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unit1-5语法复习

发布时间:2014-04-21 13:16:54  

unit 1 一.反身代词。(P109) 1.构成:反身代词由第一人称,第二人称的形容词性物主代词或第三人称的人称代词宾格在词尾加self或selves构成。

2.一些常用的含有反身代词的短语。

Look after oneself/take care of oneself 照顾自己 ;enjoy oneself 玩的高兴

hurt oneself 伤了自己;cut oneself 割伤自己;by oneself 单独,独自;

lose oneself 迷路;teach oneself sth/learn sth by oneself 自学;

lose oneself in sth陶醉于… ;come to oneself 苏醒,恢复知觉。

say/talk to oneself 自言自语。

练习:1.He often teaches________________ (him)

2.We must look after ____________________ (our) and keep healthy.

3.The man in the photo is __________ (me).

二.情态动词should的用法。(P109)

1.用于提出建议,表达职责和义务或者提出劝告,should意为“应该”。否定为shouldn't。 e.g. You should try your best to help him。你应该尽力帮助他

2.用于征求对方的意见,should表示“应该,应当”。一般用于第一人称的一般疑问句或特殊疑问句。eg.Should I help you clean the room?

unit 2一.动词不定式(P112):to +动词原形,to 有时可以省略。 二.动词短语。

1.动词+介词:look for 寻找,wait for 等待,deal with 处理

2.动词+副词:cheer up 使…振奋,clean up 打扫干净,give away 赠送

3.动词+副词+介词:run out of 用光, come up with 想出

4.动词+名词+介词:make friends with 交朋友,take care of 照顾

5.be +形容词+介词:be late for 迟到, be busy with 忙于

6.动词+介词+名词:go to bed 上床睡觉, keep in mind 牢记

练习:1.his teacher made him __________ (打扫)the classroom.

2.she decided __________ (帮助)homeless people.

3.Please tell me __________ (如何)care for animals.

4.she got up early ___________________(分发) notices today.

5.she went to the hospital __________________ (使振奋起来)the sick children.

6.he often helps him mom ____________________(做晚餐).

7.I know it's important ________________ (学)English well.

{ 在“动词+副词 ”构成的及物动词短语后面接名词,名词既可以放在动词短语之后,也可紧跟在动词之后。如果是代词做宾语,要放在动词与副词之间。eg.He cleaned up the room.=He cleaned the room up. 他把房间打扫干净了。 You room is dirty.You must clean it up. } unit 3一.情态动词could表示请求和允许时的用法(P110)

could可以用来礼貌地向对方提出请求或请求对方的允许,表示委婉的语气。

1.礼貌地请求别人做某事 (1)句型 could you please do sth?/could you do sth?请你做某事行吗?或麻烦你做某事好吗?eg. Could you come here early?你能早点来吗? (2)回答:肯定回答【yes,sure/with pleasure/no problem…】 否定回答【sorry,I can't/ I am afraid I can't …】*could 表示礼貌地请求别人做某事时,回答要用can或者can't,不能用could或couldn't。

2.请求对方的允许,请求别人允许自己做某事。 could I do sth?让我做某事好吗? 练习:1.--could I look at your picture ?--Yes,of course you ___

A.could。 B.can。 C. will。 D would

2.把下列句子变成表示请求或者允许的问句。

(1)Help your parents do chores. ________________________________________

(2)I want to play with my friends after dinner.______________________________

(3)You have to make your bed.__________________________________________

(4)Let me watch TV this evening.________________________________________

(5)You should come here a little earlier.___________________________________

二.spend/take/cost/pay的区别

1.spend 花费时间或金钱,主语为人。

sb spend time/money on sth某人在…方面花费时间/金钱

sb spend time /money (in )doing sth 某人花费时间/金钱做某事

eg.He spent two years (in)writing the book.他花两年时间写了那本书

2.take指花费时间,主语为it。

It takes/ took sb some time to do sth 做某事花费某人多长时间

eg.我用了一个小时完成这项工作。It took me an hour to finish the work.

3.cost指花费金钱精力。主语为物。

sth cost sb some money 某物花费某人多少钱

The book cost me forty yuan.这本书花了我四十元。

4.pay指支付,花费金钱,主语为人。常与for连用。

sb pay/paid some money for sth 某人为某物花费多少钱。

这本书花了我四十元 I paid forty yuan for the book.=I spent forty yuan on the book.

练习:1.I am interested in animals,so I ___ lots of time playing with my dog.

A pay B take C spend

2.Tom spends lots of time _____ English .A .on B .in C at D.for

unit 4.一.although,so that ,until

1.although 意为“虽然,尽管”既可以放在句首也可以放在句中。

Although he is poor,he is very happy.尽管他很穷,但是他很快乐。=He is very happy although he is poor. (在一个句子中although不能与but 同时使用,但是可以与still使用。)

2.so that “以便,为了”相当于 in order that

今天早上我起的早,以便赶上首班公交车。I got up early this morning

so that /in order that I could catch the first bus.=I got up early this morning in order to catch the first bus .

3.until “直到…”。————not…until…直到…才…

(1)昨天晚上直到深夜妈妈回来我才去睡觉。 I didn't go to bed until my mom came back late last night.(2)他们在这一直等到10点钟。They waited here until ten o'clock.

练习:1. My cousin knows a lot about history,_____ he is only four years old.

A . because B.so C . although

2.we won't start the meeting _____ our teachers arrives.

A though B. until C.while D.or

Unit5 一。过去进行时。(P110)(was/were+ doing)表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作或者过去某段时间内一直进行的动作。1.基本句型

练习: 1. He often _________ (get) up at six in the morning. She ______ (get) up at 8 yesterday.

2. He _____________ (get) to Beijing tomorrow. 3.Look! The girl ______________ (run).

4. When I grow up, I __________ (go) to Canada.

5. She often _________ (come) to help the old man when she was 11.

6. I ___________ (walk) along the street when someone called me.

二.状语从句

状语:说明事情发生的时间,地点,原因,目的,结果方式,条件或伴随情况,程度,让步等情况的词叫做状语。

他们正在操场上玩。(地点状语)

简单句:只包含一个主谓结构的句子。He likes doing housework.

并列句:由并列连词或分号连接起来,包含两个或者两个以上的主谓结构的句子。The food

复合句:包含了一个主语从句和一个或几个从句的句子。The film had begun when we got to the cinema(我们到达电影院的时候,电影已经开始了)

从句不能单独成句,但它也有主语部分和谓语部分,是一个特殊句子,由who,that,whom,when,why,where,how,which,等词来引导的非主句部分。

know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。

2.终止性动词也称非延续性动词、瞬间动词或短暂性动词,表示不能延续的动作,这种动作发生后立即结束。如open, close, finish, begin, come, go, arrive, reach, get to, leave, move, borrow,buy等。

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