海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语


发布时间:2014-05-22 11:53:52  

Lady Mengjiang
Lady Mengjiang lived during the reign of the First Emperor of Qin . After her husband was recruited to build the Great Wall , she missed him so much that she traveled many miles to see him . When she finally arrived at the construction site, a fellow countryman told her that her husband had died and was burieed under the Wall. A heartbroken Lady Mengjiang cried for three days and nights unitl, legend has it , the Great Wall collapsed one section after another.

In the north of China, there lies a 6,700-kilometer-long (4,161-mile-long) ancient wall. Now well-known as the Great Wall of China, it starts at the Jiayuguan Pass of Gansu Province in the west and ends at the Shanhaiguan Pass of Hebei Province in the east. As one of the Eight Wonders in the world, the Great Wall of China has become the symbol of the Chinese nation

History of Great Wall
In the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC), the ducal states extended the defence work and built "great" structures to prevent the attacks from other states. It was not until the Qin Dynasty that the separate walls, constructed by the states of Qin, Yan and Zhao kingdoms, were connected to form a defensive system on the northern border of the country by Emperor Qin Shi Huang.

History of Great Wall
From the Qin Dynasty onwards, Xiongnu, an ancient tribe that lived in North China, frequently harassed the northern border of the country. During the Han Dynasty, Emperor Wu (Han Wu Di), sent three expeditions to fight against the Xiongnu in 127 BC, 121 BC and 119 BC. The Xiongnu were driven into the far north of the Gobi. To maintain the safety of the Hexi Corridor (today's Gansu Province), the emperor ordered the extension of the Great Wall westward into the Hexi Corridor and Xinjiang region. The ruins of the beacon towers and debris of the Han Wall are still discernible in Dunhuang, Yumen and Yangguan.

History of Great Wall
The present Great Wall in Beijing is mainly remains from the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). During this period, bricks and granite were used when the workers laid the foundation of the wall and sophisticated designs and passes were built in the places of strategic importance. To strengthen the military control of the northern frontiers, the Ming authorities divided the Great Wall into nine zones and placed each under the control of a Zhen. The Shanhaiguan Pass and the Jiayuguan Pass are two wellpreserved passes at either end.

? In Beijing, the Great Wall is about 630 km long, 7 sections of the Great Wall have been opened to visitors. There are Badaling Great Wall, Juyongguan Great Wall, Simatai Great Wall, Mutianyu Great Wall, Jinshanling Great Wall, Huanghuacheng Great Wall and Gubeikou Section.

? The Great Wall at Badaling was built in the 18th year (1505) of the reign of Hong Zhi, an emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). Badaling is the section that has been open to the public the longest (since 1957).

? Badaling, literally meaning "reach eight

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。