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新人教版八年级下第六单元学案

发布时间:2014-03-31 18:26:40  

新人教版八年级下第六单元学案

Period One

【学习目标】

1. 学生能够识别我国古代神话故事的英文说法。

2. 听对话,能排列出《愚公移山》这则故事的顺序。

3. 学生能依据图片讲述出《愚公移山》这则故事。

【学习内容】

一、自主预习

1. 你知道这些神话故事的英文翻译吗?请为这四则配对:

1. Journey to the West a.《后羿射日》

2. Hou Yi Shoots the Suns b.《女娲补天》

3. Yu Gong Moves a Mountain c.《西游记》

4. Nu Wa Repairs the Sky d.《愚公移山》

2.请翻译下列短语:

尝试移动大山_______________________ 他绝不会做到。_______________________ 泥土和石头_________________________ 在山上工作________________________ 把大山搬走_________________________ 解决问题_________________________ 这则故事提醒我们?_______________________绝不放弃_________________________ 这看起来不可能______________________ 多种理解方式_______________________ 一个故事有很多面。_________________________

二、团队合作

1. 听录音,完成课本1b任务。找出《愚公移山》故事的开头。

3. 听录音完成2a,为4幅图片排序。

4. 听录音完成2b,圈出故事的细节信息。

5. 小组内,依据2a中图片,讲述这则故事。

6. 观察例句,总结remind 一词的用法写在例句后面横线上。

Will you remind me about the meeting? ________________________________ Please remind me to buy the latest magazine.____________________________ Hearing the song always reminds me of the night in Paris.__________________

【课堂检测】

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一、单选

( ) 1. English is important. We must try _______ it _______.

A. to learn; well B. learning; well C. to learn; good D. learning; good

( ) 2. As soon as Lucy _______ better, she will go to school.

A. feel B. felt C. will feel D. feels

( ) 3. I will work in Beijing instead of ______ in Guangzhou.

A. work B. working C. to work D. works

( ) 4. I think it's a good way ______ the problem.

A. to solve B. solving C. solves D. will solve

( ) 5. Neither of _______ the answer.

A. they know B. them know C. they knows D. them knows

( ) 6. —I am __________tired __________I can't work any more.

—Let's stop to have a rest.

A. too?to B. such?that C. so?that D. enough? to

( ) 7. —Do you know the man black?

—Oh, he is the famous singer, Jay Chou.

A. on B. in C. with D. without

( ) 8. —Science is so difficult!

—I think you should keep on _________ hard.

A. study B. to study C. studying D. studies

( ) 9. Maria tired her best _______ English well.

A. learn B. to learn C. learning D. learned

( ) 10. Be ______! Don't be afraid of the difficulties!

A. brave B. quiet C. happy D. slow

二、阅读理解

It is said that all the dreams serve a purpose(目的).While there is no agreement among scientists about why we dream, there are many ideas about the different kinds of dreams we have. One common kind of dream is the repeating dream, in which the same story is repeated again and again, often for many months or even years. Some believe these are a sign people have a problem in their life and once that problem is gone then the dream will stop. Others think they are a way to help people remember something very important.

Another well-known kind of dream is the . The pictures and stories in such dreams make people very afraid and dreamers usually remember them far more clearly than normal dreams. The cause of such dreams may be seeing something frightening such as a car accident or some dead snakes. Others think such dreams may be trying to make a person pay attention to something that is dangerous in their life.

Daydreams happen during wake-time when we forget where we are or what we are doing and find ourselves in a made-up story or unreal word. We often daydream when we are doing something that is not interesting or exciting. They help us think about our future.

Lucid(清醒的) dreams are the most fun. These happen when dreamers suddenly understand that they are dreaming. Instead of waking up, they stay in the dream and are able to control what happens in the dream as if they are making a movie.

1. Scientists ___________about the different kinds of dreams.

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A. have different ideas B. have the same ideas C. have no ideas

2. The underlined word “” means___________.

A. dream at night B. terrible dream C. interesting dream

3. The repeating dream can make people ___________.

A. forget something quickly B. stop doing something

C. remember something very important

4. When might a person daydream?

A. During a very interesting movie. B. While playing at a fun park.

C. While listening to a boring talk.

5. How do we know if we are lucid dreaming?

A. We can remember the dream very clearly.

B. We can control what happens in the dream.

C. We think that the dream is like a movie.

三、选词填空

away; die; strong; god; put; mountain; neighbor; old; a; stone; because; with;

Long-long ago, there was _1_ old man, Yu Gong. There were two high and big _2_ near his home. It was difficult for him to walk to the outside. One day, the old man decided to move the mountains. He told this to his family. He and his children _3_ the earth and the _4_ to the sea. One of his _5_ told him he could never do it _6_ he was too _7_ and weak. As soon as the old man finished, Yu Gong said that his family could continue to move the mountain after he _8_. Finally a god was moved by Yu Gong that he sent two _9_ to take the mountains _10_.

1. __________ 2. ___________ 3. __________ 4. __________ 5. __________

6. __________ 7. ___________ 8. __________ 9. __________ 10. __________

Period Two

【学习目标】

1. 阅读有一篇有关孙悟空的文章。①速读找出文章段落大意。②精读找出文章细节信息。

2. 归纳总结文章中信息,学生能介绍孙悟空这个故事人物。

【学习内容】

一、自主预习

英国的小学生 _____________ 一个被叫做《猴子》的新电视节目__________________ 在传统中国的书籍中____________________________做出72种变化 ________________ 把他自己变成一个人 ______________________ 一根魔力金箍棒____________________ 一直与邪恶斗争__________________________ 从不放弃___________________________ 把自己变成不同的动物和物体_________________ 主要人物________________________

二、团队合作

1. 速读文章,为文章段落大意连线。

3

2. 完成3b,找出美猴王能做、不能做的事情,并填在表格当中。

3. 阅读文章,完成4b,将连词填入文段当中。

【课堂检测】

一、完形填空:

took the third one. It the driver to show him around the city for a whole day. For the service, the driver wanted 100 dollars. It was very dear, but the traveler agreed. The driver took the man In the evening they went back to the hotel. The traveler gave 100

The next day they went to the same places again. In the evening the driver got the money, but he felt guilty (负疚的“So you are going home. ” “I come from New York.” “New York?” said the driver. “” “She gave me 200 dollars to give you!”

( ) 1. A. driver's B. worker's C. waiter's D. teacher's

( ) 2. A. spent B. paid C. cost D. took

( ) 3. A. something B. nothing C. everything D. anything

( ) 4. A. happily B. sadly C. angrily D. quickly

( ) 5. A. for B. to C. with D. on

( ) 6. A. less B. fewer C. more D. farther

( ) 7. A. because B. though C. if D. so

( ) 8. A. price B. money C. things D. time

( ) 9. A. How B. Where C. When D. Why

( ) 10. A. her B. him C. them D. me

二、阅读理解:

A man was looking for things of the old times. One day he came to a village and found a blue bowl. It looked very old. The bowl was on the ground and a cat was drinking milk from it. A farmer, the owner of the cat, was sitting beside the bowl. The man did not want the farmer to know that he was interested in the bowl. So he said to him in a soft voice, “What a nice cat you have! Will you sell it to me?”

“How much will you give me for the cat?” the farmer asked.

“Thirty dollars. Would that be enough?” Later, the farmer agreed. After he paid the farmer, the man said, “This cat is used to eating with his bowl. May I take this bowl with the cat?” But the farmer said, “I'm sorry I can't give you the bowl. Thanks to the bowl, I have sold thirty cats.”

( ) 1. What does the sentence “A man was looking for things of the old times” mean?

A. He lost things in the past and wanted to get them back. B. He liked talking to old people.

C. He liked keeping old things.

( ) 2. Why did the man want to buy the cat?

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A. He liked it better than the bowl. B. It was sold with the bowl.

C. He thought he could easily get the bowl after he bought the cat.

( ) 3.After he bought the cat, the man asked for the bowl, because he thought

A. the cat couldn't live without the bowl B. the bowl should go with the cat

C. the farmer didn't know the value of the bowl

( ) 4.The farmer kept the bowl so that he could .

A. let another cat use it B. sell more cats C. sell more bowls

( ) 5. From the story we can see that the farmer

A. had only one bowl B. didn't like cats C. was cleverer

三、 写作:假设你有一个美国的笔友,Jack。他上次来信谈到了《西游记》。他很想了解孙悟空这个人物。请你给他介绍一下吧。

要求:要求有个人的看法,70字左右,可适当发挥。

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Period Three

【学习目标】

1. 听对话,为《皇帝新装》的插图排列顺序,将故事中细节信息补充完整。

2. 学生能够依据图片正确顺序讲述《皇帝新装》这个故事。

3. 完成P44: 4a:总结连词unless; as soon as; so that的用法。练习将句子翻译成英语。

【学习内容】

一、自主预习

1. 皇帝 __________ 2. 黄金和丝绸??? __________ 3. 欺骗 __________

4. 内衣 __________ 5. 愚蠢的 __________ 6. 大喊大叫__________

二、团队合作

1. 听录音,完成1b。请为下面五幅图片排序。

2. 听录音,完成1c。请填写文段细节信息。

3. 看图片,小组内3-5人尝试讲《皇帝的新装》。

4. 完成4a,依据句子逻辑关系填写适当的连词。

① 他一起床就将给我打电话。______________________________________ ② 这个人太虚弱了,以至他不能解决这个难题。

_________________________________________________________________ ③ 除非你努力学习,否则你将不能考取好成绩。

5

_________________________________________________________________

【课堂检测】

一、单选

( ) 1. Don’t tell lies! It’s not right to _____ me.

A. ask B. believe C. cheat D. thank

( ) 2. The emperor was very ______. He only wore underwear.

A. clever B. happy C. stupid D. magic

( ) 3. _______ upon a time, there was an old man living on the hill.

A. One B. First C. Second D. Once

( ) 4. Maria tired her best _______ English well.

A. learn B. to learn C. learning D. learned

( ) 5. Please be _________! My baby is sleeping.

A. quiet B. worried C. buried D. angry

( ) 6. _______ delicious food my mother cooks every day!

A. What a B. What C. How D. How a

( ) 7. I ______ housework when my aunt came.

A. am doing B. did C. was doing D. have done

( ) 8. —Do you know__________?

—She is answering the telephone.

A. what is Lucy doing B. what Lucy is doing

C. what does Lucy do D. what did Lucy do

( ) 9. We can’t pass the exam, ______ we study hard.

A. because B. and C. unless D. or

( ) 10. I won’t take part in Julie’s birthday party ______ I am invited.

A. unless B. after C. because D. if

二、完形填空

Once a king was walking around a pool with his ministers(大臣).Suddenly, he came up with(想出) an idea. He asked,“How many baskets of __1__ are there in the pool?” The ministers couldn’t give an answer. The king was angry, “ You __2__ answer my questions in three days!”

Three days passed, but __3__ of the ministers had the answer. Just then, a child said that he knew it. The king told the ministers __4__ the child to the pool. To his surprise, the child __5__ and said with a smile, “It is __6__. No need to go to the pool.” This made the king pleased. “All right. Let us know __7__.” The child said, “If you know the __8__ of the basket, the answer is known. __9__ it is as big as the pool, there is one basket of water; half as big, two baskets? ” “ Stop! That's it .You have got the answer. They were thinking of things __10__ a wrong way .” Sometimes to get out of the difficulty, one must change one's way of thinking.

( ) 1. A. fish B. flowers C. water

( ) 2. A. can B. must C. may

( ) 3. A. none B. all C. one

( ) 4. A. led B. leading C. to lead

6

( ) 5. A. refused B. agreed C. thought

( ) 6. A. easy B. important C. hard

( ) 7. A. what's it B. where it is C. what it is

( ) 8. A. shape B. size C. weight

( ) 9. A. Because B. If C. But

( ) 10. A. use B. in C. on

根据以上材料,选择最佳答案。( ) 1. “___________” can tell you what to do if you are tired of a subject.

A. Study Skills for Life B. Learning How to Learn

C. Basic Study Guidebook D. How to Use a Dictionary Picture Book for Children

( ) 2. Many pictures in the book “Learning How to Learn” can ______________.

A. make children read slowly B. make children understand the book easily

C. make the book boring D. make children draw beautifully

( ) 3. According to the ads, the three books are for ____________.

A. the old B. parents C. children D. men

( ) 4. If you buy the three books on May 2 , 2009, you will just pay ________ for them.

A.$ 93 B.$71 C.$80 D. $79

( ) 5. The purpose of the three ads is to ______________.

A. sell these books to the children B. help children learn English

C. help children learn about nature D. use a dictionary to pronounce correctly nd

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Period Four

【学习目标】

1. 速读:童话《韩赛尔与葛雷特》,找出文章七个场景的大意。

2. 精读:童话《韩赛尔与葛雷特》。

①找出文章中细节信息。将此童话的概要补充完整。

②学生自己选取场景中关键词,并能依据关键词表演出则童话故事。

【学习内容】

一、自主预习:翻译下列短语

1. 《睡美人》__________ 2. 《灰姑娘》?? __________ 3. 《小红帽》 __________

4. 后妈 __________ 5. 森林__________ 6. 带领我们去?__________

7. 闪耀__________ 8. 取而代之__________ 9.沿路丢掉白色的石头__________

二、团队合作

1. 速读文章2b,你认为这是一篇什么样的文章呢?随手划出你的依据。

A. 信件 B.戏剧 C. 短片故事 D. 童话

2. 速读完成2c,为每一场景找出大意。

3. 精读文章,完成2d,理解文章细节信息。

4. 小组活动,完成3a。请自己分场景找出关键词汇,尝试据此进行表演。

【课堂检测】

一、单选

( ) 1. I don’

A. how often he visits his grandparents B. how soon will he come back

C. how many students are there in his class D. how long is the bridge

( ) 2. Nobody believe a 92-year-old could run marathon _____ she passed the finishing line. People of all ages can challenge themselves.

A. if B. since C. unless D. until

( ) 3. --- I don't know when _______ tomorrow.

--- I will call you as soon as he _______.

A. will he come; arrives B. he will come; arrive

C. he will come; will arrive D. does he come; will arrive

( ) 4. ______,Tom! It's time to get up and go to school.

A. Wake up B. Make up C. Grow up D. Look up

( ) 5. David wrote a story about teenage life, and it ______ as a book in 2003.

A. went out B. came up C. grew up D. came out

( ) 6. I like these photos and they can ______ me _____ the life living in the countryside.

8

A. think; of B. remind; of C. let; down D. wake; up

( ) 7. --- Listen, the music ______ sweet.

--- It's Yesterday Once More, my favorite.

A. sounds B. smells C. feels D. tastes

( ) 8.【2012河南】--- What smells terrible, Ted?

--- I’m sorry. I’ll _______ my shoes and wash them at once.

A. take away B. put away C. move away D. get away

( ) 9.【2013浙江】The great writer has written many stories for children. It’s said that a new one will _____ at the end of this month.

A. go out B. come out C. look out D. run out

( ) 10.【2012江苏】On the way _____ the mountain village, we found the local houses different from ours.

A. to B. by C. at D. on

二、完形填空

A story tells that two friends were walking through the desert( 沙漠). During the trip they had a _1_ , and one friend hit the other in the face. The one who was beaten was hurt, but without saying _2_, he wrote in the sand: “ Today my best friend hit me in the face.”

They _3_ on walking until they found a lake, where they decided to take a bath(洗澡). The one, who had been beaten, fell into the lake and started drowning(溺水), but the friend saved him. After he came back to life from the near drowning, he wrote on a _4_: “ Today my best friend saved my life.”

The friend who had hit and _5_ his best friend asked: “_6_ I hurt you, you wrote in the sand and now, you wrote on a stone, why?” The other friend _7_: “ When someone hurts us, we should write it down in sand _8_ wind can blow it away. _9_, when someone does something good for us, we must write it down in stone where no _10_ can ever blow it away.”

( ) 1. A. talk B. joke C. fight D. picnic

( ) 2. A. something B. nothing C. anything D. everything

( ) 3. A. kept B. continued C. lasted D. tried

( ) 4. A. sand B. stone C. tree D. wall

( ) 5. A. killed B. hurt C. saved D. made

( ) 6. A. Before B. While C. Until D. After

( ) 7. A. replied B. asked C. questioned D. required

( ) 8. A. which B. how C. where D. when

( ) 9. A. Although B. Or C. But D. If

( ) 10. wind B. water C. air D. sand

三、阅读:完成以下阅读任务

9

①Daniel was always making excuses for forgetting to do things. His usual excuse was: “ I was too busy.” or “I didn’t have time.”

Daniel’s parents were worried about him. “ He shouldn’t go through life making excuses all the time.” his father said. “ No one will trust him to do anything. He won’t be able to keep a job. No sensible(明智的)girl will marry him.”

②“I don’t know what we can do.” his mother said.

“I have an idea.” his father said. “If this doesn’t work, nothing will.”

The next day was Daniel’s birthday. He was really looking forward to getting exciting presents. birthday. But all day what they said was “Good morning, Daniel. Hurry, or you will be late for school.” There were no presents, not even a card. He was really disappointed.

“Never mind.” he thought. “There'll be a surprise for me after school.” But there wasn't. Sadly he said to his parents at dinner, “Today's my birthday.”

“Oh,” his father said. “So it is. I forgot.”

“So did I.” his mother said.

“How could you forget?” Daniel asked. “There must be a reason.”

“Well, yes.” his father said. “We have a really good excuse for forgetting your birthday, Daniel. We didn't remember your birthday because we were too busy.”

Poor Daniel! He never had a silly excuse for not doing something again.

1. 请把句①译成汉语。____________________________________________。

2. 请把句②改成同义句。I don’t know what ___________ ___________.

3. 请把句③处画线两句话合并成一句话。

____________________________________________________________.

4. Did Daniel get his birthday present at last?

____________________________________________________________.

5. What do you learn from the story?

____________________________________________________________.

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