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【推荐】初三英语Unit 1 How do you study for a test

发布时间:2014-04-05 13:59:25  


一. 教学内容:

Unit 1 How do you study for a test?

二. 教学重点难点:


三. 词和短语

1. make/use flashcards 制作/使用抽认卡

2. make a vocabulary list 制作词汇表

3. listen to tapes 听磁带

listen to the teacher carefully 认真听课

4. ask sb. for help 寻求帮助 He is asking for help. 他正在求救。 ask sb to do sth. 叫某人做某事 tell sb about sth 告诉某人某事

5. study for a test 为一次测试学习

6. work with sb 与某人一起工作

7. watch English news 看英语新闻

8. practice conversations with sb 与某人练习对话

9. read/speak aloud=read loudly 大声说

10. improve my listening/speaking skills 提高听力/口语技巧

11. too hard to understand the voices 太难了而听不懂(说的内容)

too…to 太??而不能 常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth.

如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

12. the best way to learn English 学英语的最好方法

13. specific advice/suggestions 详细而精确的建议

14. feel differently 觉得不同

15. frustrate sb = make sb frustrated 使某人沮丧

find sth frustrating 发现某事沮丧

16. read English magazines 看英语杂志

17. help a lot/a little 帮助很多/很少

18. join an English club 加入英语俱乐部

19. not at all 根本不

20. end up doing sth 最后做某事

21. spoken/oral English 英语口语

22. make mistakes in sth 在某方面出错

make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。

23. first of all 首先,开始

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24. to begin with 首先

25. later on 随后

26. be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

be afraid of sth/sb 害怕??

27. laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 如:Don’t laugh at me! 不要取笑我!

28. make complete sentences 造完整的句子

29. take notes=write down the notes 做笔记

30. have trouble/difficulty(in)doing sth做某事有困难

31. look up the words in a dictionary用字典查阅单词

32. make up conversations 组成对话

33. deal with=do with 处理

34. be angry with 对??感到生气

35. stay angry 持续生气

36. go by (时间)过去、消逝 Time goes by. 时间流逝。

37. decide to do 决定做某事

如: Li Lei has decided to go to Beijing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

decide not to do 决定不做某事

38. last for a long time 持续很长时间

39. talk to each other 互相谈话

40. on duty 值日

It’s one’s duty to do sth 做某事是某人的职责

It’s our duty to distribute to the society.

41. regard sth as a challenge 把某事视为挑战

42. too much + n. 太多?

much too + adj. 太

43. change problems/troubles/difficulty into challenge 把困难变成挑战

44. try one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事

45. with the help of sb 在某人帮助下 = with one’s help

如:with the help of Li Lei = with Li Lei’s help 在李雷的帮助下 help sb (to) do sth = help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

46. compare A to B 把A与B进行对比

47. physical problems 生理缺陷

四. 重点、难点、考点及疑点讲解

1. by asking the teacher for help(P2)通过向老师寻求帮助

(1)“ask+ sb+ for+名词”意为“向某人请求??”;“向某人要求??”。 They asked me for help.他们向我求助。

We asked our PE teacher for a football.我们请求体育老师给我们一个足球。

(2)by作介词时,后接动词-ing形式,这是中考的重点,大家可不要忘记啊! ◎“通过??的方式”。

Mr Green makes a living by teaching.格林先生以教书为生。


He went by the supermarket on his way to school.


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Li Lei sits by my side in the classroom.在教室里,李雷坐在我的旁边。


I can finish doing my homework by six o’clock. 我能在6点之前做完作业。


I usually go to school by bike. 我通常骑自行车去上学。



The thief stole the money when no one was by.当旁边无人的时候,小偷偷走了钱。


◎by and by “不久”,“一会儿”。

It’s 12 o’clock now and we will go home by and by.


◎by the way “顺便说一下”。

By the way, I forgot to tell you the news. 哦,对了,我忘记告诉你那个消息了。

2. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. (P4)他已经学了六年的英语,而且的确很喜欢它。

He’s是He has的缩写。这是一个现在完成进行时态的句子,由“助动词have/has+been+现在分词”构成,用来表示动作从过去某一时间开始,一直延续到现在,可能还要延续下去。请看:

Mr Green has been lying in bed for two weeks. 格林先生已经卧床两个星期了。

We have been teaching in this school for eight and a half years.


3. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. (P4)她补充说,和朋友交谈一点帮助都没有。


It will add to your troubles. 这将会给你们增添麻烦的。

Mr Smith added that he would be back soon.


(2)at all与not, no, nothing, nobody, nowhere等表示否定意义的词连用,用来加强否定意义,表示“完全不,一点儿都不,丝毫不”的意思。

He doesn’t like swimming at all.他一点儿都不喜欢游泳。

There is nothing in the room at all.房间里面什么东西都没有。

◎not at all单独使用时,用来回答对方的感谢或道歉,相当于That’s all right, You’re welcome等。但是,You’re welcome主要用于美国英语中,而英国人则多用Not at all。

—Thank you very much for your help.非常感谢你的帮助!

—Not at all./That’s all right./You’re welcome.别客气。

4. We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese. (P4) 有些话题让我们兴奋不已 ,最后干脆说起汉语来。

(1)be/get excited about意思是“对??感到兴奋”,其中about后可接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。

She got excited about it as soon as she heard the good news.


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Are you excited about going to Shanghai? 你对去上海感到兴奋吗?


be/get worried about “对??感到担心”,be amazed at“对??感到惊讶”,be pleased with“对??感到满意”。


We were excited when we saw our team was winning.




The football match we watched was very exciting.


(3)end up意为“达到某状态或采取某行动,以??结束或告终”,后面接动词-ing形式。

He ended up running a firm. 他最终经营了一家公司。


finish up“完成”, eat up“吃光”, burn up“烧光”。

5. Maybe you should join an English language club. (P5)也许你应该参加某个英语俱乐部。

(1)maybe和may be虽然写法相似,意思也相似,但是用法区别很大。maybe是副词,意为“也许,可能”,用作状语;may be意为“也许是,可能是”,may是情态动词,与be一起作谓语。

Maybe you put it there. 也许你把它放在那里了。

But I’m afraid I may be a little late. 但恐怕我可能是晚了一点。

(2)join意为“参加,加入”,主要指参加、加入某党派、团体,成为一员,后面也可跟us, them, the young people等表示一群人的词或词组;而 take part in也意为“参加,加入”,指参加群众性的活动、会议、考试、竞赛等。

My brother joined the League two years ago. 我的哥哥两年前就入团了。

We are getting ready to take part in the speech contest.


6. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class. (P6)刚开始,当老师和全班学生说话的时候,她的话对我来说很难听懂。

短语first of all意为“首先,第一”,在句中作状语,强调首要的事情是什么,不一定用于列举,常用于first of all..., then..., at last...,使说明的层次更清楚。

First of all, I must finish my work. 首先,我必须完成我的工作。

First of all, I want to say that thank you for coming.


7. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t understand every word. (P6)刚开始,她讲得太快,我不能每个词都听懂。

本句中的to begin with意为“首先,第一点(理由)”。

We can’t go. To begin with, it’s too cold. Besides, we’ve no money. 我们不能去。首先是天气太冷了;再者,我们没有钱了。

◎begin with意为“以??开始”,其后接动词时应用动词-ing形式。

The book begins with a story. 这本书是以一个故事开头。

The party began with dancing. 晚会是以舞蹈开头的。

8. Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word. (P6)后来,我意

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later on是由later与on构成的固定词组,但在意思和用法上与later既有相同之处,也有区别的地方。


later与later on的用法


Later he learned how to repair television sets.后来他学会了修电视机。

The radio says the sun will come out later.广播说太阳过些时候就会出来。


He came back a week later.一星期后他回来了。



误:I shall call again two days later.

正:I shall call again in two days.



◎later on作副词短语使用,也是“后来”,“以后”的意思,有时可与later互换。 That happened later on/later.后来那件事发生了。

◎later on只可单独使用,不能用于“时间段+later on”结构。

9. It helped a lot. (P6)它很有帮助。

在本句中a lot用作副词,表示“非常,相当”,等于very much。

Thanks a lot. = Thanks very much.多谢。

He is feeling a lot better today.他今天感觉好多了。

◎a lot还可作“经常,常常”解,相当于often。

They use the recorder a lot in English class.在英语课上,他们常用录音机。

◎a lot of=lots of,修饰可数名词或不可数名词,意为“许多”,相当于many或much。 There is a lot of(=lots of) homework to do.有许多作业要做。



误:She doesn’t spend a lot of money on dresses.

正:She doesn’t spend much money on dresses.

10. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. (P6) 我认为做大量的听力练习是成为一个好的语言学习者的秘诀之一。


I hear that Mr Brown has been to Shanghai. 我听说布朗先生去过上海。

He said these answers were right. 他说这些答案是正确的。

(2)one of意为“(??中的)一个”,其后接名词的复数形式,如有形容词修饰名词时,形容词要用最高级。

Mr Wang is one of the most popular teachers in our school.


11. How do we deal with our problems? (P8)我们怎样处理我们的问题?

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本句中的deal with意为“处理,解决”,相当于do with,其主语通常是人或物。 I have many problems to deal with. 我有许多问题要解决。

◎ deal with作“与??打交道”,“与??做买卖”解时,主语通常是人、公司、商店等。

My elder brother will deal with you later on. 我哥哥以后会来收拾你的。


deal in有时也可以表示“与??做买卖”,但后面跟具体的商品。

This shop deals in computers. 这家商店做电脑买卖。

12. Most of us have probably been angry with our friends, parents or teachers. (P8)我们中的大部分人可能都生过我们的朋友、父母或老师的气。

本句中的be angry with意为“对某人生气”,后面常跟人作宾语;当表示生气的原因时,可以加上for doing sth。

He was angry with me for not having done anything.



be angry at表示“因某事生气”,后面接表示言行的名词、代词或V.-ing形式或从句作宾语。

He was rather angry at missing the bus.他因没有赶上公共汽车而相当生气。

He was angry at what I said. 他对我所说的感到生气。

13. Time goes by, and good friendships may be lost. (P8)时间流逝,良好的友谊可能也就随之逝去了。

(1)go by是不及物动词短语,意为“走过”,“(时间)消逝,流逝”。

Two weeks went by. 两周过去了。


The man lost a leg in the war. 那个人在战争中失去了一条腿。



She missed her child in the street. 她在街上把孩子丢了。


We shall all miss you when you are away. 你不在时我们都会想念你的。



Who has found my lost pen? 谁找到了我丢失的钢笔?

They set out to look for the missing girl at once.

五. 语法

1. 提建议的句子:

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2. aloud, loud与loudly的用法

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如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I’去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上海。

我将代替你去。 他呆在家里而不是去游泳。



考点1. by +v-ing 结构

考点6. laugh at

We are often told at people in trouble. (2005天津)

A. not to smile B. to smile C. not to laugh D. to laugh

【要点简析】laugh at是固定搭配,意思是“嘲笑??”,不定式的否定形式是not to do。选C。

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