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中考英语总复习-连词

发布时间:2014-05-01 13:05:45  

中考考点 1.并列连词and, but, so, or等的主要用法。 2.常用的从属连词的基本用法。

并列连词
1.表示并列关系的: and(和;同;与), both?and?(??和??都), not only?but also?(不仅??而 且??), as well as(而且,还,又), neither?nor?(既不??也 不??)。如: He likes drawing and I like dancing. 他喜欢画画,我喜欢跳舞。 Both his father and his mother like watching TV.

他的父母都喜欢看电视。 Neither you nor I am wrong. 你和我都没有错。 Not only the young but also the old can speak some English there. 在那儿不仅年轻人而且老年人都会说一点英语。 Tom as well as I walks to school every day. 汤姆和我一样每天步行去上学。 [注意] 用as well as 连接的并列主语句子中,谓语动词应与 它前面的主语一致; not only?but also和neither?nor?则遵 循就近原则。 2.表示选择关系的: or(或;或者;还是;否则;不然), either?or?(或者??或者??; 不是??就是??)。如:

or After supper, I often watch TV ______ take a walk. 晚饭后,我经常看电视或散步。 Work hard,______ or you will fall behind. 努力学习,否则你会落后。 Either you or he is going to do some shopping this afternoon. 今天下午或者你或者他去购物。 3.表示转折关系的: but(但;但是;可是), while(然而)。 如: but she kept working till midnight. She was very tired,______ 她虽然很累了,但是一直工作到深夜。 while He's a worker______his wife is a doctor.他是工人而他妻子 是医生。

4.表示因果关系的: so(所以)。如: He got up late,______ so he didn't catch the early bus. 他起床晚了,所以没赶上早班车。

and (“和,并且”) 与 or (“否则”)
They sat down and talk about something.
They started to dance and sang. I saw two men sitting behind and ate there.
eating
“and” 连接平行结构。 sing

1)判断改错:

talked

F

F F

2)翻译:① 我喜欢英语和数学。
and math. I like English _____
② 我不喜欢英语和数学。

or math. I don’t like English ____
(1)肯定句中用“and” 表“和”; (2)否定句中用“or”表“和” 。

3)用 “and” 或“or” 填空:
Study hard, _____ your math will be

and

better.

= Study hard, _____ your math will be

or

worse.

“and”意为“这样,那么”; “or” 意为 “否则” 。

表转折的连词but 和however: e.g. (他努力工作,但以失败告终。)
He worked hard, ______ he failed at last. However He worked hard. _________, he failed at last.
but

区别: but 后没有逗号,直接连接分句; however 后有逗号相隔,可放句末。

1)Although he is over sixty, but he works as hard as others. 改为:Although he is over sixty, he works as hard as others. 或 He is over sixty, but he works as hard as others. (2

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