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2013-2014学年华师附中第二学期第一次模拟测试 初三英语

发布时间:2014-04-17 08:05:36  

华师附中2013-2014学年第二学期第一次模拟测试

一、听力(略)

二、语言知识及运用(共两节,满分25分)

第一节 单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

16. As ________matter of fact, _________ beauty of __________ nature there made an excellent impression on me.

A. a; the; 不填

C. the; the; 不填

A. will work

C. work; will make

A. Knowing

A. that

A. in trouble

21. ---Can I help you?

---Yes, I bought this radio here yesterday, but it _____________.

A. didn’t work

A. next to do what

C. how to do next

A. send B. won’t work B. what to do next D. next how to do B. be sent C. being sent D. sending C. can’t work D. doesn’t work 22. Have you determined ___________? B. a; the; the D. a; 不填;the B. work; have made D. will work; make B. To know B. which B. in danger C. Known C. whom C. in reality D. To have known D. what D. in surprise 17. The harder you__________, the better progress you ___________. 18. ___________for his good skill, this doctor has a lot of visitors calling for help all the time. 19. It was a cold winter night, and there wasn’t anyone __________the boy could turn for help in the street. 20. He looked very confident and calm during the test, but __________ he was extremely nervous. 23. They are looking forward to _____________ to the lecture by the famous professor.

24. It was until last year that he ___________.

A. left his hometown for a new start

B. came to realize the important of learning English

C. worked as an English teacher at a middle school

D. set out to build a new house of his town

25. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog ___________ them.

A. to follow

the gate.

A. to go into; to be bitten; lay

C. of going into; to bite; laying

A. was visiting; studied B. visited; studied

C. visited; was studying D. was visiting; was studying B. of going into; to bite; lying D. to go into; of being bitten; lying B. following C. followed D. follows 26. A. She was scared ___________ the yard because she was scared _________ by the big dog ___________ at 27. The last time I ______her, she ___________ at a medical college.

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28. ---Jane wasn’t in when Jack came, was she?

---_____, but she returned a few minutes later. A. No, she was C. Yes, she was A. seating; listened C. seated; listened A. had corrected C. corrected B. No, she wasn’t. D. Yes, she wasn’t. B. seating; listening D. seated; listening B. has corrected D. would correct 29. The guests were _________ in the front rows ________ to the president attentively. 30. He has already gone home. But before he left, he__________ all the mstakes in his translation.

第二节 语法选择(共10个小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从31~40各题所给的A、B、C和D项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

In one's life, one usually has little understanding of oneself. When you succeed, you may be very proud. To get a thorough understanding of yourself needs self-appreciation. Maybe you think you are not a tall When you are angry, find a quiet place so that you won't be hurt. When you 心情) into a good one. When you are tired, get a good sleep. If So if you get a thorough understanding of yourself, and you will get a full control of yourself and find your life full of color.

31. A. fail B. win C. beat D. have

32. A. lessons

33. A. little

34. A. one

35. A. realized

36. A. where to do

37. A. or

38. A. take after

39. A. change

40. A. will B. problems B. well B. ones B. remembered B. when to do B. but B. run after B. cut B. won't C. chances C. badly C. it C. replied C. what to do C. and C. look after C. throw C. need D. choose D. worse D. those D. receive D. how to do D. if D. see after D. show D. may

三、完型填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从41~55 各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

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To my family and friends,

As some of you know, I have just started my tour in the remote mountain area. Everything is going really well, so no emails asking what I need while I'm here so I decided to write you all and let you know that I don’t need anything. At least not for me. I’m asking all of you to send me a few gas leak(煤气泄漏). Most for both boys and girls but most of these kids only attend school for four hours a day if they are even allowed to to learn, but then have to sprayed(喷射) with acid or poisoned. Most of these kids are poor and can’twhatever school supplies you That would be a huge help.

we go.

Thank you again. Todd Tucker 41. A. wonder B. worries C. problem D. way 42. A. surprises 43. A. emails 44. A. surprised 45. A. recovered 46. A. fairness 47. A. afraid 48. A. receive 49. A. find 50. A. information

C. communication C. knowledge 51. A. supplies 52. A. send over 53. A. lost 54. A. time 55. A. advertisement

B. attractions B. books B. confused B. died B. importance B. unwilling B. challenge B. afford B. education D. medication B. clothes D. awareness B. send up B. found B. chance B. email

C. send away C. used C. responsibility C. donation

D. send for D. available D. lead D. event

C. problems C. items C. discouraged C. gone C. possibility C. able C. suffer C. prepare

D. mysteries D. dollars D. poisoned D. returned D. absence D. eager D. return D. expect

四、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

For hundreds of years, Japan has been hit, from time to time, by enormous (巨大的) tsunamis(海啸). These awful sudden risings of the sea are caused by earthquakes or underwater volcanic actions. The story of the boy Yuuki is the story of such a disaster.

Yuuki lived with his family in a seaside village, below a small mountain. One day, as he played on top of the mountain, Yuuki felt a small earthquake but it was not strong enough to frighten anybody and passed quickly. Soon after, however, Yuuki noticed the sea darken and begin running away from the shore very fast, leaving

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behind wide stretches of beach that had never been seen before.

With a grasp, Yuuki remembered reading that just before a terrible tsunami, the sea suddenly and quickly rolls backward. He ran to the beach, warning the villagers who had gathered to admire the new beach land. ―Get back!‖ shouted the boy, ―There is a terrible danger!‖

But no one listened. They laughed at him and continued playing in the new sand and watched the sea roll backward even more.

Desperate, Yuuki could think of only one thing to do. He lit a tree branch, raced to the rice fields and began burning the harvested rice. Then he called out, ―Fire! Fire! Everyone run to the mountain! Now!‖

When everyone reached the mountain-top, a villager cried out, ―Yuuki is mad! I saw him set the fire.‖ Yuuki hung his head in shame, but said nothing as the villagers cursed him. Just then, someone shouted, ―Look!‖ In the distance what seemed to be a huge dark line was speeding towards the shore. As it got nearer the people realized the long thin line of darkness was the returning sea, towering like a mountain.

The villagers watched in terror as the water struck the shore, smashing over their homes then tearing out the land as it receded.

On the mountain everyone stared speechlessly at the destruction below.

―I'm sorry I burned the fields,‖ said Yuuki, his voice trembling.

―Yuuki,‖ village-chief answered. ―You saved us all.‖

The villagers cheered and raised Yuuki into the air. ―We were going to

celebrate our rice harvest tonight,‖ said one, ―but now we’ll celebrate that we’re all still alive!‖

56. Where was Yuuki when the earthquake struck?

A. On the beach.

B. On the mountain.

C. In the rice fields.

D. At his family home.

57. In what order did the following events take place?

a. Yuuki set fire to the rice fields.

b. The villagers laughed and played on the beach.

c. The land was torn away by the water.

d. Yuuki ran to warn the villagers.

e. The villagers stared at the destruction.

f. The people were cursing Yuuki.

A. d, b, e, a, c, f

B. b, a, d, e, c, f

C. d, b, a, f, c, e

D. a, d, b, e, f, c

58. How did Yuuki save the villagers from the disaster?

A. He told them about the earthquake.

B. He explained why the sea was flowing out.

C. He told the village chief to warn the people.

D. He set fire to the rice field.

59. What were the people planning to do before the tsunami struck their village?

A. Harvest the rice crop.

B. Play on the beach.

C. Climb the mountain.

D. Celebrate the rice harvest.

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B

Fishing is a popular activity and every fisherman knows the rule: Keep the big ones, throw the smaller ones back. The idea behind Lt is simple - the larger fish are probably older. If you keep the smaller ones, they won’t be able to reproduce, and the fish population is in danger.

But fishing out the largest fish from a population has an unwanted effect: Over time, fewer adult fish get

really big. If only the smaller fish reproduce(繁殖), then future generations become smaller. This is an example of evolution(进化) in action.

One scientist, Dr David Conover has spent the last decade studying the effects of the ―keep the big ones‖ rule and if they can be reversed(颠倒).

To set up his experiment, Conover and his team caught hundreds of silverside fish and divided them into six groups. For two groups, Conover followed the ―keep the large ones‖ rule and took out the biggest fish. For two other groups, he removed only the small fish.

For the last two groups, he removed fish at random (随意的).

After five years, he measured the fish in each group. In the two groups where the largest fish were regularly removed, the average fish size was smaller than the average size in the other groups. Here was evolution in action: If only small fish survive to reproduce, then future generations of fish will also tend to be small.

For the second five years of his experiment, Conover changed the rules and took fish randomly from each group. At the end of the experiment, he found that the fish that were in the ―keep the large ones‖ group for the first five years had started to get larger again, although he calculated it would take at least 12 years for the fish in that group to return to their original size.

In other words, it takes less time to shrink(变小) than it does to recover.

60. The underlined word ―it‖ (Line 2) refers to ― ‖

A. the activity B. the fish C. the rule D. the fisherman

61. Why do many people follow the ―keep the big ones, throw the small ones back‖ rule?

A. It helps to protect fish numbers.

B. It helps to protect fish size.

C. It is the custom in most countries.

D. They will be punished if they don’t.

62. What did Conover find after the first five years of his experiment?

A. The ―keep the big ones‖ rule made no difference to fish size.

B. The ―keep the big ones‖ rule made fish smaller on average.

C. The ―keep the big ones‖ rule made the fish bigger on average.

D. The ―keep the big ones‖ rule affected all fish populations in the same way.

63. What is the author’s intention in writing this article?

A. To encourage people to fish more carefully.

B. To urge governments to change the rules of fishing.

C. To describe the results of a scientific experiment.

D. To introduce the rules of fishing to readers.

C

With only fish and birds for company, Eric Erden has been rowing across the Pacific Ocean to Australia in his 23-foot-long boat since he left California on July 10, 2009.

But crossing the Pacific is only part of his incredible journey. Eric has decided to go all the way around the world using only his own energy. He will row, bike, and walk without help from any motors at all. Oh, and his plan includes climbing the tallest peak on six of the continents along the way, to honour the memory of a fellow climber.

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He says he is doing this to show kids that they can achieve any goal, but he hopes to have some great

adventures along the way.

As a solo traveller, Eric has already faced disappointments and challenges. Because he has to row about ten hours a day, he brought along an MP3 player to listen to music and pass the time. Unfortunately, the nearly daily tropical rain for several months has forced him to keep his player packed away where it's safe and dry.

Storms and huge wave wind regularly force him in the wrong direction and even threaten to overturn his boat. ―Sometimes I really feel scared,‖ says a somewhat embarrassed Eric. ―But that’s all part of the journey. I knew this wouldn’t be easy when I started. That's why I gave myself two years to finish.‖

Protein bars(蛋白棒) give him energy, and he boils water to heat freeze-dried meals on a one-burner stove.

A solar-powered machine removes salt from ocean water so he can drink it, but only when the sun shines. When that fails he sometimes tries to collect rainwater in buckets.

He’s not bothered by any of the hardships. Eric sees the world as a laboratory where there is much to learn. And when his trip around the world takes him across land, he enjoys meeting people - especially children. He has already visited several schools and shared his story.

64. Why is Eric making this trip?

A. To encourage children to reach for their goal.

B. To learn more about the world around us.

C. To have many great adventures in strange lands.

D. To honour the memory of a fellow climber.

65. What does Eric plan to do on each of the six continents he will visit?

A. Visit schools to share his story.

B. Study the culture of the local people.

C. Climb the tallest mountain.

D. Cycle from one end to the other.

66. When does Eric expect to finish his journey?

A. July 2009. B. June 2010. C. January 2011. D. July 2011.

67. Which of the following words best describes Eric’s character?

A. Determined. B. Intelligent. C. Fearless. D. Lonely.

D

―I had a Welsh speaking test. I'd had to memorize a paragraph in front of the whole class. I just couldn’t do it,‖ says 13-year-old Mary. ―I pretended to be ill.‖ But Mary did not enjoy her day off. ―I watched TV all day — it was boring. I wished I had gone to school.‖

Mary’s story is not unusual in Britain. According to the latest government figures, pupil absences are rising, 逃学).

Philippa James, a PhD researcher at Cardiff University’s school of social sciences, thinks she knows why: ―The more schools improve methods of detection(检查), the more children work out better methods of

deception.‖ Teenagers told her it was now harder to skip a single lesson, so they’d miss whole days to avoid being caught.

For several years, James has researched student truancy of 60 teenagers, aged 13 and 14, including Mary, to see how the teenagers truant, for how long, and why.

Through online conversations and face-to-face interviews, she discovered that most truancy was ―a response to factors within the school‖. Truants are not necessarily less advanced or less intelligent. They complained of teachers who failed to engage them, and of ―boring‖ lessons. ―Many truants really enjoy school and believe in education, but drop out when aspects of it were ineffective.‖ James says.

The views of students like Adam, who believes that skipping lessons has little impact on his schooling, were 6

common. ―I only take-off for a lesson, or a couple of days. It doesn’t affect my education,‖ he told James.

James’ study concludes that schools need to address the question of why pupils want to leave in the first place. ―Pupils need help from the start.‖ she says. ―It’s a two-way process – schools must be responsive. We need to look at the reasons for truancy rather than the number, so that instead of walking away from school, students have the skills and chances to talk through problems and make a change.‖

68. What is one of the reasons for school truancy according to James’ study?

A. Truants are fallen behind in their studies.

B. Truants have no interest in school subjects.

C. Truants have more interesting things to do.

D. Truants are not satisfied with the teachers.

69. The underlined phrase ―taking a hard line‖ (paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to― ‖.

A. experiencing a problem with B. having a strict attitude towards

C. finding it difficult to solve D. having little success with

70. By citing Adam's remark, James wants to show that .

A. school education is not efficient and needs improvement

B. it’s a popular belief that occasional truancy won't cause much harm

C. school truancy is becoming more serious and needs more concern

D. even good students may sometimes need a break from school

71. What is Philippa James’ suggestion to schools?

A. Schools should solve the problem of teachers.

B. Schools should be more active in helping beginner truants.

C. Schools should have a better control of hidden truants.

D. Schools should find out who truant and how they it.

E

For travelers with a sense of adventure and who so want to experience some of the history and mystery of the ancient world, here is a list of cool destinations that you may want to consider for your next holiday.

Angkor Wat, Cambodia

Built in the 12th century, Angkor Wat (meaning ―capital monastery‖) was a temple in the ancient Khmer capital city of Angkor. It is Cambodia’s best-known tourist attraction and appears on the country’s flag. The temple is known for its beautiful architecture and reliefs. You'll need at least three days to fully discover the delights of the magnificent site.

Machu Picchu, Peru

Machu Picchu was built high in the Andes Mountains of South America by the Inca in the 15th century. Although well preserved its exact purpose is unknown. It is famous throughout the world not only for its

incredible design but also for the natural beauty that surrounds it. Give yourself a week to explore this magnificent site and make you’re fit as there will be a lot of climbing.

Stonehenge, England

The entire Stonehenge site was constructed over thousands of years. But why and how it was built remains a mystery. As the weather can be pretty bleak in winter and the crowds huge in summer, we suggest autumn is the best time to visit these monster rocks.

Pompeii, Italy

When Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 A.D., Pompeii was buried under many layers of ash, preserving the city exactly as it was when the volcano erupted. Because so many objects were preserved, archaeologists and visitors are able to better understand daily life in the ancient Roman Empire.

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72. Which location offers the most direct view into daily life in the ancient world?

A. Pompeii. B. Stonehenge. C. Ankor Wat. D. Machu Piccu.

73. Why may people want to visit Machu Piccu?

A. To climb the Andes Mountains. B. To discover how it was built.

C. To explore both history and nature. D. To learn to speak Spanish.

74. When is the best time to visit Stonehenge?

A. Summer. B. Spring. C. Winter. D. Autumn.

75. Where would you probably read such an article?

A. In a history textbook. B. In an archeology(考古) journal.

C. In a travel magazine. D. In an adventure novel.

五、写作

第一节 单词

(A)单词拼写(10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母写出所缺单词。在填写单词时,要求写出完整的单词。(每空只写一词)

1. The present came to the school in p_________.

2. We’ve r_________ the workers with machines.

3. John is a good student. It’s unlikely that he’ll s_______ classes.

4. He a_______ himself to the cold weather.

5. You can watch the match on the Internet in r_______ time.

6. Christmas is the most important t__________ festival in the western countries.

7. The teacher was s__________ with the boy’s answer.

8. Without her family’s s_______, she couldn’t achieved her goal.

9. She e_______ her younger daughter at home every day.

10. If you want to learn English well, you must first find a c______ teacher.

(B) 课文填空 (共5分,每小格0.5分)

Apart from keeping fit, students can learn many important lessons about life from life doing sports. Sports it when they lose. This will help students understand competition, and make them more linked to the clothes which different youth games wear. In schools with youth gangs, the number of fights

第二节 完成句子(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空只写一词)

1. 不要强迫自己老当第一。

Don’t ________ _______ ______ ________ to be number one ______ _____.

2. 他哄骗我排队等候了很久。

He _____ ________ _____ ______ _______ _______ ______ for a long time.

3. 他们的辛勤劳动对城市的发展做出了很大的贡献。

Their hard work _____ _____ ______ _____ _____ ______ ______ of cities.

4. 如果你继续投入精力,你一定会成功的。

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You are sure to succeed if you ______ ______ _____ ____ _____ _____ ___.

5. 他在决定做某事之前,总是深思熟虑。

Before he ______ ____ _______ ______ ____ _____, he would always think carefully.

第三节 书面表达(共1小题,满分15分)

【写作情景】

假设你是某国际学校广播站成员,请根据以下要点用英文拟写一份关于预防H7N9流感的通知。

1. 勤洗手;

2. 一旦感冒,马上就医;

3. 病的较重的同学,建议在家休息直到医生说可以回校;

4. 你的一、两个建议。

【写作要求】

1. 文章的开头与结尾已给出不计入词数;

2. 文章需包含要点的所有内容,字数120词左右。

【评分标准】

句子结构精准、信息内容完整、篇章结构整洁。

Announcement

Hello everyone. Here are some recommendations for keeping yourself healthy during H7N9 outbreak.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

May everybody be healthy and enjoy your study. That’s all. Thank you.

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答案

二、语言知识及运用

16~20 A C C C C 21~25 D B C C B

26~30 D C B D A

31~35 A C B B A 36~40 B C C A B

三、完型填空

41~45 B C C A A

46~50 B D C B B

51~55 A A D A D

四、阅读理解

56~60 B C D D C 61~65 A B C A C

66~70 D A D B B 71~75B A C D C

五、写作

第一节:

(A)写出单词

1. person 2. replaced 3. skip 4. adapted 5. real

6. traditional 7. satisfied 8. support 9. educates 10. competent

(B) 课文填空

11. satisfaction 12. accept 13. patient 14. prepare

15. society 16. reduce 17. deceased 18. send

19. pride 20. performance

第二节 完成句子

1. put pressure on yourself all the time

2. tricked me into waiting in a queue

3. made a great contribution to the development

4. keep on putting in some effort

5. made a decision to do something

第三节 书面作文(略)

部分解析

语法填空:

31. 从后一句可知,如果失败的话就会灰心。

32. 如果你不充分了解自己,可能就会失去很多机会。

33. know well about yourself 充分了解自己

34. points and weak ones 优缺点

35. realise dreams 实现梦想

36. 首先要清楚自己要做什么

37. not...but 不是..而是...

38. look after 照顾自己,从本段意思可知。

39. change...into 把...变成

40. 如果你不照顾好自己,就容易生病。

完形填空:

41.不用担心

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42.从转折词可以看出依然有很多问题

43. items 物件

44. poisoned 中毒

45. 大部分已经恢复,但还有6个在医院

46. importance of education 教育的重要性

47. eager to learn 渴望学习

48. suffer 遭受

49. can't afford 支付得起

50. promote education 提升教育质量

51. 给他们提供生活上的必需品

52. send over 寄过来

53. available 可得到的

54. take time to do 花费时间做某事

55. event 事件,一般表大事

阅读理解:

56. 细节题,从文中第二段可知,他当时在山上。

57. 排序题,从文章故事情节发展可得出答案

58. 细节题,从He lit a tree branch, raced to the rice fields and began burning the harvested rice.可知。

59. 细节题,从最后一句可知。

60. it上一句提到了捕鱼的规则:大鱼会保留,小鱼放回去。

61. 从文中第一段 If you keep the smaller ones, they won’t be able to reproduce, and the fish population is in danger.可知。

62. 从第六段 In the two groups where the largest fish were regularly removed, the average fish size was smaller than the average size in the other groups.可知。

63. 主旨大意题,文章主要介绍了一个科学实验的结果。

64. 细节题,从文中第三段可知。

65. 细节题,从第二段最后一句可知,他的目标是攀登上每座山的最高峰。

66. 细节题,他开始于2009年7月,但计划两年之内完成That's why I gave myself two years to finish.‖

67. 从文中Erics的表现看,他是一个非常勇于挑战有决心的人。

68. 细节题,从文中第五段They complained of teachers who failed to engage them, and of ―boring‖ lessons.可知。

69. 猜词题,从转折词可看出来,虽然学校对于逃学有很严格的规定,但是逃学量还在增加。

70. 细节题,从The views of students like Adam, who believes that skipping lessons has little impact on his schooling, were common. ―I only take-off for a lesson, or a couple of days. It doesn’t affect my education,‖ he told James.可知。

71. 细节理解题,从文中最后一段可知。

72.从最后一段可知Because so many objects were preserved, archaeologists and visitors are able to better understand daily life in the ancient Roman Empire.

73. 细节题,从第三段 It is famous throughout the world not only for its incredible design but also for the natural beauty that surrounds it.可知。

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74. 细节题,从第四段we suggest autumn is the best time to visit these monster rocks.可知。

75.

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