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仁爱英语七年级下册Unit 6 Topic 1

发布时间:2014-04-28 13:55:50  

Unit 6 Topic 1

)”。

2、be: There be 结构中的谓语动词be

(is / are)在人称和数上应与主

3:(1) There is + 单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.

E.g. There is a desk in the classroom. 在教室里有一张桌子。

(2) There are + 复数名词+ 地点状语.

E.g. There are 5 apples in the box. 盒子里有五个苹果。

4、句型变化:

(1)、否定句:there be的否定式通常在be后加not。

E.g. 树下有一辆自行车。 否定句:There

E.g. There are 2 little girls in the room.在房间里有两个小女孩。 否定句: (2)、一般疑问句及其答语:

2、回答时,“用什么问,就用什么答”来回答。

E.g. 1、There are two cats in the tree.树上有两只猫。

疑问句:

回答:

2、There is a computer on the desk . 在桌子上有一台电脑。

疑问句:

回答:

3. There is a new bed and an old desk in the room .

否定句

一般疑问句

否定回答

(3)there be句型的特殊疑问句

A:对there be句型中的主语提问,

常用what’s ----there 如:There are two desks in the room.------ What’s in the room? B:对数量提问用 如:There are in the basket.---- How oranges are there in the basket? There is is there in the bottle. ☆ there --- 没有实际意义

但是作为地点副词“在那边,在那里”

eg: Tom and Lucy are talking there.

What are you doing there.

5、

要注意把句中的。

E.g.1、There is some water in the bottle .在瓶子里有一些水。

There isn't water in the bottle.(否定句)

Is there water in the bottle?(一般疑问句)

2、There are children in the picture. 图片里有一些小孩。

(否定句)

?(一般疑问句)

课堂练习:1. -- Are there _____ shops near here?

-- No, there are _____ shops near here.

A. some, not B. some, any C. any, not D. any, no

2.There are some tables on the floor.(变为否定句)

6 a pen, two pencils and some books on the desk.

2.There two pencils, a pen and some books on the desk.

3.There some books,two pencils and a pen on the desk.

课堂练习:There milk and eggs on the table .

There eggs and milk on the table.

7、“there be” 和“have”的区别

)表示“所属有”。他们都翻译为“有”eg: There has a computer in my study. ××× (there 是副词,不能作主语,也就不能用实义

动词have/has 作谓语)

E.g.1、I have a book .我有一本书。

2、There is a book on the desk .在桌子上有一本书。

There is an umbrella at the back of the door.

Eg: The cinema is next to the park.

Eg: The gym is between the playground and the dining hall.

Eg: There is a park in the center of the city.

1.(1) floor “地板,楼层” 常与介词on 连用

英国 美国

一楼:the ground floor the first floor

二楼:the first floor the second floor

三楼:the second floor the third floor

☆在表达几层楼,不用floor, 用story(美国) 或storey(英国)

eg: 一栋五层的房屋: a five-story/storey house.

(2)study n. “书屋” 复数形式:

V. 学习;研究

eg: 我们正在学习A部分:

eg: I sit next to Jim.

2. and so on

等等

Eg: Why not play basketball this afternoon?

== Why___________basketball this afternoon?

2) go upstairs 上楼 下楼____________

3) have a look 看一看 =________ have a look at…..(要加名词)=______

Eg: Why not come in and have a look?

May I have a look at your album?

=_____________________

---Where is your study? Let me ___________________.

A. have a look at

B. see it C. have a look

1. What is on your desk?

What’s + 介词短语 “某处有什么?”回答用“There be 句型”

eg: 桌子上有什么?

桌子上有一盏台灯,一支笔,和一些书。

2.on the wall 挂在墙上(图画,闹钟)

in the wall 镶在墙里(门或窗户)

☆☆☆

如篮球,风筝,气球、小鸟等 “果子,花,叶子等” eg: There is a picture the wall.

Thre is a window in the wall.

eg: There are many birds singing _____ the tree.

Look. There are some oranges_______ the tree.

a. There are many birds ___________the tree and many apples ____________the tree too.

A. in ; in B. on ; on C. in ; on D. on, in

b. There is a clock _______the wall and two big holes ________the wall two.

A. in; in B. on ; on C. in; on D. on ; in

3. in front of(外部的前面) 与in the front of ----(内部的前面)

eg: There is a big tree the classroom.

There is a driver the bus.

☆☆☆ at the back of-------在---(内部)的后面 behind ---在---(外部)的后面

4. Don’t put them there! Put them away, please!

(1) 祈使句指的是表示命令、请求、建议或劝告的句子。其主语you常省略,谓语动词用原形,句末用感叹号或句号,读降调。

1.

Stand up, please. = Please stand up. 请起立。

(2)Be + n./adj.

Be a good boy! 要做一个好孩子! Be careful! = Look out! = Take care! 小心 / 当心!

Let me help you. 让我来帮你。 Let’s go to school together. 咱们一起上学去吧。

2. 否定的祈使句

Don't stand up. 别站起来。

Don't let them play with fire. 别让他们玩火。

(2)Let型的否定式有两种:“Don't + let + 宾语 + 动词原形 + 其它成分”和“Let + 宾语 + not + 动词原形 + 其它成分”。

Don't let him go. / Let him not go. 别让他走。 Let them not play with fire. 别让他们玩火。

No smoking! 禁止吸烟!No fishing! 禁止钓鱼!

(2)put away “将… 收起

3. play with sth/sb.

eg: 我的狗正在玩球。eg: 他经常和我一起玩。

☆☆☆玩电脑 eg: 他们经常玩电脑。

1.love to do sth. 特定的或具体某一次的喜欢;= like

love doing sth. 经常性的,习惯性的喜欢;

eg: I love swimming, but I don’t love to swim today.

2. left n. adj.left hand adv. 副词. turn left

1. wite to sb./write sb. a letter “给某人写信”

我每周都给我父母写信。

2、介词短语:①介词+ the+ 地点名词 或 介词+形代+地点名词

如 on the desk在桌子上 on his desk在他的桌上

in the kitchen在厨房里 in our kitchen在我们的厨房里

behind the door在门后 behind our classroom在我们的教室后

in front of the house在房前 in front of their school在他们学校前面

next to the door紧挨门 next to our home紧挨着我们的家

near the window在窗户附近 near our classroom在我们教室附近

3. You must look after your things.

四、巩固练习

(1)句型转换:

1、(提问)

2、There is a ball in my study.(改为否定句)

3、Why not go upstairs?(同义句)

4、There are some pens on the desk(改为一般疑问句).

5、Are there any pictures on the wall?(做肯定回答)

6、There are some boats on the river.(改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答)

7、Jim has an apple in his right hand. (同义句)_______ ______ an apple in _______right hand.

8、There are some books on the table.(提问)

9、There is only one bedroom in her house.(提问)

10、The garden is behind the house. (同义句)The house is ______ ______ ______ the garden.

11、There are many eggs in the kitchen. (提问) ________________ in the kitchen?

12、You can’t play computer games on weekdays.(改为祈使句)

13、There is a kite in the tree.(提问)

14、There is only a little milk in the glass.(提问)

五、课堂总结

本话题的重要句型

1、Where is your bedroom? It’s on the second floor.你的卧室在哪儿?它在二楼。

2、There is a study next to my bedroom.紧挨着我的卧室有一个书房。

3、Why not come upstairs and have a look?为什么不上楼看一看?

4、There are so many books on the shelves.书架上有如此多的书。

5、Are there any books in the study? Yes, there are.书房里有一些书吗?是的,有。

6、What’s on your desk? There is a camp, some books and so on.你的桌上有什么?有一盏灯,一些书等等。

7、There is a clock next to my family photo on the wall.墙上有个紧挨着我的全家福的钟表。

8、Let’s go and have a look.让我们去看一看,。

9、Don’t put them there. Put them away, please.不要把它们放在那儿,把它们收拾起来。 10、My dog is playing with a football.我的小狗现在正在玩一个足球。

11、Put it away, please. You must look after your things.请把它们拾起来,你必须照顾好 你的东西。

12、What’s in front of the house? There’s a car in front of it.房子前面有什么?房前有个 小汽车。

13、How many planes are there on the desk? There are three.桌上有多少飞机?有三个。

14、How much water is there in the bottle? Only a little.瓶里有多少水?仅仅一点点。

15、There is small garden in the centre of the yard.院子中心有一个小花园。

16、I love playing on the computer in the study.我喜欢在书房里玩电脑。

17、I’m very glad to get a letter from you.我很高兴收到你的来信。

本话题的重要词组

1、on the first floor在一楼

2、on the second floor在二楼

3、next to my bedroom紧挨着我的卧室

4、come upstairs上楼

5、behind the door在门后

6、play with his pet dog和他的狗玩

7、play games 玩游戏

8、have dinner吃晚饭

9、in front of the house在房前

10、talk about sb/sth谈论某人/某事

11、next to my family photo on the wall紧挨着墙上的我的全家福

12、go and have a look去看一看

13、under the desk在桌子下面

14、put them there 把它们放在那儿

15、put them on the desk把它们放在书桌上

16、play with sb/sth和某人或某物玩

17、near the window在窗户附近

18、under the bed 在床下面

19、in the center of the yard在院子中心

20、at the back of the computer在院子的后边

21、love playing on the computer 喜欢玩电脑

22、on the left of the yard 在院子的左边

23、on the right of the yard在院子的右边

24、in Picture A在图画A里(P要大写)

25、be glad to do sth很高兴去做某事

26、get a letter from sb收到某人的一封信

29、a moment later过了一会儿

30、put them away把它们收拾起来

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