haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

暑假专题——一般过去时

发布时间:2014-04-09 09:24:26  

一、学习目标

复习总结一般过去时

二、重点、难点

1. 一般过去时的几种应用情况。

2. 一般过去时动词的构成:

(1)be动词过去式的构成

(2)实义动词过去式的构成

3. 常与一般过去时连用的时间状语。

三、知能提升

(一)概念:

一般过去时表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态,也可表示过去习惯性或经常性的动作和行为。

1)completed action in the past 发生在过去某个时间里的动作

I did my homework last night. She walked to school every day last year. He washed his car. 2)a series of completed actions 发生在过去某个时间里的一系列的动作

I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim. Did you go to school and give your homework to your math teacher? 3)duration in the past 在过去的时间段里持续发生的动作

第1页 版权所有 不得复制

We talked on the phone for thirty minutes. I lived in Beijing for two years. They sat in the park all day. 4)habits in the past 在过去的时间段里的习惯,即经常反复发生的动作

I studied French when I was a child. He didn’t play the piano. She went to work after school. They never went to school, they always skipped class. 5)past facts 过去的事实

She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing.

He didn’t like tomatoes before.

(二)结构:

1. be动词过去式的构成

【肯定式】

I was a student. You were a student. He/ She was a student. We were students. You were students. They were students. 【否定式】 I was not a student. You were not a student. He/ She was not a student. We were not students. You were not students. They were not students. 【疑问式】 —Were you a student? —Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t. —Was he/she a student? —Yes, he/she was. / No, he/she wasn’t. —Were we students? —Yes, we were. / No, we weren’t. —Were you students? —Yes, we were. / No, we weren’t. 第2页 版权所有 不得复制

—Were they students? —Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t. 【缩略形式】 was not = wasn’t were not =weren’t 【语感强化】 I was not interested in reading. 我以前对阅读不感兴趣。 You were not in this school last year. 你去年不在这所学校。 He was very busy last Friday. 上星期五他非常忙。 The party was a great success. 晚会非常成功。 We were both late for the meeting. 我们两个开会都迟到了。 Where were you yesterday? 昨天你们在哪里? They were at home yesterday. 他们昨天在家。

2. 行为动词过去式的构成

【肯定式】

I worked. You worked. He/ She/ It worked. We worked. You worked. They worked. 【否定式】 I did not work. You did not work. He / She / It did not work. We did not work. You did not work. They did not work. 【疑问式】 —Did you work? —Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. —Did he/she/it work? —Yes, he/she/it did. / No, he/she/it didn’t. —Did we work? —Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. —Did you work? —Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. —Did they work? —Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t. 【缩略形式】 did not = didn’t 【语感强化】 I didn’t go to school English last year. 去年我没有上学。 第3页 版权所有 不得复制

You didn’t know my best friend in my primary school. 你不认识我小学里的最好的朋友。 She thought that she was right yesterday. 她认为昨天她是对的。 We played football together last Friday. 我们上周五一起踢足球。 They went to Beijing last year. 他们去年去北京了。

【即学即练】

改写句子:

1. Mary did her homework at home yesterday.(改为否定句) 间状语指示必须的是过去的时间。绝对不包括“现在”在内。

【例句】

Did you see him today? 你今天看见他了吗?(today实际上指今天的已过去的某一时刻)

2)一般过去时不能与now连用,但却可与just now(刚才)连用。

【例句】

He went out just now. 他刚出去。

3)在一般过去时中,表示“过多少时间以后”要用after, 而不用in。

第4页 版权所有 不得复制

【例句】 It happened after three days. 事情发生在三天以后。

(四)动词过去式的构成

1. 规则动词过去式的构成

1)一般在动词词尾直接加-ed

play → played clean → cleaned walk →walked look →looked

2)以不发音的e结尾的动词直接加-d

like → liked live→lived practice → practiced dance →danced

3)以辅音字母加y结尾的,先变y为i,再加-ed

study → studied carry→carried worry → worried try → tried

4) 以“一个元音字母+一个辅音字母”结尾,且此音节为重读闭音节的词,先双写词尾的字母,再加-ed

stop → stopped drop →dropped shop →shopped trip → tripped

travel → travelled (英) / traveled (美)

2. 不规则动词

do—did hear—heard

go—went know—knew

read—read bring—brought

see—saw buy—bought

sit—sat come—came

write—wrote begin—began

get—got give—gave

(五)口语拓展

1. 在口语中,一般过去时可代替一般现在时,这样可使语气更温和,更客气。

I wanted to know if I could borrow your pen. 我想知道是否可以借用一下你的笔。 I hoped you could give me some information. 我希望你能给我一些信息。

2. 有些句子,虽没有用表示过去时间的状语,但实际上是指过去发生的动作或存在的状态。

I didn’t know you were in London. 我不知道你在伦敦。

解析:

说话时,当事人已经知道对方在伦敦。这句话指的是说话之前,所以只能用过去时表示。 I thought you were ill. 我以为你病了呢。

解析:

这句话指的是,在说话之前,我以为你病了;但是现在我知道你没病。

【即学即练】

一、用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空

1. I (have) dinner with my best friend last Sunday.

2. Who (look) after your little brother yesterday?

3. Peter (help) me with my English yesterday morning.

4. Where they (go) last weekend?

第5页 版权所有 不得复制

5. They (be) very tired the day before yesterday.

6. They sat in the classroom and (listen) to the teacher carefully.

7. What (be) the weather like three days ago?

8. We went to a beautiful beach. We (be) very happy.

9. He said he (can) do it well.

10. He (not see) the movie with us last night.

答案:

1. had 2. looked 3. helped 4. did, go 5. were 6. listened 7. was 8. were 2. I did my homework last night.(改为否定句)

(对划线部分提问)

(对划线部分提问)

答案:

1. What did Jim do last night?

2. I didn’t do my homework last night.

3. When did you go to the movies?

第6页 版权所有 不得复制

4. Who/Whom did Mary visit last Sunday?

暑假专题——七年级词汇词组总结及辨析

一、预习新知

七年级所学重点词汇、词组总结及辨析

A. next morning B. over the weekend

C. in the weekend D. next Monday

( )10. The koala sleeps _______,but gets up _________.

A. during the day; at the evening B. at day ;during night

C. in the day ;during the evening D. during the day ; at night

二、请用正确动词形式填空。(10)

第7页 版权所有 不得复制

1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.

3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?

He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.

4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.

She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

6. When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year.

7. My friend, Carol, ________(study) for the math test and ________(practice) English last night.

8. ________ Mr. Li __________(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _________.

9. How _________(be) Jim’s weekend? It _________(be not) bad.

10. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________.

三、翻译下列句子(20)

1. 我过了一个忙碌但却刺激的周末。

I _________ _________ __________ __________ exciting weekend.

2. Jenny喜欢看书。昨晚她看了一本英语书。

Jenny likes _________ __________. She _________ an English book last night.

3. Emma每天都看电视。可是昨天他没有看。

Emma__________ TV every day. But he _________ ________ ________ yesterday.

4. 上周六他们做什么了?他们做作业和购物了。

What ________ they _________ _________ Saturday?

They _________ __________ homework and _________ __________.

5. 今天早上方方得做饭,因为他父亲不在家。

This morning Fangfang ____ ____ ____ ____ because his father _____ _____ ____ yesterday.

6. 你还有什么要说的? What _______ would you like _______ _______?

7. 放学别忘了向老师说声再见。 Don’t forget ______ _______ _______ _______ the teacher.

8. 为什么你昨晚没有看电视? Why _______ you _______ TV last night?

9. 他在打扫教室的时候,发现地上有块表。

When he ______ the classroom, he ______ a watch on the ground.

10. 他什么时候出生的?1980年。 ---When _______ he _______? ---_______ 1980.

四、改写句子:(20)

1. Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)Lucy ________ _______ her homework at home.

2. He found some meat in the fridge(冰箱).(变一般疑问句)

___________ he __________ ___________ meat in the fridge?

3. There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句)_______ there _______ orange in the cup?

4. Frank read an interesting book about history. (一般疑问句)

_______ Frank _______ an interesting book about history? 第8页 版权所有 不得复制

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com