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2013外研新版八年级上册module1知识点

发布时间:2013-09-27 08:32:16  

Unit1

基础知识归纳

1.Practise saying the words.

practise (动词)练习;实习。后面多跟名词(词组)或v-ing形式作宾语。 Listen!Someone is practising playing the piano.

2.look up在此模块的意思是:

look up还有:拜访、探望、抬头看、鼓起勇气的意思。

It is unnecessary to look up every word you don’t know in the dictionary while your are reading.

3.make a mistake犯错误。Mistake为名词,表示错误

She made a mistake by taking the wrong textbook to class. 常用的短语还有:

(1)by mistake错误地 I took his schoolbag as mine by mistake.

(2)mistake A for B误将A当作B The students mistook me for their teacher.

4.Who has some advice?谁有一些建议? Advice为可数名词or不可数名词?当表达一条建议的时候用a piece of advice. 相关短语还有: take one’s advice接受某人的建议

ask for one’s advice 向某人征求意见 She gives me a lot of advice on my English study.

5.Let’s try to speak English as much as possible.

(1)try to do sth.设法做某事,尽力做某事 He tried to finish the work ahead of time.

拓展:try doing sth.试着做某事

(2)as much as possible尽可能多地。as...as possible尽可能...... as early as possible尽可能早地 as soon as possible尽可能快地

6.Why not write down the mistakes in our notebooks?为什么不把错误写在我们的笔记本里?

(1)这里Why not +do...?是用来表示提出某种建议,而不是询问为什么不做某事。

(2)表示建议的句型还有: 1)should+do意思是:应该干......

2)Let’s do...意思是:让我们干...... 3)It’s a good idea to do sth.干......是个好主意

4)How about doing sth.干某事怎么样? 5)It’s better not to do sth.最好不要干某事?

7.What else?还有其他的吗? What else表示别的,其他的,else一般用在疑

问词或不定代词之后 Who else did you see at the meeting? Does anyone else

want to read this book?

8.I agree with you.我同意你的意见 agree with表示同意某人的意见、观点或所

说的话, with后接表示人的名词或代词。 I agree with what you said.

经典例题剖析

例1(2012.南京) -Could you tell me how to remember new words quickly? -Yes,

I think a tree can help you a lot.

A.grammar B.equation C.punctuation D.vocabulary

例2.(2013.南京模拟) -It’s lovely weather today. Why not a

picnic in the park? -OK, let’s go. A.have B.to have C.has

D.having

Ⅱ.单项填空

1.Let’s trya horse.

A.drew B. to draw C.draws D.draw

2.My English is very poor. Could you tell me some good ways English?

A.of learn B.to learn C.learn D.learning

3.Don’t forget off the lights before you leave the classroom.

A.turn B.to turn C.turning D.turns

back to him about it? -All right.

A.write B.to write C.to writing D.writing

A.can’t B.shouldn’t C.needn’t D.mustn’t

Ⅲ.根据所给汉语提示完成下列句子

1.你应该在课堂上多说英语。 You should in class.

2.在笔记本上记下你的拼写错误怎么样?

your spelling mistakes in your

notebook?

3.我们应该互相学习。

4.我认为写作与阅读一样重要。 I think writing is reading. 5.为什么不分组写这些练习呢?

Write down these words in groups?

6.收听英语广播节目是个好主意。

It’s a good idea English radio programmes.

7.还有人想吃苹果吗? Does want to have an apple?

8.老师给了我一些建议。 My

.

9.不要忘记在错误旁边写上正确的答案。

Don’t the mistakes.

综合知识集训

句型转换

1.Why not go swimming with us?(改为同义句)

going swimming with us?

2.It’s a good idea to stay in bed.(改为反意疑问句)

It’s a good idea to stay in bed,?

3.Try to listen to me, children.(改为否定句)

listen to me, children.

4.You mustn’t forget to take your English book.(改为祈使句)

to take your English book.

Unit2

基础知识归纳

1.You should smile at her.你应该对她微笑! smile at对......微笑,以微笑对待......

The teacher smiled at my answer.

辨析:smile与laugh smile与laugh都有笑的意思,smile是指微笑,强调没有

笑出声音。laugh是指大笑 He smiles at me. The funny story made the children

laugh.

2.I also advise you to talk about the films or songs with your friends.

advise sb to do sth.建议某人做某事 She advised me to wear my best clothes.

注意:advise表示劝告,忠告,给......出主意时,其后可跟v-ing形式作宾语

I advised starting at once.

3.Each time you will learn something new.

something new新的东西。不定代词由形容词修饰作其定语时,形容词需要置于

其后。 如:something important重要的事

4.I am shy and I am afraid to speak to her.

be afraid to do sth.不敢/胆怯去做某事,是主观上的原因不敢去做,意为害怕。 注意:be afraid of doing担心害怕出现某种后果。be afraid of doing后也可跟名词、代词等

She was afraid to walk in grass because she was afraid of a snake.

5.I suggest you write four or five words a day on pieces of paper...

Suggest表示建议或提出(意见或计划等)时有三种用法:

(1)只能用动名词作宾语。短语suggest doing; He suggested going out for a walk.

经典例题剖析

例1.-Have you bought for Linda’s birthday? -Not exactly. Just some

flowers. A.something unusual B.anything unusual C.unusual something

D.unusual anything

例2.The little girl is afraid on the wooden bridge, for she is afraid into the river.

A.to walk; of falling B.to walk; to fall

C.of walking; of falling D.of walking; to fall

基础知识集训

单项选择

in today’s newspaper.

A.something new B.anything new C.new something D.new anything

a dictionary here tomorrow.

A.to take B.to bring C.taking D.bringing

me newspapers after supper.

A.advises; to read B.advises; reading C.advise; to read

D.advise; reading

their English.

A.for; improving B.for; to improve C.to; to improve D./; to improve

cards? -I don’t think so.

A.play; go B.playing; go C.play; going D.playing; going

句型转换 (对划线提问) you to go to school by bike every day?

2.I’m afraid to go out at night alone.(改为同义句)

I going out at night alone.

3.It is a good way to practise English.(改为同义句)

English.

4.To forget new words is natural.(改为同义句)

new words.

5.How about going to the park?(改为同义句)

go to the park?

根据汉语意思完成句子

1.你不应该在课堂上说汉语。 in English

class.

2.这还不够好,我要加以改进。 This is not good enough. I want it.

3.看英文电影和听英文歌曲是学好英语的好方法。

and listening to English

great learn English.

4.在开始对话之前,你应该对她微笑。

5.她忘记寄这封信了。

She the letter.

songs

用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空

(listen) to English songs.

(go) fishing at the East Lake? It’s very interesting.

3.Mary’s advice is

5.Don’t(forget) to lock the door when you leave.

Unit3 基础知识归纳

1.It’s difficult to remember new words.记住生词很难。

It在这里作形式主语,真正的主语是后面的不定式。在英语中,若不定式短语作

短语作主语,且主语较长,为了避免头重脚轻,常用it作形式主语,而把真正的主语放在句末。

It is not easy to learn English. =To learn English is not easy.

拓展:句型It is +形容词+for/of sb to do sth.对于某人来说做某事是......的。

其中it是形式主语,真正的主语是to do sth.在此句型中,当形容词表示人的品质、特征时,常用介词of。这类词有:kind, wise, clever, foolish等;

当形容词表示食物的特点时,用介词for,这类词有:important, easy, difficult, hard, necessary等

2.......make friends with them and take them around your town.......和他们交朋友并领着他们参观你们的城镇。

(1)make friends with与......交朋友。 He makes friends with the local people.

(2)take sb. around=show sb around带领某人参观 I will take them around our school.

3......invite your new English-speaking friends to your club!......邀请讲英语的新朋友到你的俱乐部

Invite(动词)邀请。

常见用法如下: (1)invite sb.邀请某人 (2)Invite sb to do sth.邀请某人做某事

(3)Invite sb to a place邀请某人到某处 此外,invite的名词形式为invitation

经典例题剖析

例:-I think drinking milk every morning is good our health. -Yes. I you.

A.to; to B.with; to C.at; with D.for; with

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