（一）做宾语从句的单选题应按两个步骤：1、从句用陈述句句式(主语+谓语)；2、时态搭配：(1) 当主句为一般现在时态、现在进行时态、或一般将来时态时，从句可用所需要的任何时态。(2) 当主句为一般过去时态时，从句用过去的某一时态（一般过去时；过去进行时；过去将来时；过去完成时）。
Eg:--What did Mary say to Jim? .
A.how did he come to school B.if he was reading a newspaper
C.what could she do to help him D.if he is watching TV
1.--Mr. King didn’t know yesterday evening.
--Let me tell him.
A.when does his son come here B.when his son comes home
C.when did his son come home D.when his son came home
2.--The teacher told us yesterday that the moon around the earth once every month. --That’s true.
A.travels B.traveled C.has traveled D.will travel
3.--Could you tell me yesterday? --Of course.
A.what they do B.what they did
C.what do they do D.what did they do
4.--Somebody rang my doorbell just now, but I didn’t know --Maybe it’s Jim.
A.who were they B.who they were C.who was it D.who it was
5.--Would you please tell me next, Mr. Wang? --OK.
A.what should we do B.we should do what
C.what we should do D.should we do what
6.—? --Sure, she is twelve.
A.how old is he B.how old she is C.how old she was
7.—Your dress is so beautiful. Could you tell me ?
--Sure. I bought it in Xinhuadu Supermarket.
A.where you will buy it B.where did you buy it C.where you bought it
8.— for Japan? --Yes, he’ll leave next Monday.
A.when will Bruce leave B.when Bruce will leave C.how Bruce will leave
9.— --He is an actor.
A.who he is B.what is he C.what he does
二、定语从句：在复合句中修饰某一名词或代词的从句。被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫做先行词。定语从句放在先行词的后面，由关系代词或关系副词引导。关系代词有that, which who，whose或whom。关系副词有where（地点），which（时间），why（原因）。
Eg: People will do something that makes you angry.
The girl that we saw yesterday was Jim’s sister.
Eg:The story which he told was very interesting.
Eg:The tall man who is playing basketball is Yao Ming.
Eg:That’s the girl whom I met at the party yesterday.
Eg:Is this the boy whose parents went to Canada last year? 定语从句练习：选择正确的答案填空：
1.— hat is pink?
--Sorry, I didn’t notice that. (泉州2011中考题)
A.that B.what C.whose
came for a visit are foreigners. (河北2011中考题)
A.who B.whom C.whose D.which
my brother is going to do this afternoon is to write a letter. (广东2011中考题) A.which B.that C.who D.who
has caused many death. (绍兴2009中考题)
A.who B.which C.whom D.what
5.—The duty of Project Hope is to help poor children, isn’t it?
those children can study happily. (哈尔滨市2008中考题)
A.where B.when C.which
6.—Do you know the girl is standing under the tree?
--She is my little sister.
A.who B.which C.whom D.whose
7.—Do you have any friends here?
--Only one. Jack is the only person I can get on well with.
A.who B.which C.that
8.—The first my brother is going to do this afternoon is to write a
letter. ---That’s right.
A.who B.which C.that D.why
（一）、构成：助动词have/has +v 的过去分词。
1、表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。常与already（已经）/ yet（还/尚） / just（刚刚） / ever（曾经） / never（从不） / before（以前）等连用。
2、表示过去已经开始，持续到现在的动作或状态，可以和表示从过去某一时刻延续到现在（包括现在在内）的一段时间的状语连用。常出现：for （计 / these days / from then on （从那时起）/ all one’s life（某人一生） / in the last twenty years（在过去的二十年里）/ so far （到目前为止）/ in the recent years （在近几年）。
（三）、It has been +时间段+since+从句。=It’s+时间段+since+从句。
（四）、1、have/has gone to 去了某地，人未回。
2、have/has been to 去过某地，人已回。可与：once. twice. ever. never等连用。
3、have/has been in/at 已待在某地，人还在那儿。
1、—I’ve_____the bike_____a year. —Is it still new?
A. had,for B. bought,for C. bought,since
2、---How long have you lived in Quanzhou?
--- I __________here for three years.
A. have come B. have been C. have arrived
3、—Do you know Jack well?
—Certainly. We friends since ten years ago.
A. have made B. have become C. have been
4、— Can Mr. Read speak Chinese ?
— Yes. He speaks Chinese very well because he _________ China for many years. A. has been in B. has been to C. has gone to 5、– I ______ Shanghai twice. How about you? – Never. I hope to visit it soon.
A. have been to B. have gone to C. went
6、——You have just come back from your hometown, haven’t you? ——Yes, great changes________since 2005.
A. took place B. are taken place C. have taken place
1、一般现在时被动语态的构成：be (am / is / are) + v的过去分词。
2、一般过去时被动语态的构成：be (was / were) + v的过去分词 。
3、含有情态动词被动语态的构成：情态动词(can / must / may / need) + be + v的过去分词。
注意：使役动词(make, let , have)在主动语态里加动词原形，在被动语态里加不定式。
Eg:His mother made him work all day. （一般过去时）
He to work all day by his mother.
1、-–The pizza ___________ by Grandma just now. Would you like some? -–I’d love to. Mmmm, how delicious!
A. makes B. is made C. was made
2、–Have you ever heard of Dolly, the cloned sheep?
--Yes, she ______ in Scotland a few years ago.
A. created B. was discovered C. was created
3、– What a nice garden! – It __________ every day.
A. is cleaned B. cleans C. has cleaned
4、—Who’s the little baby in the photo, Lucy?
— It’s me. This photo ______ ten years ago.
A. took B. was taken C. is taken
5、—Alice fell off her bike and _________to the hospital.
—I am sorry to hear that.
A. sent B. was sent C. is sent
6、—What a nice skirt!
—Yes. It in the supermarket yesterday.
A. buys B. was bought C. bought
7、---Do you know who built the bridge?
---The bridge _______by the peasants themselves in 1980.
A. was built B. will be built C. built
8、--Attention, please? All the mobile phones must before the meeting
A.turn off B.be turned off C.be turning off