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形容词比较级最高级用法

发布时间:2014-04-26 14:05:07  

形容词和副词比较等级的常见句型

(一)原级

1.“as+原级+as”,表示两者之间在某一方面程度相同时,“??和??一样??”例如:

(1)Art is as interesting as music. 美术和音乐一样有趣。

(2)I have as many English books as he has. 我有的英语书和他一样多。

(3)Miss Gao works as hard as Mr.Wang. 高小姐和王先生工作一样努力。

2.“not as(so)+原级+as”,表示两者之间在某一方面程度不相同时,“??和??不一样??”例如:

(1)My father gets up not as/ so early as my mother. 我爸爸没有我妈妈起床早。

(2)Jim is not as/so tall as Tom. 吉姆没有汤姆个子高。

3.“??倍数+as?as?”表示“是几倍”例如:

Six is twice as much as three. 六是二的两倍。

(二)比较级

1.“含有在比较级的主句+than+从句”(从中常省去和主句相同的部分。)例如:

(1)The work is more difficult than you thought. 这工作比你想象的要难。

(2)The boy ran faster than the girl(ran). 那男孩比女孩跑得快。

2.有时,在形容词比较级前加much, still, far, even, a lot, a little等状语,表示“更(还)??”等意思。例如:

(1)This kind of TV is a little more expensive than that one. 这种电视机比那种贵一点。

(2)Our life is much better than ever before. 我们现在的生活比以前好多了。

3.形容词比较级前加“two years, three feet,?”等状语来修饰。例如:

(1)My elder sister is five years older than I (am) 我姐姐比我大五岁。

(2)My son is a head taller than two years ago. 我儿子比两年前高了一头。

4.表示“多于”用more than,表示“少于”用less than 例如:

(1)He has more than twenty picture-books in his bag. 他书包里有二十多本图画书。

(2)We finished the work in less than two days. 我们不到两天就完成了这个工作。

5.“??+数字+more+??”表示“再多几个”的意思。

(1)We have ten more trees to be planted. 我们还有十棵树要种。

(2)Give me two more apples to eat,please. 请再给我两个苹果吃。

6.“比较级+and+比较级”表示“越来越??”.(多用于主系表结构)

(1)Our country is becoming more and more beautiful. 我们国家变得越来越美。

(2)The baby cried harder and harder. 小孩哭得越来越厉害了。

7.“the+比较级,?the+比较级?”表示“越??就越??”,例如:

(1)The busier he is,the happier he feels. 他越忙就越高兴。

(2)The more trees,the better.树越多越好。

8.“主语+系动词+the+比较级+of the two?”表示“两者之一较(更)??”。

(1)She is the fatter of the two girls. 她是两个女孩中比较胖的一个。

(2)This is the better of the two. 这是两个当中更好的一个。

9.“??+数字(倍数)+比较级+than”表示“多少倍于,比??多几倍”,例如:

(1)This ruler is twice longer than that one. 这个格尺比那个长二倍。(是它的三倍)

(2)There are three times more books in our library than in yours.

我们图书馆的书比你们的多三倍(是你们图书馆的书的四倍)。

10.“特殊疑问词+be+形容词比较级,甲or乙?”

例如,Which is bigger,the earth or the moon?

Who draws better,Jenny or Danny?

11.“甲+be+形容词比较级+than+any other+单数名词(+介词短语)”表示“甲比同一范围的任何一个人/物都??”,含义是“甲最??”。

例如,The Yangtze River is longer than any other river in China.

=The Yangtze River is longer than any of the other rivers in China.长江比中国的任何一条其他的河都长。

=The Yangtze River is longer than the other rivers in China.长江比中国的其他所有的河都长。 =The Yangtze River is the longest river in China.长江是中国最长的河流。

“甲+实意动词+副词比较级+than+anyother+单数名词(+介词短语)”表示“甲比同一范围的任何一个人/物都??”,含义是“甲最??”。

例如,Mike gets to school earlier than any other student in his class.

= Mike gets to school earlier than any of the other students in his class.迈克比他们班上任何一个其他的同学到校都早。

= Mike gets to school earlier than the other students in his class.迈克比他们班上其他的同学到校都早。

= Mike gets to school earliest in his class.迈克在他们班到校最早。

(三)最高级

1.“含有最高级的主句+表示范围的介词短语或定语从句”(of/in短语),例如:

(1)She is the most careful student in her class. 她是班里最细心的学生。

(2)The box is the heaviest of all. 这个盒子是最重的。

2.“??one of+最高级+名词复数”表示“??最??之一”例如:

(1)Beihai Park is one of the most beautiful parks in Beijing. 北海公园是北京最美丽的公园之一。

(2)Miss Yang is one of the most popular teachers in our school. 杨老师是我校最受欢迎的老师之一。

3.“??序数词+最高级??”表示“??第几??”例如:

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China. 黄河是中国第二长河。

4.“特殊疑问词+be+the+最高级+甲,乙,or丙?”用于三者以上的比较。

例如,Which country is the largest,China,Brazil or Canada?

Which season do you like (the) best,spring,summer or autumn?

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