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仁爱英语七年级下册时态复习:一般现在时、现在进行时及一般过去时

发布时间:2014-04-15 13:59:03  

时态大比拼
一般现在时、现在进行时、一般过去时

时态

Tense

在英语中,不同时间发生的动作 或存在的状态要用不同的动词形式来 表现。

重点掌握
每种时态的概念、信息词、 结构、句式变化、以及某些时态 间的相互区别

①Be动词 am、is、are/was、were
②助动词(只能和主要动词一起构成各种时态,语态 和语气等动词形式。) do、does/did/done ③情态动词(表示能力,义务,必要,猜测等说话人 的语气或情态。情态动词只能和动词原形一起构成谓 语动词。) can、may、could、need、must、shoud

动词的类别
(根据其在句中的功能)

④系动词(后跟形容词构成系表结构) look、taste、smell、feel、get、become ⑤实义动词(行为)动词(有完整的词义,并能单独 作谓语) 及物动词(vt.)后面必须跟宾语意义才完整 buy, catch, invent, found, like, 不及物动词(vi.)不须跟宾语,如跟宾语后面需要借助 介词 agree, go, work, listen, look, come, die,

现在进行时:
(The Present Continuous Tense)

现在正在进行的动作

时 一般现在时:经常或习惯性的动 态 (The Simple
Present Tense)

作或存在的状态。

一般过去时: 过去某个时间或时间段发 (The Simple 生的动作或存在的状态。 Past Tense)

一般现在时
一般现在时表常常发生的动作或经常存在的状态, 常 和always, often, usually, every day, sometimes等表示 时间的状语连用. e.g. I go to school every day. He is always like that. Where do you live? What do you do here?
一般现在时的构成形式有: 肯定句, 疑问句, 否定句, 疑问否定式

肯定句

否定句

疑问句

I am a worker. He/She/It is a worker. We are workers. You are worker.

I am not a worker. He(She, It) is not a worker. We are not workers. You are not worker.

Are you a worker? Is he(she, it) a worker? Are we workers? Are you worker?

They are workers. They are not workers. Are they workers?

肯定句

否定句

疑问句

I work. He(She, It) works. We work. You work. They work.

I do not work.

Do I work?

He(She, It) does not Does he(she, it) work. work? We do not work. You do not work. They do not work. Do we work? Do you work? Do they work?

①直接加-s.
play—plays, want—wants, know—knows, help—helps

动词第三人 称 单数的构成:

②以s, x, ch, sh, o结尾加-es.
guess—guesses teach—teaches brush—brushes , go—goes, do—does, watch—watches

③以“辅音+y “结尾变y 为i再加-es.
study—studies, carry—carries, fly—flies, worry—worries

现在进行时
现在进行时态表示正在进行的动作,可和now, look, listen, at present, at this moment, these days等时间 词连用. e.g. What are you doing now, John? Where are you doing? The telephone is ringing, would you answer it? I’m not doing anything at present. He is writing a novel

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