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外研新版八上Module 4 Planes

发布时间:2013-09-27 08:32:16  

Module 4 Planes, ships and trains

一、学习目标:

A.单词和短语:

road, accident, except, far, far away, crowded, choice, classmate, all the time, journey, book, outside, close, park, however, cost

B.交际用语:

1. What happened?

2. Don’t worry.

3. —Who lives the closest to school?

— Lingling lives closest.

4. — What is the most comfortable way to go to school for Betty?

— By taxi.

5. — What’s the most expensive way to go to school?

— Going by taxi is the most expensive.

6. How do you get there?

7. What’s the cheapest way?

8. What’s the best way to get there?

9. — What’s the cheapest way to travel from London to Paris?

— The cheapest way is by coach.

10. It’s the most comfortable way, but it’s the most expensive.

11. He lives farthest from school.

12. It is the fastest and the second cheapest.

13. The more information, the better.

二. 教学目标

1. Function: Describing and comparing modes of transportation.

2. Structure: Superlative adjectives and adverbs (-est, most); irregular superlatives.

3. Skills: 1) Listening and understanding familiar topics (transportation)

2) Comparing modes of transportation.

3) Reading and finding specific transportation

4) Writing a short passage comparing modes of transportation.

4. Around the world: The longest railway

5. Task: Making a holiday plan for a family trip to a city in China.

三、重点及难点:

Superlative adjectives and adverbs (-est, most); irregular superlatives.

四、教学设计:

Unit 1 He lives the farthest from school.

ⅠTeaching model

Listening and speaking

ⅡTeaching method

PWP approach

ⅢTeaching aims

1. Key vocabulary: road, accident, except, far, far away, crowded, choice, classmate,

close, all the time

2. Key structures: Superlative adjectives and adverbs (-est, most); irregular superlatives.

3. Key sentences:

1) What happened?

2) Don’t worry.

3)—Who lives the closest to school?

— Lingling lives closest.

4) — What is the most comfortable way to go to school for Betty?

— By taxi.

5) — What’s the most expensive way to go to school?

— Going by taxi is the most expensive.

ⅣTeaching aids

Tape recorder, OHP, video

ⅤTeaching Steps

Step 1 Warming-up

1. Work in pairs. Show some pictures and ask “How do you often go to school?”

2. Look at the pictures, and say something about the pictures.

3. Introduce the new words.

4. Learn the new words.

5. Read the new words.

Step 2 Look and match.

1. Ask the students to read the words in Activity 1.

2. Look at the pictures in Activity 1 carefully.

3. Now match the words with the pictures.

5. Ask the students to check their answer with a partner.

6. Call back the answer from the whole class and check the answer.

Keys: 1. train 2. ship 3. taxi 4. underground 5. bus

Step 3 Look, listen and match.

1. Ask the students to read the words in Activity 2.

2. Play the recording and ask the students to listen to the recording carefully.

3. Listen and match the words in the box with the pictures in Activity 1. You need to use one word more than once.

4. Ask the students to check their answer with a partner.

5. Call back the answer from the whole class and check the answer.

Step 4 Listen and read.

1. Show some pictures, and ask the students to talk about them.

2. Ask the students to read the conversation silently.

3. Play the recording and ask the students to listen and read the conversation.

4. Read the conversation.

5. Act it out.

6. Learn “Everyday English”

1) What happened?

2) Don’t worry.

Step 5 Complete the table.

1. Ask the students to read the conversation again.

2. Now complete the table.

3. Ask the students to check with a partner.

4. Check the answers:

Keys: by bus by underground walks / on foot by bus

Step 6 Complete the sentences.

1. Ask the students to read the words in the box in Activity 4.

2. Read through the sentences.

1) Lingling lives the ________ to school, so she always walks.

2) The _________ way to go to school is by taxi.

3) Tony lives the ___________ from school.

4) For Betty, going to school by bike is the _________ choice.

3. Complete the sentences with the correct words from the box.

4. Ask the students to check with a partner.

5. Check the answers:

Keys: 1. closest 2. most comfortable 3. farthest 4. best

Step 7 Complete the sentences.

1. Ask the students to read the words or expression in the box in Activity 5.

2. Read through the sentences.

1) All the students take the bus to school ___________ Sam.

2) The ___________ train in the world is the Shanghai airport train.

3) I saw a(n) __________ on the way to school yesterday.

4) I do not take the bus to school because it is usually very ___________.

3. Complete the sentences with the correct words from the box.

4. Ask the students to check with a partner.

5. Check the answers:

Keys: 1. except 2. modern 3. road accident 4. crowded

Step 8 Listen and repeat.

1. Play the recording once without stopping.

2. Play the recording again and ask the whole class to repeat.

1) —Who lives the closest to school?

— Lingling lives closest.

2) — Whah is the most comfortable way to go to school for Betty?

— By taxi.

3. Ask the students to listen and mark the intonation.

4. Now listen again and repeat.

Step 9 Work in pairs.

1. Ask the students to read the words or expression in the box in Activity 7.

2. Read through the example with the class.

— What’s the most expensive way to go to school?

— Going by taxi is the most expensive.

3. Work in pairs.

Step 10 Important and difficult points

1. Maybe I should go to school by taxi. 或许我应该坐出租车去上学。

by 和表示交通工具的名词(名词前没有任何冠词)连用,意思是“乘、坐”。 例如:travel by train/car/ship/ underground/boat/bus/taxi

乘火车/汽车/轮船/地铁/小船/公交车/出租车出行

2. 形容词、副词的最高级构成及其用法:

Step 11 Do exercises:

A. 随学随练:写出下列单词的最高级形式:

1. short _________________ 2. nice _________________

3. big _________________ 4. thin _________________

5. early _________________ 6. slowly _________________

7. beautiful _________________ 8. carefully _________________

9. badly _________________ 10. much _________________

11. little _________________ 12. far __________________

Keys: 1. shortest 2. nicest 3. biggest 4. thinnest 5. earliest 6. most slowly 7. most beautiful 8. most carefully 9. worst 10. most 11. least 12. farthest / furthest

B.中考链接

( )1.—The girls are talking about the art festival_____. (2013温州)

—Yes. They have so many fun things to share.

A. easily B. angrily C. sadly D. happily

( ) 2.—Our school bus will leave at 8 o'clock tomorrow. Don't be late.

— OK. I will be there ten minutes________. (2013安徽)

A. sooner B. slower C. faster D. earlier

( ) 3. Debbie is growing fast. She is even________ than her mother. (2013北京)

A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest

( ) 4.—Dad, would you please drive ________? (2013福州)

— No hurry. We have enough time before the plane takes off.

A. faster B. more slowly C. more carefully

( ) 5.—Do you know Lin Shuhao? (2013漳州)

—Yes. He is one of _____ basketball players in the NBA.

A. popular B. more popular C. the most popular

( ) 6.—Which country is your favorite, Lin Tao?(2013牡丹江)

—France, of course. It’s the _______ place that I want to visit.

A. worst B. better C. best

( ) 7. Is Lily’s home _____ away from school than Linda’s? (2013益阳)

A. far B. farther C. farthest .

( ) 8.—Who ran ______ of all in the sports meeting? (2013襄阳)

—Hector did, I think.

A. fast B. faster C. the fastest D. most fast

( ) 9. Li Na is ________ tennis player in China now. (2011永州)

A. most famous B. the most famous C. more famous

Keys: 1. D 2. D 3. B 4. A 5. C 6. C 7. B 8. C 9. B Step 12 Homework

Remember the words of Unit 1 and prepare the text of Unit 2.

Unit 2 What is the best way to travel?

ⅠTeaching model

Reading and writing.

ⅡTeaching method

Top-down approach

ⅢTeaching aims

1. Listening and understanding familiar topics (transportation)

2. Comparing modes of transportation.

3. Reading and finding specific transportation

4. Writing a short passage comparing modes of transportation.

ⅣTeaching Objectives

1. Key vocabulary: journey, book, outside, choice, however, cost

2. Keys structure: Superlative adjectives and adverbs (-est, most); irregular superlatives.

ⅤTeaching aids

Recorder, OHP, video

ⅥTeaching Steps

Step 1 Warming-up

Learn some new words.

Step 2 Work in pairs.

1. Talk about places you go to and how you get there.

How do you get there?

What’s the cheapest way to get there?

What’s the best way to get there?

2. Show some pictures.

3. Talk something about the pictures.

Step 3 Reading.

1. Play the recording and listen to the tape carefully.

2. Ask the students to read through the passage.

3. Read the passage by themselves.

4. Read the text together.

5. Read the passage and number the ways of travelling from the most expensive to the least expensive in Activity 2.

6. Check with a partner.

7. Call back the answers from the whole class.

Step 4 Complete the table.

1. Read the passage again.

2. Complete the table.

3. Check with a partner.

4. Call back the answers from the whole class.

Keys;

1. the most comfortable the most expensive.

2. the cheapest, crowded and it takes so long.

3. the fastest and the second cheapest wait for hours at the airport because of bad weather.

Step 5 Complete the passage.

1. Ask the students to the words in the box in Activity 4.

2. Ask the students to read through the passage in Activity 4.

There are four ways to travel from London to Amsterdam. The first (1) ________ is by train because the (2) ________ takes only four hours. (3) ________, it’s quite

expensive. Going by car and by ship, or coach does not (4) ________ as much as

going by train. When you go by car and by ship, remember that parking in Amsterdam is not cheap, so it is best to stay (5) ________ the city centre and travel in by bus or by train.

3. Complete the passage with the correct form of the words from the box.

4. Check with a partner.

5. Call back the answers from the whole class.

Keys: 1. choice 2. journey 3. However 4. cost 5. outside

Step 6 Work in pairs.

Ask and answer about the ways of travelling. Use the information in the table. — What’s the cheapest way to travel from London to Paris?

— The cheapest way is by coach.

Step 7 Writing.

Write a passage about ways of travelling from London to Paris. Use the information in Activity 5 and the passage in Activity 2 to help you.

You can go from London to Paris by coach, plane or train. Travelling by plane is the fastest but also the most expensive.

Step 8 Important and difficult points

1. journey, travel和trip的用法辨析

2. cost 的用法

3. The more information, the better. 信息越多越好。

“the +比较级,the + 比较级”是个固定句型,意为“越… …,就越… …”。 边学边练:

( ) 1. Study hard! ____ you study, _____ results you’ll get.

A. Harder; better B. The harder; better

C. The harder; the better D. Harder; the better

( ) 2. Dear students, please read every sentence carefully. _______ you are,

________ mistakes you’ll make.

A. The more carefully, the fewer B. The more careful, the less

C. The more carefully, the less D. The more careful, the fewer

Keys: 1. C 2. D

Step 9 Do exercises:

中考链接

( ) 1. —What do you think of the traffic in our city? (2013菏泽) —It’s_____ than it used to be, but there’s still a long way to go.

A. worse B. worst C. better D. best

( ) 2. Traveling around big cities by taxi can cost a lot of money, but it’s usually _____ to take the underground train to most places. (2013菏泽)

A. amazing B. expensive C. convenient D. exciting

( ) 3. Liu Ying is as _____ as her sister. (2013湖南湘西)

A. tall B. taller C. the tallest

( ) 4. I am good at math, but his English is ________ than mine. (2013黄石)

A. much better B. more better C. very better D. pretty better

( ) 5. The world’s population is growing _____ and there is _____ land and water for growing rice. (2013荆门)

A. more; less B. larger; fewer C. larger; less D. more; fewer

( ) 6. It’s _____ to listen to light music when you feel tired. (2013温州)

A. dangerous B. scary C. relaxing D. difficult

( ) 7.—Which season do you like _______, summer or winter?

— Summer. (2013长沙)

A. well B. best C. better

Keys: 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. A 5. C 6. C 7. C

Step 10 Homework

Remember the words of Unit 2 and prepare the text of Unit 3.

Unit 3 Language in use

ⅠTeaching model

Revision and application

ⅡTeaching method

Formal and interactive practice

ⅢTeaching aims

1. Function: Describing and comparing modes of transportation.

2. Structure: Superlative adjectives and adverbs (-est, most); irregular superlatives.

3. Around the world: The longest railway

4. Task: Making a holiday plan for a family trip to a city in China.

ⅣTeaching aids

Tape recorder, OHP, handouts

ⅤTeaching Steps

Step 1 Revision

Work in pairs to review the text of Unit 1 and Unit 2

Step 2 Language practice

1. Read through the example sentences in the box with the whole class.

1) It’s the most comfortable way, but it’s the most expensive.

2) He lives farthest from school.

3) It is the fastest and the second cheapest.

4) The more information, the better.

2. Ask the students to repeat the sentences in the box.

Step 3 Complete the sentences.

1. Ask the students to read through the sentences in Activity 1.

1) This bus takes the _________ (long) and goes the _________ (slow).

2) The new train travels _________ (fast) of all the trains in the world.

3) The _________ (cheap) way to get there is by coach.

4) I am in a hurry. What’s the _________ (fast) way?

5) The fastest way to travel is by plane, but it is also the _________ (expensive).

2. Complete the sentence with the correct form of the words in brackets.

3. Ask the students to check with a partner.

4. Check the answers:

Keys: 1. longest slowest 2. fastest 3. cheapest 4. fastest 5. most expensive Step 4 Complete the conversation.

1. Ask the students to read through the sentences in Activity 2.

a) By plane, but you have to go to the airport by taxi and that takes time too. b) The cheapest way is going by train,

c) The most comfortable way is going by train, but it takes more time, than going by plane.

d) There are three ways: by plane, by train and by coach.

2. Complete the conversation with the sentences in the box.

3. Ask the students to check with a partner.

4. Check the answers:

Keys: 1. d 2. a 3. b 4. c

5. Read the conversation together.

Step 5 Complete the conversation.

1. Ask the students to read through the words in the box in Activity 3.

2. Read through the conversation in Activity 3.

A: What’s the (1) __________ way to go to Qingdao?

B: We can take a plane but that’s (2) __________. We can also take the train. It’s (3) __________, but it’s not so expensive.

B: The coach is the (4) __________ way to go and it takes (5) __________ time. A: So how should we go?

B: I think the best way is by train because the train station is the (6) __________ to our home.

3. Complete the conversation with the correct form of the words in the box.

4. Ask the students to check with a partner.

5. Check the answers:

Keys: 1. best 2. the most expensive 3. the slowest 4. cheapest 5. the most 6. the closest

6. Read the conversation together.

Step 6 Complete the word map.

1. Learning to learn

Remember that putting words in groups (for example, bus, train, plane, taxi) makes them easier to learn. Make sure you give your groups a title (for example, Ways of travelling). Remember also that it’s useful to learn expressions as well as the words (for example, take a bus / plane / taxi, bus stop / train station).

2. Complete the word map in Activity 4.

Step 7 Work in pairs.

Choose a place you would like to visit. Ask and answer the questions about the ways by which you can get there.

1. What’s the cheapest way to get there?

2. What’s the most expensive way to get there?

3. What’s the fastest way to get there?

4. What’s the most comfortable way to get there?

5. What’s the safest way to get there?

Step 8 Complete the email.

1. Ask the students to read through the words in the box in Activity 6.

2. Read through the email in Activity 6.

FROM: Sally

TO: Tony

SUBJECT: Journey to China

Hi Tony,

My family is planning a journey to China in the summer. We want to visit Beijing first. Do you think we should (1) _________ the plane tickets early? After Beijing we want to visit Xi’an and Hangzhou, and maybe somewhere else. How can we (2) _________

from Beijing to Xi’an, by train or by plane? The (3) _________ is not so important, but the time is.

After Xi’an, we want to go to Hangzhou. Is it better to go to Shanghai first, or can we go from Xi’an to Hangzhou directly?

And after Hangzhou what’s the best (4) __________? Can we make a short (5) __________ to Suzhou? What do you think?

Thanks for your help.

Sally

3. Complete the email with the words in the box.

4. Ask the students to check with a partner.

5. Check the answers:

Keys: 1.book 2. travel 3. cost 4. choice 5. trip

6. Read together.

Step 9 Listening practice.

1. Ask the students to read through the information in Activity 7 individually.

2. Play the tape.

3. Listen and match the cities with the information.

4. Ask the students to check with a partner.

5. Check the answers:

Step 10 Listening practice.

1. Ask the students to read through the questions in Activity 8 individually.

1) Which city has the largest population?

2) Which cities have the oldest universities in the world?

3) Which city is the nearest to London?

4) What are the popular places for sightseeing in London?

2. Play the tape.

3. Listen again and answer the questions.

4. Ask the students to check with a partner.

5. Check the answers:

Step 11 Around the world: The longest railway

1. Ask the students to look at the picture and discuss what they can see.

2. Read through the information with the whole class.

The Trans-Siberian Railway is the longest railway in the world. You can go from Moscow, the capital of Russia, to Vladivostok on the east coast. It is not the fastest way to travel from Moscow to Vladivostok, but it is the most interesting and also the most comfortable way.

3. Talk something about “The longest railway”.

Step 12 Module task: Make a holiday plan for a family trip to a city in China.

1. Work in groups. Make a holiday plan for a family trip to a city in China.

? Find a map of China. Choose a city to visit and decide on the best way to get there. ? Make a list of things to do there.

? Present your plan to the class and make notes about other groups’ plans.

2. Work in groups. Choose the best plan.

? Use your notes to compare the different plans and decide which one is best.

I think the trip to Shanghai by train is better because the journey is shorter and there are a lot of interesting places to visit in Shanghai.

Step 13 Homework

Master the new words and useful expression in Module 4.

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