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九年级英语Unit 9整理 Section A

发布时间:2014-03-08 12:57:30  

Unit 9 Section A

1.发明 inventor 发明家 invention 发明物

Edison was a great American inventor who invented a lot of useful inventions during his life.

2. When was the telephone invented? In 1876.

the car (1885) the TV (1927)

the calculator (in 1971) the computer (in 1976)

3. be used for doing = be used to do sth 被用来做…

What are battery-operated slippers used for ?

They are used for seeing in the dark.

Shoes with adjustable heels--changing the style of the shoes

Heated ice cream scoop---scooping really cold ice cream

* be used by sb be used as

4.be invented by 被某人发明

Who was the telephone invented by? By Bell.

5. operate v. 操作,动手术 operation n. 手术

operate on sb need an operation

6.It is better to do sth

语法: 被动语态

构成: 助动词be + 及物动词的过去分词

助动词be有人称,数和时态的变化。

2.主动语态变被动语态的方法

1)主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。

2)主动语态的谓语动词由主动结构变为被动结构。

3)主动语态的主语变为被动语态的by 短语,

by 短语常省略。

3. 各种时态的主动结构和被动结构

主动结构

被动结构

一般现在时

do/does

am/is /are + done

一般过去时

did

was/were + done

含情态动词

can + do

can+ be + done

现在完成时

have/has+done

have /has + been + done

过去完成时

had + done

had + been + done

现在进行时

am/is/are+doing

am/is/are + being + done

过去进行时

was/were+doing

was/were + being + done

一般将来时

will + do

will + be + done

过去将来时

would + do

would + be + done

动词不定式

to do

to be done

4.被动语态注意点

a. make ,see, watch ,hear -----主动语态中省略to ,被动

语态中加上to.

I often hear him sing .---He is often heard to sing.

b.含双宾语的被动语态

The teacher gave him a book.

-- He was given a book by the teacher.

-- A book was given to him by the teacher.

c. 不及物动词没有被动

The accident happened yesterday.

Unit 9 Section B

1.食品味道 sweet crispy sour salty ( salt )

2. by mistake 错误地 mistake n. 错误 v. 弄错

Photos chips were invented by mistake.

I took your umbrella by mistake.

3. make sb / sth + adj 使某人/某物…

George wanted to make the customer happy.

4. in the end = at last = finally 最后

Photo chips were invented by a chef called( named)…

*sprinkle sth on …

6. by accident = by chance 偶然地,意外地

7. not…until 直到…才 until 直到…为止 Although tea wasn’t brought to the Western world until 1610,

George Crum cooked them for a long time until they were crispy.

8. discover 发现 invent 发明

9. according to 根据

According to an ancient Chinese legend…

10.区别: over 正上方,不接触

above 斜上方,不接触 on 接触

When he was boiling drinking water over an open fire.

11.leaf ----leaves 树叶

12. fall into 落入,陷入 (fall-fell-fallen)

13. some time 一段时间 some times 几次

sometime 某个时候 sometimes 有时候

* Some leaves from a nearby bush fell into the water and remained there for some time.

14. notice v. 注意到 n.通知 notice + 从句

notice sb doing sth notice sb do sth

15. produce 生产,产生 be produced in 产于某地

Silk is produced in Suzhou.

16. pleasant adj.令人愉快的(作表语或定语,常修饰sth.)

pleased adj. 高兴的(作表语,常修饰sb)

pleasure n please v.

produce a pleasant smell

The trip is pleasant.= It is a pleasant trip.

I am very pleased with your homework.

With pleasure. It’s a/my pleasure .

Would you please not smoke here?

17. mix v. mixture n 混合物

Later he decided to taste the hot mixture.

18. in this way 这样, 用这种方式

in the way 妨碍,挡道 by the way 顺便说

on the way (to) 在路上

* And in this way, one of the world’s favorite drinks was invented.

19. from … to 从… 到….From pie plate to flying disk

20. throw (threw , thrown) 投,掷

Unit 9 Shelf-check Reading

1. century ( centuries) 世纪,百年

in the twentieth century 在第二十世纪

in the 1950s 在二十世纪五十年代

in one’s forties 在某人四十多岁

2. active adj. 积极的,活跃的 activity n. 活动

take an active part in 积极参加

3. for fun and exercise 为了娱乐和锻炼

4. over = more than 超过

a little over a hundred years old

5. be invented by a Canadian doctor called…

6. play indoors / outdoors

7. create v. 创造 creative adj.

create a game to be played on a hard wooden floor

8. wood 木头 --- wooden wool 羊毛 ---woolen

safe adj. 安全的 dangerous

safely adv. 安全地 dangerously

safety n. 安全 danger

10. knock into 与…相撞

knock at the door 敲门

11. fall(fell ,fallen) fall down 滑倒

Knocking into players and falling down would be dangerous. fall off 从…摔下来

fall off the tree=fall down from the tree

12. divide … into 把…划分….

13. teach ( taught ,taught ) teach sb sth

teach sb ( how ) to do sth

14. the aim of … 的目标

15. shoot ( shot, shot) 投篮,射击

shoot from below the basket

shoot sb shoot at sb

16. below 在…的下面( 反义词 above )

17. use sth to do sth = use sth for doing sth

use the “backboard “ for guiding the ball into the basket use the experience to help develop the game at home

18. towards prep.朝者,向着

move towards one end of the court

19. It is believed that … 人们认为

It is said that … It is supposed that … It is reported that

20. develop v development n.

a developing country 一个发展中的国家

a developed country 一个发达的国家

21. rise ( rose , risen) vi. 不能跟宾语

*Since then , the popularity of basketball has risen worldwide ….. * The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.

22. the number of …的数量(作主语,动词用单数) a number of 许多,大量(作主语,动词用复数)

The number of foreign players in America’s NBA has increased.

A number of students are learning English now.

The number of students in our school is over two thousand.

23.dream of / about becoming famous basketball player.

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