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虚拟语气讲解+练习

发布时间:2014-05-04 09:34:38  

课文中的句子 ? If the rules had not been discovered, no one would have been able to paint such realistic pictures. 2. Without the new paints and the new technique, we would not be able to see the many great masterpieces for which this period is famous.

语气 英语的动词一般可带有三种不同的语气: 陈述语气,祈使语气和虚拟语气。不同 的语气用动词的不同形式(有的还借助 句法形式)来表示。

虚拟语气

虚拟语气的概念
? 虚拟语气是一种特殊的动词形式,一是用来

表示说话人所说的话不是一个事实,而是一 种假设、猜测、怀疑等(在条件从句中或让步 状语从句中);一是表示说话人的愿望、要求、 命令、建议等 (在宾语从句、表语从句、同位 语从句)。

一、虚拟语气在if条件句中
虚拟条件句 与现在 事实相 反的假 设 与过去 相反的 假设 If+主语+动词的过去式 (动词be用were) 主句

主语+should,would, might,could+动词 原形

If+主语+had +过去分词

主语+should, would, might, could +have done

与将来 相反的 假设

1、If+主语+动词过去式 主语+should, would 2、If+主语+were to+ 动词原形 3、If+主语+should +动词原形 might, could+动词 原形

1、与现在事实相反: 主句: would / should / could / might + 动原 从句: 动词过去式(be 用 were)
1)如果我是你,我就努力工作。

If I ______ would study hard were you, I _____________
2)如果我有钱,我就买一个收音机。

If I ______ a radio. would buy had money, I _____________
3)如果我是一只鸟,我就到蓝天上去翱翔。

would fly in the sky. If I _______ were a bird, I ___________
4)如果我能腾出时间的话,我也愿意去。

I ___________ too if I ______ would go had time to spare.
5)如果每个人都懂得急救,许多生命就会得以挽救。

If everyone ____ ____________. be saved knewfirst aid, many lives would

2、与过去事实相反: 主句: would / should / could / might + have done 从句: had done
1)如果你昨天来,你就会看见她了。

If you ________ _____________ had come yesterday , you would have seen her.
2)如果你早点起, 你就赶上那趟车了。

If you _______ had got up earlier, you _______________ would have caught that bus.
3)如果他再努一点力的话,就不至于没及格。

would have passed If he __________ had studied harder, he __________________ the exams.
4)要不是忘了你的电话号码,我就打电话通知你了。

If I _________________ had remembered your telephone number, I would have phoned you. _________________

3、与将来事实可能相反: 主句: would / should / could / might + 动原
动词过去式 从句: should + 动原 were to + 动原
1)如果明天下雨,我们就不去郊游了

If it _________ would not go outing should rain tomorrow, we _________________. ( rained / were to

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