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2014人教版八年级英语下册unit3

发布时间:2014-03-12 19:04:47  

Unit 3
Could you please clean your room?

Section A

Period One

Words rubbish n. 垃圾;废弃物 take out the rubbish 倒垃圾 fold v. 折叠;对折 sweep v. 扫;打扫 floor n. 地板

Words

mess throw all the time neither shirt as soon as

n. 杂乱;不整洁 v. 扔;掷 频繁;反复 adv. 也不 n. 衬衫 一……就……;尽快

Do you often help your parents do chores? do chores = do housework

do the dishes wash the dishes

make the bed clean the living room

fold the clothes

take out the rubbish

sweep the floor

Try to remember the pictures in order.

Try to remember the pictures in order.
1 2 3

do the dishes

fold the clothes

clean the living room

4

5

6

take out the rubbish

sweep the floor

make the bed

10 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

1

2

3

4

5

6

I think it is a little bit hot in our classroom and I want to ask someone to open the window. What can I say?

Different ways of saying. Can you find the difference?

Which is the most polite expression?

I can say
1. Open the window! 2. Can you open the window? 3. Could you please open the window?

Look and say
Could you please ...?
get up early

sweep the floor

cook for us

Could you please not ...?

look out of the window

play soccer here play the computer games

有礼貌地提出请求句型: Could you please do sth.?

请你(做)……好吗?
Could you please not do sth.? 请你不要(做)……好吗?

What will you response if somebody says “Could you please …”?

a dirty room

Could you please clean your room? I‘m sorry. I‘ll do it right away. 不好意思,我马上做。

Could you please take out the rubbish? Yes, Sure./ Of course. / All right. / OK.

(have to do my homework)

A: Could you please make the bed? B: Sorry, I can’t. I have to do my homework.

-- Could you please do the dishes?
-- Yes, Sure./ Of course. / All right. / OK.

(am studying for my test)

-- Could you please fold the clothes?
-- Sorry, I can’t. I am studying for my test.

Could you please ...?

give me a call

sweep the floor

turn down the music

get up early

cook for us

wash your hands

clean the yard

What will you response if somebody says “Could you please not…”?
play football on the road

Could you please not play football on the road?

I‘m sorry. I won‘t do it again.

smoke in public

Could you please not smoking here?

I‘m sorry. I‘ll go out.

Could you please not ...?

look out of the window play soccer here play the computer games

argue

fight with others

Make requests and responses --- Could you please (not)…? --- Yes, sure. Of course. / All right. / OK. Ok, but I want to…first. Sorry. I can‘t. I have to…
1

2

turn off the light
3

close the window
4

not play basketball here

cook for me

Do you do these chores at home? Discuss them with your partner. (1a)

1. do the dishes 2. take out the rubbish 3. fold your clothes 4. sweep the floor 5.

make your bed 6. clean the living room

1 b

Click it.

Listen. Who will do these chores? Check Peter‘s mother or Peter. (1b)
Chores Do the dishes Sweep the floor Take out the rubbish make the bed fold the clothes clean the living room Peter‘s mother Peter

√ √



√ √ √

1c Make conversations about the chores

in 1a. Example:
A: Could you please sweep the floor? B: Yes, sure. Can you do the dishes? A: Well, could you please do them? I‘m going to clean the living room. B: No problem.

A: Could you please take out the rubbish? B: Yes, sure./ Of course./ All right. /OK. Sorry, I can‘t. I have to do my homework. Sorry, I can‘t. I am doing the dishes.
do the dishes (Yes, sure.) fold the clothes (do my homework) take out the rubbish
(clean the living room)

clean the living room

(study for my test)

make the bed (babysit my sister)

sweep the floor (Yes, sure.)

Which group can ask and answer more questions with the verb phrases?

Chain drills

? ? ? ?

A: Tom, could you please do the dishes? B: Yes, sure. Ann, Could you…? C: Sorry, I can’t. Jim, … D: …

2a

Click it.

Listen. Peter asks his father if he can do four things. What does his father say? Check yes or no. (2a)
Peter wants to… go out for dinner. go to the movies. stay out late.
get a ride.

Peter‘s His father‘s father says… reasons Yes no I have to do some work Yes no You have to clean your room. Yes no I need to eat breakfast. Yes no You have a basketball game.

√ √

√ √

2b Listen again. Why does Peter‘s father

say ―no‖? Draw lines to the reasons in the chart below.
Peter‘s His father‘s father says… reasons Yes no I have to do some work Yes no You have to clean your room. Yes no I need to eat breakfast. Yes no You have a basketball game.

Peter wants to… go out for dinner. go to the movies. stay out late.

√ √

get a ride.

√ √

How to ask for permission

点击此处

Yes, you can. Could I … No, you can’t.
Peter

go to the movies stay out late use the car

get a ride

go to the movies

-- Could I go to the movies? -- Yes/sure, you can.

play computer games
(I’m going to work on it.)

-- Could I play computer games? -- Sorry, you can’t. I’m going to work on it.

-- Could I listen to music?

-- Yes, you can.

get a ride (搭便车)

-- Could I get a ride? -- Yes, you can.

Pair work
2c Make conversations between Peter

and his father.

A: Could I use your computer? B: Sorry. I‘m going to work on it now. A: Well, could I watch TV? B: Yes, you can, but first you have to clean your room.

? Could you please sweep the floor, sweep the floor, (sweep, sweep) ? Could you please clean the living room, clean the living room, (clean, clean) ? Could you please take out the rubbish, take out the rubbish, (take out, take out) ? If we are free, we all say ‘‘Yes, sure’’. ? Could you please do the dishes, do the dishes, (do, do) ? Could you please make the bed, make the bed, (m

ake, make)

Chant Time

Could you please fold your clothes, fold your clothes, (fold, fold) If we are busy, we can say ??Sorry, I can't‘‘. ? ? ? ? Could I get a ride, get a ride, (get, get) Could I go to the movies, go to the movies, (go to, go to) If you agree, you can say ‘‘Yes, you can’’.

? Could I use the car, use the car, (use, use) ? Could I stay out late, stay out late, (stay out, stay out) ? If you disagree, you say ‘‘No, you can't’’.

3a Read the story and answer the questions.
1. Why was Nancy‘s mom angry with her? Because Nancy didn‘t want to take the 2.dog Didfor they solve the problem? How? a walk. Yes. Finally, Nancy helped her mom to do the housework.

3b Read the sentences below. Underline the sentences from the reading that mean the same thing. 1. Neither of us did any housework for a week. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I. 2. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV. The minute I sat down in front of the TV, my mom came over. 3. You‘re tired, but I‘m tired, too. I‘m just as tired as you are!

3c Decide whether the underlined words in the sentences are verbs or nouns. Then write another sentence using the underlined word in the other form. 1. Could you take the dog for a walk? (noun) I walked home from school. (verb) 2. Could I watch one show first? (noun) I‘ve put a cross on the map to show where the hotel is. (verb)

3. I can‘t work all day. (verb) I have a lot of work to do today. (noun) 4. You watch TV all the time. (verb) Please borrow me your watch. (noun) 5. ―What happened?‖ she asked in (noun) surprise. Her beauty surprised me. (verb)

could 与 can 的用法区别 could 与 can 都是情态动词,二者都可用 于表示请求的句子中,但是用法稍有不同。 can 表示一般性的请求,语气较随便,常 用于熟人之间或长辈对晚辈、上级对下级 的场合。例如: Can you tell us your story, Tony? 请你给我们讲讲你的故事好吗,托尼?

could 表示有礼貌的请求,语气委婉,

常用于非熟人之间或晚辈对长辈、下级 对上级的场合。例如: Could you pass the salt to me? 请你把盐递给我,好吗? Could you please clean your room? 请你打扫一下你的房间,好吗?

She didn‘t do any housework and neither did I. neither作副词,意为“也不”, “Neither +系动词 (助动词或情态动词) +主语”表示前面所述否定内容也适用 于另一个人或物。此时也可用nor替换 neither 使用。 Practise
—我不喜欢这件连衣裙。 — I don‘t like this dress. —我也不喜欢。 — Neither / Nor do I.

―So+系动词 (助动词或情态动词)+主语” 表示前面所述肯定内容也适用于另一主语。 Practise —玛丽经常帮她妈妈做家务。 — Mary often helps her mother do housework. — 我也是(经常帮妈妈做家务)。 — So do I.

课时重点回顾

? Do chores: do the dishes sweep the floor take out the trash make the bed clean your room fold the clothes ? Make polite requests: Could you please clean your room? – Yes, Sure! – Sorry, I can‘t. I have to… ? Ask for permission: Could I … –Yes, you can. / No, you can‘t.

Now 2 mins to test your spelling.

1. English-Chinese rubbish, floor, mess, shirt 2. Chinese-English 倒垃圾;折叠;打扫;扔;频繁;也不; 尽快
When finished, exchange your papers to see who does the best.

Q1: Do you help your parents do the chores at home? Q2: Do you ask your parents‘ permission for? Q3: Do your parents ask you to do some things for them?

What do your parents ask you to do?

study hard do chores

go to the store /supermarket to buy things for them

What do you ask your parents’ permission for?

buy drinks and snacks n.点心; 小吃; 快餐

invite friends to a party

1a

What do teenagers ask their parents’ permission for? What do parents ask their teenagers to do? Write parents or teenagers next to each phrase.

teenagers teenagers parents teenagers

1. buy some drinks and snacks

2. borrow some money
3. clean your room

4. invite my friends to a party
5. go to the store

teenagers teenagers
parents parents

6. use your CD player
7. take out the rubbish

8. make your bed

1b Use the phrases in 1a to make
conversations. Parent: Could you clean your room? Child: Yes, I can. Child: Could I invite my friends to a party? Parent: No, you can‘t have a party. You have a test on Monday.

Parent: Could you please…? Child: Yes, sure. / Sorry, I can‘t. I have to ... clean your room take out the rubbish make your bed

Child: Could I …? Parent: Yes, you can. / No, you can‘t. You ... buy some drinks and snacks borrow some money invite my friends to a party go to the store use your CD player

1d Listen again. Fill in the chart.
What are they going to do? Sandy‘s mom Sandy buy some drinks and snacks invite her friends borrow some money clean her room use her mom‘s CD player move the big chairs to the bedroom clean the living room

Sandy and Dave

You are having a party. Ask your 1e partner for help with these things: go to the store buy drinks and snacks do the dishes clean the living room

take out the rubbish

A: Would like to come to my birthday party? B: Yes, I‘d love to./Sorry, I can‘t. I have to… A: Could you please take out the rubbish? B: Yes, sure./No, I can‘t. I have to do…

1. buy some drinks and snacks 2. borrow some money 3. clean some drinks and snacks

2. borrow some money 3. clean your room
6. use your CD player

7. take out the rubbish
8. make your bed

Child: Could I …? Parent: Yes, you can. / No, you can‘t. You ... buy some drinks and snacks borrow some money invite my friends to a party go to the store use your CD player

A: Would like to come to my birthday party? B: Yes, I‘d love to./Sorry, I can‘t. I have to… A: Could you please take out the rubbish? B: Yes,

sure./No, I can‘t. I have to do…

A: Could you please buy drinks and snacks? B: Yes, sure./No, I can‘t. I have to do…

A: Could you please do the dishes? B: Yes, sure./No, I can‘t. I have to do…


2b The Sunday Mail magazine invited
parents to write about whether they think young people should do chores at home. Skim the following letters. Which one agrees and which one disagrees?

Skimming 意为“快速掠过,从中提取最 容易取得的精华”。这种读法包含有原 词的所有意思——快速读过去,取出读 物中关键性的东西。因此,我们可以把 这种读法理解为快速浏览课文,领会文 章大意。一般而言,通过标题可知道文 章的主题。对文章的首段和末段要多加 注意,以便发现作者的观点。

Answer the questions.

1. What is Ms. Miller‘s opinion?
She thinks doing chores is parents‘ job. 2. What is Mr. Smith‘s opinion? He thinks it‘s important for children to do chores and help their parents with housework.

2c

According to Ms. Miller and Mr. Smith, what are the pros and cons about kids doing chores?
Pros Cons Housework is a waste of children‘s time. Parents should provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children.

Doing chores helps to develop children‘s independence. Doing chores helps children understand the idea of fairness.

2d

Write one sentence with each phrase from the letters.

1. a waste of time It‘s a waste of time to water the garden when it is raining. 2. there is no need for… to There is no need for you to go to the town.

3. do not mind I do not mind sweeping the floor. 4. spend time on I spent half of an hour on my homework. 5. in order to He worked very hard in order to get the job.

6. it is not enough to It is not enough to clean up the parks. 7. the earlier…the better The earlier you give up smoking, the better it is for your health.

1. Which letter do you agree with? Why? 2. What would you say to the person who wrote the letter you don‘t agree with?

1. It is the parents‘ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children. 此处代词it仅为形式上的主语, 真正的 主语是to provide … for their children。 我们也可将It is one‘s job (duty, …) to do something.视为一个固定的句型, 表 示“做某事是某人的工作(职责等)‖。 如:

It‘s every teacher‘s job to explain things clearly to the students. 把东西给学生讲明白是每一位老师应 做的事情。 provide 作动词,意为“ 提供;供应”。 provide sb. with sth.或provide sth. for sb.意为“为某人提供某物”。如:

The movie theater provides us with good service. His school provided a house for him. 汉译英。他们提供给他钱和衣服。 They provided him with money and clothes. They provided money and clothes for him.

2. And anyway, I think doing chores is not so difficult. 反正我觉得干点家务也不难

。 anyway是一个副词, 若位于句首, 其 后往往会有逗号将其与句子的其他内 容隔开。anyway在此句中的作用是 追加评论, 相当于汉语的“反正; 仍 然; 依然”。如:

Sam didn‘t get the job, but he‘s not unhappy because it didn‘t pay well anyway. 萨姆没有得到那份工作, 但他并没有闷闷不 乐, 反正薪酬也不算高。 anyway还可用来表示“不管怎样; 无论如 何”之意。例如: It‘s just a cold. But anyway, you should still see the doctor. 这只不过是感冒, 但不管怎样, 你还是应该 看看医生。

3. ill & sick ◆相同点 ill 与sick 都可以表示“生病的”,都可 作表语。如: Alice was ill / sick yesterday. ◆不同点 表示“生病”时,sick 可作定语,但ill 通常不作定语。如: Could you help the sick girl?

【运用】根据句意,用ill或sick填空。
sick baby to (1) The driver sent the _____

the hospital. ill / sick I have to (2) My brother is ________. look after him at home.

4. The earlier kids learn to be independent, the better it is for their future. 孩子们越早学会独立, 对他们的未来 就越好。 “the+比较级+……, the+比较级+……‖ 是英语中一个常用的句型结构, 表示 “越……, 就越……‖。如:

The more he explained, the better we understood. 他解释得越多, 我们就理解得越透彻。 Many people believe that the more a person reads, the wiser he will become. 很多人相信一个人书读得越多就会变 得越聪明。

选择填空。 1. — He doesn‘t like the job because it‘s kind of dangerous. — ____ do I. (2012四川遂宁) A. Either B. Neither C. So 2. ____ you please give me a hand? The box is too heavy. (2013辽宁锦州) A. Should B. Could C. Must D. Need

根据汉语意思填空。 as soon as (尽快) 1. I have to go to school _________ possible. 2. Sam doesn‘t like apples, _______ neither (也不) do I. 3. He broke his leg and had to lie all the time (一直). __________ 4. The room was in a ______. mess (杂乱). 5. _____ Fold (折叠) the letter and put it in an envelope.

Translate and write them down. 1. 请你替我开门,好吗? Could you please open the door for me? 2. - 请你洗餐具,好吗? - 对不起,我不能,我得做作业。 - Could you please do the dishes? - Sorry, I can‘t. I have to do my homework.

3. 你能倒一下垃圾吗? 当然可以。 Could you please take out the rubbish? Yes, sure./ Of course./Certainly. 4. 你能铺一下床和叠下衣服吗? 不行啊,我明天有考试。 Could you make the bed and fold the clothes? Sorry, I can‘t. I have a test tomorrow.


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