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江苏新教材译林牛津英语八年级上_Unit1_Friends_Grammar

发布时间:2013-09-28 09:02:27  

Unit 1 Friends
Grammar

预习导入与检测

教学目标
? 1.掌握形容词比较级和最高级的构成 ? 2.学会正确使用形容词比较级来比较两个 人或两件物品 ? 3.学会正确使用形容词最高级来比较三个 或超过三个的人或物品。

She has long brown hair.
She is tall and slim.

before a noun

She looks beautiful.

after a linking verb

adjectives形容词

This is my favorite film star. She has long brown hair and big brown eyes. She also has a long face and a straight nose. She is tall and slim. I think she looks beautiful.

Linking verbs
be get become grow feel keep

look

seem

smell
turn

sound taste

She has short hair. Her hair is short.

Study the use of adjectives
This is a lazy cat.

This cat is lazy.

big
He has big eyes. His eyes are big.

clever
The monkey is very clever. It is a clever monkey.

Form sentences and tell the use of the adjectives 1. short/ Millie/ hair/ has ___________________________ Millie has short hair. 2. wears/ Sandy/ glasses/ round ___________________________ Sandy wears round glasses. 3. is/ funny/ Amy/ and cheerful ___________________________ Amy is funny and cheerful. 4. like/ Millie/ not/ hair/ does/ long Millie does not like long hair. ___________________________ 5. is/ Sandy/ hair/ tall/ long/ and has ______________________________ Sandy is tall and has long hair.

Find out the difference
This girl is beautiful.
(adj.)

That girl is singing beautifully.
(adv.)

1.Tom is as tall (高) as Mike. 2. Jack doesn’t write as ________ carefully (careful) as Tom does.
1.肯定: as+形容词/副词原形+as

2.否定: not

as/so+形容词/副词原形+as

long

longer

longest

shortest

shorter

short

small

smaller

smallest

big

bigger

biggest

Country:

interesting

more interesting

the most interesting

City : beautiful

more ________beautiful

most the________ beautiful

The bike is ______. fast

The tractor is ______ . faster The car is ________ . the fastest
Compare them

Compare them
The white dog is very happy.

The yellow dog is still happier.

The black and white dog is the happiest of the three.

The first pig is quite fat.

The second pig is much fatter.

The third pig is the fattest of all.

Compare them

He is

older

than

you.
+比较对象

主语+动词+ 形容词比较级 +than

形容词比较级的句型结构

1.Jane is taller than _____________(tall) Amy. 2.Carl is heavier than _____________(heavy) Jack.

3.I am _______________(fat) Betty. fatter than
4.The pie is better than ____________(good) the cake.

thinner than 5.Julie is ______________(thin) John.
6.Her parents aren’t_______________(rich) his. richer than

7.My home isn’t farther than ______________(far) hers.

形容词最高级的句型结构
I’m the oldest of the three.
主语+动词+ 形容词的最高级 +of + 比较范围 (+ in +地点 )

of the six/the three/all, in our class

1.Marvin is the cleverest ______________(clever) boy . 2.Uncle i

s ____________________(interesting) the most interesting person in our family.

3.We have ____________(large) room in the largest the building. 4.Mel is _____________(lazy) student of the laziest all.

形容词的比较级(Comparative)和最高级 (Superlative) 构成方法 在词尾加原级 long 比较级 最高级

大多数直接 fast er或-est tall

faster
longer

fastest
longest

taller

tallest

cheap cheaper cheapest

构成方法

原级 比较级 nice safe nicer safer

最高级 nicest safest

以字母e结
尾的形容词, 加-r或-st

late
fine

later
finer

latest
finest

构成方 法

原级 big
hot

比较级 bigger
hotter

最高级 biggest
hottest

双写辅
音字母,

再加-er


thin
slim

thinner fatter

thinnest fattest

Slimmer Slimmest

-est

fat

构成方法
以辅音字母+y结
尾的双音节词,先

原级 比较级 最高级
easy
happy

easier
happier

easiest
happiest

改y为i,再加-er或
-est

heavy
pretty

heavier
prettier

heaviest
prettiest

构成方法

原级 beautiful

比较级 more beautiful

最高级 most beautiful

其他双音 more most 节词和多 important important important 音节词在 前面加 more most dangerous more或 dangerous dangerous most more most frightened frightened frightened

good / well bad /badly/ill many / much little

better worse

best worst

more

most

less

least

far

farther(更远的)
further(进一步的)

farthest
furthest oldest / eldest

old

older / elder

Complete the table .
adjective
funny good happy interesting large smart thin

comparative
funnier

superlative
funniest best happiest

better
happier

more interesting most interesting larger smarter largest smartest thinnest

thinner

写出下列词的比较级和最高级 smaller _____ nicer _____ small _____ smallest nice ____nicest prettier _____ pretty_____ prettiest slim slimmer ______ ____ slimmest popular __________ most________ more popular popular less far father farthest ____ ____ little_____ least ____ bad worse worst _____ _____ big bigger biggest _____ ______ easy_____easiest hot _____ hottest easier ______ hotter ______ more careful _________ careful __________ most careful more ____ tidy tidier tidiest ____ _____ many(much)____most

Unit 1

clean cleaner cleanest
easy easier easiest

helpful
cheerful

more~ most ~
more~ most ~

tidy tidier tidiest
close closer closest wide wider widest

important more~ most ~
big clever bigger biggest ~ er ~ est

healthy healthier healthiest hot sad hotter hottest good far

tired more~ most ~ better best farther farthest

sadder saddest

Complete Part A on Page 12.

Millie Sandy Amy Peter Kitty Simon Height (cm)157 170 160 173 155 171

Weight (kg) 45
50m(sec ) Swimming 40 Drawing 9/10

50

44

55

40

53

38 10/10

30 9/10

34 5/10

36 6/10

32 8/10

Competition

English test 10/10

8/10

9/10

6/10 8/10 7/10

Complete Part B on Page 12.

1. Simon is taller than __________ (tall) Sandy.

the tallest 2. Peter is __________ (tall) of the s

ix students. heavier than 3. Sandy is _____________ (heavy) Millie.
4. Peter isthe heaviest (heavy) of the six ____________ students. 5. Among the six students, Millie is __________ (slow) swimmer the slowest

6. Amy is ___________ (fast) swimmer of the six the fastest students. 7. Millie’s drawing is ___________________ more beautiful than (beautiful) Peter’s.

the most beautiful 8. Sandy’s drawing is ___________________ (beautiful) in her class.
9. Millie’s English is _____________ (good) better than Simon’s. Millie’s English is __________ (good) the best in her class.

用括号内所给形容词的正确形式填空。 1. John is fifteen. Kate is fourteen. young Lily is thirteen. John is ______ (young). But he is ________ (old) older than Kate and Lily. Kate is ________ (young) than John but younger ______(old) than Lily. Lily is older _________________ (young) of the youngest all.

用括号内所给形容词的正确形式填空。

nicer 1. Jack’s mooncake is ________ (nice) than Kate’s, but Sue’s mooncake is ______(nice) than nicer Jack’s. Sue’s is _________ (nice) the nicest of all.

3. On the wall there is a picture. We can see the sun and the moon in it. bigger The moon looks ______________ (big) than the sun in the picture. But in fact the sunbigger is ___________ (big) than the moon. The moon is ____________ smaller (small) than the sun.

heavy 4. The red bag is __________(heavy), but the white bag is ______________ heavier (heavy) than it. The yellow bag is ___________ (heavy) than the white heavier the one. So the yellow one is heaviest _________________ (heavy) of the three.

Important points
? 1.The________(many) trees you plant, more the__________(green)our country will be. greener
the+比较级,the+比较级 意为:越……,越……

? ?

易混淆的两个句型: 2. Andy is _______(tall) of the two girls. the taller He is _________(tall) of the 3 students. the tallest 当出现ofis __________(tall) of the 2+比较级 the taller He the two…之类的短语时,用the students.

3.Our country is becoming stronger stronger __________and_________(strong).
比较级and 比较级,意为:越来越……

larger 1.Our school is _____(large) than theirs. 2.Which is ______(thin), this one or that? thinner 3.This park is less beautiful ___________(不如…美) than that one. smaller less 4. The _______(small) the house is, the _______(little) it will cost us the heat. longer longer 5.The days are getting ______(long) and ______(long) in spring. 6.My drawing is beautiful. more beautiful His drawing is even ____________(beautiful). the taller 7.Jim is _________(tall) of the two.
Peter draws well, Lilei draws better. Lilei draws __________ of the two. the better

重要的句型转换:
He is the tallest in our class. He is taller than anyone else in our class. He is taller than any other student. He is taller than all the other students. Nobody else is taller than him in our class.

(

比较时要把自己排除在外。注意比较的范围) e.g. Shanghai is _________(large) city in China. the largest any other city Shanghai is larger than _______________in China. Shanghai is larger than ___________in China. the other cities any city Shanghai is larger than _________in Africa.

Shanghai is bigger than ______ city in D China. Shanghai is bigger than ______ city in B Jiangsu. A.all the other B. any C. other D. any other

三者或三者以上范围

…最高级+of (in/among)…

2.…one of the+最高级+名词复数 rivers in China. Changjiang is one of the longest

3.the +序数词+最高级 长江是世界第三长的河流. Changjiang is the third longest river in the world. 4.This is/ was the最高级+名词+that定语从句 Exercise: the best 1.Of all the movie stars, I think Zhang Ziyi is _______(good). the worst 2.This is __________(bad) film that I have seen these years. the greatest 3.Lu Xun was one of __________(great) writers last century. 4.He watched the films _______________(careful) of the three. the most carefully

Multiple choice

直击 中考

1.— Dick, is Nick your twin brother? — Yes, and I’m thirty minutes _______ than him. (06Zhejiang) D A. fatter B. taller C. heavier D. older

C 2.This book is _____for a six-year-old child to read. (06Suzhou) A. enough easy B. enough easily C. easy enough D. easily enough A 3.Tom is stronger than ___ in his class. (06Xuzhou) A. any other boy B. any boys C. any boy D. other boy
4. Nowadays science fiction isn’t as ________ as cartoons among A teenagers. (06 Shanghai) A. popular B. more popular C. less popular D. the most popular

直击 中考
B 1.– Which ocean is ______, the Atlantic or the Pacific? -- The pacific. (07Anhui) A. deep B. deeper C. deepest D. more deeper C 2. I think science is A. much important C. much more important
than Japanese. (07Hainan) B. important D. more much important

C 3.Your room is ___ than mine. (07Tianjing) A. three time big B. three times big C. three times bigger D. bigger three times

直击 中考
1."Do you want____?" the shop assistant asked. A. else anything B. anything else C. other anything D. else something 2. 1. It’s ________ to teach a man fishing than to give him fish. A. more B. better C. good D. best
3.Would you please say it _____? I still can’t follow you. A. more slow B. much slow C. more slowly D. much slowly 4.Which language is____, English, French or Japanese? A. easy B. the most easy C. the easiest D. much more easy

Translation
1. 格林先生是这四个人当中最高最胖的。 the tallest Mr Green is ______________ _______________________. fattest of the four 2. 小香蕉往往比大香蕉好。 Small bananas are often _______________________. Much, a lot,better than bigbit; even… far; a little, a ones But 3. 我的铅笔比你的短得多。 very quite My pencil is ______________________. much shorter than yours 4. 在中国,哪一条河流最长? the longest Which river is ___________

_______ in China? 5. 他的观点比我的新。 newer than mine His idea is ____________________. and

6. Andy是我班个子最高的女生。 the tallest girl in my class Andy is ____________________. 7. 这是这家店里最贵的自行车。 This is the most expensive bike in the shop ____________________. 8. Millie的头发比我的短。 Millie’s shorter than mine _____ hair is _______________. 9. Daniel的书比他的有趣。 ______ books are more interesting than his _______________. Daniel’s

读一读,想一想,改一改
1.Yesterday was his
去掉the the

busiest day.

2. China is larger than any othercountry in Asia. any China is larger than any 去掉other country in Africa. other 3. If you want to be thinner, you have to eat less food little and take more exercise. much 4. The rich are often greedy(贪婪的). is 5.The population of Australia is smaller than that of fewer China.

better 6.Lilei draws thebetter of the two. 7.The bike doesn’t go as farther as the tractor. far 8. My mother is much better today. quite

A Poem

Good, better, best, Never let it rest, Till your good is better, And your better is best!

当堂反馈

Homework
Revise the use of adjectives, comparatives and superlatives. Complete the exercises in the workbook.


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