Unit 3 Can you play the guitar?
play the guitar
球类 ：play football play baseball 棋类： play chess the 乐器：play the guitar play the piano
Nice to meet you.
speak English 讲英语 speak Chinese 讲中文
play the guitar
I can play the guitar .
我能弹吉他。 He can’t play the guitar.
Can you play the guitar ?
Yes , I can . / No , I can’t.
He can’t play the guitar. 他不能弹吉他。
can’t = can not
1、play的用法：play和球类,棋类搭配时,中 间不用任何冠词(a,an,the)。但它和乐器类搭配 时,要用冠词the。如：
play football play the guitar
play chess play the piano
the the the the the
piano trumpet drums guitar violin
弹钢琴 吹喇叭 打鼓 弹吉他 拉小提琴 踢足球 打篮球 打排球 下棋 打牌
football basketball volleyball chess cards
2、情态动词can的用法 can表示“可以、能”,后面接动词原形, 其否定句和疑问句的变化跟含be 动词的 句子一样，不同的是情态动词不受人称 变化的影响。例如： I can play the guitar. The old man can sing Beijing Opera.
肯定句 ：He/She can play basketball. 疑问句： Can he/she play basketball? 否定句：He/She can not play basketball.
I can speak English. Can you speak English?
Yes, I can. / No, I can't.
I can speak English.
Can you speak English/Chinese?
Yes,I can./we can.
No,I can’t./we can’t.
She can dance. They can swim. Can she dance? Can they swim? Yes,they can. Yes,she can.
He can sing.
Can he sing? Yes,he can. No,he can’t.
Can they speak English ? Yes , they can . / No , they can’t .
Can they play chess ? Yes , they can .
Check in class （当堂练习）
you play A. a B. an
drums? C. the D. /
(B )2. Can she basketball? A. plays B. play C. playing D. play the
解析：can在使用时无人称变化，所以应该用play 的原形, 又因为basketball属于体育项目, 所以前面不用定冠词the。答案为B
( c ) 3.She can play _____ basketball. A. a B. an C./ D. the ( C )4. My mother can play _____ piano. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( A )5. Jack _____ play the violin and he plays the
A. can B. can’t C. not D. don’t
( c )6. can you _____ chess? A. join B. have C. play D. do ( A )7. Tom can _____ the violin. A. play B. plays C. playing D. to play
Can you fill in the blanks ?
Can 1.____ you swim ? Yes, I can.
2.Can your father play the guitar ? can . No,he ____ 3. What club ___ do you want to join ? 4. Can Lucy and Alice dance ? Yes , _____ they can . 5. We want ___ to j