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2013新目标英语八年级上unit1

发布时间:2013-09-28 09:02:27  

Unit 1 SectionA

争分夺秒记单词

1.任何人__________2.在任何地方__________3.精彩的,绝妙的__________

4.不多,很少__________5.相当多__________6.最多,大多数__________

7.某事,某物__________8.没有什么__________9.每人__________10.当然,自然__________

11.我自己__________12,你自己__________13.母鸡__________14.猪__________

15.好像,似乎________16.厌烦的,烦闷的__________17.某人__________18.日记__________ 中央公园__________ 黄果树瀑布__________香港__________

熟知教材

一、阅读Section A,写出以下词组

1.度假__________2.呆在家__________3.去纽约市__________4.看望我姑姑__________

5.去夏令营__________6.去爬山__________7.去海滩__________8.参观博物馆__________

9.去中央公园__________10.买一些特殊的东西__________11.打排球__________12.遇见一些有趣的人__________13.做有趣的是__________14.为考试学习__________15,好久没见__________16. 黄果树瀑布_________17.相当多的照片__________18.大多数时间__________19.没有一个人__________20.玩的开心__________21.当然__________22.去购物__________23.在农村__________24.喂鸡__________25.一些小猪__________26.唯一的问题__________27.没有太多可做的__________28.似乎是---__________29.在餐馆__________

30.在你家__________31.记日记__________

二、翻译句子

1.你去哪儿度假啦?我去海滩啦。

2.他去哪儿度假啦?他去纽约市啦。

3. 她去哪儿度假啦?她去看望她叔叔啦。

4. 他去哪儿度假啦?他去博物馆啦。

5. 他们去哪儿度假啦?他们去登山啦。

三、完成对话

Conversation 1

Boy: Where did you go on vacation, Grace? Grace: I ______________.(去纽约市) B: Oh, really? Did you go with anyone? G: Yes. I ______________.(和我妈妈去的) B: Did you go to Central park? G: Yes. I_____________________.

(为我父亲买了一些东西)

B: Oh, really? Really? G: I bought him a hat.

Conversation 2

Girl: Where did you go __________(度假), Kevin? Kevin: I ____________.(去海滩0 G: oh, that’s nice. Did you play volleyball? K: No, I didn’t.

G: Well, did you swim? K: Yes, I did. The water was really warm. G: How was the food? K: Everything__________!(尝起来真的好) G: Did you meet anyone interesting? K: Yes. I _____________________________. (遇见一些真的有趣的人) Conversation 3

Boy: Where did you go on your vacation, Julie? Julie: I _______________.(呆在家)

interesting? J: No, I didn’t.

B: Did you ________________? (为考试学习) J: Yes, I did.

J: No. ________(没有一个人)was here. 1

was on vacation.

精讲释疑

一、重点词语

1. 形容词的构成方法

(1)名词+y

sun →________cloud → _______ rain → _______wind → _______snow → _______

(2) 名词+ful

care →_______use→_______ beauty→_______wonder→_______

(3)动词+ing

relax→_______ bore→_______interest→_______ surprise→_______excite→_______

(4)动词+ed

relax→_______ bore→_______interest→_______ surprise→_______excite→_______ crowd→______

2. Did you buy anything special?

在英语中,anything, something, nothing和everything是用于指代事物的复合不定代词,与之相对应的复合不定代词anyone, someone, no one和everyone (anybody, somebody, nobody和everybody) 用于指人。与形容词连用时,形容词必须置于复合不定词之后,语法上称作“后置”。

例如:I can see ______ ______ (一些新人)in your group.

There’s ___ _____(没有什么有趣的东西) in the news today.

(1)形容词修饰不定代词,形容词要放在这些不定代词的后面,如 anything interesting , something special。

(2). 不定代词做主语,其后谓语动词用单数。如: Someone was angry.

练习

1. No one ________ how to do it. A.know B. knows C. knowing D. knowes

2. Everything_____OK, isn’t it? A. was B. are C. and D. is

3. There’s________in the newspaper. You should read it.

A. important something B. something boring C. boring something D. something important 用somebody,anybody,anything,nobody填空

1) _____broke the window last night.

2) Did _________ see or hear__________?

3) I didn't hear or see___________.

4) I heard a big noise and I looked out, but I didn't see_________.

5) I heard a noise outside last night. There was a strong wind. I think the window wasn't closed. It broke in the wind. I think you are right. ____________broke it. It was the wind.

3. Did you go anywhere interesting?

anywhere意为“在任何地方”,常用于一般疑问句或否定句中,代替somewhere。例如: I can’t find my keys__________.我到处找不到我的钥匙。

4. We took quite a few photos there.

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a few 意为“一些,若干(=some)”,后跟可数名词复数形式。

quite a few 意为“相当多;不少(=many)”后跟可数名词复数形式。 例如:

___ ____ girls are playing volleyball. 几名女孩正在打排球。

There are ___ ___ ___ birds in the forest. 在那片森林里有大量的鸟。

4. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax.

most意为“大多数”,后跟可数名词或不可数名词均可。

例如:Most students go to school on foot. 大多数学生步行去上学。

重点句式

1. How was your vacation?

重点语法

一般过去时态

一 构成

⑴ be→was— ( am, is 的过去式 ) were— ( are 的过去式 )

⑵ V. →V-ed ( 动词过去式 )

二 用法

⑴表示过去发生的动作或状态,通常会有明确的表示过去的时间状语。

I went to the zoo yesterday.

I stayed up last night ..

⑵叙述过去连续发生的动作或状态。

This morning , I got up early , went out for a walk , then came back and cooked for my family . ⑶表示过去某一段不确定的时间内发生的动作或状态。

He worked in the store for 5 years.

⑷讲故事时用一般过去时,但描述故事发生的背景时用过去进行时。

三 公式

⑴be→was / were 肯:S.+ was∕were+…否:S.+ wasn’t / weren’t +…

肯疑:Was∕Were + S. +…?Yes, S.+ was∕were.No, S.+ wasn’t∕weren’t.

否疑:Wasn’t∕Weren’t + S. +…?Yes, S. + was∕were. No, S.+ wasn’t∕weren’t.

⑵V. →V-ed肯:S. + V-ed+…否:S. + did not (didn’t )+ V原+…

肯疑:Did + S. + V原+…?Yes, S.+ did.No, S.+ didn’t.

否疑:Didn’t + S. + V原+…? Yes, S.+ did.No, S.+ didn’t.

一、用词的正确形式填空

1. He ________(visit) the Great Wall(长城) last year.

2. We____________(have) a good time yesterday.

3. Mike__________(see) a big tiger in the park last year.

4. We often __________(go) to school by bus last year.

5. I ________( like ) oranges when I was young(年轻的). But now I __________(not like) them.

6.My mother often ____________( stay) at home on Sundays, but last Sunday she _________ ( not stay) at home ,she _________(go) to the park

7. I didn’t find ______ ( someone ) there.

8. Is there _______( something ) important in today’s newspaper?

9. Look! There is _______ ( anybody ) at home. The light is on.

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10. Amy _______ ( meet ) a famous actor yesterday.

11. There _______ ( be ) forty-five students in our class last term.

12. Miss Green ________ ( come ) to China in 2008.

13. Little Tom _______ ( be ) here a moment ago.

14. She _________ ( buy ) a new bag yesterday.

二、选择填空

( ) 1.What ____ Mike do last weekend ? A do B does C did

( ) 2. I ____ my room last Sunday. A. cleaned B clean C am cleaning

( ) 3. I often help my mother _____ housework. A does B did C do

( ) 4.---Did your father write an e-mail yesterday?

A Yes, he did. B Yes, he does C No, he don’t

( ) 5.We’re going to _____ mountains tomorrow . A climb B climbed C climbing

( )6. ----_____ you ______ to the movies? ---- Yes, I did.

A. Did went B. Did go C. Are went

( )7. ----- How was your weekend? ------ Great! We _______ a picnic in the park.

A. have B. has C. had

( )8. Mrs Green with her little daughter _______ at home ______ that rainy night.

A. was on B. were on C. was at

( )9. --- Who told you to clean the windows? ---Miss Wang ______

A. told B. did C. has told

( )10. ---- Do you always _______ to the zoo? ----- Yes, I ______ yesterday.

A. go go B. go went C. went go

( )11. ---- ______ there any koalas in the zoo last year? ---- No, there ______.

A. Are aren’t B. Were wasn’t C. Were weren’t

( )12.----- Did you go with ______? ----- Yes, I did.

A. someone B. anyone C. somebody

( )13. ----- Did you buy ______ special? ----- No, I didn’t.

A. something B. some things C. anything

句型转换

1.Lucy played computer games yesterday. ( 改为一般疑问句 )

______ Lucy _____ computer games yesterday? ( 对划线部分提问 ) _______ ______ you ______?

3.There was someone here just now. ( 改为否定句 ) _______________________________ .

4.She played volleyball just now. ( 改为否定句 ) She ______ ______ volleyball just now. ( 对划线部分提问 ) ________ ________ they ________? ( 对划线部分提问 ) ________ _______ your vacation?

Unit 1 Section B

争分夺秒记单词

19.决定__________20.设法,努力__________21.滑翔伞运动__________22.给-----的感觉,感受到__________23.鸟__________ 24.自行车__________25.建筑物,房子__________ 4

26.商人__________27.想知道,琢磨__________28.差别,不同__________

29.顶部,表面__________30.等待,等候__________31.雨伞__________32.湿的__________ 33,因为__________34.在---的下面__________35.充足的,充分地__________36.饥饿的__________37.像------一样__________38.小山________39.鸭________40不喜欢__________ 熟知教材

一、阅读Section B,写出以下词组

1.度假__________2.玩的开心__________3.在星期一__________

4.-----怎么样?__________5.到达__________6.决定做----__________7.去海滩__________

8.感觉像---__________9.在下午__________10.骑自行车去__________

11.古老建筑__________12-----的样子__________13.100年前__________

14.喜欢做----__________15.四处走动__________16.开始做---__________

17.走到山顶__________18.太多人__________19.雨下的大__________20.由于__________

21.在学校郊游__________22.上下跳__________23.最后的五个小时__________

二、阅读Section B 听力材料

My vacation

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

三、阅读2b第一篇,回答问题

1.When did she arrive in Penang?

2.How was the weather on Monday morning ?

3.What did they decide to do ?

4. What did Jane and her sister try?

5.What does she feel like ?

6.Was it interesting?

7.What did they have for lunch?

8.Were they delicious?

9.Were there any old buildings?

10.What did Jane enjoy?

阅读2b第二篇,判断正误

1. They took the train to the top of Penang Hiu because of rain.

2. They didn’t wait for a long time because there are many people.

3. We couldn’t see anything because it was raining hard.

4. They only had one bowl of rice and some fish because we were full.

5. The food tastes terrible.

四Read the passage and fill in the blanks.

On July 15th, Jane and her family got to Penang in __________. The weather was ______ and ____. So they decided to go to the _____. She and her sister tried ___________. It was so _______. She felt like she was a ____. They had Malaysian yellow _______ for lunch. They were delicious! They ____ bicycles to Georgetown in the afternoon.

They saw many old and new _________ there. Weld Quay is a very ___ place. There is the houses of Chinese _______ from 100 years. They really enjoyed _______ _______ the town. 精讲释疑

1. I feel like I was a bird.

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feel like+从句 意为“觉得好像是……”

e.g. 我感觉好像是倘佯在历史的长河中。

I ___________ _____ I’m walking through the history.

[拓展]feel like的其他用法:

① feel like + 名词或代词意为“觉得好像”

感觉天好像很快就要下雨了。 It _________ _____ rain soon.

② feel like + 动名词意为“想做??”

今天我不太想去散步。 I don’t _________ _____ _________ today.

2. And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below.

(1) because of意为“因为”,后跟名词。

e.g. 因为坏天气的原因他们没有去钓鱼。

They didn’t go fishing _____ _________ the bad weather.

[辨析] because 与 because of 的区别:

because + 句子 意为“因为”

e.g. 他因为生病而没有上学。

He didn’t go to school because he was ill. = He didn’t go to school _____ ________ his illness. (2).below意为“在……下面,到……下面”

e.g. 在飞机下面的远处我们能看到伦敦的灯火。

We could see the lights of London ______ the plane.

[辨析] below与under的区别:

below指某物处于较低的地方,但不一定是正下方; under指处于某物的正下方。

e.g. 我们在月下。We are _________ _____ ________.

那名男孩子站在树下。 The boy stood _________ _____ _______.

3. My father didn’t bring enough money.

enough作形容词,意为“充足的,足够的,充分的”

e.g.你有足够的时间按时到达那里。 You have enough time to get there on time.

[注意] 当enough作副词时,意为“足够地,充足地”。它修饰形容词时应置于该

形容词后面来修饰。

e.g. 这个房子对我们来说太小了。 The house isn’t ____ _____ for us.

巩固训练

选词填空。

1. I feel like ______ (going/go) to Hong Kong for vacation next summer vacation.

2. He’s not going to buy that car _______ (because /because of) it’s too expensive.

3. The train was late _________ (because/ because of) the heavy frog (雾).

. Her coat reaches _____ (below/ under) her knee.

5. The boy is _________ (enough old/ old enough) to get dressed himself.

二、用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1. My mother ____ (buy) a new schoolbag for me yesterday.

2. When ___ you ___ (start) to learn English?

3. My aunt ____ (take) us to dinner at a restaurant but the food __ (is) not good at all.

4. When I _____ (am) in America, I _____ (make) a lot of new friends.

5. They ____ (have) a great sale last weekend.

三 完成短文

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Today the weather was ____________. I went to _____________. It was _______. We ______________. I liked this place because ______________. For dinner we had _______ _____. It was _______. In the evening, I felt really ______.

仿写

It’s your turn now. What other places do you like to go? Please write them down.

Wednesday, ________ 20th

Today the weather was _____________. I went to ________________. It was ____________. We __________________. I liked this place because ________________. For dinner we had _________ _____. It was __________. In the evening, I felt really ______.

四Complete the passage with the correct forms of the verbs in the brackets.

指导:通读全文可知,

Last August, our class ___ (do) something very special on our school trip. We _____ (go) to Mount Tai. We ______ (start) our trip at 12:00 at night. Everyone in our class _____ (take) a bag with some food and water. After three hours, someone looked at the map and _____ (find) out we ________ (be, not) anywhere near the top.

My legs ______ (be) so tired that I wanted to stop. My classmates _____ (tell) me to keep going, so I _____ (go) on. At 5:00 a.m., we got to the top! Everyone _______ (jump) up and down in excitement. Twenty minutes later, the sun _______ (start) to come up. It was so beautiful that we ______ (forget) about the last five hours.

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