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unit11-4一般将来时

发布时间:2014-05-12 13:07:24  

一般将来时
主讲人:陈利华

一般将来时
一般将来时表示将来某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态, 常和表示将来的时间状语连用,如 tomorrow, tomorrow morning, tomorrow afternoon/ evening, next week/month/ year , the day after tomorrow, in two days, soon 等。 1.一般将来时的构成 一般将来时由动词shall (第一人称)或will (第二、三人称)+ 动词原形构成。美语不管是第几人称,一律用will. I shall go to visit my old friend of mine next week. What time shall we begin? When and where shall we meet? 一般将来时的肯定、否定和疑问式。(见下表)

人称 肯定式 第一人称 I/ We will/shall work.

否定式 I/ We will/shall not work. You will not 第二人称 You will work. work. 第三人称 He/ She/ It/ They He/ She/ It/ will work. They will not work.

疑问式 Shall I/ we work? Will you work? Will he/ she/ it/ they work?

2. 一般将来时的用法 1) 表示将来某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和 表示将来的时间状语连用。 Next week it will be May Day. I’ll write to you as soon as possible. The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from the earth away. 2) 表示将要发生或反复发生的动作。 I’ll teach you Japanese every Sunday next year. 3) 问对方是否愿意或表示客气的邀请。 Will you please go out with me ? I’ll be glad to play with a toy car with him 我很愿意和他一块玩玩具小汽车

3. 一般将来时的其他表示法 1) be going to +动词原形表示即将发生的事或打算、计 划、决定要做的事,或可能要发生的事。 I’m going to make the bed. The sun is going to go down. There is going to be a film this evening . Are you going to be basketball player when you grow up? 3) 2) 有些动词可以用现在进行时表示将来发生的动作、 这种结构通常表示按计划、 安排即将发生的动作。 这类动词有: go, come, leave, start, arrive, return, sail, meet, fly 等。 I am coming. He is flying to Australia tomorrow. She is arriving in China in half hour.

3) 有些动词也可用现在时表示将来时, 但必须与将来的 时间状语连用。常见的有:begin, come, go, leave, sail, start, arrive, meet, return 等。 Class begins at 8:00 a.m. We return to Italy tomorrow morning. 4) 在表示时间与条件的状语从句中,通常用一般现在时 代替将来时。 Let’s finish the work before it is dark. I’ll return it to the library as soon as I finish reading the book. I’ll go out if it doesn’t rain tomorrow. 5) 有时也可在状语从句中用现在完成时来代替将来时, 这些从句强调动作还未完成。

When the birds have eaten up all the leaves , they’ll fly away. 6) be+ 动词不定式表示安排、命令或预定要做的事情。 We are to have a picnic at 7:30 tomorrow morning. Where are you to meet this evening? You are to learn over 800 words by the end of this term. 7) be

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