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专题一、冠词

发布时间:2014-04-17 08:05:35  

思致超越 知行合一

专题一、冠词

一、不定冠词的用法

简单地来说:泛指,类指。(非特指)。原文翻译成一···,就应该用不定冠词。

特别要注意一些固定词组:

感冒 玩得高兴 匆忙 一会儿 写日记 帮助某人 很多 乘公交车去··· have a cold, have a good time, in a hurry, for a while, keep a diary, do sb a favor,a great many,take a bus to··· twice a year, such a good girl, so good a girl, have an area of···

一年两次 如此好的一个女孩 有···面积

视为一体的两个名词前:a knife and fork 一副刀叉

二、定冠词的用法

简单地来说:特指,类指。

值得注意的几点:

1. 用在序数词和形容词最高级前

He is the last one to help me. 他不会来帮助我的。

2. 表示宇宙中世界上独一无二的事物

the sun 太阳 the moon 月亮 the earth 地球 the sky 天空 the world 世界

3. 指由普通名词构成的专有名词

the West Lake 西湖 the Great Wall 长城 the United States 美国 the United Nations 联合国

4. 在海洋、江河、湖泊、山脉、海峡、海湾等地理名词前

the Pacific Ocean 太平洋 the Huanghe River 黄河

the Tainshan Mountains 天山山脉 the Taiwan Straits 台湾海峡

5. 用在报刊,杂志的名称的名词之前。

I am reading the China Daily now. 我现在正读中国日报。

Have you got the Evening Paper yet? 你拿到晚报了吗?

The Times is a foreign newspaper. 泰晤士报是一家外国报纸。

6. 表示方向、方位

in the east 在东方 in the west 在西方 on the right 在右边 on the left 在左边

7. 在姓氏复数前,表示一家人

The Greens The Whites

8. 和某些形容词连用,使形容词名词化,代表一类人或物

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the poor 穷人 the rich 富人 the sick 病人 the wounded 伤员 the good 好人 the beautiful 美丽的事物

9. 用在乐器前面

play the piano 弹钢琴 play the violin 拉小提琴

10. 固定搭配

in the morning 在早上 all the year round 一年到头 go to the cinema 去看电影

on the way to 前往...去的路上

三、零冠词的用法

需要注意的几点:

1. 月份、周日、节日前一般不加冠词

January 一月份; Sunday 星期日;Christmas Day 圣诞节 Thanksgiving 感恩节;National Day 国庆节 May Day 劳动节

Today is the first day of May. 今天是五月的第一天。

比较:...on a Sunday morning.在一个星期天的早晨... (表示某一个。)

注意:民族节日前要加the 如:the Spring Festival

2. 三餐、球类运动、棋类、学科名词前一般不加冠词

have lunch play basketball I like maths best.

3. 职位前不加the , 但是只某人要加the

(2012江苏连云港) —Is Mr honest and capable man? 

—

A. a; a B. an; / C. the; the D. a; /

四、其他用法比较:

a number of & the number of

the +序数词 & a+ 序数词

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五、小练笔

1. (2013 ·福州中考)— What's in the box? —A. a B. an C. the

2. (2013 ·广州中考)- I enjoyed the performance very much.

- Yes, it was really good. I think ________ boy in white was the best actor.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

3. (2013 ·嘉兴舟山中考) Lots of people think that Life of Pi is _________ amazing film.

A. a B. an C. the D.不填

4. (2013·长沙中考) 21. Mary was born in 1998 and she began to play ____ guitar at the age of seven.

A. a B. 不填 C. the

5. (2013·杭州中考)17. I think it’s really _________ hard work for me to finish the job in twenty minutes.

A. a B. an C. the D. 不填

6. —Does Heze have _______airport? —No. but we can take _______bus to Jinan or Zhengzhou.

A . an; the B. an; a C the; a D.a; a

7. (2013·湖州中考)--John, may I use your car? I want to go to the library. --Sure. Here is ______key.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

8. (2013·济南中考)26. —Kate, do you have __________ pen pal? —Yes, I do. I have one in China.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

9. (2013·兰州中考) Do you know a spaceship flies at about nineteen kilometers ________ second?

A. the B. a C. / D. an

10. (2013·连云港中考)

Lianyungang is ________ attractive city. It's such ________ nice place that many tourists come here every

summer.

A. a; a B. the; / C. an; / D. an; a

11. (2013·邵阳中考)21. —— Look! Who’s ____ boy over there?

—— Oh, he is my cousin Bob. He is _____ honest boy.

A. a, the B. the , an C. the, a

12. (2013·苏州中考)1.一Hurry up,or we’ll be late.

一Take your time—it’s just______short distance from here to________cinema.

A./;the B.the;a C.a;the D./;a

13. (2013·南通中考)— Are there many places of interest in Nantong?

— Yes. By ______ way, you can go there by ______ bus.

A. the, a B. 不填; the C. the, 不填 D. a; 不填

14. (2012·南通中考)Now all of us exercise at ______least ______ hour a day in and outside school.

A. the; a B. a, an C. 不填; a D.不填; an

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15. (2011·南通中考)The second Sunday of May is ______ Mother’s Day. It’s ______special day for children to show their love for their mothers.

A. a;the B. the;a C.不填;a D.不填;the

16. (2010·南通中考) notebook is for you.

A. a; A B. the; The C. the; A D. a ; The

17. (2009·南通中考)violin after dinner, but now he is used to playing chess with me.

A.不填;a B. the; C. the;the D. the;a

18. (2008·南通中考)I think it's _____ useful advice, so I will always remember it.

A. a B. an C. the D. 不填

19. (2007·南通中考)Tom has _________ honest face, and, in fact, he never tells lies or plays tricks on others. A, a B. an C. the D. /

20. (2006·南通中考)Could you tell me _____ answer to this problem? I can’t work it out myself.

A. a B. an C. the D . 不填

21. (2004·南通中考)The cartoon "Mulan" is______ interesting film and______ story happened in China.

A. a, the B. an, the C. the, a D. an, a

22. (2013·湛江中考)21. ——It’A. your; a B. yours; an C. your; the D. you; the

23. (2013·内江中考)泰囧)?That’s wonderful!

A. a; the B. the the C. the; \ D. \; the

24. (2013·宜昌中考) —Have you seen ______ iPhone 5? I left it here this morning.

—Is it ______black one? I think I saw it somewhere.

A. an; the B. an; a C. the; a D. the; /

25. 【2013江苏泰州】-Have you heard of Hou Yifan, female world chess champion?

— Yes, she is from ________ Taizhou. We're proud of her.

A. a; / B. the; the C. a; the D. the; /

26. (2012盐城B. a B. an C. the D. /

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