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上册Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball

发布时间:2014-04-09 09:24:31  

一、学习目标:

1. —Do you/ they have a soccer ball? —Yes, we/they do. /No, we/they don’t.

2. Does she/he have a tennis racket? —Yes, she/he does. / No, she/he doesn’t.

3. Let’s play volleyball!

4. That sounds good/ interesting /fun/ boring!

能力目标

Talk about ownership. 谈论物主关系

Make suggestions. 提出建议

二、重点、难点

重点

1. 单词:play, sound , good, interesting, boring, difficult, fun, many, much, some

2. 句型:Have … Let’s …

难点

一般现在时

三、知能提升:

(一)【重点单词】

[单词学习]

1. play [plei]

与不同的词搭配表示不同的意思。

【用法1】

vt. 玩(游戏);打(球);踢(球)

【考点】

与play 搭配使用时,球类名词前不加冠词

【例句】

play football 踢足球

play basketball/ table tennis 打篮球/乒乓球

【用法2】

vt. 演奏

【考点】

与play 搭配使用时,乐器类名词前加定冠词the,表示“弹奏??”

【例句】

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play the piano 弹钢琴

play the guitar 弹吉他

【考题链接】

1. I like music. I play _____ violin after school.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

2. Let’s play ______ basketball together.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

答案:1. C 2. D

解题思路:

1. 与play 搭配使用时,乐器类名词前加定冠词the,表示“弹奏??”

2. 与play 搭配使用时,球类名词前不加冠词。

2. sound [saund]

【用法1】

n. 声音,响声

【例句】

I like the sound of piano. 我喜欢钢琴的声音。

【用法2】

v. 听起来

连系动词,其后接名词,形容词或介词短语作表语。

【例句1】

A: Let’s go to the park.

B: That sounds interesting. 那听起来很有趣。

【解析】

that指上句所提的建议,英语中指代前面所述的内容或事情,通常用that而不用this。that属第三人称单数,故谓语动词sound后应加s。

【例句2】

A: Do you like Mary’s story? 你喜欢玛丽(所讲)的故事吗?

B: No, I don’t like it. The story sounds boring. 不,我不喜欢。这个故事听起来很乏味。

【辨析】

hear vt. 听见 指听到的结果

I can’t hear your voice. 我听不见你的声音。

listen ['lisn] vi. 听 指听的动作

She's listening to the radio. 她在听广播。

【考题链接】

A: I want to play volleyball with my friends. Do you want to come with me?

B: Sure. That _____ interesting.

A. sound B. sounds C. hear D. hears

答案:B

解题思路:根据语境含义:那听起来很有趣,可知选B项。

3. good, interesting, boring, difficult, fun

【用法】

这些形容词主要用在名词前作定语或在系动词后作表语。

She is a good teacher. 她是一个好老师。

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This is an interesting book. 这是一本有趣的书。

Playing with Jack is very boring. 和杰克玩很无聊。

It’s a difficult question. I can’t answer it. 这是一个很难的问题。我答不出来。 I had a fun weekend. 我过了一个有趣的周末。

这些形容词前还可以用副词来修饰。

This is a very interesting book. 这是一本很有趣的书。

It’s too difficult. 它太难了。

【交际口语】

That sounds+形容词。“那听起来??”(用来表达个人观点)

褒义的评价可选用:interesting, fun, relaxing, good, wonderful

贬义的评价可选用:boring, terrible, bad

【例句1】

A: Let’s watch TV.

B: That sounds bad. I want to play video games.

【解析】

sound在这里是连系动词,作“听起来??”讲,其后接一个形容词作表语。

【例句2】

Your idea doesn’t sound good. 你的主意听起来好像不行。

【拓展】

与sound类似的连系动词还有:

look(看起来??,显得??),taste(尝起来??),smell(闻起来??)。

【例句】

The song sounds beautiful. 这首歌听起来很优美。

That story sounds very interesting. 这个故事听起来很有趣。

Your watch looks very nice. 你的手表很好看。

【拓展】

类似的表达法:

look happy看上去很高兴

sound like听起来像??

look like看起来像??

4. many, much, some

many adj. 大量的,许多的

【用法】

修饰可数名词。

【例句】

I have many friends. 我有许多朋友。

much adj. 很多的,大量的

【用法】

修饰不可数名词。

【例句】

There is much water in the bottle. 瓶子里有许多水。

some adj. 一些

【用法】

既可以修饰可数名词又可以修饰不可数名词

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【例句】

She has some apples and I have some milk. 她有一些苹果,我有一些牛奶。

【考题链接】

用 many , much 填空

A: Look! There are ______ toy cars in the shop.

B: They are so cool. But I don’t have _____ money. We can’t buy them. 答案:many; much

解题思路:toy car 玩具汽车——可数名词,可用many修饰。

money 钱——不可数名词,可用much修饰。

5. good, well 辨析

good adj. 好的

【用法】

可用在名词前修饰名词,充当定语

也可用于连系动词后,作表语。

【例句】

Linda is a good girl. 琳达是个好女孩。

This restaurant is very good. 这家饭店很好。

well adv. 很好地;满意地

【用法】

作副词时,用来修饰形容词,副词或动词,在句子中作状语。

【例句】

Do the boys eat well at school? 孩子们在学校吃得好吗?

He plays soccer well. 他踢球踢得很好。

[即学即练]

1. A: Do you want to play ________ after school?

B: Yes, I do.

A. basketball B. a basketball C. the basketball D. some basketballs

2. I am hungry. I want to eat ______ rice.

A. many B. some C. any D. a lot

3. That _______ a good idea.

A. listen to B. sounds C. hear D. listen

答案:1. A. 2. B 3. B

(二)【重点句型与表达】

[句型学习]

1. Do you have…?

【用法1】

vt. 拥有,占有。

其主语可以指人,也可以指物,其第三人称单数形式为has。

【例句】

I have a friend here. 我这儿有个朋友。

She has three dictionaries. 她有三本词典。

This coat has no pockets. 这件衣服没有口袋。

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【拓展】

I have a book. It’s my book.

You have a dog. It’s your dog.

She has a pen. It’s her pen.

He has a bike. It’s his bike.

We have a TV. It’s our TV.

They have a ball. It’s their ball.

【考点】

Jim and Tom have a computer. 吉姆和汤姆有一台电脑。(两人共有,主语是复数) Jim has a computer. 吉姆有一台电脑。

【难点】

have 有??

there be 某地有某物、某人

have强调的是拥有或占有,主语一般是名词或代词,其与主语是所属关系。 There is/ are ...表示某处有某物或某人,强调的是一种客观存在。

【例句】

I have two brothers and one sister. 我有两个兄弟,一个姐姐。

My sister has two toys but I have one. 我妹妹有两个玩具,而我只有一个。 ※有时there be结构和have可互换。

There are twenty classes in our school. =We have twenty classes in our school. 我们学校有二十个班级。

【用法2】

have vt. 吃,喝

【例句】

We have lunch at school. 我们在学校吃午饭。

He wants to have a cup of tea. 他想喝杯茶。

【考题链接】

用there is , there are, have, has填空。

(1) Does she _____ a brother? No, she doesn’t.

(2) Look! ______ a cat under the chair.

(3) Mike _____ a ping-pong ball. But he doesn’t have a ping-pong bat.

(4) ______ many interesting books at school.

答案:1. have 2. There is 3. has 4. There are

2. Let’s play ping-pong. 让我们打乒乓球吧。

【用法1】

let sb. do sth. “让某人做某事”表示说话人的建议

【例句】

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It’s too late. I want to go home. Let me go. 太晚了。我想回家。让我走吧。

I have an interesting picture. Let Lucy look at the picture.

我有一幅有趣的画。让露西看看这幅画。

【用法2】

let’s=let us 表示“让我们??吧”,用于提出建议或征求别人意见。

【例句】

Let’s go! 让我们走吧!

Let’s go to the park! 让我们去公园吧!

肯定回答:OK. /All right. /Yes, let’s…/That sounds…

否定回答:Sorry, I …

[即学即练]

根据语境的含义,把单词填在正确的位置。

doesn’t Let’s sounds ask have

A: Do you _____ a ping-pong ball?

B: Yes, I do.

A: _____ play ping-pong!

B: But I don’t have a ping-pong bat.

A: That _____ too bad. Let’s ask Peter.

B: He _____ like sports. He doesn’t have one. Let’s go and _____my father.

A: OK. Let’s go.

答案:have Let’s sounds doesn’t ask

(三)【重点语法】

[语法学习]

【概念】时态

英语中不同的时间发生的动作或状态要用谓语动词的不同形式来表示。

动词的时态可以分为现在时、过去时和将来时,每种时态中含有一般,进行,完成和完成进行等形式。

1. 我正在看电视。 I am watching TV now.

2. 昨天我在家看电视。 I watched TV at home yesterday.

3. 明天我要看电视。 I will watch TV tomorrow.

4. 我每天都看电视。 I watch TV every day.

【解析】

一般现在时的含义

1. 表示现在的状态。

They are at table. 他们在用餐。

Jack is twelve. 杰克12岁了。

2. 表示经常的或习惯性的动作。

I go to school at seven in the morning. 我早晨7点去上学。

I watch TV every day. 我每天都看电视。

3. 表示主语具备的性格和能力。

She likes fish very much. 她很喜欢吃鱼。

We speak Chinese. 我们讲汉语。

【结构】

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谓语动词的构成形式

1. 谓语动词是be动词。

I am twelve. → I am not twelve.

You are twelve. → You are not twelve.

She/ He/ It is… → She /He/It is not…

They/ We are… → They/ We are not…

一般疑问句:Are you …? 简略回答:Yes, I am/ we are. /No, I’m not /we aren’t.

Is he/ she/ it…? Yes, he/she/ it is. /No, he /she/ it isn’t.

Are they /we…? Yes, they/ we are. /No, they/ we aren’t.

2. 谓语动词是实义动词do。

I /We/ You/ They like apples. → I /We /You /They don’t like apples.

He/ She/ It likes apples. → He /She/ It doesn’t like apples.

Do you /we/ they like apples? 简略回答:Yes, I /we /they/ you do.

/No, I /we /they /you don’t.

Does she/ he/ it like apples? Yes, she/ he/ it does. /No, she/ he/ it doesn’t.

[即学即练]

按要求完成下列句子

1. I have a volleyball. (改为否定句)

I __________ __________ a volleyball.

2. His brother has a baseball. (改为一般疑问句)

__________ his brother __________ a baseball?

3. —Do your parents have a computer? (作出肯定回答)

—Yes, __________ __________.

4. —Does Mary have a tennis racket? (作出否定回答)

—__________, __________ __________.

5. Lucy has two brothers. (改为否定句)

Lucy __________ __________ two brothers.

答案:

1. don’t have

2. Does, have

3. they do

4. No, she doesn’t

5. doesn’t have

Unit 6 Do you like bananas?

一、预习新知

1. 单词: orange, salad, ice cream, broccoli 等与食物有关的单词

2. 句型: Do you like …? 你喜欢??吗?

二、预习点拨

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思考问题1:你能借助字典查出多少水果的英文名称?

思考问题2: 你能用英语调查出在你们家最受欢迎的水果是什么吗?

(答题时间:45分钟)

一、根据句意及汉语提示,用单词或短语的正确形式填空。 1. The class __________(听起来有趣).

2. My cousin __________(有)an English-Chinese dictionary. 3. Mike __________(没有)a sister.

4. Let’s __________(玩)computer games. 5. I __________(做运动)every day.

6. She __________(看电视)every evening.

二、用所给单词的适当形式完成下列句子。

1. Tom __________ (do not ) go to school today. 2. My uncle __________ (have) a cat. 3. Let’s __________ (play) football.

4. I can play basketball, but I can’t play it __________ (good). 5. Jack __________ (watch) TV in the evening.

三、单项选择

1. She __________ a small toy collection. A. have B. do have C. has 2. Does your brother __________ a toy car? A. has B. is C. have 3. __________ you have a big house? A. Is B. Does C. Are 4. Mary __________ have a soccer ball. A. don’t B. doesn’t C. do 5. Let’s __________ ping-pong. A. do play B. playing C. play 6. That __________ boring. I don’t like it. A. sounds B. sound C. sounding 7. Do you play __________ volleyball? A. the B. a C. / 8. —Let’s play computer games. —__________.

A. Thank you C. That sounds interesting 9. —__________do you want? —I want a basketball.

D. does have D. are D. Do D. hasn’t D. plays D. is sound D. an

B. That’s all right D. I’m sorry

A. Where B. What C. Who 10. Ed Smith watches sports __________ TV every day.

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D. What’s

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