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2014初三英语一模五选四汇总

发布时间:2014-04-18 14:48:54  

五选四(一)

“people have sighted the wild man in the area. From 1976 to 1981, the Chinese scientists had made three scientific expeditions(科学考察) during which they only found some indirect evidence. But recently Chinese scientists are again becoming excited __1__ the fact that a large hairy animal may live in central China. Now they hope it won't be too long before they are able to __2__ its existence(存在). Their confidence is the result of a new discovery of the mystery animal in Hubei Province.

Ten Chinese engineers, enjoying a holiday in a National Forest Park, were driving down a road. As their bus turned a corner, the men were __3__ amazed by what they saw. Three tall animals, covered with long black hair, were crossing the road. On seeing the animal, the engineers immediately stopped and ran after hem. However, when they saw how the animals moved __4__ the forest with great speed and strength, they did not dare to follow any further.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

and scientists feel they can __1__ what they described.

After the discovery, scientists returned to the forest and __2__ some hair and measured footprints. About 20 inches appears to be the animal's foot! Chinese

scientists have now set up a special group to exchange information and make a __3__ of the forest. But in the meantime, some people __4__to believe that this half-man, half-monkey exists. They will not believe that it is real until one of the animals have been caught.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

Chinese doctors believe we need a __1__ of cool yin and hot yang to be healthy. In China, herbs (草药) are the main medicine but in western countries they use pills.

In China, __2__ you are quiet and always tired, Chinese doctors might think you have too much yin. You should eat more hot yang food. It can give you some __3__. But in western countries, doctors will check your body. They might give you some pills to cure (治愈) your disease. People who are easily nervous and __4__ might have too much yang in their bodies. Chinese doctors believe they should eat more yin food.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

plays, travel books, and so on. And in reading books of this kind the __1__ thing is to get on with the reading, to try to grasp (领会) __2__ the writer is going to tell you in the book as a whole. This is impossible if you stop and think over the __3__ of every single word which happens to be unfamiliar. You cannot enjoy a story if you stop lots of times on every page for __4__ words in the dictionary. You may even prevent yourself from understanding the story as a whole by doing this.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

1

五选四(二)

the house opened, and a woman put her head __1____.

"What is it?" she asked.

"I've got a package for Mrs. Smith," the mailman said.

"Is it registered(挂号的) ?”The woman asked. "Yes," the mailman said. "Is it a big package or a small package?" the woman wants to know.

"It is quite a small package," the mailman told her.

"I see." The woman thought for a minute, and then she said,” Who is it from?"

The mailman looked at the ____2____ on the back of the package. “It is from Jones and Jones in London”, he said.

Now the woman was very interesting. "From Jones and Jones, eh?" she said "That is a very expensive shop. What is in it?"

"Madam," the mailman said, becoming quite angry with the woman,"I don't now. Why don't you _______3____ and take the package from me. Then you can open it and find out."

"Oh, I can't do that," the woman said.

"Why not ?” the mailman asked.

"Because I'm not Mrs. Smith, "she said.” You?ve come to the wrong house. Mrs. Smith lives _____4_____door."

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

in Britain, especially the names like Eton(伊顿). Actually, the best known of the public schools are not public at all, but independent and private secondary schools taking boys from the ___1__ of 13 to 18. The public school becomes a very __3_ part of the whole system of secondary education. Only about 1 out of 40 English boys goes to public school and 1 out of 1,500 goes to Eton. However, it is still true that if an English parent has enough money to pay the fees to ___4_____ his children to an independent school, he

will most probably do so.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

more beautiful and __1__ , but also because it would make life easier.

For example, it was difficult for Lisa to find ready-made clothes. She had to ask a tailor (裁缝) to make clothes that were large enough. In school, she needed a special chair that was bigger and stronger than other chairs. If she went for a walk, she got tired very __2__.

She was also unhappy about the way people treated (对待) her sometimes. “People look at me and even __3__ me. It?s true that I?m fat, but I don?t think people should treat me differently. I can?t enjoy having dinner with my friends because I?m afraid of __4__ fatter.”

Sometimes when Lisa was feeling sad, she didn?t want to speak to anyone.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

2

五选四(三)

Someone advised Lisa to play the lead role (主演) of the proud Queen who was tall and fat. Lisa agreed and __2__ a lot.

Soon after the play, Lisa became a star! She did so well that everybody remembered the proud Queen. She even won the School Best Actress Award for her wonderful __3__.Now Lisa doesn?t worry about being fat __4__. She believes in the English saying “Every dog has its day.”

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

South Africa. That was a part of events celebrating his 87th birthday on July 18.

South Africa's first black president Nelson Mandela became a comic strip hero at once. "This project aims at encouraging young people to read," his _ 46_foundation (基金会) said.

“We express the 47 and the values of Mr. Mandela through comics," added John Samuel, chief executive(决策者) of the Nelson Mandela Foundation, "Comics are a very useful way of bringing young people into reading."

"Comics 48 are a very powerful way to introduce literature(文学), various aspects of reading to young people. And this is our purpose here,” he told a news conference.

Some people _ 49 that Mr. Mandela should not be a comic figure. “It would take a lot more than comics to demean his stature (贬低他声望),”said Samuel.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

50 sources(来源) like sun, wind, water, etc. But people always make things difficult by not using these sources of energy. In the last few years there have been a great number of new ideas for generating(产生) energy. People suddenly realized that everyday things can be a source of energy. For example, riding a bike, running or just_ 51_, etc. But, is there anything else that can be used for collecting energy? We 52 have to change our way of thinking if we want to change the world.

So comes the idea of solar(太阳能) roadways. Are they the road of future? Why don't we use them for collecting energy?

The US Department of Transportation 53

$100,000 to Solar Roadways to build the first ever Solar Road.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

of it brings bad memories.

My First Day

I?ll never forget my first day at primary school. I __1__ very nervous. We were all together and the head teacher was __2__ himself. A girl next to me started asking me questions about my shoes! I wanted to listen to the teacher but I didn?t want to be __3__ to my new friend. So, I told her about my shoes. Suddenly, the head teacher looked at me with an angry face. “Be careful when I am speaking! Go and sit __4__ .”I remember feeling so silly.

3

五选四(四)

I remember her name was Mrs Simpson. She was __1__ pretty and had a lovely smile. She had a soft voice and always wore the same dress! She seemed so nice after that very unpleasant head teacher. Sports Day

Sports day was the best day of the year! I __2__ for the running race and one year I won! I always cheered my friends on when they ran their races, too.

My Nickname

Everyone in the class had nicknames when I was in junior high school. Some of the nicknames were funny and some weren?t very nice. I remember they __3__ call me “mushroom head”because my hair stuck out on either side. It made a lasting __4__ on me. Not a good one.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

mother to buy her a new schoolbag or any new pens for the beginning of the school term. “My old schoolbag can still be used, so there is no __1__ to buy a new one,”Zhang said . “ I?ve decided to be thrifty(节约的) from now on.”

As the centre of the family?s atteniton,many of the one-child generation do not know about the hardships of life. They sometimes have no idea of the value of things. Many students would throw away pens and erasers that haven?t been used up and buy new ones. Some like to __2__ each other to see whose clothes and school things are more expensive.

The Ministry of Education released a notification(通知) on its website on Jan 20,2013. It called on students to form good habits such as diligence and thrift to avoid wasting food and to _3__ famous brands(品牌).

Many schools consider teaching the value of money to be an important lesson and encourage their students to be thrift.

Students at No 44 Middle School in Hebei planted many fruit trees on their campus. The students learned how to cherish(爱惜) things __4__ taking care of the trees. “With everyone?s work, we can make a difference,” said Li Dong, a student at the school.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

about where it comes from.

Day after day, thousands of children in poor countries have to __1___ hours walking for miles to collect water. What?s more, the water is dirty and can cause serious diseases, such as diarrhea(腹泻). It?s hard to believe, but every 20 seconds a child dies as a result of a water-related disease.

The international water-aid charity called Just a Drop __2__ clean water to some of the poorest areas in the world, by building wells, pipelines(水管) and toilets. The charity has helped about 1.5 million people__3___.

Betty, from Uganda, is just one of the people who have been helped by Just a Drop.11-year-ld Betty had to walk tow miles every day, carrying tow heavy cans __4__ dirty pond water before Just a Drop placed a well in her village. “I used to get sick form the water. Now, I don`t have t walk long distances and I feel much sager with this clean water.”

4

五选四(五)

(机翼行走者)'!

The two girls, Rose and Flame, are cousins. They took to the sky on two bipZanes(双翼飞 机),and the __2__ of one of the planes was their grandfather. They completed a wing walk as the two planes flew just meters apart.

After getting down from the planes,they said, “That was __3__! It was so cool looking down and seeing all the small houses! ”

Not every nine-year-old girl can take on an adventure like this. Rose and Flame are braver than other girls of their age. Besides,they come from a family of wing walkers. They are deeply affected by what they see and hear.

This time, the two brave girls took on the adventure, not just to break the record but also to __4__ for the poor. They try to do something for the society.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

teaching himself to make batteries and generators (发电机)for his neighborhood in Africa.

Kelvin is only 15 years old, but he has already created batteries and generators __1__. He used the things he picked up around the house or from litter bins to create them.

“In my hometown, we don? t have much electricity and batteries are __2__

,”Kelvin said. So he decided to make batteries to light up people?s homes.

Kelvin also __3__ a radio station. He broadcasts news and plays music for the local people. The station gets its electricity from a generator also made by him.

His next project will be a windmill (风车)for electricity supply. He wants to help more families in his hometown live a happy and __4__life.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

抗病毒) software these days. It can find a virus, fix it and you can forget about it. Unluckily the same isn?t __1__for spyware.

What is spyware? It is software that __2__somewhere on your computer. It collects information about what you do on the Internet and passes the information on companies without your permission (允许). If you shop on the Internet and use your credit card, you should know that some spyware will __3__the information.

Your computer can catch spyware through lots of ways. If you open the wrong email, __4__ you visit the wrong website, spyware can download itself onto your computer. And spyware often comes with free software.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

5

五选四(六)

spyware can be more powerful and will often make your computer __1__. “Adware” is a type of spyware which is advertising software. It makes advertisements appear now and then while you __2__the Internet. Not dangerous…but very annoying (令人心烦的).

If this is the first time you?ve heard of spyware, you?ve probably got some on your PC. Surveys have found that 90% of computers have several pieces of spyware on them. And spyware will stay on your computer for a long time, ___3__ collecting information and sending it back to its owners.

There is some anti-spyware software that will remove most of your __4___. However, some anti-spyware software is spyware itself, so be careful.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

invitation on his desk.It was from several of his classmates asking him to __1__ them on a camping trip.This was the first time he was asked to join in an out-of-school activity.Why were they asking him now? Jess thought__2__ seemed to like him.In fact,he had been so lonely that he drowned his feeling with food.As a result,he had put on a lot of weight,and this gave the kids something more to make fun of him.

Cindy,who was standing near Jess when he read the invitation,went out quickly to tell the others that the trick(恶作剧)had worked.Everyone was pleased that Jess thought that was __3__.But there was no camping trip.The whole thing was made up.

At first,Cindy thought it was fun.But later,when Jess told her that he was going to buy a sleeping bag with his savings(积蓄),Cindy had a second idea.She knew that Jess's family had little money,and she hated to see him __4__ his savings on something he would never use.Cindy also hated to tell Jess the truth.Her close friends would be angry with her.What could she do now?

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

through magazines at home. And every night, I look at the posters with photos of David Beckham and Yao Ming on my bedroom wall before I go to sleep. Can we __1__ life without paper or print? Paper was first created about 2,000 years ago, and has been made from silk, cotton, bamboo, and, since the 19th century, from wood. People learned to write words on paper to make a book. But in those days, books could __2__ be produced one at a time by hand. As a result, they were expensive and rare. And because there weren?t many books, few people learned to read.

Then printing was invented in China. The first printed books were made by putting ink on a wooden block and holding the paper against it. When printing was developed greatly at the beginning of the 11th century, books could be produced more quickly and cheaply. Then more people learned to read. After that, knowledge and __3__ spread(传播) quickly.

Today information can be received online, downloaded from the Internet rather than found in books, and information can be kept on CD-ROMs or machines __4__ MP3 players.

Computers are already used in classrooms, and newspapers and magazines can already be read online. So will books be replaced by computers one day? I am not sure.

6

五选四(七)

Switzerland, you can taste as much chocolate as you like, also you may visit many chocolate museums. You will __1__ about the history of chocolate, explore the traditions of Swiss chocolate making, and even watch the chocolate production process.

If you have a lot of money, taking a chocolate train can be a good __2__. It will be a __3__ journey to sit on a first-class seat, taste yummy chocolate, and visit the chocolate factory.

You show no ___4____ in chocolate museums and chocolate trains? Well, a chocolate spa will meet your needs. You can give your whole body a chocolate treat! How sweet it is!

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

moment out in the evening to relax with it?

Tea has been an important part of daily life in China for hundreds of years. There is a __1___ of tea, such as green tea, black tea, flower tea, and yellow tea. But two rising stars in China?s teacups --- white tea and dark tea --- are becoming more and more ___2__.

Dark tea is made from rough, old tea leaves which darken to a deep brown colour during the long process.

White tea, produced mostly in Fujian, is made by drying tea leaves. The local people __3____ the fresh leaves out on the ground and keep them in jars after they have dried.

Both dark tea and white tea have a long history in China. Dark tea and white tea are healthy drinks. Dark tea can __4___ fat n the body, lower blood pressure and slow the aging process.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

about the kinds of clothes you should bring. You should bring __2__ one formal outfit (外套) for important dinners, and remember to bring lots of warm __3__ clothes, a well. Yes, I did say ?warm?, because it is a bit cold here until the summer!

My mum wanted to make sure that I packed lots of special food so that I would not

__4__ her Chinese cooking too much. However, there are many different kinds of food in the UK, and I can buy all my favorite foods at small Chinese shops. There are also lots of cheap restaurants near the university.

1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________

food in England __2__ very different to the food back home. You can also go to the university canteen --- eating with others is a great way to make new friends.

You will probably live in the halls of residence in your first year. People usually have their own room, with a desk, __3__ and a bed. The bathrooms and kitchen are usually __4__ the corridor (走廊). The kitchen is also a great place to meet the students in your hall.

Good luck! I am sure you will have a wonderful time.

Wang Dong

7

五选四(八)

However, I had a different experience in Berkeley, a beautiful city in California, US.

I didn?t know what to do when I had to cross the roads __1__ my first couple of days there: I wondered whether I should let the car go first or not? Based on my old experience back in China, I would certainly let the car go. “Who wants to be knocked down by a car?” I thought to __2__.

One day, I was checking for cars while I was waiting to go to the other side of the road. An SUV came fast toward me, so I stopped and __3__. However, to my great surprise, the car stopped right in front of me. To be honest, I was a little confused because in China drivers usually try hard to drive as __4__ as possible to cross the road before people step out. Not knowing what to do for a moment, I saw no sign the car was going to move, so I offered a “signal? to let him go first.

battle, I gave in and walked onto the crossing first.

This took place nearly six months ago, but the scene still comes back to my mind __2__. Good road-crossing manners between driver and pedestrian(行人) mean __3__, fewer accidents and most importantly, respect between people. I really hope that more Chinese people will realize this and make

We do not know when people invented wheels. But once it was invented, knowledge of the wheel from about 3,500 to 3,000 BC. The cart or wagon was the first vehicle which had wheels. At that time, they were pulled by humans or animals. Today, there are still carts drawn by animals in many countries. 双轮敞蓬马车)appeared. It moved even faster than the cart, so it soon became an important __3__in die war and

later was introduced to other ancient countries, such as Egypt, Persia, Greece and Rome.

The invention of wheels is very important to the __4__ of new transportations. Without wheels, the Transportation means the movement of people and goods from one place to another. In history, the economy and power of a country are closely related to the efficient methods of transportation. By transportation we can get access to natural resources and promote trade. It will make a country richer and more __1__ The movement of soldiers, equipment and supplies can also be realized by transportation. It is very important to a country __2__ when the war broke out.

Transportation systems and the routes they use have greatly influenced both how and where people live. Good transportation can help people lead a comfortable life in remote areas __3__ factories.

Transportation is very important to a nation's __4__. Countries are trying to reduce the costs of transporting natural resources to production sites and moving finished goods to markets. It is one of the key factors in economic competition. The transportation industry is the largest industry in the world. 8

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杨浦46-53 BAED CEAD

9

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