haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

300句子语法

发布时间:2014-04-21 11:01:46  

1.too+形容词/副词原级+to do sth. 太…而不能做某事

*so+adj./adv+that+句子 如此…以至于…

The kid is so young that he can’t go to school.

* not+adj/adv+enough to do sth

不足够做某事 The kid is not old enough to go to school. 2.come from= be from+地点 来自…. I am from China. 3.come true 实现(没有进行时也没有被动语态,必须是物作主语) 4.used to do sth.过去常常做某事(现在不做) ★used to be+adj/n.过去是…. She used to be short.她过去是矮的。 ★make one’s living on/by sth/doing sth 通过做…谋生 She makes her living by selling books. 5.be far from+地点 “离…远” 6.enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 ★go fishing去钓鱼;go shopping 去购物 go swimming去游泳 etc. 7.would like to do sth.想要做某事 ★would like to be adj/名词 想要成为… 8.have a good time doing sth.做某事玩的开心 9.enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 10.like to do sth.喜欢做某事 like doing sth.喜欢做某事 11.make friends with sb.与某人交朋友 12.not…at all一点也不= not…in the slightest 13.not only…but also不但而且(并列连词,前后连接并列成分,若连接并列主语,谓语动词采取就近一致原则) Not only he but also I am a teacher. ★try one’s best to do sth.= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力做某事 15.as soon as 一…就… 引导时间状语从句,从句一般现在时,主句一般将来时 ☆finish doing sth.结束做某事;完成做某事 17.spend+时间/金钱+ on sth 花费时间或钱在某事上 ☆ so…that…如此…以至于….

18.call on sb拜访某人

19.call sb up给某人打电话;call for 号召 ☆arrive in +大地点; arrive at+小地点 20.be glad to do sth.很高兴做某事 ☆care for照顾;喜欢

21.come across sb.偶然遇到某人 ☆on one’s way to+地点 在某人去…的路上 22.not…until 直到…才… 时间状语从句,谓语动词一般为非延续性动词 ☆until=till 直到…. (谓语为延续性动词) 23.congratulate sb on sth.祝贺某人某事 24.learn from sb向某人学习 25.hear that+句子 (听说…) hear of/about sb./sth.听说某人或某事 hear from sb.收到某人的来信 hear sb do sth.听到某人做某事的全过程 hear sb doing sth听到某人正在做某事 ☆enjoy oneself(doing sth.) (做某事)玩的开心 26.be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 be afraid of sth/sb/doing sth害怕… be afraid that+句子 ☆get on well with sb=get along well with sb 与某人相处得好 27.have fun with sb与某人玩的开心 have fun doing sth.做某事玩的开心 29.see sb do sth.看见某人做某事的全过程 see sb doing sth看见某人正在做某事 30.be glad that +句子 (高兴…) ☆have…in common 有…共同之处 33. tell sb to do sth.告诉某人做某事 tell sb not to do sth.告诉某人不要做某事 35. neither…nor…既不…也不…(并列连词,连接并列主语,谓语动词就近一致原则) 36.next to紧挨着 (to 介词) 37.as+adj/adv原级+as 像…一样 not as/so+adj./adv原级+as 不如…. 39.tell sb sth.=tell sth to sb告诉某人某事 tell a story 讲故事;tell a lie说谎 40.be famous for… 因为…而出名 be famous as… 作为…而出名 41.stop sb from doing sth.阻止某人做某事 keep sb from doing sth.阻止某人做某事 ☆ stop to do sth.停下来去后面的事情 ☆ stop doing sth.停止正在做的事情

43.It’s necessary to do sth.做某事是有必要的 It’s adj (for sb.) to do sth. 做某事对某人来说是怎样的

44.There be…to do 有…要做(没做) There be…doing 有…正在做 45.it’s important for sb to do sth. 做某事对于来说是重要的 46.why not+动词原形

Why don’t you+动词原形? 为什么不做某事?

47.instead of+名词/代词/动名词 代替;而不是 ☆instead 副词 单独用于句首或句尾 ☆rather than 前后连接并列成分

49.would like sb to do sth.想要某人做某事 ☆join+组织,加入其中成为其中的一员 50.it’s good for sb. to do sth.

做某事对于某人来说是好的。

51.keep on doing sht.一直做某事;不断做某事 ☆take care of= look after照看;照顾 52.give sb. sth.= give sth. to sb.给某人某物 ☆a bit of = a little +不可数名词

53.buy sth. for sb.= buy sb. sth.给某人买某物 ☆a few+可数名词复数 (表示肯定) ☆few+可数名词复数 (表示没有) 54.could you please do sth.?请做…好吗? Could you please not do sth.? 请不要做…好吗?

☆pass sb. sth.= pass sth. to sb.给某人递某物 55.lend sth. to sb.= lend sb. sth.借给某人某物 ☆a number of+可数名词复数 (做主语谓语动词用复数)

☆the number of+可数名词复数 (做主语谓语动词用单数)

56.news 新闻;消息 不可数名词

59.there be 句型表示有,be的单复数根据离它最近的名词来判断

60.will you please do sth.?请做…好吗? Would you please do sth.?请做…好吗? 61.stop doing sth.停止做某事 62.let sb do sth.让某人做某事

63.why not+动词原形 ?为什么不做…? 64.have to do sth.不得不做某事 ☆deal with sth.处理;应付某事

☆in one’s daily life在某人日常生活中

65.either…or…要么…要么…;或者…或者…. (并列连词,连接并列主语,谓语动词就近一致)

66.go for a walk= take a walk=have a walk散步 ☆feel like doing sth.想要做某事 ☆want to do sth.想要做某事

☆would like to do sth.想要做某事 67.ask sb. to do sth.让某人做某事

☆ask sb. not to do sth.要某人不要做某事 ☆ask sb. for sth.跟某人要某物 68.bring sth. to sb.= bring sb. sth. 把某物带给某人

69.would like to do sth.想要做某事

☆get along well with sb.跟某人相处的好 70.be late for sth.(做)某事迟到 ☆be late to do sth.做某事迟到 71.lend sb. sth.借给某人某物 ☆in order that+句子 “为了…” ☆in order to do sth. 为了做某事 72.had better do sth.最好做某事

☆had better not do sth.最好不要做某事 73.hear sb do sth.听见某人做了某事 74.be bad for sb/sth 对…没好处

75.too+adj./adv+to do sth.太…而不能做某事 ☆look after 照顾

76.no longer不再(be动词,助动词,情态动词之后,实意动词之前) ☆mind doing sth.介意做某事

☆mind not doing sth.介意不做某事

77.show sth. to sb.= show sb. sth.给某人看某物 ☆not…any more不再…(动作不再重复,数量不再增加)

78.be proud of sb./sth. 为…感到骄傲 ☆take pride in sb./ sth.为…感到骄傲 79.be strict with sb.对某人要求严格 ☆be strict in sth.对某事要求严格 80.it takes sb +时间+to do sth. 花费某人时间做某事

81.make sb. do sth.使某人做某事 Carry on with sth.继续某事

82.it will take sb 时间to do sth.做某事将花费某人多长时间

83.why not do sth.?为什么不做某事? ☆come up with 想出;提出;追上

84.have to do sth.不得不做

☆try one’s best to do sth.尽某人最大努力做 ☆on time准时

☆even though=even if+句子 “尽管” 85.tell sb to do sth.告诉某人某事 86.be busy doing sth.忙于做某事 ☆be busy with sth.忙于某事

87.could you please do sth.?请做…好吗? ☆give out sth. to sb.把某物分发给某人 88.had better do sth.最好做某事 89.it took sb.时间to do sth. 做某事花了某人多长时间 90.in surprise 惊讶地

☆hate doing sth.讨厌做某事

91.both A and B 两者都(作主语谓语复数) ☆arrive at+小地点

☆in the end= finally=at last最后终于 92.be made up of… 由…组成;

☆make up组成;编造;化妆;弥补 93.on foot步行

94.like doing sth.喜欢做某事 95.enjoy doing喜欢做;

☆all over the world全世界=around the world 96.hate doing sth.讨厌做某事

☆as well as又,还(并列连词,连接主语,谓语就近一致)

97.like doing sth.喜欢做某事

98.be good at sth./ doing sth.擅长做某事 ☆do well in sth./ doing sth.擅长做某事 ☆as+adj./adv原级+as 像…一样 99.both…and…两者都

(连接主语,谓语用复数)

100.would like to do sth.想要做某事 101.fill A with B 用B装满A ☆be full of… 装满…

102.connect with… 相关联;有联系 103.depend on sth.依赖于;依靠于

104.so+adj/adv+that+句子 如此…以至于… ☆fall asleep 睡着(状态) 105.fall ill生病(fall系动词) ☆as soon as一…就…

107.be good for sth/sb对…有好处 ☆not…at all一点也不

☆动名词作主语谓语动词用单数

108.put on穿(动作);上演;增加体重 109.keep doing sth.一直做某事 110.so+adj/adv原级+that+句子 如此…以至于…

111. could you please do sth.?请做…好吗? Could you please not do sth.?请不做好吗? ☆pass sb. sth.= pass sth. to sb给某人递某物 112.sb spend 时间/钱 in doing sth. 某人花费时间或者钱做某事 ☆sb. spend 时间/钱 on sth.

某人在某物上花费时间或者钱

☆a lot of= lots of+可数名词复数/不可数名词 113.keep doing sth.不断做某事;一直做某事 ☆make progress 取得进步

114.see sb. do sth.看见某人做了某事 ☆as if好像+句子

115. ☆as long as只要(条件状语从句,主句一般将来时,从句一般现在时) 116.go on doing sth.继续做某事 ☆go on with sth.继续某事

118.tell sb to do sth.告诉某人做某事 ☆change… into…把…变成… 119.little+不可数名词 (没有); ☆a little+不可数名词 (有)

120.even if= even though+句子 (即使;尽管)121.ever since=since 自从+过去的时间点,主句一般采用现在完成时

122.had better do sth.最好做某事

☆had better not do sth.最好不做某事 123.do one’s best to do sth. 尽某人最大的努力做某事

☆ as+adj/adv+as possible= as…as one can 尽可能

125.be afraid of sth.害怕某物

☆be afraid of doing sth.害怕做某事

☆not…any more不再(动作上不再重复) 128.help sb with sth.帮助某人某事 ☆help sb (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事 ☆spend+时间/钱+in doing sth. 129.特殊疑问词+to do sth. 作宾语

☆send sth. to sb.= send sb. sth.送某人某物 130.in order to do sth.为了做某事

☆in order not to do sth.为了不做某事 ☆make sb/sth do sth.使…做某事

☆sth come true实现某事

131.look forward to sth/doing sth.

期待做某事 132.look up sth.+工具 通过…手段查阅….

133.it’s time to do sth.该是做某事的时间 ☆make up one’s mind to do sth.决定做某事 135.not…until…直到…才….

(主句的谓语动词一般为瞬间动词) ☆finish doing sth.完成做某事

136.why don’t you do sth?你为什么不做某事 137.used to do sth.过去常常做某事 ☆on the radio通过收音机 ☆on the telephone通过电话

138.would you please do sth.?请做…好吗? ☆would you please not do?请不要做好吗? 139.how about=what about? ….怎么样?

140.ought to do sth.应该做某事(ought情态) ☆get ready for sth.为…做好准备

141.pay attention to sth.注意… (to介词) 142.be glad that +句子 高兴于…

144.so far到目前为止(用在现在完成时) 145.so long as只要(条件状语从句) 146.work out算出,(动副短语,宾语为代词

放在中间,宾语为名词放在中间或者副词之后)

147.the+比较级,the+比较级(越…就越….)148.the other day前几天(一般过去时) ☆be busy doing sth.忙于做某事

149.why not+动词原形 (为什么不做…) ☆ask sb. for help向某人寻求帮助 ☆think about doing sth,考虑做某事

150.as soon as(一…就…;引导时间状语从句)151.ask sb to do sth.要某人做某事 158.according to sth.根据…(to是介词) 159.agree to do sth.同意做某事

160.agree with sb.同意某人的看法或观点 162.like doing sth.喜欢做某事 167.thousands of数千;成千上万

170.mind one’s doing sth.介意某人做某事 175.sth belong to sb.某物属于某人(to介词)188.compare A to B 把A与B进行比较 把A比作B

189.compare A with B把A与B进行比较 191.find out调查清楚;弄明白

192.one; the other(两个或两部分,讲完一个,再讲另外一个)

193.get close to靠近(to介词)

199.give away sth. to sb把某物赠送给某人 200.give sth back to sb.=return sth to sb 把某物归还给某人 201.would rather do than do

宁愿做前面的事情也不愿做后一件事情 202.give up放弃(up副词,give up doing sth.) 203.worry about sb/sth.担心…

☆be worried about sb./sth.担心….

212.形容词修饰不定代词放在不定代词之后 214.hear of/about sb./sth听说…

244.prevent sb from doing sth.阻止某人做某事 246.put off doing sth.推迟做某事

249.rather than 代替;而不是(前后连接并列成分)

251.regard A as B 把A视为B

256.get ready to do sth.准备好做某事 ☆sb run out of sth.某人用光某物 ☆sth run out某物用光

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com