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2013年最新版外研版八年级上Module2 My home town and my country

发布时间:2013-09-17 17:18:58  

Unit1

基础知识归纳

1.high(形容词)意为高的,多用来形容山、墙或飞机的飞机的飞行高度等,其名词为height,意为高度。

辨析:high与tall

(1)指人、动物、树木等,主要用tall,不用high.

a tall woman a tall horse

(2)指一个不与地面接触的人或物的高时,要用high,不用tall,比如站在桌子上,天空在天空上飞。

The plane is so high in the sky.

(3)指建筑物或山高时,tall和high都可以,不过high的程度比tall高

(4)High可作副词,tall不能

(5)tall的反义词为short,high的反义词是low

2.million为数词,意为百万

(1)million前有具体数字,表达具体的数目时,million用单数形式。即:数词+million+名词复数。

five million dollars五百万美元

(2)表达非具体数目时,用million,billion等的复数+of。如:millions of people数百万人。 拓展:hundred(百),thousand(千),billion(十亿)的用法与million相同。

3.So it’s a newer city than Hong Kong?所以它是一个比香港还新的城市吗?

than译为:比。 是比较级的标志词,它前面的形容词、副词要用比较级。

4.In fact, it only became important in the 1980s.事实上,它只有在20世纪80年代才变得很重要。

in the 1980s表示20世纪80年代。in the early 1980s在20世纪80年代早期,in the late 1980s在20世纪80年代晚期

5.What’s the population of Shenzhen?深圳的人口是多少?

(1)population是集合名词,没有复数形式。当它作主语表示整体概念时,其后的谓语动词用单数形式。

The population of China is larger and larger.中国的人口越来越多了。

(2)形容人口的多或少时,一般用large或small,不能用many或few。

The population of the USA is smaller than that of china.美国的人口比中国的人口要少。

(3)询问一个国家或城市的人口数量,常用句型:

What’s the population of+国家或城市名称?

注意:提问有多少人口,用what或how large,而不用how many或how much.

What’s the population of China?中国有多少人口?

6.I’d like to go there one day.我想有一天去那里。

one day可指过去或将来,可用于过去时态或将来时态。

One day the temperature was 30℃.有一天气温达到了30摄氏度

One day people will be able to go to the moon on holiday.总有一天人们可以到月球上去

度假。

注意:some day通常只指将来,即只用于将来时态。

We are all going to be old some day.总有一天我们都会老的。

方法规律总结

形容词变比较级、最高级歌诀

比较级要变化,一般词尾加-er

词尾若有哑音e,直接加-r就可以

一辅重读闭音节,辅音字母要双写

辅音字母若加y,变y为i加-er

最高级加-est,前面加the别忘记

形容词若是多音节,more, most前面写

经典例题剖析

例1.E-mailing is much than long distance calling.

A.cheap B.cheaper C.cheapest D.the cheapest

解析:句中有than,所以用比较级形式,故选B

例2. China is of Japan. It’s a developing country.

A.in the east B. To the west

C.to the east D.in the east

解析:表示两地方位关系的介词有in, on和to. In表示一地在某一区域范围内,on表示两地接壤;to表示两地不接壤。中日两国不接壤,中国在日本的西方,所以选B

基础知识集训

根据句意和首字母提示写单词

difficult. I can’t work it out.

than yours.

3.I live in a quiet street. I don’one.

写出下列形容词的比较级

句型转换

1.My ruler is long. Your ruler is longer.(合并为一句)

Your ruler is 2.She is ten years old. He is twelve years old.(合并为一句)

He is two years 3.Hong Kong is smaller than Shanghai.(改为一般疑问句)

Hong Kong Shanghai?

4.How many people are there in Shanghai?(改为同义句)

Shanghai?

5.I have long hair. She has longer hair.(合并为一句)

She has hair

Unit2

基础知识归纳

1.I come from Cambridge...我来自剑桥.....

拓展:be from相当于come from,意为:来自......

They are from Beijing.=They come from Beijing.

练一练:

(1)I am from Guangdong.

否定句:

一般疑问句:

肯、否定回答:

(2)I come from Guangdong.

否定句:

一般疑问句:

肯、否定回答:

2.about

(1)作副词,意为:大约;几乎

The old man is about 80.

(2)作介词,意为:关于

The story is about Chang’e.

3.famous(形容词)闻名的;出名的。同义词为well-known

(1)be famous for因......而闻名,相当于be known for

China is famous for the Great Wall..

(2)be famous as后接身份或职业,意思是:作为......而出名

He is famous as a scientist.

(3)be famous to为......所熟知

4.It has a population of about seven and a half million...它大约有七百五十万人口... seven and a half million=seven million and a half七百五十万

two and a half million=two years and a half两年半

5.It is about 2000years old.它大约有两千年的历史

本句用了固定句式:主语+be+数词+名词+形容词(老、宽、高、深......) 对其中的数词提问用How+形容词+be+形容词

The boy is 1.5metres tall.这个男孩1.5米高

How tall is the boy?

6.Tourists like the areas of low mountain and beautiful lakes in the north...游客们喜欢北部

低山区和美丽的湖区

in the north在北部;in the north of位于......的北部

辨析:in, on与to

表示方位时,它们都有在.......的意思

(1)当所说的地方属于某一地区区域时,用介词in

(2)当两地接壤时,用介词on

(3)当两地既不属于也不相接壤时,用介词to

方法规律总结

如何判断三级

判断三级有窍门,句中标志来寻找

very, quite, so与too,形副原级紧跟后

两者比较用了than,比较级别不可漏

句中若有much, a lot, even等,比较级紧跟记于心

三者(以上)作比较,最高级别要出现

例题剖析

例1.Hangzhou is famous producing silk in China.

A. from B.at C.in D.for

解析:句意:杭州以生产丝绸而闻名。be famous for以......而闻名

答案:D

例2.-How long did it take you to finish the work?

-It’s about A.five days a half B.five days and a half

C.five and a half day D.five day and a half

解析:考查英语中半数的表达。五天半:five days and a half或five and a half days. 答案:B

基础知识集训

根据句意和首字母提示完成单词

of China.

of China.

of England.

for his novels.

and lakes.

汉译英

1.在......的东部2.来自于

3.因......而闻名4.......的首都5.有......人口

6.一年的任何时候

7.北部的低山区8.在夏天

翻译句子,每空一词

1.伦敦在英格兰的南部。

London is England.

2.这座山大约有3500米高。

The mountain is 3500 metres 3.剑桥因剑桥大学而闻名

Cambridge Cambridge University.

4.海岸边有许多建筑物。

lots of buildings

5.纽约比伦敦更繁忙。

New York London.

Unit3

基础知识归纳

1.Washington D.C is the capital of the US. Located on the east coast.位于海岸上的华盛顿是美国的首都。

on the east coast of在......的东海岸上

I was born in Quincy, a town on the east coast of America.

2.比较级的常用结构

(1)A+谓语动词+形容词的比较级+than+B 表示:A比B更......

Tom is taller than Daming.

(2)形容词的比较级+and+形容词的比较级 表示:越来越......

It is warmer and warmer.

(3)the+形容词比较级,the+形容词比较级 表示:越......,越......

The more, the better.

The busier he is, the happier he feels.

(4)Which/Who+is+形容词的比较级,A or B? 表示A和B相比,哪一个更......一些? Which is better, this picture or that one?

Who is busier, your father or your mother?

拓展:形容词的比较级前可用much, far, a little, even等修饰

Your school is a little bigger than ours.

Chinese is much more difficult than English.

方法规律总结:

某种特征要表明,表语要用原级形

甲乙两者来比较,比较级必不可少

甲后be用比较级,接着than后加上乙

三者以上来比较,主语be后最高级

in/of短语把范围表

经典例题剖析

例1.Two presidents of the in Quincy, a small town the east coast of America.

A.be born; on B.are born; in

C.were born; on D.was born; in

解析:考查短语be born的用法。主语为复数并时态为过去时,故动词用were;在......的海岸上用介词on

答案:C

例2.-Which city has population, Beijing, Guiyang or Xingyi?

-Xinyi, of course.

A.the largest B.the smallest C.the most D.the least

解析:考查形容词的最高级和人口多少的修饰词。修饰人口数量可以用large或small,兴义的人口肯定没有北京和贵阳多,因此选择B

答案:B

基础知识集训

根据句意或汉语提示写单词

1.Li Ming was born in Shenyang. So Shenyang is his 故乡)

of China.

of Beijing is very large.

of China.

voice.

7.Washington D.C. is the (首都)of America.

8.I like sports, table tennis and basketball.

句型转换

1.It’(对划线提问)

Like in Beijing? (对划线提问)

The population Hong Kong? (对划线提问)

Lisa from?

4.A is on the north of B.(改为同义句)

B is A.

5.I am not as tall as Tom.(改为同义句)

I am Tom.

综合知识训练

单项填空

1.My sister’s apple is than yours.

A.big B.bigger C.biger D.biggest

2.There are over seven people in Hong Kong.

A.million B.million of C.millions of D.millions

3.Tom is than Jim.

A.tall B.taller C.tallest D.the tallest

4.It’s not hotter than Hong Kong. It’s A.sunny B.colder C.smaller D.larger

5.The bridge is A.long 3 kilometres B.3 kilometres long

C.3 kilometre long D.3-kilometre-long

-It’s never very hot in summer or cold in winter.

A.How’s the weather like B.How’s the weather

C.What’s the weather D.What’s the population

7.There are some villages the coast.

A.in B.with C.to D.on

is the capital of Australia.

A.Sydney B.Paris C.London D.Canberra

9.Lily isn’t as as Peter. She often makes mistakes in her composition.

A.careless B.careful C.carelessly D.carefully

10.The population of Shandong very large.

A.are B.has C.is D.have

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