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八年级Unit 4 重难点讲解

发布时间:2014-05-15 09:32:39  

八年级Unit 4 重难点讲解

1. too many+可数名词复数 eg: There are too many people in the street.

too much+不可数名词,置于名词前,也可修饰动词,放在动词后。

eg: I have too much homework to do.

eg: The doctor told me not to drink too much.

much too+形容词/副词 eg: The coat is much too small.

He’s much too hard for me

【习题精炼】

The new kind of car is______dear. I don’t have______money.

A. too much; much too B. much too; too much

C. too much; too much D. much too; much too

2. allow sb to do sth:允许某人做某事

allow doing sth:允许做某事

eg: I can allow you_______(talk) to Mom like that.

eg: We don’t allow________(smoke) in our house.

3. hang out:闲逛

eg: 和朋友闲逛是件很有趣的事情。

______________friends is very interesting.

4. I’m really tired because I studied until midnight last night.

until: 介词“直到。。。才”同义词till

eg: Don’t open it_______your birthday.

She didn’t come back ______eleven o’clock.

拓展:until:连词 直到。。。才,引导时间状语从句

I will stay with you until your mother comes back.

5. be good at:擅长;后接表示事物的名词、代词、动名词=do well in

be good for:对。。。有好处,后接表示人或物的名词或代词。

be good to:对。。。友好,后接人的名词或代词。=be kind to=be friendly to

be good with:与。。相处的好。后接表示人的名词或代词。

【习题精炼】

1. Xu Beihong was good________drawing horses.

A. in B. at C . to D. with

2. She is very good________her neighbore.

A. at B. to C. for D. with

3. Drinking more water is good________you.

A. to B. with C. at D. for

4. He is very good ________the children.

A. to B. with C. at D. for

6. look through:浏览;翻阅;仔细看。

(湖北宜昌中考)-Would you please________the paper for me and see if there are any

obvius(明显的) mistakes?

-Of course I will.

A. look around B. look through C. look up D. look into

7. although:虽然;尽管

(2012*江西)-________the girl only nine, she takes care of her brother and cooks meals every 1

day.

A. If B. Because C. Although D. For

8. big deal:用于口语,什么大不了的事,重要的事/人

It’s no big deal! 没什么大不了的!

deal:n 协议;交易

eg:We did a deal with them last week

I’d like to make a deal with you.

deal:n 大量常用短语。 a good/great deal of sth

eg:He reads a good/great deal 他读书很多。

She spends a good/great deal of money

deal: 不及物动词。常与介词with连用。处理;应付

eg: How did you deal with the bike?

9. get on well with sb=get along well with:和某人相处的好。

eg: She can’t get on with her sister.

拓展:get on=get along:进展;进步

琳达在学校进步很大。 Linda is _____________at school.

你进来生活如何? How are you getting on these days?

他和她的同学相处的很好。 He _________________his friends

He is________________with his friends.

10. a lot::修饰形容词或副词比较级连用。 很。还可以修饰动词。

a lot of=lots of+可数或不可数名词。

eg: I’m feeling__________better today.

She laughed _________. 她笑得很厉害。

There are ____________people in the park.

11. I don’t know if I should say anything to them about this.

if:是否,引导宾语从句。

eg:I don’t know if/whether he will come

拓展:if作连词,引导条件状语从句。 如果

We__________(go) to play soccer if it________(rain) tomorrow.

12. instead: adv 代替;反而;却 可放于句首,句中或句末。

instead of:后加名词、代词或动名词。

【习题精炼】

(2011*江苏)-We have no coffee. Let’s have tea________.

A. either B. neither C. instead of D. instead -People use cloth bags_______using plastic bags in the supermarket.

13. whatever:无论什么

You can eat whatever you like

whoever: wherever: however: whenever:

14. offer:愿意给予,主动提出 offer sb sth=offer sth to sb

Provide:为做好准备而“提供;供给”. 常用于provide sb with sth=provide sth for sb -She offered me a job.= She offered a job______me.

-The school provided food ______the students.

=The school provided the students ______food.

15. return=give….back 归还

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eg: You must return the book next week.

You must_____the book______next week.

16. leave:遗留;落下,指把某物忘在某地。

forget:忘记,指由于记忆上的忽略而忘记了某人或某事。

eg:She______her keys in the room.

I _______her address.

拓展: leave:离开 leave……for: 动身去某地。

eg:He is leaving for Beijing next week.

leave: 留下;剩下.

eg:Could I leave her a message?

(2013*湖北)-Show me your homework, Dave?

-Sorry, Mrs. Brown. I’ve_______it at home.

A. missed B. forgotten C. lost D. left

17. succeed:vi 成功 success:n 成功 successful:adj 成功的

successfully:adv成功地

eg: He_______finishing this task.

eg:This movie is a great_______.

eg:This is a _______movie. The meeting was held _______.

18. Why don’t you…..?等提建议的句型及其常用答语。

Why don’t you+v…?=why not+v…? 回答:Good idea/That sounds good/Sounds boring What about/How about…..? 回答:Good idea/That sounds good/Sounds boring You’d better (not) do sth

Let’s+v…. 回答:OK/All right/Good idea/Sounds great/Why not? You should (not) +v….

Would like sth……? 回答:Yes, please/No, thanks.

eg: Why don’t you______(go) home?=Why not _______(go) home?

How about_______(go) fishing?

You’d better _______(go) for a walk.

Let’s______(go) for a walk.

(2011*广西) It’s raining heavily outside. Why don’t you______your raincoat?

A. put on B. to put on C. take off D. to take off

19. however&but 区别

however:转折意味比but 弱,连接的两个分句或有关部分的关系较为松弛,后一部分常起附带说明或衬托作用。however常以插入语形式出现在句子中间,前后用逗号隔开,也可置于句首或句尾。

but连接两个分句或有关部分,表示转折关系,使用最广,口语中更为常见。 eg:He disagreed at first. Later, however, he changed his mind.

I’d love to go, but I’m too busy.

20. until: 直到….. not until:直到……才

eg: He came back until eleven o’clock.

He didn’t come back until eleven o’clock.

(2012*重庆) I didn’t believe he could drive_____he told me.

A. once B. while C. since D. until

21. continue: 及物动词,后接名词/动名词

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eg: He continued________(write) until he died.

22. compare…with: 把 …和 ..比较

compare…to:把 …比作

eg: She compares me with my brother.

We often compare children to flowers.

23. join:加入团体,组织并成为其中的一员。(参军,入党,加入俱乐部等) take part in:参加活动或比赛。

join in:参加讨论

eg: He________the army at the age of 18. 他18岁参军。

Students__________the sports meeting/activities.

习题巩固

1. Why don’t you______an English club to practice_______English?

A. to join; to speak B. join; speaking C. join, to speak D. to join; speaking

2. _______he exercises every day, ______he is very healthy.

A. Because, so B. Though, but C. Because,/ D. Though,/

3. Tigers wait______it is dark, then go out to find their food.

A. since B. until C.as D. because

4. The teacher speaks very loudly______all the students can hear her.

A. so that B. because C.since D. when

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