang Lin should do better.
A: How was your report?
B: Well, my math teacher said that I was hard-working.
A: Really? You’re lucky. My math teacher said I was lazy.
1 Fill in the blanks with the words given. happen bring do well in borrow pass on
1. Can you bring
some music CDs to the party?
does well in 2. My friend___________ English so she often helps me with my projects. happening 3. He didn’t know what was outside.
4. I’m so cold. Can I borrow
5. I’m seeing Sue this afternoon. Do you want me
2 Read the story and then write it as a conversation. My best friend is Xiao Li, but last week in school we had a big fight, and she didn’t talk to me. It all started when she asked me if she could copy my homework. I asked her why she wanted to do that, and she said that she had forgotten to do hers. I said I didn’t think it was a good idea for her to copy my homework. She wanted to know why I didn’t think it was a good idea. I said it would start a bad habit, and that she should do her own work. She got really mad at me, and said she didn’t want to be my best friend anymore. I said that was OK and that I was sure she would get over it. And she did. Yesterday she told me she was sorry. She said it was much better if she did her own work. own自己的 hers 她的(名词性物主代词) get over 克服；忘掉；原谅
B: It all started when she asked me if she could copy my homework. A: Why did she want to do that? B: She said she had forgotten to do hers. A: What did you do then? B: I told her that it was a bad idea and it would start a bad habit, she should do her own work.
A: Did she think so?
B: No. She got really mad at me and broke off relations with me. 断绝关系
A: What happened at last?
B: I said I was sure she would get over it. And she did. Yesterday she told me she was sorry and we made it up.
She said helping others changed her life.
Section 1 Before You Read PAIRWORK Think of people who need help. Write some ideas and discuss them with your partner. People who need help old people disabled people
Something we can do for them We can clean their home. We can buy things they need from stores. We can help them cross the streets. We can tell them how to get to the place where they want to go.
Section 2 While You Read
Put these words into the correct space as you read.
世界 改变 大山
兄弟 同意 不同的
She said helping others changed her life.
Teaching high school students in a poor mountain village in Gansu Province may not sound like fun to you. However, it changed the life of Yang Lei from Beijing. The Peking University graduate first went there as a volunteer on a one-year program. The program was started by the Ministry of Education and the Chinese Young pioneers. Every year they send 100 volunteers to teach in China’s rural areas. village 乡村 Peking University 北京大学 graduate (大学)毕业生 volunteer 志愿者 the Ministry of Education 教育部 Chinese Young Pioneer 中国少年先锋队 rural 乡下的；乡村的 area 地区；地域
Life in the mountains was a new experience for Yang Lei. Her village was 2,000 meters above sea level, and at first the thin air made her feel sick. The food was very simple----teachers ate porridge three times a day. agreed Fortunately, Yang Lei’s mother with her. She said that both she and her husband thought this was a good idea. ―Young people today need to experience different things,‖ she said. meter 米；公尺 sea level 海平面 thin 稀薄的 eat--ate husband 丈夫 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 fortunately 幸运地
Most of the pupils live in school dormitories. They work very hard. They get up at 5am and read books until 11pm. They love having the volunteer teachers there. ―There is no difference between you and them,‖ says yang Lei. ―They say that we are like big brothers or sisters to them, and they feel lucky.‖ dormitory 宿舍 love having 喜欢有 between…and…在…两者之间
Some of the students may not be able to go to senior high school or college. Families are poor and there often isn’t money for education. ―I can’t do anything about that,‖ says Yang lei, ―but I can open up my students’ eyes to the outside world and give them a good start in life.‖ She said she likes being a good influence in the children’s lives.
senior high school 高中 start 开始；开端 college 学院；大学 open up 打开 open up one’s eyes 使…开眼界，使认识 influence 影响
Yang Lei enjoyed her time as a volunteer very
much. When her year was over, she said that she would return to the area after finishing her studies. She now works as a math teacher at a high school in the city of Pingliang, Gansu Province. enjoy 享受…的乐趣；喜欢 enjoy oneself 过得快乐 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
? 翻译下列短语： ? 1.改变我的生活 2.听起来好玩 3. 为期一年 的项目4. 在中国农村地区 5.使她感到恶心 6. 吃粥 7. 同意她的决定 8.她和她丈夫都 9. 经 历不同的事物10. 住在学校宿舍 11.你和他 们之间没有不同12. 感到幸运 13. 也许不能 上大学 14. 无能为力15.
开阔眼界 16. 一个好 的生活起点 17. 回到这个地区 18. 完成她的 学业 19. 做数学老师 20. 由…开办21. 做志 愿工作 22. 全世界 23.关爱地球 24. 濒危野 生动物 25. 相同点和不同点26. 各年龄的人 们
Section 3 After You Read
3a What is life like for you and Yang lei’s students? Complete the chart. Discuss the similarities and differences with your partner.
Yang Lei’s students hometown You
mountain village in a city in Gansu Province Shangdong food porridge three times a different kinds of teachers day delicious food some good almost no good teachers teachers time to get up 5 a.m. 6 a.m. time to finish studying 11 p.m. 9 p.m.
3b Ask and answer these questions. 1. What did Yang Lei’s mother say about her daughter’s volunteer work? She said that both she and her husband thought this was a good idea. Young people today needed to experience different things.
2. What did the children say about their volunteer teachers? The children said that the teachers were like big brothers or sisters to them and they felt lucky. 3. How did Yang Lei say she could help? Yang Lei said she would open up her students’ eyes to the outside world and gave them a good start in life. 4. What did Yang Lei say about her time as a volunteer? Yang Lei said she enjoyed her time as a volunteer very much.
Teaching high school students in a poor mountain village in
may not sound like fun to you Gansu Province ______________________________( 对你来说可 changed the life of 能听上去没有什么意思). However, it __________________
(改变生活) Yang Lei from Beijing. The Peking University on a one-year program graduate first went there as a volunteer__________________ (在一年计划中). The program was started by the Ministry of Education and the Chinese Young pioneers. Every year they___
send 100 volunteers to teach in China’s rural areas (派100位志愿 _________________________________________
Life in the mountains was a new experience for
above sea level 海 Yang Lei. Her village was 2,000 meters __________( made her feel sick 使她觉得 拔), and at first the thin air______________(
不舒服). The food was very simple----teachers ate porridge three times a day. Fortunately, Yang Lei’s
agreed with her 支持她) . She said that both she mother___________(
and her husband thought this was a good idea. ―Young
need to experience different things people today ________________________( 有必要经历
不同的事情)‖ she said.
Most of the pupils live in school dormitories. They
work very hard. They get up at 5am and read books
until 11pm. They love ____________________________( having the volunteer teachers there 喜
欢志愿者老师到他们那里去). ―There is no difference
between you and them 你和他们之间),‖ says yang Lei. ________________( are like big brothers or sisters to them 我 ―They say tha
t we ______________________________(
们看起来就像他们的大哥哥大姐姐), and they feel lucky.‖
may not be able to go to senior Some of the students _________________________( 可 high school or college
能不能上高中或者大学). Families are poor and there often isn’t money for education. ―I can’t do anything
open up my students’ about that,‖ says Yang lei, ―but I can ____________ eyes to the outside world 开阔我的学生的视野)and __________________( give them a good start in life 给他们一个生活的好起点).‖ ______________________(
She said she likes being a good influence in the children’s lives.
enjoyed her time as a volunteer 喜欢作为 Yang Lei ________________________(
一名志愿者的日子)very much. When her year was
over, she said that she would return to the area
after finishing her studies _______________________( 完成她的学业之后). works as a math teacher 当一名数学老师) at She now____________________(
a high school in the city of Pingliang, Gansu Province.
Section 4 Go for it! Many people of all ages do volunteer work. The groups in the chart below help people or animals all around the world. Which one would you like to work for? Explain your reasons to the class. Groups The work they do Greenpeace 和平 Cares for ―Mother Earth‖照料；照顾 Doctors Without Helps sick people in poor countries Borders 边界；边境 UNICEF Helps children in poor countries WWF Cares for wild animals in danger
UNICEF 联合国儿童基金 WWF 世界野生动物基金