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2014年八年级英语unit8单元知识小结

发布时间:2014-05-19 13:48:35  

Unit8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?

1 treasure n.

1) 不可数名词 表示―金银财宝,财富‖。It is said that the pirates buried their _______ on

this island.据说海盗们把他们的金银财宝埋葬在这个岛上。

2) 可数名词 表示―极贵重的物品,珍品‖。There are a lot of art _________ here.这里有

很多的艺术珍品。

3) 动词 表示―珍爱,珍视‖。We _______ our friendship. 我们珍视我们之间的友谊。

2 sand n.

1) n. 沙,沙滩 The sand is so hot.

2)v. 撒沙于,磨光,以沙堵塞 The road were sanded after the snowstorm.

3) ---sandy adj. cloud-- wind-- rain-- sun—

典 Many people go to the _____(sand) beach on _____(sun) days.

3 else 意为―别的;其它的‖,它可以用作形容词,也可以用作副词。它的用法如下:

1) 用作形容词

else用作形容词时常常用来作后置定语,即:放在疑问代词who,what,which等后面, 或者放在something,anything,nothing,anyone,everyone等不定代词之后。

Who else can you see?你还能看见别的什么人?

—What else do you want?你还想要别的什么? —Nothing else.别的什么也不要了。

Is there anything else in your bag?你的包里还有别的什么东西吗?

Does anyone else know about it?还有别的什么人知道这件事吗?

2) 用作副词

else用作副词时通常放在疑问副词when,where,how等的后面。

Where else do you want to go?你想去别的什么地方吗?

When else can I meet you?我其它什么时间可以与你见面?

3) 还常用于固定结构or else ,意为―否则‖、―要不然‖。

Run ,or else we’ll be late . 快跑,不然我们就迟到了。

Do what I say ,or else ! 照我的话去做,否则后果自负。

4) else 与other的区别: 二者均有―别的;其他的‖意思. else修饰疑问词或不定代词,放所修饰词之后; other修饰名词,且放名词前。somebody else. anybody else 等的所有格形式是somebody else’s ; anybody else’s

记—Is he taller than any __ student in his class? -- So he is . He is taller than anybody ___ in his class. 典①–I want to borrow your bike. – Sorry, _____ borrowed it.

A else somebody B else anybody C somebody else D anybody else

②Who ____ will go to the Summer Camp in our class. A other B else C someone D anyone

③ What ____ do you want to say?

④ What ______thing do you want? A. else B. other C. another D. still

⑤ Would you like _____?A. else something B. anything else C. else anything D something else 4 towards adv. The house faces towards the north.

5 land

1) n. 陆地,土地,地产 The lands belonged to my father.这些地产过去属于我父亲。

2) v.着陆,降落 The plane landed safely.

3) by land/air/sea

6 technology n.

拓展:technologic adj.技术的,工艺的technological adj. 科技的technologist n. 技术专家

①With the coming of modern _______, many jobs were lost. 随着现代技术的到来许多工作岗位不复存。 ②we will need the scientists and_____________ for the future.

7 wait to do sth.等待做某事 wait for sb./sth.等待某人/某物 can’t wait to do sth.迫不及待地做某事

1) I feel nervous when I _______ the results.

2) It’s impolite to cut in line when you _____ a bus at the bus stop.

A ask for B look for C care for D wait for

3) We’d better wait ___ Jeff a few more minutes. I think he’s coming. A on B to C in D for

8 popular adj.

1) be popular in 是在什么地方受喜爱 She is popular in China.

2) be popular with 是受到...喜爱 She is not popular with other children, either.

3) be popular among/with 在……中流行The song is very popular with the young.

Chinese food is becoming popular among Americans. 中国菜逐渐受到美国人的欢迎。

典The new Apple’s product ―iphone 5‖ is ______among the young people.

A meaningful B tradition C popular D special

9 forever adv. They will live forever in our hearts.

Forever与for ever辨析:意思是永远,永久,总是,两者基本是可以通用的。但是用法也有不同。 forever可以放在句末做状语,也可以放在句中修饰动词。 I will love you forever. He is forever complaining. for ever只可以放在句末做状语。That happy day will be in my memory for ever.

10 used to do, be/get used to doing, be used to do的用法区别

1) used to do sth. 过去常常……(现在已不如此)We used to grow beautiful roses.

注意:否定句和疑问句有两种

You usedn’t to make that mistake. She didn't use(d) to do it, did she?

You used to smoke a pipe, didn't you? / use(d) n't you?

2) be / get / become used to + n. / doing 习惯于

I have always been used to hard work. He got used to living in the country.

3) be used to do 被用来做……

This knife is used to cut bread.

典1)Mary, you _____ be short, but now you are tall.

A. were B. are C. use to D. used to

2) My mother _____ us stories when we were children.

A. was used to tell B. is used to telling C. used to tell D. used to telling

3) ______ used to_____ an old bookshelf in my room.

A. There; be B. There; have C. It; be D. There; having

4) There used to be a river here,______?

A. used there B. didn’t there C. wasn’t it D. did it

5) My brother has been used ______ in the village school.

A. to working B. to work C. working D. work

11 abroad/ abroad / board /

1) aboard prep. 在(船、飞机、公共汽车、火车等)上;上(船、飞机、公共汽车、火车等)adv. 在船(或飞机、车)上, 上船(或飞机、车) We went aboard. 我们上了船。

2) abroad adv. 到国外, 在国外 at home and abroad 在国内外

3) board . . vt. & vi. 上(船、车或飞机) 供膳宿 Please board the plane immediately.请马上登机。 典 Zhang Yimou is not in China. He has gone _____. A in B back C abroad D around

12 fan –fanned –fanned

1) Our football _____ club has more than 200 members.

2) Liu Huan has many _______.

3) She ______ herself with a piece of paper.

13 south—southern southeast/southwest/northwest/northeast adj./n.

14 belong v 属于 = be owned by

belong to +人名(不能用所有格)+代词宾格(不能用物主代词)属于

【注】:belong to不能用于进行时态或被动形式,其主语常常是物。Sth belongs to sb = sth is sb’s The yellow car belongs to Mr. Smith = The yellow car is Mr. Smith’s.

①The sweater belongs to __ .( Tom)

②The T-shirt belongs to______(she).

③Tai Wang __________(属于) China.

④ The new car is owned by his father. A .belong to B. belongs to C. is like

⑤Which club do you belong______? A. to B .for C .in D. at

【甘肃兰州】— Are these books ______ ?

— No, they are not mine. They belong to _____.

A. your; her B. yours; her C. you; hers D. yours; she

【2013黄冈】The French book must be Li Ying’s. She’s the only one who’s studying French.

A. belong to li Ying’s B. belong to Li Ying

C. belong Li Ying’s D. belong Li Ying

【2013哈尔滨】28. Mo Yan, a famous Chinese writer, won the Nobel Prize for literature at the end of the

year 2012. We learn that success ______ the person with a never- give –up attitude.

A. drives out B. takes over C. belongs to

15 million/hundred/thousand/billion

hundred n 百 hundreds of 数以百的 thousand n 千 thousands of成千上万的million n 百万 millions of成百万的billion n十亿 billions of 数十亿的

注:(1)当million 前面有具体的数字时,用单数形式

(2)当million 后与of 连用时用复数形式,millions of 是数百万的意思,前面不能加数词

【口诀】:具体的不加s 也不加of,不具体的加s 也加of

①_______(million) of people go to look for jobs in big cities every day.

②( )_______of students help homeless people through the Red Cross.

A. Thousand B. Thousands C. A thousand D. Hundred and thousand

③( )— Guang’an is a beautiful city, isn’t it?— Yes, There are about two visitors here every week.

A. thousands of B. thousands C. thousand

④( ) Football is so exciting that ___ people in the world play it.

A. million of B. two millions C. millions of D. a million of

④ There are three________ visitors visiting the Summer Palace. (hundred)

⑤ Several ______ people in the world are sending information by e-mail every day.(million)

16 record

1) v. She has recorded several songs.

2) n. 作―记录‖讲,常用在词组keep a record of 中。Keep a record of how much you spend. 将你花了多 少钱记帐

3) 常用短语break a record 打破记录make a record 创造记录keep /hold a record 保持纪录 set a new record 刷新纪录

17 famous adj. famous = well – know adj. 著名的, 有名的

(1) be famous for 因……而著名 (某人因某种知识、技能或特征而出名)

China is famous for the Great Wall and Pandas. Beijing is famous for many places of interest

(2) be famous as 作为…….而出名 (某人以某种身份而出名)Lu Xun was famous as a writer.

① France is famous _____its fine food and wine.

② He is famous _____a physicist.

③ Einstein was famous ____ a great scientist. A. for B. as C. like D. because

④ Suzhou is famous ____ a beautiful city in our country. A. to B. for C. as D. Of

18 introduce v. – introduction n. a letter of introduction 一封介绍信

(1)introduce oneself to sb. 向某人作自我介绍 Let me introduce myself to you.

(2) introduce A to B.把A介绍给B May I introduce my friend Jim to you?

(3) introduce into 引进

( ) —Hello ,everyone! —Please let me ______.

A. introduce my name B. introduce myself C. to introduce myself D. introduce to myself

19 technology n.科技,工艺-- technologic adj. 技术的,工艺的--technological adj. 科技的

20 hurry up 赶快;急忙(做某事) (用在口语中,用来催促别人快走) in a hurry匆忙地 hurry to do sth 匆忙去做 hurry off 匆忙离开 I'm in a hurry. 我很忙

21 fight over 为……争吵 fight for + 抽象名词(事业、自由、权利) 等 ―为......而斗争‖ have a fight with 和......打了一架

22 abroad adv 在国外;到国外 My father often goes abroad. go abroad 出国 live abroad 住在国外 at home and abroad 在国内外

23 return = come / go back返回 = give sth back 归还

returen ... to ... 把.......归还给....... Don’t forget to return it to the library.

24 on the radio 在收音机里;通过无线广播 介词on 表示―以......方式‖ on the Internet 通过因特网; 在网上 on the telephone 通过电话 on TV 通过电视

23 kind

1) be kind to 对……友好= be friendly to

2) kind of ―有点儿,有几分‖相当于a little 或a bit

3) a kind of 一种all kinds of 各种各样的 different kinds of不同种类的

( ) — ____ rice would you like? — Small , please.

A. What kind of B. What size C. What size of D. What size bowl of

24 (1) in the end =at last =finally 最后,终于

(2) at the end of 在….的结尾 (反)at the beginning of 在……开始 【既可用来表示时间,也可以用 来表示地点】 at the end of the speech 在演讲结束时 at the end of the road 在路的尽头

(3) by the end of 在…..结束时,常与过去完成时连用(had+过去分词)

①My father agreed with me ________(最后),and bought me a little dog.

② I tried many times,______ I succeeded. A. on the end B. in the end C. by the end D. at the end 25 a/the number of

1) the number of 表示―……的数目‖,后跟名词复数或代词,其后的谓语动词用单数。

2) a number of 表示―大量的,许多‖, 后跟复数名词, 其后谓语动词用复数。

①— A number of students ____ in the dinning hall.

— Let me count. The number of the students _____ about 400. A. are is B. is are C. are; are ②【2011四川达州】25.—How many______ teachers are there in your school?

C. woman; A number of; is D. women; A number of; are

③【2013贵州安顺1】In our school library there ___ a number of books on science, and in these years the number of them ___ growing larger and larger. A. are; is B.is; are C.have; are D.has; is

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