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2014人教版新目标英语八年级下Unit3_Could_you_please_clean_your_room_sectionA_Grammar Focus-4c

发布时间:2014-03-13 17:31:58  

叠衣服 做菜 用某人的电脑 扔垃圾 铺床 扫地 熬夜 生某人的气 带……出去散步 fold one’s clothes do the dishes use one’s computer take out the rubbish make the bed sweep the floor stay out late be angry with sb. take sb. for a walk

打扫客厅 在……上工作 过来 做家务 搭车

clean the living room work on… come over do the housework get a ride

Could I go out for dinner Sure, that should be with my friends? OK. Could we get something No, you can’t. You to drink after the movie? have a basketball game tomorrow. Could you please take OK, but I want to the dog for a walk? watch one show first.

Could you please take out the rubbish?

Yes, sure.

Key sentence structures
Could you(please)+ V-原形? 表示礼貌地提出请求 1. Could you please clean your room? Yes, sure./ Of course./ Certainly./All right. 2. Could you please do the dishes? Sorry, I can’t. I have to do my homework.

—Peter, could you please take out the trash? —Sure, Mom. —Could you please do the dishes? —Sorry, I can’t. I have to do my homework.

在表示请求帮助或请求允许的疑问 句中,常用could代替can,以表示礼貌, 委婉或不确定的语气,而can则不具备这 些语气。这种情况下不能把could看作 can的过去式。以上两句中用could是为 了表示礼貌的请求。表示请求帮助或请 求允许时,除了can, could之外,还可以 用may,句子的表达方式也各有不同, 可以用不同的方式来表示同一个概念。 例:

① Could/Can/May I use your car for a day? ② I wonder if I could use your car for a day? 对于①、②句所作允答可以各种各样,如同意 可以说Yes或Sure或Certainly,还可说Yes, (do) please. 或Of course. (you may/can). 或Go ahead, please. 或That’s OK/all right; 如果不同 意,可以说I’m sorry you can’t. 或I’m really sorry, but I have to use it today. 要避免说No, you can’t. 这样显得很不礼貌。否定回答通常 用委婉语气。

③ Do you mind if I use your car for a day? 对于句③所作回答可以说Never mind. /Not at all. 表“不介意”。不能用Yes. /Sure. /Of course. /Certainly.等。无论肯定还是否定应 答中,要避免使用could,要用can或may。因 为应答须用确定的语气。而could在表请求的 问句中是为了表示礼貌或委婉语气,用在应 答中则成了不确定语气,与情理不符。所以 应答中不说Yes, you could. 或No, you couldn’t. 而要说Yes, you can. 或Sorry. /No, you can’t.

—Could I please use your computer? —Sorry, I’m going to work on it now. —Well, could I watch TV? —Yes, you can.
Could I/you please …?表示一种有礼 貌的请求或提议,其后连接原形动词, 比Can you /I…?语气更委婉。类似 句型有:

Would you like + sth. / to do sth.? May I

+ do sth.? Shall we + do sth.? Would you mind + sth. /doing sth.? What / How about + sth. /doing sth.? 肯定回答有Sure. /Of course. / Certainly. /OK. /Great. / Well. / Good idea. / I agree. 等。否定回答有Sorry… / No, you can’t. 等。

Make up dialogues using the sentences in Grammar Focus with your partner. A: Could you please take the dog for a walk? B: OK, but I want to watch one show first.

4a Write R for requests and P for permission. Then match each one with the correct response. a. Yes, here you are. b. Hmm. How much do you need? c. Yes, sure. No problem. I finished reading it last night. d. Yes, but don’t come back too late. e. No, I can’t. I cut my finger and I’m trying not to get it wet.

1. ___ P Could I hang out with my friends after the movies? 出去玩 d 2. ___ R Could you please pass me the salt? a 3. ___ P Could I borrow that book? c 4. ___ R Could you help me do the dishes? e 5. ___ R Could you lend me some money? b

borrow和lend borrow和lend都有“借”的意思,但它们的 含义和用法有所不同。 ★ borrow表示“借入”,即把本来不属于自 己的东西借来暂时使用,常与介词from连用。 如: You can borrow a book from the library. ★ lend表示“借出”,即把属于自己的东西 借给别人暂时使用,常与介词to连用,也可 以跟双宾语。如: He’s going to lend his bike to Tom. You mustn’t lend others my pen.

4b Fill in the blanks in the conversation.
A: I hate to ____ do chores. B: Well, I hate some chores too, but I like other chores. A: Really? Great! Could _____ I ask you to help ____ me with some chores then? B: What do you need help with? A: Could ______ you please _____ fold my clothes for me? B: I don’t want to do that! It’s boring!

A: OK. Then ______ could you ______ please do the dishes for me? B: Sure, no problem. But _____ could we go to the movies after that? A: Sure. I’ll finish my homework while you help me with the dishes. Then we can go to the movies.

hate用作动词,与like意义相反,意为 “憎恨,厌恶,不喜欢”,其后可接名 词、代词、动词的-ing形式以及动词不定 式等。 e.g. Lily hates mice / them. Jim hated exercising when he was young. I hate to do the laundry now.

If we are having a camping trip, what should we do before the trip?

What should we do before the trip?
take a big cloth bring a tent

buy some drinks
buy some food bring a camera prepare some programs

take an umbrella take a rubbish bag

4c Make a list of things your group needs to do for a camping trip. Then discuss who will do them and complete the chart.
To-do list bring a tent Name Liu Chang

A: Could you please bring a tent, Liu Chang? B: Sure. And could you please…? C: Sorry, I can’t. I have to …

Write a letter to your friend to ask him/her to take care of your house when you are on vocation.

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