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发布时间:2014-04-22 14:03:37  

第二部分 阅读理解(1)(2014年4月)翻译版



Passage 1

Background music may seem harmless, but it can have a powerful effect on those who hear it. Recorded

background music first found its way into factories, shops and restaurants in the USA. Very soon it spread to other parts of the world. Now it is becoming difficult to go shopping or eat a meal without listening to background music.

To begin with, background music was intended simply to create a soothing (舒适的) atmosphere. Recently, however, it's becoming a big business. An American marketing expert has shown that music can boost(提升) sales or increase factory production by as much as a third.

But it has to be the light music. Lively music has no effect at all on sales. Slow music can increase receipts(收入) by 34%. This is probably because shoppers slow down and have more opportunity to spot items they would like to buy. Yet, slow music isn't always the answer. The expert found that in restaurants slow music meant customers took longer to eat their meals, which reduced overall sales. So restaurant owners might be well advised to play faster music to keep the customers moving-unless, of course, the resulting indigestion(消化不良) leads to complaints.


起初,缪扎克音乐(一种通过线路向机场、商场、餐馆等播放的背景录音音乐) 仅仅是为了营造欢乐的气氛。然而,最近,它也成为一宗大产业,一部分原因有赖于最近的研究。美国一位市场专家,Ronald Milliman博士,就证明了音乐可以提高销售额或提高工厂产量达三分之一。


1.Background music was first used in the factories, shops and restaurants in the USA. 在美国背景音乐最初会被放在工厂,商店和饭店播出。


2.An American marketing expert has found background music can increase sales or factory production. 美国市场专家发现背景音乐可以增加销售额或提高工厂产量。


3.Slow music has no effect on sales. 舒缓的音乐不影响销售。


4.Slow music is useless in factories in increasing sales.舒缓的音乐对提高工厂产量是没效果的。


5.Restaurant owners are advised to play lively music to increase overall sales.建议餐馆老板放轻音乐从而提高销售额



Passage 2

A guide dog is a dog especially trained to guide a blind person. Dogs chosen for such training must show

good disposition, intelligence, physical fitness and sense of responsibility.

At the age of fourteen months, a guide dog begins an intensive course that lasts three to five months. It

becomes accustomed to the leather harness and stiff leather handle it will wear when guiding its blind owner. The dog learns to watch the traffic and to cross the street safely. It also learns to obey such commands as "forward", "left", "right" and "sit" and to disobey any command that might lead its owner into danger.

The most important part of the training course is a fourweek program in which the dog and its future owner learn to work together. However, many blind people are unsuited by personality to work with dogs. Only a tenth of the blind find a guide dog useful.




1. A dog trained to help the blind. 狗被训练用来帮助盲人。


2. At the age of fourteen months does a guide dog begin its training course. 在十四个月大的时候导盲犬的训练课程就开始了


3. Learning to guide its owner in the street. 学习指导它的主人在街上行走。


4. To teach the dog how to cooperate with its future owner. 教狗如何配合其未来的主人。


5. It's hard to train a guide dog. 很难培养出导盲犬。



Passage 3

Our child's behavior is greatly influenced by the way we react to what he has done. Our reactions help to determine whether our child will repeat his behavior or whether he will do something different. This statement is a very important part of a principle of behavioral psychology.

The principle states that a behavior is influenced or affected by how the environment ---- people, places and things ---- immediately responds to the behavior. Perhaps without realizing it, you have used this principle many times.

On the occasion when you told your child what a good boy he was after he cleaned up his room, you used the principle. When you sent your child to his room for fighting with his brother, you used the principle. When I gave Kim a cookie after she started to cry, I used the principle. In each of these examples, a particular behavior occurred first ---- cleaning up a room, fighting, and crying.

In addition, there was a reaction to each behavior ---- the child was praised, sent to his room, or given a cookie. By these actions, we have influenced the previous behaviors and have helped to determine whether those behaviors will occur again in the future.


当你在你的孩子打扫完他的房间后告诉他,他是多么好的一个孩子时,你就使用了原理。 当你因为孩子和他哥哥打架把他送回房间时,你使用了原理。当我在她开始哭的时候就给他一块饼干时,我也使用了原理。在这些每个例子里,一个特定的行为首先发生,那就是:打扫房间,打架,哭闹。


1. The lecture is mainly about Children's behavior and our response. 文章讲述有关儿童的行为与我们的反应 A:T B:F

2. The lecture is based on the principle in behavioral psychology. 讲座基于行为心理学原理。


3. The audience at this lecture might be social workers. 这个讲座的听众可能是社会工作者。


4. According to the lecture, the child was sent to his room as a kind of reward.据报告,儿童被送到他的房间是作为一种奖励。


5. People, places and things are elements of "environment" meant by the lecturer. 人,地点和事物是“环境”的因素



Passage 4

Agnes Miller was one of the earliest leaders of the women's liberation movement in the United States. She was born on a farm in Missouri in 1892. She had a very happy life as a child. She was the only daughter and the youngest child of five. Her parents and her brothers always treated her as their favorite.

In 1896 the family moved to Chicago. Three years later they moved back to St. Louis where Agnes spent the rest of her childhood. She enjoyed her years in school and was a very good student of mathematics. She was also quite good as a painter.

It was when Agnes went off to college that she first learned that women were not treated as equals. She didn't like being treated unequally but she tried not to notice it. After graduating from college she tried to get a job in her major field, physics. She soon found it was almost impossible for a woman.

Agnes spent a full year looking for a job. Finally she gave up in anger. She began writing letters to various newspapers. An editor in New York liked her ideas very much. He specially liked her style. He asked her to do a series of stories on the difficulties that women had in finding a job. And there she began her great fight for equal rights for women.

Agnes Miller是美国妇女解放运动最早的领袖之一。她1892年出生于密苏里州的一个农场,奇怪的是,她孩提时期过着十分幸福的生活,她是家里唯一的女儿,也是5个孩子中最小的一个。她的双亲和哥哥们都把她视作掌上明珠。

1896年,家里搬去了芝加哥,3年后他们搬回了圣路易斯,在那里,Agnes Miller度过了她童年剩下的时光。她很喜欢她的学校生涯,同时也是一个数学十分优秀的学生。她同时也是一个技艺超群的画家。



1.Agnes parents treated her as their favorite, which made her brothers sad. 艾格尼丝的父母对她就像是他们的



2.The Millers moved back to Chicago in 1896. Miller在1896年搬回到芝加哥


3.Agnes studied mathematics when she was in college. Agnes在大学的时候主修的是数学


4.Agnes first came to realize that women were treated unequally when she started her college life. 当Agnes加入到大学的时候,她第一次意识到妇女的不平等待遇。


5.An editor in New York liked both the ideas in her letters and her writing style.一位纽约编辑很欣赏她信里的观点和写作风格。



Passage 5

We are busy talking about and using the Internet,but how many of us know the history of the Internet?

Many people are surprised when they find that the Internet was set up in the 1960s. At that time,computers were large and expensive. Computer network didn't work well. If one computer in the network broke down,then the whole network stopped. So a new network system had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many different computers. If part of the network was not working,information could be sent through another part. In this way computer network system would keep on working on the time.

At first the Internet was only used by the government,but in the early 1970s,universities,hospitals and banks were allowed to use it too. However,computers were still very expensive and the Internet was difficult to use. By the start of the 1990s,computers became cheaper and easier to use. Scientists had also developed software that made "surfing"in the Internet more convenient.

Today it is easy to get on-line and it is said that millions of people use the Internet every day. Sending e-mail is more and more popular among students.

The Internet has now become one of the most important parts of people's life.






1. The Internet has a history of more than fourty years 互联网有40多年的历史.


2. A new network system was set up to make computers cheaper.



3. At first the Internet was only used by the government. 一开始,互联网只有政府用


4. Software made "surfing"the Internet more convenient. 软件让网上冲浪更便利。


5. Today it's still not easy to get on-line. 今天还是不容易上网



Passage 6

Let's watch the weather forecast on television. We may go to Scotland, we may go to Wales or London. We can decide after the forecast.

"Good morning, and here is the weather forecast for tomorrow. Northern Scotland will be cold, and there may be snow over High Ground. In the north of England it will be a wet day and rain will move into Wales and the Midlands during the afternoon. East Anglia(英格兰) will be generally dry, and it will be a bright clear day with sunshine, but it may rain during the evening. In the southwest it may be foggy during the morning, but the afternoon will be clear. It may be windy later in the day."


“早上好,这里是明天的天气预报。苏格兰北部将会很冷,会有大雪覆盖。在英格兰的北部,这将是一个下雨天,雨水会到下午转移到威尔士中部地区。East Anglia将普遍乾燥,这将是一个阳光明媚的晴天,但在晚间可能会下雨。在西南部地区清晨可能会有雾气,但在下午会放晴,当天晚些时候会有刮风。”

1. The speaker is planning to go traveling within the country. 说话者正计划在这个国家去旅行。 A:T B:F

2. The speaker can fly to Northern Scotland tomorrow morning, because it won't be foggy there 说话者可以明天早上飞往苏格兰北部,因为它明天不会有浓雾。tomorrow.


3. It will be a bright clear day in East Auglia tomorrow. 明天East Anglia是晴朗的一天。


4. The forecast mainly tells us the whole country will have fine weather tomorrow. 天气预报主要告诉我们明天整个国家都将有好的天气。


5. You can infer from the passage that none of the places offers ideal weather tomorrow for travel.可以推断,明天天气不适合去旅游。



Passage 7

A public house which was recently bought by Mr. James is up for sale. He is going to sell it because it is haunted (闹鬼的). He told me that he could not go to sleep one night because he heard a strange noise coming from the bar. The next morning, he found that the doors had been blocked by chairs and the furniture had been moved. Though Mr. James had turned the lights off before he went to bed, they were on in the morning. He also

said that he had found five empty whisky bottles which the ghost (鬼) must have drunk the night before. When I suggested that some villagers must have come in for a free drink, he shook his head. The villagers have told him that they will not accept it even if he gives it away.


1. Mr. James was the owner of the public house. 詹姆斯先生是这个酒店的主人。


2. Mr. James had not turned off the lights that night.詹姆斯先生夜间睡觉的时候没有关灯。


3. Mr. James built the house. 詹姆斯先生建造的房子


4. Mr. James found sixty empty bottles. 詹姆斯先生发现了六十个空瓶


5. The writer of the passage believes Mr. James' story. 这篇文章的作者认同詹姆斯先生的故事



Passage 8

After having lived for over twenty years in the same district, Albert Hall was forced to move to a new

neighborhood. He surprised his landlord by telling him that he was leaving because he could not afford to buy any more chocolate.

It all began a year ago when Albert returned home one evening and found a large dog in front of his gate. He was very fond of animals and as he happened to have a small piece of chocolate in his pocket, he gave it to the dog. The next day, the dog was there again. It held up its paws and received another piece of chocolate as a reward. Albert called his new friend "Bingo". He never found out the dog's real name, nor who his owner was. However, Bingo appeared regularly every afternoon and it was quite clear that he preferred chocolate to bones. He soon grew dissatisfied with small pieces of chocolate and demanded a large bar a day. If at any time Albert

neglected his duty, Bingo got very angry and refused to let him open the gate. Albert was now at Bingo's mercy and had to bribe him to get into his own house! He spent such a large part of his weekly wages to keep Bingo supplied with that in the end he had to move somewhere else.






1. Albert lived there for many years. 艾伯特在那儿住了许多年


2. Albert was moving because he did not like the place. 艾伯特之所以搬家是因为不喜欢那个地方 A:T B:F

3. Albert and the dog became friends a year ago. 一年前艾伯特与狗狗成为了朋友


4. The dog visited Albert every day because it wanted the chocolate. 那只狗每天拜访,因为它想要艾伯特的



5. Albert "had to bribe him" means he had to take care of him. 艾伯特“曾向他行贿”的意思是他要照顾它。 A:T B:F


Passage 9

Do you still get free plastic bags from the supermarkets? Things have changed.

China has banned free plastic bags at shops and supermarkets, and people have to pay for using plastic bags.

The rule started on June 1. It came because our country tried to make litter less. Making super-thin plastic bags

has also been banned.

The Chinese once used about 3,000,000,000 plastic shopping bags a day, and they have caused pollution of

the environment. The bags have become a main cause of plastic pollution because they are not easy to break and

people throw them away here and there. So the Chinese people are encouraged to bring their own bags for


What kind of shopping bag is the best to bring? Some students in Chongqing have a good idea. They make

their own shopping bags. They use old clothes to make cloth bags, and send them to their parents as presents.

They also ask their parents and friends to use cloth bags instead of plastic ones. They think it is their duty to

protect the environment.










1. People in China have to pay for using plastic bags at shops and supermarkets now.中国人现在在商店和超级市场使用塑料袋需要支付费用。


2. China made this rule because plastic bags were bad for the environment.因为塑料袋对环境的不利,所以中国制造了这条规则。


3. The Chinese people are encouraged to bring their own bags for shopping.中国鼓励人们自备购物袋。 A:T B:F

4. Some students in Chongqing buy cloth bags for their parents.重庆的一些学生为他们的父母买布袋。 A:T B:F

5. The main idea of the article is the bags have become a main cause of plastic pollution.这篇文章的主要观点是塑料袋已成为污染的主要原因。



Passage 10

Taking away a city's rubbish is a big job. Every day trucks come into a city to collect it. Most rubbish is made up of things we can't eat or use. If we kept these things, we would soon have a mountain of rubbish.

In some cities the rubbish is collected and taken outside the city to a dump. Often the city dump is placed where the ground is low or there is a big hole. The kitchen rubbish is broken into small pieces and sent into the (污水,排水)system. The sewage system takes away the used water from toilets, bathtubs and other places.

To keep mice and flies away, some earth is used to cover the newly dumped rubbish. Later, grass may be planted on the rubbish-filled land. Finally, a house or a school may be built there, and then you'd never know that this had once been an old rubbish dump.

In other cities the rubbish is burnt in special places. The fire burns everything except the metal.Sometimes the metal can be used again in factories where things are made of metal. The food parts of rubbish are put in

special piles where they slowly change into something called humus(腐殖质), which looks like black earth. It is rich with the kinds of things that feed plants and help make them grow.




在别的城市垃圾在特别的地方被燃烧。火烧光了除了金属的一切,而金属有时可再次在都是金属制造的工厂里使用. 部分食物垃圾被放在特殊的地方,慢慢地变成一种叫腐殖质的东西,它看起来像黑土,含有丰富


1. You can most probably read this kind of passage in a telephone book.你最有可能在一本电话簿中读到这篇文章。


2. The main idea of the passage is to tell people to take useful things out of rubbish.这篇文章的主旨是告诉人们从垃圾中提取有用的东西。


3. The underlined word "sewage" in the second paragraph means laundry.在第二段下划线的单词“污水”意味着要洗的衣服


4. According to the passage, the food parts of rubbish can be used again to feed plants.根据这篇文章,部分食物垃圾可以再次利用做为养料


5. We should take care of a used metal box by reusing and recycling it.我们应该设立回收盒来回收金属和重复使用它。



Passage 11

In 1933 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the filmmaker Walt Disney. He had an unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney's cartoon(动画片) film for children. When Walt Disney heard Nash's voice, he said,"Stop! That's our duck!"

The duck was the now-famous Donald Duck, who first appeared in 1934 in the film The Wise Little Hen. Donald lived in an old houseboat and wore his sailor jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star after an lost his temper very quickly. And they loved his voice when he became angry with Mickey's eight nephews. Soon In the 1930s, 40s and 50s Donald and his friends Mickey, Goofy and Pluto made hundreds of Disney cartoons. He also made educational films about the place of the USA in the world and safety in the home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared---there were no more new cartoons.

Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today's children can still see the old cartoons on television and hear that famous voice.



在二十世纪三十,四十和五十年代,唐老鸭和它的朋友米老鼠,Goofy和Pluto 演绎了几百部卡通片.他还制作了关于美国在世界上地位以及关于家庭安全问题的教育影片.1996年后,唐老鸭和它的声音从荧屏上消失了,再也没有演绎新的卡通片.


1. Walt Disney made Donald Duck film.沃尔特·迪斯尼制作了唐老鸭的电影。


2. The first Donald Duck film was made in 1934.第一个唐老鸭电影是1934年制造的。


3. Clarence Nash was a film-maker.克拉伦斯·纳什是一个电影制作人。


4. The underlined word "audience" in the second paragraph means readers.第二段下划线的单词“观众”意味着读者。


5. The underlined word "goody-goody" in the second paragraph means a person who likes to appear to be faultless in behavior.在第二段下划线的单词“伪善”意味着一个人似乎是完美无缺的行为。



Passage 12

One day in 1965, when I was a library worker at school, a teacher came to me. She had a student who finished his work before all the others and needed something more difficult for him to do. "Could you help me in the library?" she asked. I said, "Send him along."

Soon, a golden-haired boy appeared. "Do you have a job for me?" he asked. I told him about a system for sorting books. He picked up the idea immediately. Then I showed him some cards for some unreturned books that I thought had been returned but not recorded. Maybe some books were put on wrong places. He said, "Is it a kind of a detective (侦探) job?" I answered yes, and then began his work.

He had found three books with wrong cards by the time his teacher opened the door and said, "Time for rest!" he argued for finishing the finding job, but the teacher won.

The next morning, he arrived early, "I want to finish these books," he said. At the end of the day, when he asked to work with me more often, it was easy for me to say yes.

After a few weeks I found a note on my desk, inviting me to dinner at the boy's home. At the end of a pleasant evening, his mother declared that the family would be moving to another school. Her son's first concern, she said, was leaving the library. "Who will find the lost books?" he asked. When the time came, it was hard to say goodbye. Though at the beginning he had seemed an ordinary boy, his strong feeling of interest had made him different.

Do you know who he is? This boy became a great man of the Information Age: Bill Gates.





第二天一早,他跑过来说“我想完成这些工作” 这天快要结束的时候,当他要求经常来和我一起工作,我很快同意了。



1. The teacher went to the library to find a job for Bill Gates.老师去图书馆帮比尔盖茨找到一份工作


2. The librarian was too busy to have a rest.图书管理员太忙了,需要休息一下。


3. The sentence "He picked up the idea immediately" means that he learned that system quickly.一句“他立刻就明白了”的意思,他就迅速行动起来。


4. Bill Gates was expected to find books with wrong cards.比尔盖茨是找放错卡的书籍。


5. Bill Gates felt sad when his family would move to another school area.比尔盖茨感到很伤心,当他的家人搬到另一个校区



Passage 13

The Spring Festival together with the winter holidays often means sharing cakes, candies and other delicious food with friends and families. Most people will eat more than they usually do. But doctors find out that what you eat may affect how well you remember things. This is bad news for people who eat too much.

Forgetfulness seems to many people an inevitable part of aging. As our bodies grow older, most of us find time's effects on our minds.

Once people thought that the brain could not make new cells, but now studies show that learning new things can help brain grow and keep the illness away from the brain.

Professor Eric Kandel, a Nobel Prize winner for his study of the human memory, says the best way to save our memories is to keep our brains in good shape. Through mental exercise, he says, people can keep their memories well into their 80s and 90s.

And Mark Mattson, a professor at the National Institute on Aging, says that reducing the amount of calories

fed to older rats and mice by thirty percent can be a good help to learning and memory. While it is hard for many people to go on their diet like that, doctors tell us that even small steps can make big difference.




诺贝尔生理医学奖获得者——Eric Kandel教授说,增加记忆力最好的方法就是保持大脑健康,他说通过思维训练,可以将人们带回他们80年代和90年代的回忆中。

研究衰老的国家研究所教授Mark Mattson说,减少对成年大老鼠提供30%热量的食物可以有效的帮助它们学习和记忆。


1. Doctors find out that eating too much may be bad for your memory.



2. The underlined word "slipping" in the second paragraph means forgetting immediately.在第二段有下划线的“slipping”意味着立即忘记


3. A famous doctor thinks that we can save our memories through mental exercise.一位著名的医生认为,我们可以通过思维训练拯救我们的记忆。


4. The writer thinks that forgetfulness is a big problem we face as we grow older.笔者认为,因为我们年龄的增长,健忘是我们面临的一个大问题。


5. Doctors say we can save our memories even through small efforts in our diet.医生说,通过我们在饮食中小小的努力,我们就可以拯救我们的记忆



Passage 14

My husband and I got married in 1981 and for the first ten years of our marriage I was very happy to stay home and raise our three children. Then four years ago, our youngest child went to school and I thought I might go back to work.

My husband was very supportive and helped me to make my decision. He emphasized all of the things I can do around the house, and said he thought I could be a great success in business.

After several weeks of looking for a job, I found my present job, which is working for a small public relations firm. At first, my husband was very proud of me and would tell his friends, “My clever little wife can run that company she?s working for.”

But as his joking statement approached truth, my husband stopped talking to me about my job. I have received several promotions and pay increases, and I?m now making more money than he is. I can buy my own clothes and a new car. Because of our joined incomes, my husband and I can do many things we had always dreamed of doing, but we don?t do these things because he is very unhappy.

We fight about little things and my husband is very critical of me in front of our friends. For the first time in our marriage, I think it is possible that our marriage may come to an end.

I love my husband very much, and I don?t want him to feel inferior, but I also love my job. I think I can be a good wife and a working woman, but I don?t know how. Who can give me some advice? Will I have to choose one or the other or can I keep both my husband and my new career?







1.The passage most probably written around 1996. 写这篇文章可能在1996年左右。


2.The husband was supportive, for he took over what she used to do at home.丈夫是支持她的,因为他在家代替她做家务。


3.Her husband stopped talking to her about her job when her career was approaching success. 当她事业取得成功时,她的丈夫不再跟她谈论她的工作。


4.As she was making more money, She could buy many clothes and a new house. 她赚了很多钱,她买了很多衣服和一套新房子。


5.The difficult position a working woman is in is a choice between job and marriage.这个女人的困扰是她工作和丈夫间的抉择。



Passage 15

A young man who lived in London was in love with a beautiful girl. Soon she became his fiancée (未婚妻). The man was very poor while the girl was rich. The young man wanted to make her a present on her birthday. He wanted to buy something beautiful for her, but he had no idea how to do it, as he had very little money. The next morning he went to a shop. There were many fine things there: gold watches, diamond… but all these things were too expensive. There was one thing he could not take his eyes off. It was a beautiful vase. That was a suitable present for his fiancée. He had been looking at the vase for half an hour when the manager of the shop noticed him. The young man looked so pale, sad and unhappy that the manager asked what had happened to him.

The young man told him everything. The manager felt sorry for him and decided to help him. A bright idea struck him. The manager pointed to the corner of the shop. To his great surprise the young man saw a vase broken

into many pieces. The manager said: "When the servant enters the room, he will drop it."

On the birthday of his fiancée the young man was very excited.

Everything happened as had been planned. The servant brought in the vase, and as he entered the room, he

dropped it. There was horror on everybody's face. When the box was opened, the guests saw that each piece was packed separately.

住在伦敦的一个小伙子爱上了一个美丽的女孩,不久,她成了他的未婚妻。年轻人很穷,而女孩很有钱。年轻人想给她一份生日礼物。他想买漂亮的东西给她,但是他不知道怎么做,因为他只有很少的钱。第二天早晨,他去了一家商店,有许多美丽的东西:金表,钻石... ...但所有这些东西都太贵了。有件商品让他目不转睛,它是一个美丽的花瓶,那是一个适合给他未婚妻的礼物。他一直在寻找时,店经理注意到了他看了一个半小时的花瓶。年轻人显得那么苍白,悲伤和不满。经理就问他发生了什么事。


在他未婚妻生日的时候,年轻人感到非常兴奋。 所有的一切就已经计划好了,雇员拿着花瓶走进了房间,并把它掉在了地上,每个人都被吓到了。当盒子一打开,客人们看到了一片片单独包装好的碎片。

1. The story took place in the United States. 故事发生在美国


2. The young man's family was poor while the beautiful girl is rich, according to the passage.从这段文章我们知道年轻人很穷,女孩子富有。


3. The young man wanted to buy a present as a Christmas gift for the girl.年轻人想为女朋友买一份圣诞礼物。 A:T B:F

4. The shop manager came to talk to the young man, because he was poorly dressed. 店经理来问年轻人,因为年轻人衣衫褴褛。


5. On the birthday of his fiancée, the young man was excited because the girl was in love with him. 在她生日的时候,年轻人很激动,因为女孩爱上了他。



Passage 16

Some British and American people like to invite friends and colleagues for a meal at home. You should not be upset (心烦意乱) if your English friends don't invite you home. It doesn't mean they don't like you.

Dinner parties usually start between 7 and 8 p.m., and end at about 11. Ask your hosts what time you should arrive. It's polite to bring flowers, chocolates or a bottle of wine as a present.

Do you want to be extra (特别地) polite? Say how much you like the room, or the pictures on the wall. But remember - not to ask how much things cost.

You'll probably start the meal with soup, or something small as a "starter" (第一道菜), then you'll have meat or fish with vegetables, and then a dessert (甜食), followed by coffee. It's polite to finish everything on your plate and to take more if you want it. Some people eat bread with their meal, but not everyone does.

Before they take out their cigarettes after the meal, most people usually ask, "Do you mind if I smoke here?"

Did you enjoy the evening? Call your hosts the next day, or write them a short "thank you" letter. Perhaps it seems funny to you, but British and American people say, "thank you, thank you, and thank you." all the time.








1. If your English or American friends don't invite you to dinner at home, it doesn't show they don't like you.如果你的英语或美国朋友没有邀请你到家里吃饭,这并不表明他们不喜欢你


2. When you are invited to go to your friend's home, you may go at any time.当你被邀请去朋友的家,你可以在任何时间去。


3. In England and America, it's not polite to ask the price of something.在英国和美国,问某物的价格这是不礼貌的。


4. In the passage, the order of the serving of a meal is meat or fish with vegetables-dessert-soup-coffee.在文章中,依次服务的饭菜顺序是肉或鱼,蔬菜,甜点,汤,咖啡。


5. You'd better write a short "Thank you" letter to your hosts or give them a call if you want to be extra polite.如果你想更有礼貌,你最好写一封简短的“谢谢”给主人或给他们打电话



Passage 17

Large modern cities are too big to control. They impose their own living conditions on the people who live in them. City-dwellers(居住在城市的人) have to adopt an unnatural way of life. They lose touch with the land and the rhythm of nature so that they are hardly conscious of the seasons.

A few flowers in a public park may remind people that it is spring or summer and a few leaves on the roadside may remind them that it is autumn. Beyond that, what is going on in nature seems totally unrelated to them. All the simple, good things of life, such as sunshine and fresh air are far away. Tall buildings blot out(把…遮住) the sun, and waste gases from cars pollute the air. Even the distinction between day and night is lost. In the night, it is almost as bright and noisy as it is in the day and people are busy with what they hope to deal with.

The funny thing about it all is that city-dwellers pay dearly for living in the city. The prices for houses are so high that it is often impossible for ordinary people to buy a house of their own. High rents must be paid for small flats which even country hens would dislike to live in. Moreover, the cost of living is very high. Everything you buy is likely to be more expensive than it would be in the country.





1. It can be seen from the passage that the author doesn't like living in the city. 从文中可以看出,作者并不喜欢在城市居住。


2. According to the 1st paragraph, city-dwellers don't have a natural way of life. 根据第一自然段,居住在城市的人没有自然的生活方式。


3. The phrase "the rhythm of nature"in the 1st paragraph refers to the change of seasons. 第一段中"the rhythm of nature"值得是四季的变化。


4. The cost of living in large modern cities is very low. 大城市的生活花销很低。


5. It can be inferred from the passage that the author loves nature and hopes to be close to it. 从文中可以推出作者很喜欢自然并喜欢可以贴近自然。



Passage 18

Can trees talk? Yes, but not in words. Scientists have reason to believe that trees do communicate with each other. Not long ago, researchers learned some surprising things. First a willow tree attacked in the woods by caterpillars (毛虫) changed the chemistry of its leaves and made them taste so terrible that they got tired of the leaves and stopped eating them. Then even more astonishing, the tree sent out a special smell--a signal causing its neighbors to change the chemistry of their own leaves and make them less tasty.

Communication, of course, doesn't need to be in words. We can talk to each other by smiling, raising our shoulders and moving our hands. We know that birds and animals use a whole vocabulary of songs, sounds, and movements. Bees dance their signals, flying in certain patterns that tell other bees where to find nectar (花蜜) for honey. So why shouldn't trees have ways of sending message?



1. It's implied that caterpillars do not feed on leaves that have an unpleasant taste. 文中暗示,毛毛虫并不喜欢吃有难闻味道的树叶。


2. The willow tree described in the passage protects itself by growing more branches. 文中描述的柳树通过长树枝来保护自己。


3. The willow tree was able to communicate with other trees by giving off a special smell. 柳树通过散发一种特



4. It can be inferred from the passage that bees communicate by making special movements. 从文中可以推出,蜜蜂通过特殊的移动来交流。


5. The author holds that the incident described in the passage must be checked more thoroughly. 作者认为文中描述的事件一定要更加全面地检查。



Passage 19

If you travel by air across the center of Africa or South America, you fly over forests for thousands of kilometers. These great forests are the oceans of trees. There are thousands and thousands of different kinds of plants and animals.

However, the world's forests are getting smaller all the time. We are cutting down the trees because we need wood, and we need more farmland. Some people say that there will not be any forests like these in 20 or 30 years. What will happen if they disappear?

If we cut down our forests, a lot of plants and animals will disappear from the world. In a lot of places the new farmland will soon look like the old deserts. Crops will not grow there. It will not rain very often, and the weather will get very hot. Perhaps the climate of the world will change. This will be dangerous for everyone in the world. That is why we must take care of our forests.




1.The passage mainly tells us about the importance of taking care of plants. 这篇文章旨在告诉我们保护森林的重要性

A. T

A. T


A. T B. F

4.We'll have more and greater forestsn in 20 or 30 years in some people's view. 有些人认为,二三十年后我们会拥有更多更大的森林

A. T

A. T B. F B. F

Passage 20

Computers can injure you. Most other injuries happen suddenly. For example,if you fall off a bike and break B. F B. F 2.Forests are homes for different kinds of animals. 森林是成千上万的动物的家 3.The need for more wood and more land help to protect our forests. 对更多木材和良田的需求有助于保护我们5.The writer thinks it necessary to protect the forests. 作者认为有必要保护好森林 答案:AABBA

your arms,it happens very quickly. But computer injuries happen slowly.

You probably know how to ride a bike safely. Now learn to use a computer safely.

Your eyes

Too much light can injure your eyes,so never sit too close to a computer screen. Your eyes should be at least 50cm from the screen. Remember to look away from it sometimes. This gives your eyes a rest.

When you use a computer, the window should be on your left or your right. If it is behind you, the light will reflect on (反射) the screen. If the window is in front of you, the sun and the screen will both shine into your eyes. Your hands and wrists

Hand and wrist injuries can happen because the hands and wrists are moved in the same way hundreds of times. If you use a keyboard for a long time,follow these three rules:1) Rest your wrists on some thing. 2) Keep your elbows (肘) at the same height as the keyboard. 3) Stop sometimes and exercise your hands,wrists and fingers in a different way.

Your back

Some people sit for many hours in front of a computer. If you sit in the wrong way,you can injure your back or your neck. So you should sit with your back straight. The top part of the screen should be in front of your eyes. Your forearms,wrists,hands and the upper part of your legs should all be parallel (平行) to the floor. If you are sitting for a long time,get up every 30 minutes and exercise your arms,legs and neck.

Enjoy your computer,but use it safely.







手和手腕受伤可能发生,因为手和手腕都在数百次同样的方式移动。如果您使用键盘很长一段时间,遵循下列三个原则:1)休息你的手腕。 2)保持你的手肘(肘)在键盘同一高度。 3)停一会,有时间去用不同的方式锻炼你的手、手腕和手指。





1. A computer screen may injure your eyes if your eyes are too close to it.电脑屏幕会损害你的眼睛,如果你的眼睛太接近它。


2. Hand and wrist injuries are caused when you get plenty of exercise.当你做了足够的锻炼会引起手和手腕受伤


3. Your eyes and hands will be safe if you often take rests from working.如果你经常在工作中休息,你的眼睛和



4. It is good for your back and neck if you sit in the right way.如果你以正确的方式去做,那样对你的背部和颈部是好的。


5. The best title for the text is "How to Protect Your Eyes." 对于文章最好的标题是“如何保护您的眼睛” A:T B:F


Passage 21

There are many kinds of ants in the world that always live in companies. They are the most hard-working creatures and most of them make their nests under ground. The small black ants that we see running back and forth in the grass are the same ants that bother us by coming to our picnics uninvited. They are not trying to be harmful, but are only doing the house-keeping job they were made for.

They are nature's clean-up crew. One of these ants, scouting(搜索) in the grass, finds the trail of an injured beetle. In some mysterious way the news spreads. Soon there are two ants, then a few more. Then a dozen or more are running around the beetle. Enough ants will come to put an end to it.

Then the beetle is dead, the ants carry it away to their underground nests. They leave nothing in the grass but empty shell.




1. The ants that come to our picnics are having fun. 涌到我们野餐地方的蚂蚁是在娱乐。


2. According to this passage, the black ants' job is to clean up the grass.



3. As soon as an ant finds an injured insect, it carries it away and eats it.



4. More ants learn about the beetle from other ants.



5. The ants clean the grass by carrying away everything but the shell.




Passage 22

A young man who lived in London was in love with a beautiful girl. Soon she became his fiancée (未婚妻). The man was very poor while the girl was rich. The young man wanted to make her a present on her birthday. He wanted to buy something beautiful for her, but he had no idea how to do it, as he had very little money. The next morning he went to a shop. There were many fine things there: gold watches, diamond… but all these things

were too expensive. There was one thing he could not take his eyes off. It was a beautiful vase. That was a suitable present for his fiancée. He had been looking at the vase for half an hour when the manager of the shop noticed him. The young man looked so pale, sad and unhappy that the manager asked what had happened to him.

The young man told him everything. The manager felt sorry for him and decided to help him. A bright idea struck him. The manager pointed to the corner of the shop. To his great surprise the young man saw a vase broken into many pieces. The manager said: "When the servant enters the room, he will drop it."

On the birthday of his fiancée the young man was very excited.

Everything happened as had been planned. The servant brought in the vase, and as he entered the room, he

dropped it. There was horror on everybody's face. When the box was opened, the guests saw that each piece was packed separately.

住在伦敦的一个小伙子爱上了一个美丽的女孩,不久,她成了他的未婚妻。年轻人很穷,而女孩很有钱。年轻人想给她一份生日礼物。他想买漂亮的东西给她,但是他不知道怎么做,因为他只有很少的钱。第二天早晨,他去了一家商店,有许多美丽的东西:金表,钻石... ...但所有这些东西都太贵了。有件商品让他目不转睛,它是一个美丽的花瓶,那是一个适合给他未婚妻的礼物。他一直在寻找时,店经理注意到了他看了一个半小时的花瓶。年轻人显得那么苍白,悲伤和不满。经理就问他发生了什么事。


在他未婚妻生日的时候,年轻人感到非常兴奋。 所有的一切就已经计划好了,雇员拿着花瓶走进了房间,并把它掉在了地上,每个人都被吓到了。当盒子一打开,客人们看到了一片片单独包装好的碎片。

1. The story took place in the United States. 故事发生在美国


2. The young man's family was poor while the beautiful girl is rich, according to the passage.从这段文章我们知道年轻人很穷,女孩子富有。


3. The young man wanted to buy a present as a Christmas gift for the girl.年轻人想为女朋友买一份圣诞礼物。 A:T B:F

4. The shop manager came to talk to the young man, because he was poorly dressed. 店经理来问年轻人,因为年轻人衣衫褴褛。


5. On the birthday of his fiancée, the young man was excited because the girl was in love with him. 在她生日的时候,年轻人很激动,因为女孩爱上了他。



Passage 23

A pretty, well-dressed young lady stopped a taxi in a big square, and said to the driver, "Do you see that young man at the other side of the square?"

"Yes," said the taxi driver. The young man was standing outside a restaurant and looking impatiently at his watch every few seconds.

"Take me over there," said the young lady.

There were a lot of cars and buses in the square, so the taxi driver asked, "Are you afraid to cross the street?"

"Oh, no!" said the young lady. "But I promised that I would meet the young man for lunch at one o' clock, and it is now a quarter to two. If I arrive in a taxi, it will at least seem as if I had tried not to be late."



女士说道“载我过去。”广场上有很多小汽车和巴士,所以司机问道“你害怕横穿马路是吗?” “噢,不是的”女士说道。“但是我答应他一点和他一起共进午餐,但现在已经差一刻就两点了。如果我乘出租车到那,至少给他感觉我其实是试着不会太晚到的。”

1.The story doesn't tell us how the young woman got to the square. 故事中没有告诉我们女士是怎么到达广场的。


2.The lady stopped the taxi because she was afraid of walking across the street. 女士拦下出租车是因为她想坐着出租过马路。


3.The young man at the other side of the square had probably been waiting for a long time.男人等了她很久。


4.The young lady was clever at making excuse. 这位女士在找借口的时候很聪明


5.The young lady was just pretending that she had tried. 她只是在假装自己很努力不迟到



Passage 24

Ramon was very proud of his dog Blackie. Whenever he got a chance, he would ask his dog to amuse his friends with some tricks.

One day Ramon went to visit his friend Frank who was sick at home with a bad cold. "How are you feeling?" asked Ramon. "Worse than yesterday," replied Frank. "I have a terrible cough, and there's not a drop of medicine in the house."

"Cheer up, Frank. I'll send Blackie to the local drugstore for some cough syrup (糖浆). He'll be back in a minute, before you know it." Ramon put a five-dollar bill in Blackie's mouth and the dog ran down the street. "And keep the change," Ramon shouted after him.

"Oh, Ramon, don't be silly. You know that dog won't be back with any medicine." "Oh yes, he will," replied Ramon. Half an hour later, however, Blackie had not returned. Ramon was feeling embarrassed, and felt angry at his friend's little smile.

"Something has happened to him, I'm sure," said Ramon. "He obeys me as a rule." Just then Frank saw Blackie at a distance. He hurried to open the door and let him in. Frank was shocked to see a bottle of medicine in the dog's mouth.

"Good boy," said Ramon, "but what took you so long?" Blackie ran over to the window, barking and wagging (摆动) his tail. Ramon glanced out and saw a bone outside.

Ramon非常以他的狗Blackie为荣,他只要有机会,就会要他的狗去用一些恶作剧去取悦他的朋友。 有一天,Ramon去看他的因为重感冒而生病的朋友。你感觉怎么样?Ramon问他的朋友弗兰克。“今天比昨天更糟糕了。”弗兰克说道。“我得了一场重感冒,而且房间里没有药物。”







“好孩子” Ramon说道,但为什么去了这么久的时间?狗跑到窗户旁边,摆动他的尾巴,Ramon跑出


1.Frank's cold had worsened and he had no medicine at home. 弗兰克的病恶化了,而且家里没药


2.Ramon called for a doctor. Ramon叫来了医生 。


3.Ramon felt embarrassed when Blackie was late. Ramon很不好意思,因为他的狗回来迟了。


4.Blackie barked at the bone outside the window because he wanted to have it. 狗在着窗外对着骨头吠叫,因为



5.The story mainly implies dogs are after all dogs, however clever they are. 故事的意思是狗再聪明毕竟还




Passage 25

On February 14th many people in the world celebrate an unusual holiday, St. Valentine's Day, a special day

for lovers. The origin of this holiday is uncertain but according to one story it gets its name from a Christian

named Valentine who lived in Rome during the 3rd century A.D. His job was to perform marriages for Christian

couples. Unfortunately, the Emperor of Rome didn't allow Christian marriages. So they had to be performed in

secret. Finally Valentine was arrested and put into prison. While he was in prison he fell in love with the daughter

of the prison guard. After one year the Emperor offered to release Valentine if he would stop performing Christian

marriages. Valentine refused and so he was killed in February, 270 A.D. Before he was killed Valentine sent a love

letter to the daughter of the prison guard. He signed the letter "from your Valentine". That was the first Valentine.

Today Valentines are cards usually red and shaped like hearts with messages of love written in them. On

Valentine's Day tens of millions of people send and receive Valentines. Whether it is an expensive heart-shaped

box of chocolates from a secret admirer or a simple hand-made card from a child, a Valentine is a very special

message of love.









1. The passage is mainly about a special holiday.这篇文章主要是有关一个特别的节日。


2. Valentine was put into prison because he sent a love letter to the daughter of the prison guard.他被关进监狱,因



3. It is because he refused to accept the Emperor's offer that Valentine was killed.因为他拒绝皇帝的要求,所以他被杀了。


4. Valentines are cards usually red, and shaped like hearts with messages of love written in them.情人节卡片通常是红色的心形,写着爱的讯息。


5. People send Valentines to each other nowadays to celebrate Valentine's birthday.



Passage 26

In 1920, barely out of his teens, Alfred Hitchcock went to work for an American film company which had opened a studio in Islington, London. His first job at the studio was writing captions (脚本) for silent movies. Within two years, he was writing scripts(剧本) and working as an assistant director.

For the rest of the 1920s, Hitchcock worked on one film after another in Britain and Germany. Filming was often a rough-and-ready(匆忙做成的) cameraman went missing, Hitchcock became a cameraman. A scene needed rewriting, Hitchcock rewrote it. Someone needed to be in charge of money when the film crew was on location, Hitchcock looked after the money.

At the same time, this being the era of silent movies, Hitchcock was learning the language of cinema: telling a story-not through dialogue, but through visual images(视觉影象). This led to his success later.

When he began to direct his own films, first in Britain and later in Hollywood, he was determined to make films that held the audience's attention and kept tension(紧张感). He succeeded. Hitchcock's ability to put you on the edge of your seat makes him one of the greatest makers of suspense(悬念) movies.

1920,阿尔弗雷德·希区柯克(Alfred Hitchcock)还不到20岁, 在美国的一家电影公司工作。这家电影公司在伦敦的Islington开了个制片厂。他的第一份工作是为默片写脚本。两年内,他写剧本,并且当副导演。




1. Alfred Hitchcock's first job at the studio was writing captions for silent movies. 希区柯克在制片厂的第一份工作是为默片写脚本


2. According to the context, "step in and plug gaps" (in Line 3, Para. 2) means asking for one's help. "step in and plug gaps"是指寻求他人的帮助


3. Telling a story through dialogue prepared Hitchcock for his success later. 通过对话来讲故事,为希区柯克以后的成功做了准备


4. He was determined to draw the audience's attention and keep tension in his film-making. 他下定决心要抓住



5. He had taken up different jobs before he succeeded. 在成功前,他做过不同的工作。



Passage 27

Very few people were coming to eat at the White Rose Restaurant, and its owner didn't know what to do. The food in his restaurant was cheap and good, but nobody seemed to want to eat there.

Then he did something that changed all that, and in a few weeks his restaurant was always full of men and their lady friends. Whenever a gentleman came with a lady, a smiling waiter gave each of them a beautiful menu. The menus looked exactly the same on the outside, but there was an important difference inside. The menu that the waiter handed to the man gave the correct price for each dish and each bottle of wine; while the menu that he handed to the lady gave a much higher price! So when the man calmly ordered dish after dish and wine after wine, the lady thought he was much more generous than he really was!



1. The waiter gave a beautiful menu to the guests when a gentleman and his lady friend came into the restaurant. 当男士是和女性朋友一起来的时候,服务员就会给客人一份漂亮的菜单。


2. The menus for the guests were the same on the outside but different inside. 给客人的菜单外表是一模一样,但里面却是不同的。


3. The male guest could remain calm when he ordered dish after dish because he was rich. 男士能很平静得点很多菜式因为他很有钱。


4. The lady thought of her friend very generous after a meal at this restaurant. 在这餐馆吃过一餐饭,女士认为她的这个朋友很大方。


5. The story mainly suggests that people like to go to expensive restaurants. 这个故事说明人们喜欢去昂贵的餐馆吃饭。



Passage 28

There was once an ant that was very thirsty.

It ran here and there looking for some water but could not find any.

Then suddenly, when the ant was almost ready to die of thirst, a large drop of water fell on it.

The ant drank the water, which saved its life.

The water was actually a tear from a young girl who was crying. Because of her sadness, the tear had magical qualities and suddenly the ant could speak the language of human beings.

The ant looked up and saw the young girl sitting in front of a huge pile of seeds.

"Why are you sad?" asked the ant.

"I'm the prisoner of a giant." the girl told the ant. "He won't let me go until I've made three separate

heaps of grain, barley(大麦)and rye(黑麦)out of this huge pile of seeds in which they are all mixed together."

"That will take you a month!" the ant said, looking at the huge pile of seeds.

"I know," the girl cried, "and if I haven't finished by tomorrow, the giant will eat me for his supper!" "Don't cry," the ant said, "my friends and I will help you."

Soon thousands of ants were at work, separating the three kinds of seeds.

The next morning, when the giant saw that the work had been done, he let the girl go.

Thus it was one of her tears that saved her life.


它到处找水喝, 可就是找不着.

突然, 就在蚂蚁快要渴死的时候, 一大滴水落了下来.

蚂蚁喝了水, 得了救.


蚂蚁抬起头, 看见一个年轻姑娘正坐在一大堆种子前.

" 你为什么这么伤心啊?"蚂蚁问道.

" 我是一个巨人的囚犯,"姑娘告诉蚂蚁,"这大堆种子里夹杂有谷子, 大麦和黑麦的种子, 我只有把它们分开, 拣成三堆, 他才肯放我走."

" 这需要你一个月的时间呢!"蚂蚁看了看这大堆的种子说道.

" 我知道,"姑娘哭着说,"如果我明天还分不完, 巨人就会把我当他的晚餐吃掉!"

" 不要哭,"蚂蚁说,"我和我的朋友会帮助你的."

很快, 成千上万只蚂蚁忙碌起来, 将这些种子按分类分成三堆.

第二天早晨, 巨人看到分派给姑娘的活儿干完了, 就把她给放了.

就这样, 正是那个姑娘的一滴泪救了她自己的性命.

1.The ant was playing when it ran here and there. 蚂蚁在到处玩


2.The drop of water fell on the ant when it was nearly dying.当蚂蚁奄奄一息的时候,一滴水落了下来


3.The young girl was crying because she wanted to have supper.小女孩子在哭,因为她想吃晚饭了


4.The giant would eat the girl if she failed to do the work.如果小女孩没完成这个活儿就会被巨人吃了


5.The ant's friends saved the girl's life. 蚂蚁和它的朋友们救了小女孩。



Passage 29

Mr. Young ran his own business and worked very hard. His wife was afraid that he would get sick if he

continued like that, so she often tried to get him to take a vacation. At last she managed to persuade him to do so, and she hoped that he would be able to enjoy his vacation without any disturbance, so before they left, Mrs. Young went to see her husband's secretary. She said to her, "My husband needs a vacation very much, so

whatever happens, please don't bother him with telegrams and letters about business problems while we are away. Just wait till we get back."

After Mr. and Mrs. Young had been away about a week, Mr. Young received a letter from his secretary

which said, "Something terrible happened to your business, but I'm not going to bother you with it while you are enjoying your vacation."


1. Mr. Young was the owner of a private business. 杨先生是个民营企业老板。


2. Mrs. Young worried about her husband's business. 杨太太担心丈夫的生意


3. Mrs. Young was afraid that her husband's vacation might be spoilt. 杨太太担心丈夫的假期被破坏


4. The secretary didn't explain in her letter what had happened to Mr.Young's business, because she didn't want to spoil Mr. Young's vacation.



5. You can learn from the story that Mr. Young had a stupid secretary.你可以从文章中知道:杨先生有个愚蠢的秘书。



Passage 30

Mr. White lived in a small village. His parents hadn't enough money to send him to school. He had to help them to do something in the fields. But he didn't like to live in the poor place. When he was sixteen, he got to the town and found work in a factory. Three years later he became tall and strong. So he was sent to Africa as a

soldier. He stayed there for five years and got some money. Then he came back to England and bought a shop in a small town. No people in the town went to Africa except him. And he hoped they thought he was a famous man and that they could respect him. The children often asked him to tell them some stories and his life in Africa.

One day a few children asked him to tell them something about the animals in Africa. He told them how he fought with the tigers and elephants. His stories surprised them all and some policemen and workers went to listen to him. It made him happier. Just a man who taught geography in a middle school passed there. He stopped to listen to him for a while and then said, "Could you please tell us a rare animal, sir?"

"Certainly," said Mr. Turner. "One day I met a rhinoceros(犀牛) by a river…"

"Please wait a minute, sir," said the man. "There aren't any rhinoceros in Africa at all!"

"It's rare just because there aren't any!"



一天一些孩子要他讲讲非洲的动物。他说他曾经跟老虎和大象搏斗过,他的故事让人们很惊奇,一些警察和工人都来听他讲,这让他更开心了。刚好一个在中学教地理的老师经过,他停下来听了会然后说, 你能讲一种稀有动物吗?




1. Mr. White was born in a farmer's family. 怀特先生出生于农民家庭


2. Mr. White hoped to be respected because he was the richest man in their town. 怀特先生希望大家尊敬他,因为他是镇上最有钱的人。


3. The children often asked him to tell them something interesting because he knew more than any other person in the town. 孩子们经常要他讲讲好玩的事,因为他比镇上的其他人知道的多。


4. All people believed Mr. White except the children. 除了孩子,所有的人都相信怀特先生。


5. Mr. White wouldn't like to admit that he was wrong. 怀特先生不想承认他错了。



Passage 31

Nancy and Peter McCall like sports. In the summer they swim and in the winter they ski. They are planning ski trip for this weekend, but they don't know about the weather. It's 7:30 now, and they are listening to the weather report on the radio. The weatherman is giving the weather forecast for the weekend.

"Friday is going to be cold and cloudy, but it's not going to rain. The temperature is going to be in the thirties. It's going to snow Friday night and maybe Saturday morning. Saturday afternoon and Sunday are going to be clear, cold and sunny. "

Now Nancy and Peter are excited. The weather is going to be perfect for a ski trip. They are going to have a wonderful weekend in the mountains.




1. Nancy and Peter listened to the weather forecast for the weekend.南希和皮特在听周末的天气预报


2. Nancy and Peter are planning a trip to the village for the weekend.南希和皮特打算周末去乡村度假 A:T B:F

3. It is going to snow Friday night according to the weather forecast. 天气预报说周五晚上可能会下雪 A:T B:F

4. The weather will be warm and rainy on Sunday. 天气预报说星期天天气潮湿多雨


5. Nancy and Peter often do sports. .南希和皮特喜欢运动



Passage 32

Have you ever listened to young children talking in the playground? They are always boasting. They say things like, "My Dad's car is bigger than your Dad's, "and "My Mom is smarter than yours." They particularly like to boast about their families.

There were three little boys, Harry, Ted and Gavin, who were always boasting. Gavin was the worst. Everything about his family was always the best or the biggest or the most expensive.

Whatever the others said, he could always go on better. One day when they were walking to school, Harry said, "My father had a bath twice a week," Ted spoke next. " That's nothing," he said. "Having a bath twice a week is dirty. My father has a bath every day, sometimes twice a day." Ted looked at Gavin. Now it was his turn. But what could he say? " This time, " Ted thought, " I'm going to win." Gavin didn't know what to say. He couldn't say that his father had a bath three times a day. That was silly. He walked on in silence. Ted smiled at Harry,and Harry smiled back. They were sure that for once they had beaten Gavin. They reached the school gates. Still Gavin said nothing. They went into class. Morning break,lunch time and afternoon break all passed. Still Dad is so clean that he doesn't have to bathe at all."



1.According to the passage,the meaning of the word "boast" is " to talk big ".根据


2.Harry boasted about the number of times his father had a bath every week. 哈里吹嘘他爸爸洗澡的次数为一周洗澡的次数。


3.Gavin boasted the most. 加文最会说大话了。


4.Ted's father often had a bath twice a day.泰德的爸爸经常一天洗二次澡


5."He spoke too soon" in the last paragraph means he was wrong. 文中最后一段“他说得太早了”意味着他说错了。



Passage 33

One way that scientists learn about man is by studying animals, such as mice and monkeys. The scientists in this laboratory are experimenting on mice. They are studying the relationship between diet and health. At this time, over one hundred experiments are being done in this laboratory.

In one of these experiments, the scientists are studying the relationship between the amount of food the mice eat and their health. The mice are in three groups. All three groups are receiving the same healthy diet. But the amount of food that each group is receiving is different. The first group is eating one cup of food each day, the second group is eating two cups, and the third group of mice is eating three cups.

After three years, the healthiest group is the one that is only eating one cup of food each day. The mice in this group are thinner than normal mice. But they are more active. Most of the day, they are running, playing with one another, and using the equipment in their cages. Also, they are living longer. Mice usually live for two years. Most of the mice in this group are still alive after three years.

The second group of mice is normal weight. They are healthy, too. They are active, but not as active as the thinner mice. But they are only living about two years, not the three years or more of the thinner mice.

The last group of mice is receiving more food than the other two groups. Most of the day, these mice are

eating or sleeping. They are not very active. These mice are living longer than the scientists thought - about a year and a half. But they aren't as healthy. They're sick more often than the other two groups.






1.The scientists in the laboratory are studying the relationship between the amount of food and diet.科学家在试验室研究食物与饮食之间的关系


2.The first two groups are receiving the most food. 第二组吃了最多的食物。


3.The first group is the thinnest because they do not have a healthy diet.第一组是最瘦的因为他们的饮食习惯不健康。


4.Normal mice usually live for two years.正常的老鼠一般能活两年。


5.The text tells us that people who eat less and exercise more will live longer.



Passage 34

Now, you'll be coming back here to brush up your English, so you'll want to make as much conversation as possible. Whatever you do, don't stay in a place full of overseas students, especially if they come from our country. This is fatal. Don't believe all the stories you hear about how unfriendly the English are. It's just that many of them are a little shy, and they have this idea about minding their own business. In a train, or restaurant, for example, or anywhere else they will talk to you; but you must break the ice first. Then see them talk! Any subject will do--the weather, their dogs, food. Pardon me, not any subject. Don't be nosy (爱打听的) about their private life, their incomes and expenditures, or their ages. These English worship (尊重) their privacy. Avoid religion too. The best place to talk is in pubs, but as you are a girl, go with someone else, and don't go to the pubs in Piccadilly, Leicester Square and so on. Find one near where you are living and go there regularly. Someone's bound to talk to you. Oh! Make sure to let them see you are a foreigner. Pretend to have difficulty in ordering, or something. That should be easy enough.


1.The writer suggests that they had better not stay in a place where there are a lot of young people.笔者建议不要呆在一个都是年轻人的地方。


2.According to the passage, we should believe the English are mostly friendly.根据


3.We can talk about anything with English except their dogs.我们可以跟英国人谈论任何话题,除了他们的狗。


4.According to the passage, if you want to talk with the English, usually you have to talk to them first.根据


5.The best place to talk to the English is in a restaurant. 最好的谈话场所是在餐厅里。



Passage 35

Do you want to know something about the history of weather? Don't look at the sky. Don't look for old weather reports. Looking at the tree rings is more important. Some weather reports go back only one century,but some trees can show us an exact record of the weather even further back.

It's clear that a tree would grow best in a climate with lots of sunlight and rainfall. It is also expected that little sunlight or rainfall would limit the growth of a tree. The change from a favorable (有利的) to an unfavorable climate can be reading the tree rings in tree trunk. To find out the weather of ten years ago,count the rings of a tree trunk from the outside to the inside. If the tenth ring is far from the other rings,then we are sure that lots of sunny and rainy weather happened. If the rings are close together,then the climate was bad for the tree.

Studying tree rings is important not only for the history of the weather,but also for the history of man. In a place of New Mexico you can find only sand-no trees and no people. However,many centuries ago a lot of people lived there. They left suddenly. Why?

A scientist studied the dead tree rings which had grown there. He decided that the people had to leave because they had cut down all the trees. Trees were used to make fires and buildings. So, after the people cut down the trees,they had to move.

你想知道天气的历史吗? 不要看天空,别翻旧天气预报。看着树木的年轮才是更重要的.一些天气报告只是前一个世纪的,但是有些树却能给我们展示更久远的天气记录。





1. It is understood that in a favorable climate tree rings grow far from each other.据了解,气候适宜树木年轮生长相隔较远。


2. Trees brought lots of sunlight and rainfall.树木带来大量的阳光和雨水。


3. The scientists are interested in studying tree rings because they can tell whether the climate was favorable or not.科学家对树木年轮研究感兴趣是因为它们可以告诉我们气候好坏。


4. Studying dead tree rings shows how the people left.研究死树的年轮表明人们如何离开。


5. The people had to leave the place of New Mexico because they had cut down all the trees.人们不得不离开这个地方的因为他们砍伐了所有的树木



Passage 36

Mrs. Weeks was reading a newspaper story to her class. The story said:

"Were you ever in a hospital when you were small? How did you feel?" The doctors in Children's Hospital are asking for money for children's toys. Some children in the hospital must stay in bed for many weeks. Toys are needed to keep the sick children happy and quiet. Money for them can be sent to the hospital.

After Mrs. Weeks read the story,she said,"This story gave me an idea."

"You want us to bring some money for the toys." "We could bring some of our own toys for the children in the hospital, "said the boys and the girls one after another.

"Well, your ideas would be nice, "Mrs. Weeks said, "but mine is different."

"We could make some toys, "shouted one of them.

Mrs. Weeks smiled. "Do you think you could make toys?" she asked.

"Yes, yes, "the whole class answered.

"Great! Let's begin to make toys tomorrow, "said Mrs. Weeks.

On Saturday afternoon,Mrs. Weeks took the children to the hospital with the toys made by her students. The children in the hospital felt very happy to see the toys. So did the children in the class.

A few days later,Mrs. Weeks read another newspaper story to the class:

Some school pupils brought toys to Children's Hospital last week. The toys were made by the pupils of

Grade Three in Green Street School. The doctors said,"We have never had so many wonderful toys. Our children are very happy with them. They say,'THANK YOU,GRADE THREE.'"

Mrs. Weeks 正在给全班同学读一张报纸,故事是这样的:


Mrs. Weeks 读完这个新闻后,她说,“这个新闻启发了我。”

?你希望我们能够捐款买玩具”“那我们可以把我们的玩具带给医院里的小孩啊”,孩子们争先恐后的说。 “是的,你们的想法可能很完美,但是我的想法跟你们不同”Mrs. Weeks 说


Mrs. Weeks 笑了,反问道“你觉得我们能做玩具?”


“很棒!那让我们从明天开始做玩具”Mrs. Weeks 说。

周六的下午,Mrs. Weeks 带着全班同学去了儿童医院,还有他们亲手做的玩具。医院的孩子们见到玩具非常的开心,做这些玩具的孩子们也很开心。

几天之后Mrs. Weeks 又读到另外一篇新闻:


1.The first newspaper story was mainly about sick children in children's Hospital.第一次报道是关于儿童医院的患病儿童。


2.Let the class make some toys and give them to the children in the hospital was in Mrs. Weeks' mind. 老师是想让同学们做些玩具送给医院的孩子们。


3.At first,the doctors in Children's Hospital wanted to get some money to buy toys for the sick children. 起初,儿童医院的医生是想募捐些钱帮生病的儿童买些玩具。


4.From the passage we can learn that what Mrs. Weeks really wanted to do is to ask her class to save money for toys.从这篇文章我们可以知道威克斯夫人真正想做的是她的同学们节省下玩具钱。


5.The author's tone in this passage is enthusiastic.作者在这篇文章中的基调是充满热情的。



Passage 37

Snowflakes(雪花) look like white stars falling from the sky. But there have been times when snow has looked red, green, yellow, or black. There have been snowflakes of almost every color. Think how it would seem to have colored snowflakes coming down all around you.

Black snow fell in France one year. Another year grey snow fell in Japan. It was found that the snow was mixed with ashes. This made it look dark. Red snow had come down in other countries. When this happened, the snow was mixed with red dust.

Most snow looks white, but it is really the color of ice. Snow is ice that comes from snow cloud. Each snowflake begins with a small drop of frozen water. More water forms around this drop. The way the water freezes gives the snowflakes its shape.

No two snowflakes are ever just the same size or shape. Sometimes the snowflakes are broken when they come down. Other snowflakes melt as they fall. All snowflakes are flat and have six sides, if they are not broken or melted. When the air is cold and dry, the falling snowflakes are small and hard. If the air wet and warm, the snowflakes are big and soft.

Would you be surprised to see snowflakes as big as your head falling from the sky? It happened once in the United States. It could happen again.

(1) The first two paragraphs mainly tell us that sometimes snow has different colors.

(2) No two snowflakes are just the same size, but all snowflakes are hard.

(3) Snowflakes begin with cloud.

(4) The bigger the snowflakes are, the softer they are.

(5) Black snow fell only in European Countries.


Passage 38

Mr. and Mrs. White had two sons and three daughters.One Sunday,Mrs. White said to her husband,"The children don't have any lessons today,and you're free too.There's a new funfair(庙会)in the park.Let's all go there to play." Her husband said,"I want to finish some work today.""oh, forget it.Go there and make our children happy.That's the most important work" Mrs. White said.

So Mr. and Mrs. White took their children to the funfair.Mr. White was forty-five years old. But he enjoyed the funfair more than his children. He hurried from one thing to another,and ate lots of sweets. One of the children said to her mother,"Dad is just like a small child,isn't he, Mom?" Mrs. White didn't want to follow her husband around any more at that time and answered,"He is even worse than a small child,Mary,because he might spend more money than a small child."

(1) There were five children in the White family.

(2) One Sunday,Mr. and Mrs. White wanted to go to a shop with their children.

(3) Mr. White liked the place so much that he bought lots of sweets.

(4) From the story we know Mrs. White was a little angry with Mr. White.

(5) Of all the family members, Mr. White enjoyed playing there most that Sunday.


Passage 39

Man has always wanted to fly. Some of the greatest men in history had thought about the problem. One of them, for example, was the great Italian artist, Leonardo Da Vinci. In the sixteenth century he made designs for machines that would fly, but they were never built.

Throughout history, other less famous men had wanted to fly. An example was a man in England 800 years ago. He made a pair of wings from chicken feathers. Then he fixed them to his body and jumped into air from a tall building. He did not fly very far. Instead, he fell to the ground and broke every bone in his body.

The first real steps took place in France, in 1783. Two brothers, the Montgolfiers, made a very large "hot air balloon". They knew that hot air rises. Why not fill a balloon with it? The balloon was made of cloth and paper. In September of that year, the King and Queen of France came to see the balloon. They watched it carry the very first air passengers into the sky. The passengers were a sheep and a chicken. We do not know how they felt about the trip. But we do know that the trip lasted eight minutes and that the animals landed safely. Two months later, two men did the same thing. They rose above Paris in a balloon of the same kind. Their trip lasted twenty-five minutes and they traveled about eight kilometers.

(1) Leonardo Da Vinci made designs for flying machines.

(2) Eight hundred years ago an Englishman made a kind of flying machine.

(3) In fact, the Englishman who tried to fly lost his life.

(4) The very first air passengers in the balloon were two Frenchmen.

(5) The two Frenchmen rose above Paris in November 1783.


Passage 40

In Sydney(悉尼) there is a special long-distance running race called the City to Surf. The race takes place on the second Sunday in August every year. More than 23,000 people run in the race.

The race is 14 kilometers long. It starts in the center of the city and finishes at a surf beach called Bondi. That is why it's called the City to Surf.

All kinds of people run in the City to Surf. Some people take their small children in strollers. Other people take their dogs on the lead.

Blind people in wheelchairs also take part in the race. Old people take part in the race too. In 1981 the oldest runner was an 81-year-old man and his sister Linda, 76 was the last runner to finish.

At the end of the race an official writes down the runner's names and running times. The newspaper prints the names and running times of the competitors a few days later.

In 1981 the first runner took just 40 minutes to run the race. The last runner took two and a half hours.

The first man and the first woman to cross the finishing line each received a trophy and a free trip to San Francisco in the United States. There they ran in another long-distance race.

(1) An annual long-distance running race in Sydney is "The City to Surf".

(2) The race starts in center Sydney and finishes at Bondi.

(3) The race is held in winter.

(4) Local citizens take part in the race.

(5) Old-aged runners are especially encouraged to join the race.


Passage 41

Clowns(小丑) like to make people laugh. They paint their faces and put on funny noses. Sometimes they put on a sad face but most of the time they put on a happy face. They also wear funny clothes.

Most clowns work in circuses. They do all kinds of silly things to make the audience laugh. They run, jump, fall down, turn somersaults (翻滚,斤头), and roll over. They ride donkeys backwards. They push each other in wagons or wheelbarrows(独轮车). Sometimes they shout and sing. Clowns are funny men, and occasionally, women, too! A circus is not a circus without clowns!

Children especially enjoy watching clowns. A clown named Cookie often visits hospitals to entertain sick children as well as older people. Sick people need to laugh. It helps them to get better faster.

There is an old saying: "Laughter is good medicine."

(1) Clowns make people laugh by doing all kinds of silly things.

(2) Clowns are mostly female.

(3) The sentence "A circus is not a circus without clowns" means a circus will not be of much fun if it has no clowns.

(4) Clowns are a great favorite with children.

(5) The best interpretation of the old saying "Laughter is good medicine" may be laughter cures people's diseases. 答案:ABAAB

Passage 42

These days, children often think of superheroes(超级英雄) as cute(帅气的), cool and strong supermen. A poor, short and thin boy wearing glasses may not interest the kids today. Yet in less than 4 years, Harry Potter has taken the world by the storm. J. K. Rowling, the writer of Harry Potter, was a British single mother out of work and living on money given to her by the government. One day, when she was on a long train trip,she had the idea for this book. She wrote the first book of the seven in the cafe with her baby daughter sleeping beside her. Last year, the fans welcomed the birth of the fourth by lining outside the bookstores. Today these books are still popular among people. Harry Potter is something more than fantasy (幻想). Rowling tries to tell the readers how things are not always what they seem to be. However, millions of the fans don't care about such a lesson. They would like to spend many sleepless nights waiting in line for the fifth, the sixth and the seventh to come. For them, surprising stories of the little boy are what they want.

(1) J.K. Rowling was very poor and didn't get work for herself when she wrote the first book.

(2) When Rowling thought of the idea of writing her book, she was on her way to find work.

(3) Four books of the seven have come out according to this passage.

(4) Rowling wants to show to her readers,how things are not always what they seem to be.

(5) Rowling wrote the first book with her daughter's help.


Passage 43

When you want to go shopping(购物),decide how much money you can spend for new clothes. Think about the kind of clothes you really need. Then Look for those clothes on sale.

There are labels inside all new clothes. The labels tell you how to take care of your clothes. The label for a shirt may tell you to wash it in warm water. A sweater label may tell you to wash by washing in cold water. The label on a coat may say "dry clean only. Washing may ruin this coat." If you do as the directions say on the label,you can keep your clothes looking their best.

Many clothes today must be dry cleaned. Dry cleaning is expensive. When buying new clothes,check if they will need to be dry cleaned. You will save money if you buy clothes that can be washed.

You can save money if you buy clothes that are well made. Well-made clothes last longer. They look good even after they have been washed many times. Clothes that cost more money are not always better made. They do not always fit better. Sometimes less expensive clothes look and fit better than more expensive clothes.

(1) If you want to save money, you can buy clothes that can be washed.

(2) The labels inside the clothes tell you how to save money.

(3) The first thing for you to do before you buy clothes is to see how much money you can pay.

(4) We learn from the reading that cheaper clothes are always worse made.

(5) The best title for the reading should be " Being a Clever Clothes Shopper ".


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