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初二Unit6SectionB

发布时间:2014-04-24 13:54:11  

大智教育教学文化:命题方向文化

旨在帮助所有孩子建构以考点命题方向为线索的问题解决模式!因为,这是

所有孩子最欠缺的!

杨老师英语课堂

第8讲Unit6 An old man tried to move the mountains.(Section B)

【考纲要求】

掌握并灵活运用重点词汇:1射击;发射 v___________ 2石头 n_________

3.虚弱的;无力的 adj_________ 4.神;上帝 n_________ 5.提醒;使想起

v________ 6.一点;小块 n________ 7.有点儿;稍微 __________ 8.愚蠢的;

不明事理的 adj_____ 9.代替;反而_________ 10.变成_________ 11.物体;

物品 n_______ 12.隐藏;隐蔽 v_________ 13.尾巴n_________

14.有魔力的;有神奇力量的adj___ 15.棍;条 n______ 16.使激动;使兴奋

_______ 17.西方国家的;尤指欧美的adj___ 18. 从前_______ 19.继姐妹

n_______ 20.王子 n __________ 21.爱上;喜欢上_________ 22.适合;合

身 v_______ 23.尤指夫妻;两人;两件食物n___ 24.笑;微笑 _____v n

25.结婚 v________ 26.结婚_________27.金子;金币 n 金色的adj_____

28.国王 n_______ 29.丝绸;丝织物 n____ 30.内衣n_______

31.没有人_______ pron 小人物 n______ 32.愚蠢的 adj______ 33.欺骗;

蒙骗 v 骗子 n___ 34.继母 n_____ 35.妻子;太太 n ______36.丈夫 n_____

37.全部的;整体的 adj ______38.场;场景 n _____39.月光 n _____40.发

光;照耀 v______41.光亮地;明亮地;adv明亮的adj______ 42.地;地面 n

________43.带路;领路 v ______44.声音 n_______

45.勇敢的;无畏的 adj________

46.sound______n./_______v. 47. 突然_________

一、重点短语

1. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事2. as soon as ...... 一……就…....

3. once upon a time 从前 4. continue to do sth. 继续做某事

5. make sth. happen 使某事发生 6.try to do sth. 尽力做某事

7. the journey to sp. ......之旅 8. tell the/a story 讲故事

9. put on 穿上 10. a little bit 有点儿

11. keep doing sth. 坚持做某事 12. give up 放弃

13. instead of 代替;反而 14. turn .. . into 变成

15. get married 结婚 16. the main character 主要人物;主人公

17. at other times 在另外一些时候 18. be able to 能;会

19. come out (书、电影等)出版 20. become interested in---对……感兴趣

21. walk to the other side 走到另一边去

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22. a fairy tale 一个神话故事 23. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分

24. leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事 25. make a plan to do sth. 筹划/计划做某事 26. go to sleep 去睡觉 27. lead sb. to sp. 把某人领到某地

28. get lost 迷路 29. change one’s plan 改变计划 30. tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事 31. in the moonlight 在月光下 32. find one’s way home 找到某人回家的路 33. the next day 第二天34. send sb. to sp. 派某人去某地

二、重点句型

1. W hat do you think about/of.. . ?

So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong?

你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?

2. It doesn’t seem + adj . to do sth ..

I t doesn’t seem very possible to move a mountain.

把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。

3. This is because...

This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects.

这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。

4、… so… that+从句

Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear.

有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。

5. It takes sb. some time to do sth ..

Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side. 这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。

6 .… not.. .. until十从句

Don’ t eat it until you get to the forest.

你们到达森林之后才能吃。

【教学重难点】

一、sound的用法及区别

1、作为名词,泛指在自然界中人所能听到的任何声音,意为“声音;响声”,有可数和不可数两种用法;Voice指人的声音;noise指噪音。

例如: Light travels much faster than sound. 光的传播速度比声音快得多。

2、sound作为连系动词,意为“听起来;听上去(给人以某种印象)”,常接形容词作表语,还可接名词、代词、介词短语或从句。

例如: This piece of music sounds beautiful. 这音乐听起来很美。

That sounds a good idea. 那听起来是一个好主意。

练:1、Her ______(声音)sounds ________(beautiful/beauty).

2、Strange ______(声音)came from the next room. 奇怪的声音来自隔

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壁房间

二、make的用法

1、当make的意思是“做、制造、制作”时,常用的句型是:

(1) make sth. (to do sth.) 意为“制造某物”。例如:

She can make kites. 她会制作风筝。

(2) make sb. sth. / make sth. for sb. 意为“为某人制作某物”。例如:

His mother made him a beautiful coat. / His mother made a beautiful coat for him.他的母亲为他缝制了一件漂亮的外衣。

(3) 被动语态中常用be made of / from, be made in, be made by等短语来表示“……是由……制成的”,“……是在……制成的”和“……是被……制成的”。例如:

Wine is made from grapes. 酒是由葡萄酿制成的。

These cars were made in Changchun. 这些汽车是在长春制造的。

2、 当make的意思是“使、使得”时,一般用于“make + 宾语 + 宾补”这种结构,常用的句型是:

(1) make + sb. / sth. + adj. 意为“使某人或某物处于某种状态”。例如: The news made him happy. 这个消息使他很高兴。

在此句型中,通常用it作形式宾语,而动词不定式或从句才是真正的宾语,而且要后置。例如:Computers make it easier to learn English. 电脑使英语学习更加容易。

当然,除了接形容词作宾补外,还可以接名词、动词的过去分词等作宾补。 例如:They all want to make Jim their monitor. (名词)他们都想让吉姆当班长。

I spoke loudly in order to make my voice heard.(过去分词)我大声地讲话,以便让别人听到。

(2) make + sb. / sth. + 省略to的动词不定式, 意为“使某人或某物做某事”。例如:

Our English teacher often makes us retell the texts. 我们的英语老师经常让我们复述课文。

当把这样的句子变为被动语态时,原句中省略的动词不定式符号to必须要还原。如把上面的句子变为被动语态,应为:

We are often made to retell the texts (by our English teacher).

3、 make还可以构成大量短语:

make the bed make a plan make trouble

make friends交朋友 make cakes 做蛋糕 make noises 制造噪音 make paper 造纸 make money 赚钱 make yourself at home 请自便 make oneself understood 使别人理解 make progress 取得进步

make up 编造/化妆/构成 make use of be made of/ from

be made in be made up of make a decision (下决定)

make sure (确信、弄清楚) make up one's mind (下决心)

make faces 做鬼脸

练:1、He had often made his little sister________.(哭)

2、On Mother’s Day ,she usually makes a card________her mother.

A.for B.to C.with D.by

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三、unless的用法

unless是从属连词,引导条件状语从句,含有否定意义,相当于if条件状语从句的否定形式。所以unless = if not。注意:unless引导的条件状语从句和if条件状语从句,与其它时间状语从句一样,用一般现在时代替将来时。 1. Unless you take more care, you’ll have an accident.

(如果不多加小心的话,你会出事故的。)

2. My baby sister never cries unless she is hungry.

(我那刚出生的妹妹除非饿了,否则她是从来不哭的。)

3. Unless bad weather stops me, I jog every day.

(除非坏天气阻拦我,否则每天我都慢跑的

四、plan的用法 1、用作动词 (1)plan to do sth = mean to do 计划干…,打算干…

如,I plan to plant some vegetables in the garden。

(2)had planned to do 本来计划干…

如:I had planned to water the vegetables yesterday, but there was no water in the well 2、用作名词make a plan to do sth 练:1、他们计划这个星期天去看歌剧演出。

They _____ _______ _______ to the opera this Sunday. 1、制订了一个计划比执行它要容易些。 It is easier to _______ than to carry it out. 五、keep的用法

1、用作系动词,意为“保持(某种状态)”,其后常接形容词作表语。如: Please keep quiet / silent! 请保持安静! After the accident, he still kept alive. 这次事故之后,他仍然活着。

2、用作实义动词,可表示: (1). 保管;保存;保留。如: Keep the change. 零钱不用找了。 Please keep these things for me while I am away. 在我离开期间,请你替我保管这些东西。 (2). 赡养;饲养。如: Does he earn enough to keep himself and his family? 他的收入够养活他自己和他的家人吗? I used to keep sheep in my childhood. 我在孩提时常常养羊。

(3). 经营。如Her father kept a grocer's shop for a number of years. 她父亲开了几年杂货店。

(4). 坚持;继续。后面如接动词,要用 V-ing 形式作宾语。如:If you keep (on) practising your spoken English, you'll soon make great progress. 如果你坚持练习英语口语,你很快就会取得很大的进步。

(5). 阻止;阻碍。常用于 keep sb/sth from doing sth 结构中,其中介词 from 不能省略。如: The heavy rain didn't keep them from watching the football match. 大雨没能阻止他们观看足球赛。

(6). 保持。其后常接复合宾语,表示使(某人或某物)保持某种状态或使某一动作继续。

① keep + sb/sth + 介词。如:If your hands are cold, keep them in your pockets. 如果你觉得手冷,就把它们放在口袋里。

② keep + sb/sth + 形容词。如:These gloves will keep your hands warm. 这种手套保暖好。

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③ keep +sb/sth + 副词。如:The cold weather kept us indoors. 寒冷的天气使我

们呆在家里。

④ keep + sb/sth + V-ing 形式,表示“让某人 / 某物一直……”,强调动作的持

续性。如:

I'm sorry I've kept you waiting. 很抱歉,让你久等了。 ⑤ keep + sb/sth + V-ed 形式,表示“让某人 / 某物一直被……”,宾语是 V-ed

形式,表示的动作的承受者。如:She kept her eyes shut and stayed where she was.

她紧闭双眼,呆在原地未动。

练:1、You must look after yourself and keep ________(健康)。

2、If you keep _______(练习)your spoken English,you’ll soon make great progress. 六、状语从句

1、地点状语从句,地点状语从句通常由where, wherever 引导。 Where I live there are plenty of trees.我住的地方树很多。 2.方式状语从句,通常由as, (just) as…so…, as if, as though引导。 例如:Always do to the others as you would be done by.你希望人家怎样待你,

你就要怎样待人。

3.原因状语从句, because, since, as和for I didn't go, because I was afraid. He is absent today, because / for he is ill. 4.目的状语从句: 表示目的状语的从句可以由that, so that, in order that, lest, for fear that, in case

等词引导,例如:You must speak louder so that /in order that you can be heard by

all. 5.结果状语从句:结果状语从句常由so… that 或 such…that引导,掌握这两个句型,首先要了解so 和 such与其后的词的搭配规律。比较:so和 such;

其规律由so与such的不同词性决定。such 是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组,

so 是副词,只能修饰形容词或副词。 so 还可与表示数量的形容词many, few, much, little连用,形成固定搭配。so many people 6.条件状语从句:连接词主要有 if, unless, as/so long as, on condition that 等。. 7.让步状语从句:though, although 注意: 当有though, although时,后面的从句不能有but,但是 though 和

yet可连用 8.时间状语从句:while, when, as:until和till:as soon as 9.比较状语从句:Than, as。。。as,not as。。。。as 【基础限时训练】

一、单词听写

1. have to_______ 2.除非_________

3.through__________ 4.穿________/________/__________

5.nobody________

6.欺骗________ 7. silk________ 8.特别的________ 9. 皇帝________

10.gold________ 15. everything________16. himself________

17.stupid________ 18.leave sb. to do sth._________ 19. make a plan to do sth. _________ 20.go to sleep _________21. lead sb. to sp. _________ 22. get lost_________ 23.change one’s plan _________24.叫某人做某事_________25.在月光下_________26.找到某人回家的路 _________ 27.第二天 _________28.派

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某人去某地_________29.来自 _________30.直到…才… _________31.一直做某事_____________

二、根据句意及汉语提示完成句子。

1、The girl’s hair is_______(金色的).

2、The ______(皇帝)is wearing a beautiful coat.

3、This dress is made of________(丝绸)。

4、I made a ________(愚蠢的)mistake.

5、Young children shouldn’t lie or ________(欺骗) 1、Although he is little,he is_______(勇敢的). 2、The old man likes walking in the ______(月光). 3、The ________and _______like their son very much。 4、They are interested in ________(听)to music. 5、Can you hear his ________(声音)?

三、单项选择。

( ) 1. Finally, a god was so ___________ by Yu Gong that he sent gods to take the mountains ____ .

A. moving; away B. moveable; off C. moved; away D. moved; off

( ) 2. In fact, he _______________ gets up very late.

A. sometime B. some time C. some times D. sometimes

( ) 3. _____________ bad people the Monkey King uses a magic stick.

A. To fight B. Fighting C. Fought D. Fights

( ) 4. Monkey King keeps fighting and never ____________ .

A. give out B. give off C. give up D. give away.

( ) 5. English TV program Monkey King was shown ____________ 1979.

A. in B. on C. at D. by

( ) 6. He is able to _________________ different animals and objects.

A. turn into B. turn himself into C. change into himself D. turn himself to

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( ) 7. _______________ her father died, the stepsisters made her do all the chores.

A. Unless B. As soon as C. So that D. While

( ) 8. Children all over the world _______________ the Monkey King!

A. loves B. love C. loving D. to love

( ) 9. Don’t eat _____________ you get to the forest.

A. before B. after C. when D. until

( )10. Listen, the bird _________________ wonderfully outside.

A. sings B. is singing C. sing D. will sing

( ) 11. We like those who have only one idea but make it ______.

A. to work B. working C. work D. works

( ) 12. In Great Britain it isn’t polite ______ from each other’s plate.

A. eat B. to eat C. eating D. for eating

( ) 13. That bag isn’t mine. It may be __________.

A. somebody’s B. somebody else C. somebody’s else D. somebody else’s

( ) 14. They have been skating __________.

A. for three hours ago B. since three hours ago C. three hours ago D. since three hours

( ) 15. _______, what’s your hobby?

A. In the way B. On the way C. To your way D. By the way

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16、I will the book to him ________he comes back.

A.since B.as soon as C.before D.until

17、Don’t cross the road _______the light turns green.

A.when B.while C.until D.as

18、The teacher didn’t begin the lesson________all the students stopped talking.

A.until B.after C.if D.because

19、Take this dictionary with you ______you may use it in class.

A.when B.in order to C.but D.so that

20、My aunt bought me ______many story books that I spent a lot of time_____them.

A.such;on B.such;in C.too;in D.so;on 21、I will call you ________I arrive in Beijing. A.since B.as soon as C.unless D.when 22、The coat is _______expensive ________I can’t afford it. A.such;that B.so;that C.so;but D.such;but 23、Tony is ______.He says hello to everyone. A.strict B.naughty C.unfriendly D.friendly 四、 汉译英

1. So what do you ___________________________ the story of Yu Gong? 你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?

2. I t doesn’t seem very ___________________ to move a mountain. 把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。

3. This is because he can ______________to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects.

这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。

4. Sometimes he can make the stick_________ small

______________ he can keep it in his ear.

有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。

5. Because they were so big that it _____________a long time ____________ to the other side.

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这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。

6.Don’ t eat it___________ you get to the forest.

你们到达森林之后才能吃。

7. This story _________________ us that you can never know what’s possible unless you try to make it happen.

这个故事提醒我们如果你没有使其发生,你就永远不知道什么是可能的。

8. Thank you _______________________________me the stamps.

谢谢你送给我的邮票。

9. —How long _______________ you _________________________ your homework?

—______ two hours.

.—你做了多长时间的作业了? —两个小时了。

10. She has been_________________________ since she ______________ six years old.

自从她六岁以来, 她一直弹钢琴。

11. That _______ me of _______________between American English and British English.

那使我想起了美语和英语的不同。

12. My hair is too long, I___________________ it _________________ tomorrow.

我的头发太长了, 明天我将去理。

【拔高限时训练】

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五、补全对话

Teacher: So what do you __________________ the story of Yu Gong? Wang Ming: I think it’s really interesting. Yu Gong found a good _________ to solve his _____________. Claudia: Really? I think it’s a little bit silly. It doesn’t seem very possible to ___________ a mountain.

Wang Ming: But the story is trying to show us that anything is possible ___________ you work hard! Yu Gong kept

trying and didn’t give up.

Claudia: Well, I still don’t agree with you. I think we should try to find _________ ways to ___________ a problem. Wang Ming: But what could Yu Gong do instead of ____________ the mountains?

Claudia: Well, there are many other ways. For _______________ , he could build a road. That’s better and faster

than moving a mountain!

Teacher: You have different _______________ about the story, and neither of you are wrong. There are many sides to a story and many ways to understand it.

六、完型填空(10分)

Mr Harris lived in a small house by about what Then one day the doctor’s office and told him he showed the doctor doctor and then said,“But, Mr Harris. people don’” “Oh, my goodness,”said Mr Harris.“I thought so. That’s just 45 I feel!”

36. A. herself B. himself C. him D. he 37. A. careful B. worried C. worry D. care 38. A. went by B. go by C. goes out D. went out 39. A. because B. and C. so D. though

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40. A. enjoying 41. A. into 42. A. seen 43. A. photo 44. A. careful 45. A. what

七、阅读理解 B. enjoy C. tired D. tiring B. from C. out of D. at B. read C. 1ooked D. written B. book C. newspaper D. magazine B. carefully C. doubtful D. quick B. a11 C. the same D. how

One day Mr and Mrs Green drove to a shop. They stopped the car in front of the shop. An hour later they came back to the car with a lot of things. They wanted to put the things in the car, but Mrs Green could not open the car door. Then Mr Green gave all things to Mrs Green, he put the key into the lock and turned it, but he couldn't open it!

"Oh dear," said Mr Green, "What's wrong with it? We can' t open the door!,,

" Let's ask the Policeman. "Mrs Green said.

The policeman came and helped them. Soon he got the door open. The Greens thanked him. At that time a man came up and shouted angrily(怒吼), "What are you doing with my car?" Mr and Mrs Green looked at the number of the car, and their face turned red. Their car is next to the man's car!

( )1. The Greens went shopping ______.

A. by bus B. by car C. on foot. D. by foot

( )2. They were in the shop and bought a lot of things______

A. for an hour B. more than an hour C. an hour later D. an hour late

( )3. _____ opened the car door very soon. A. Mrs Green B. Mr Green

C. The Policeman D. Another driver

( )4. Why was the man angry? Because ________.

A. he couldn't find his car. B. the policeman drove his car away.

11 杨老师春季课堂火热报名中

课堂课下学习园地:2696852426 分校校长热线:15662727140 邮 箱: dazhishungeng@163.com

C. other people opened his car D. the man saw the policeman

( )5. The Greens didn't open the car because ______.

A. it wasn't their car B. there was something wrong with it.

C. they had a lot of things in their hand. D. the lock broke

八、任务型阅读:根据短文内容,补全表格中所缺的信息。(每空一词)(5分)

Louis Braille was born in Coupvray, France. He was a very smart child. Unluckily, at the age of four, he became blind by accident. Louis began attending school in his town when he was seven years old. Three years later, Louis and his father traveled to Paris. There, he went to a schoo1 for blind children. One day a French soldier, Charles Barbier, visited the schoo1. Barbier invented a system of night—reading. This system used small dots for the letters. Soldiers used this system in time of war. Barbier thought this system could help the blind to read. Soon Braille discovered that there were some shortcomings(缺点)in Barbier’s system, but it gave Louis a brilliant idea. He improved Barbier’s system. By the age of fifteen, his new system was completed! Now he wanted blind schools to try his system. Luck went against him again. The school refused to use his system. Louis died in 1852 in Paris at age forty-three. Two years after he died, the blind schools began to use his system. Today we call this system Braille in honor of Louis Braille. His system is used for all

【杨老师5分钟答疑】

12 杨老师春季课堂火热报名中

课堂课下学习园地:2696852426 分校校长热线:15662727140 邮 箱: dazhishungeng@163.com

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