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Unit2 Section A Grammar focus~4c

发布时间:2014-03-08 12:57:26  

Fill in the blanks according to the text. 1. 我想去帮助无家可归的人。 I’d ____ like __ to ____ help homeless people. 2. 你可以请求医院允许你探访儿童并让他 们变得更高兴。 You could ___ ask hospitals ___ to ___ let you visit the kids and cheer them up.

3. 她自愿一周去那里一次帮助孩子们 学习读书。 She _________ to volunteers there once a week ___ ____ help kids learn to read. 4. 她决定参加一个志愿者课后阅读节目 的选拔。

She _______ decided ___ to try out for a volunteer
after-school reading program.

5. 马里奥相信这会帮助他获得他的梦
想工作。 Mario believes it can help him ___ to ___ get his future dream job. 6. 我正在制作一些告示,并将它们张 贴于学校里。 I’m making some signs __ to ___ put __ up

around the school.

Grammar
短语动词 短语动词是指英语中有些动词和其 他词类一起连用,构成一个固定词组, 可看成一个整体,相当于一个单独的动 词,这种组合称之为短语动词。

短语动词的构成基本有下列几种:
★动词+ 介词 此类短语动词可以用作及物动词, 后面必 须接宾语。 Look at the blackboard, please! 请看黑板! 此类短语动词还有listen to, depend on / upon, look for, deal with, look after, take after, wait for等。

★动词+ 副词

此类短语动词既可以用作及物动词, 也 可以用作不及物动词。 I get up very early every morning.
我每天早晨都很早起床。

注意: 当此类短语动词用作及物动词时, 如果 宾语是名词, 可以将其放在短语的后面, 也 可以放在动词和副词之间;如果宾语是代 词, 则必须将其放在动词和副词之间。

He put on his clothes quickly. = He put his clothes on quickly. 他快速地穿上了衣服。 Please wake me up at five tomorrow morning. 请明天早晨五点钟叫醒我。

此类短语动词还有:
clean up, cheer up, give out, eat up, fix up, give up, give away, hand out, help out, put off, put up, take off等。

★动词+ 副词+ 介词 此类短语动词可以用作及物动词。 We’re running out of water. 我们的水快用光了。 此类短语动词还有come up with, do well in, look forward to, look down upon, look out of, put up with等。

★动词+名词+介词 此类短语动词的意义取决于名词,而不是 动词,修饰时不用副词而用形容词。 We should take good care of our parents. 我们应该好好照顾我们的父母。 此类短语动词还有make use of, take pride in, make friends with, pay attention to等。

Ⅰ. Fill in the blanks. 1. He made me ____ tell (tell) him all the things.
2. Please remember _______ to water (water)

the plants while I’m away.
3. Let’s ______ watch (watch) a talk show.

4. What can you expect _______ to learn (learn)

from the news?
5. My parents want me _____ to be (be) a doctor. 6. I’d like ________ to watch (watch) cartoons at hom

e.

Ⅱ. Complete the sentences.

1. Who will _______________ volunteer to read (自愿读)
these words for us?

2. The girl often _____ helps her mother ____ do
the dishes (帮妈妈洗餐具) on

weekends.

3. We ______ asked her ________ to come (邀请 来) to our party. 4. The old man had ____________ nothing to do (无事可做) every day.

sick adj.
生病的;有病的; e.g. He felt sick before the test. 考试前他生病了。

辨析:sick 与 ill
sick 可作定语修饰名词,而ill只能做表语。

e.g. The mother cared for the sick girl day and night. 妈妈日夜照料着生病的女孩。
e.g. Jane was ill yesterday, she didn’t go to school. 昨天简生病了,她没去上学。

raise v.

募集;征集

e.g. They sold something to raise
money. 他们卖掉一些东西来募集钱。

alone adv. 独自;单独

e.g. I don’t like to go out alone at
night. 我不喜欢晚上独自一人外出。

辨析:lonely 与 alone
lonely 情感上的孤独,寂寞。

alone 独自一人(但不定感觉寂寞)。
e.g. Linda was alone in the house. 琳达独自一人待在房 子里。 e.g. She lives alone and often feels lonely. 她孑然一身, 常感到寂寞。

4a

Fill in the blanks with the
phrasal verbs in the box.

put up, hand out, call up, cheer up,

come up with,

give out,

put off

1. I want to _______ put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. I’m too busy with my studies this year. 点拨:由句意“本学期我学业太忙”, 可知上文应意为“我想将去动 物医院工作的计划推迟到明年 夏季”,故空格处意为“推 迟”。

call up at least five 2. She hopes to ______ primary schools to ask if they need

volunteers for their after-school
programs.

点拨:由下文目的状语“to ask…”意
“来问是否他们需要志愿者帮 助做课外活动。”,可知空格 处意为“打电话给”。

3. Our class is trying to come ____________ up with some ideas to ________ cheer up sick children because they are often sad. 点拨:由关键词idea及sick children,可

知第一空格处意为“想出”,第
二空格处意为“使? ?振奋”。

4. We decided to ______ put up signs around the school and ________ hand out notices to tell students about the book sale. We will _______ give out the money from the sale to homeless people. 点拨:由关键词signs (告示),notices (通知),及money (钱)可知第一 空意为“张贴”,第二空格意 为“发放”,第三空意为“捐 赠”。

Fill in the blanks with the correct 4b forms of the verbs in the box.

help move do make visit

spend

Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs 1.____ lots of money. In their free time, they think about what 2. ____ for fun. However, few people think about what they can do 3. _____ others.

There are many people who are less lucky
than us. Volunteering our time to help these

people is a good wa

y 4. ______ our free time.
For example, we can make plans 5.________

sick children in the hospital or raise money
for homeless people. Some people even stop

doing their jobs for a few months to a year 6.
________ to another place, like one of the

countries in Africa, and help people there.

1. to make to不定式做后置定语。现在大 部分人只关心获得份好工作以挣大钱。

2. to do 复合不定式做宾语。在业余时 间,他们考虑做什么事情来休闲或娱 乐。 3. to help 做目的状语。然而,没有人考 虑他们可以做些什么事情来帮助他人。

4. to spend 做定语。志愿花时间帮助 这些人是打发 业余时间的一种好方

式。
5. to visit 做宾语补足语。我们可以制 定计划去医院探望生病的儿童或……

6. to move 做目的状语。一些人甚至
停止工作几个月到一年而移居到其他

地方。

help move

do

make

visit

spend

Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs 1. _______ to make lots of money. In their free time, they think about what 2. to ____ do for fun. However, few people think about what they can do 3. ______ others. to help

There are many people who are less lucky than us. Volunteering our time to help these people is a good way 4. to _______ spend our free time. For example, we can make plans 5. ______ to visit sick children in the hospital or raise money for homeless people. Some people even stop doing their jobs for a few months to a year 6. _______ to move to another place, like one of the countries in Africa, and help people there.

4c Complete the sentences with
your own ideas. Use infinitives. 1. I’d like to volunteer to ______________ help kids with _______________________________ their homework. 2. At 12: a.m., I called my friend to _____ play _______________________________ soccer together in the afternoon.

3. I’m very busy but I could help take ____ the ______________________________ trash out after dinner. 4. Summer vacation is coming, and I want to __________________________ go camping with my friends. 5. I want to travel alone. My parents told me (not) ___________________ not to do that.

Make sentences with the phrases

below.
put up, hand out, call up, cheer up, come up with, give out, put off

根据句意及括号内的汉语提示, 用短语的正 确形式填空。 think _______ up (想出) a 1. Can’t you _______ better excuse than that? 2. Your desks are too dirty. You should them ______ up (打扫它们) at _______ clean _______ once. set up (开办) a 3. The school has _______ ______ special class to help poor readers.

4. We should try our best to _____ cheer _____ her up (使她开心起来). _____ come ______ up ______ with (想出) 5. Who can _______ a good idea for our party? put up (挂起) a 6. The teacher _______ ______ Chinese map on the wall of the classroom yesterday. giving out / 7. There are some people __________ handing out (分发) papers at the shoppin

g __________ center every day.

根据句意, 从方框中选择正确的短语, 并 用其正确形式填空。

hang out

write down

hand out

take after
ask for

fix up
run out of

work out
take away from

hang out, write down, hand out, take after, fix up, work out, ask for, run out of, take away from

fix up 1. Don’t worry. I will help you _______ your computer. 2. The problem is too difficult for me to __________. work out 3. Who is helping the teacher _________ hand out the students’ homework?

hang out, write down, hand out, take after, fix up, work out, ask for, run out of, take away from

4. I have two children. My son looks like me and my daughter takes _________ after her mother. 5. Please wait a minute! I’ll get a pen to __________ write down your telephone number. 6. If you have any problems, you can _______ ask for help.

hang out, write down, hand out, take after, fix up, work out, ask for, run out of, take away from

7. These books mustn’t be taken away from the library. ___________________ hanging out / to hang out with 8. I like ________________________ my friends after school. 9. Have you ____________ run out of all of your money?


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