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七年级下一二单元英语知识点总结

发布时间:2014-05-24 08:05:22  

七年级下册第一单元复习

基础短语及句子

1. learn about 学习,了解 2. ask a question问问题 3. plan a trip 计划一次旅行 4. a good chance for sb 对某人来说一次很好的机会5. send an e-mail发邮件 6. get one’s name from从......得到名字 7. come back回来 8. travel along the Silk Road沿着丝绸之路走 9. the plan for ...的计划10. have enough time to do sth有足够的时间做某事11. along the way沿路 12. arrive in 到达13. take a train to Xi’an 坐火车去西安14. come back to 回到......15. walk along 沿着.....走16.climb up爬上 17. hit the drum 击鼓18.ring the bell敲钟19.take notes 做笔记 20. sit on the horse坐在马上21. leave for 动身去某地 22. go for a walk 散步23. go down the street沿着街走24. lead sb to ... 带某人去...25. wide and long 又宽又长26. ride a camel 骑骆驼27. fall off 落下,掉下 28. fly home 飞回家29. on the trip 在旅途中30. hold the Olympics 举办奥林匹克运动会 31. be over 结束 1.May I take photos here? 我能在这照相吗?

2. I will come back someday. 我将有一天会回来。( someday 某一天,用在一般将来时态中) 3. How long is the Silk Road? It is more than 6500 kilometres long . 丝绸之路多长? 它超过6500千米长.

4. Guess what!猜猜看!

5.How exciting!多么令人兴奋啊!

7.Welcome to Xi’an— the Walled city. 欢迎来到西安——城墙环绕的城市。

5. We can call it the Mother River. 我们称它为母亲河。It is amazing! 太令人惊奇了! 6. This is a good chance for you! 这对你来说是一次好机会。 7. Our first stop will be Xi’an. 我们第一站将是西安。

8. We’ll learn about the history and culture of China along the way. 我们将会在沿路学到中国的历史文化。

9. We call them Bing Ma Yong in Chinese. 我们汉语称它们为兵马俑。

10. Let’s go down this street and turn left at the traffic lights.沿着这条街走,在交通灯处左转。 11. This road will lead us to the Yellow River.这条路将会带我们去黄河。 12. I can’t believe it1我真不敢相信!

13. We are walking on the same road as Marco Polo.(the same as 和...一样)我们走在马可波

* 1. 表示几十几时,在几十和个位基数词之间添加连字符“-”eg:32 thirty- two

2. 在十位和百位之间加and. Eg: 123 one hundred and twenty- three

102 one hundred and one

3. 1234 one thousand two hundred and thirty-four

4. 12,345 twelve thousand three hundred and forty-five (千位数以上从数字的右端向左数起,每三位数加一个逗号“,”。 从右开始,第一个逗号前的数字加“hundred”, 第二个逗号前的数字加 “ thousand”第三个逗号前的数字加 “million” )

1,234,567 one million two hundred and thirty- four thousand five hundred and sixty- seven 重点短语

1. go on a trip to +目的地 去......旅行

2. may 情态动词,其后跟动词原形, “可能,可以”

___1. May I come in?

___Sure , come in, please.

___2. May I go out after ten o’clock?

___Yes, you may. / No, you may not.

3. join 和 join in 及take part in 的区别

join “加入,参加”后接党派,组织,俱乐部或团体。

join in 和take part in 多指参加某种活动。

4. 感叹句 how + 形容词/ 副词

Eg:How exciting! 多么激动人心啊!

5. How far is it from Beijing to Xi’an? It’s about 1114 kilometres. 从北京到西安有多远?大概1114千米。( how far... to...从...到...多远)

6. We don’t have enough time to see it all. 我们没有时间把它全部看完。

have time to do sth有时间做某事 don’t have time to do sth 没时间做某事

8.enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事 enjoy oneself = have a good time = have fun玩得高兴

9. cross 和across 穿过

cross 在句子中作谓语,相当于go across

7. in front of 和in the front of 的区别

in front of 指一个物体在另一个物体的前面,前后不具有包含关系

in the front of 指在......前部,指在某一范围内的前部。

Eg : I sit in front of Liming. 我坐在李明前面。

I sit in the front of the classroom. 我坐在教室的前面。( 教室,是一个限定范围)

8. take a picture = take a photo 照相 take pictures = take photos

*take a picture of 照.....照片eg: take a picture of park 照公园的照片

( 2). M.r. Green has two sons. One is a worker, the other is a teacher. 格林先生有两个儿子,一个是工人,另外一个是老师。

(3). The glass is broken. Please give me another.这只杯子坏了,请给我另一只。

13.one of ... ... 之一, 后接名词的复数形式,或代词(宾格)的复数形式。

Eg: The Great Wall is one of the places I want to go. 长城是我想去的地方之一。

I have many books. Harry Potter is one of them. 我有许多书,《哈利波特》是其中之一。

14. be famous as 和be famous for 的区别

be

famous as 作为.......而出名 eg: Han Hong is famous as a singer. 韩红作为一名歌手而出名。

be famous for 因为......而出名eg: China is famous for the Great Wall .中国是因长城而出名的。

15. I met an old friend on my way to school this morning. 今天早上我在去学校的路上碰到了一位老朋友。

on one’s way to 在某人去......的路上

*on one’s way to 中的to 为介词,后接表示地点的副词(there, here, home)时,要省略to Eg: Now I am on my way home. 我正在回家的路上。

Don’t worry, they are on their way there. 别担心,他们正在去那儿的路上。

相类似的用法

excited和exciting, interested和 interesting

Eg: There are a few eggs in the basket. You don’t need to buy any. (表肯定)篮子里有几个鸡蛋,不需要买了。

There is little meat at home. Please go to buy some.(表否定)家里没肉了,请买一些。

18. look for 和find 的区别

look for 指寻找的过程,强调寻找的动作。 Eg:Danny looked for birds here. 丹尼还在这寻找鸟。

find 指寻找的结果 eg: He didn’t find any birds.他找不到任何鸟。

19. look at 和 see 的区别

look at 指看的动作,see指看的结果

Eg : Look at the sky. Can you see a bird? 看天空,你能看见一只鸟吗?

20. listen to 和 hear 的区别

listen to 指听的动作, hear指听的结果。

Eg: Listen to music, please. 请听音乐。What can you hear? 你能听到什么?

21. hundred , thousand 前具有具体的数字时,用单数。Eg:two thousand people两千人 hundreds of 成百上千的 thousand of 成千上百的 , 它们前面不能用具体的数字,其后应用可数名词的复数。There are thousands of trees .那儿有成千上万的树。

*一般将来时态

表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态, will + 动词原形,常和表示将来的时间状语连用,如:tomorrow 明天, next week 下周,next year 明年 next month下个月 in the future将来 句式构成:

1. 肯定句:主语+ will+ 动词原形+ 其他

Eg: I will go shopping tomorrow.我将明天去购物。

2. 否定句: 主语+ will+ not + 动词原形+ 其他 (will not 缩写won’t)

I will not ( =won’t) be late next time. 我下次不会迟到了。

3. 疑问句:只需把will 提到主语前, 其肯定回答: Yes, ...will. 否定回答:No, ...won’t. Eg: Will you go to the park next Friday? 你下周五去公园吗?

——Yes, I will. / No, I won’t. 是的, 我要去。 / 不, 我不去。

第二单元复习

基础短语及句子

talk about 谈论 have a rest 休息 feel good 感觉不错eat so much 吃太多place of interest名胜古迹 make a joke开玩笑 at the age of 在...岁时work for sb 为某人效力work on sth 从事... write about 写下关于...try one’s best 尽力look like 看起来像live in居住在 think about考虑 part of ...的一部分 take part in 参加any other make a list 列一个清单get back回来 end product最终产品 taste good 尝起来不错 on one’s trip 在某人的旅途中rich culture 丰富的文化

1. What’s your project about? 你的课题是关于什么的?

2. At the age of 17, he went to China. 在十七岁时,他去了中国。

3. Just try your best.尽管尽力。

4. I hope so. 我希望如此。

5. I slept for two full days. 我整整睡了两天。

6. The Chinese discovered coal and invented paper. 中国人发现了煤,发明了纸。

7. Well done!干得好!

8. He brought some coal and paper back to Italy with him (bring... back to .把..带到.... )他把煤和纸带到了意大利。

9. Can you tell me a little bit more? 你能多告诉我一点吗?( a little bit 一点点) The trip gave ne an idea.这次旅行给了我一个想法。

10. I can’t wait to play music for all my friends. ( can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待做某事) 我迫不及待想要为我所有的朋友演奏音乐。

11. Beijing Duck is really a Chinese treasure. 北京烤鸭真的是中国一大宝物。

12. It takes a lot of work to make Lanzhou noodles. 做兰州拉面花费好多工序。

It takes ... to do sth 花费...做某事

13. Many people eat noodles for breakfast. 许多人早餐吃面条。

14. Lanzhou noodles are long hand-made noodles. They look good and taste great. 兰州拉面是很长的手工制作的面条。它们看起来很好,吃起来很棒。

15. This trip opened my eyes. 这次旅行开阔了我的视野。

16. I saw my own history and culture in a new way.我通过一种新的方式看见了我自己的历史和文化。

17. I feel the same way. 我也这么觉得。

重点短语

1. be ready for sth 为某事做好准备eg: Are you ready for your project? 你准备好你的课题了吗?

be ready to do sth 准备好做某事We are ready to help each other! 我们准备好互相帮助。

2. hope to do sth 希望做某事eg: I hope to write a book like that someday. 我希望有一天也能写一本那样的书。

3. try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力做某事

Eg: Try your best to remember all the new words.尽力记住所有的新单词。

* try to do sth 和try doing sth 的辨析

try to do sth 努力去做某事。

try doing sth 试着做某事.

4. Here are some pictures. 这有一些图片。(倒装句)

* here 和 there 置于句首时,若主语为名词,句子采用倒装句式,若主语为代词,则不倒装。 Eg: Here is your letter. 这是你的信。 (倒装了)

Here he comes. 他来了。(没倒装,因为主语是代词he)

5. Why don’t you learn a traditional Chinese dance?你为什么不学中国的传统舞蹈? Why don’t you do sth ?= why not do sth ?为什么不做某事?

Eg: Why don’t you go shopping with me= why not go shopping with me?

6. Play + the + 乐器名词。Play+ 球类运动eg: play the piano 弹钢琴 play football 踢足球

7. think about

(1)考虑。(2) 回想,想起 (3) 认为,以为=think of

8. It’s + 形容词+ to do sth 做某事很.....

eg:It’s important to do sports. 做运动很重要。

8. at the end of 在......末, 在.....尽头

9. be worth doing sth 值得做某事 eg: This book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读!

10. so much 和so many 的区别

两者都意为“如此多的.......”,但so many 修饰可数名词,so much修饰不可数名词

Eg: He has so many friends. 他有许多朋友。They spend so much time at work. 它们在工作上花了很多时间。

11. be made from 和be made of 的区别

be made from用......制成, 制成品看不出原材料。 Eg: The paper is made from wood. 纸是用木头做的。(看不出原材料)

be made of 用......制成,制成品能看出原材料 Eg:The door is made of wood. 门是用木头做的。(能看出原材料)

*一般过去时

一般过去时态表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态。 常表示过去的时间状语:yesterday 昨天 the day before yesterday 后天 last Sunday 上个星期天 last week 上周 last month 上个月 last year 去年 just now 刚刚,刚才 a moment ago 刚才 ago 以前a long time ago 很久以前

Eg: They were students last year. 他们去年是学生。

否定句: 主语+ was not ( 缩写 wasn’t)/ were not ( weren’t)+ 其他

Eg: He was not in Xi’an yesterday. 他昨天不在西安。

一般疑问句:Was/ Were + 主语+ 其他?肯定回答: Yes, 主语+ was/ were. 否定回答: No, 主语+ wasn’t/ weren’t.

Eg: Was your father so busy last year? 去年你爸爸也这样忙吗?

—Yes, he was./ No, he wasn’t. 是的,他是。/不, 他不是。

特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+ was/ were+ 主语+ 其他?

Eg: Where was your brother born? 你哥哥是在哪出生的?

2. 实意动词的一般过去时

肯定句:主语+ 动词的过去式+其他

Eg:He went to school yesterday. 他昨天去学校了。

否定句: 主语+ didn’t +动词原形+其他

Eg : He didn’t go to school yesterday. 他昨天没去学校。

一般疑问句: Did + 主语+ 动词原形+其他

肯定回答:Yes, 主语+ did.

否定回答:No, 主语+didn’t.

Eg:— Did you go to Beijing last week? 你上周去北京了吗?

— Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. 是的, 我去了。/ 不,我没去。

特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其他。

Eg: What did you do last night?你昨晚干什么了?

**一般过去时口诀

* 一般过去时表示过去动作、状态记心间。动词要用过去式,时间状语句末站。 否定句很简单,didn’t 站在动词原形前,其他部分不要变。

一般疑问句也好变,did放在句子前,其后动词用原形。

特殊疑问句也简单,特殊疑问词加一般疑问句。

作文

China is a great country with rich culture and a long history. The Terra Cotta Warriors in Xi’an are famous all over the world. The silk from China is colourful and famous, too. Erhu is a part of ancient Chinese culture. Do you want to learn to play the erhu?

Chinese food is delicious and has lots of history behind it. Beijing Duck is a Chinese treasure. Lanzhou noodles look good and taste great. Dumplings are traditional food in China.

My Happy Trip

On my last summer holiday, I took a bus to Mount Tai with my good friends . It took us about two hours to get there. Then we began to climb the mountain. There were many trees and flowers on it. And there were also a lot of visitors. Some of them were foreigners.(外国人)At noon(在中午) we sat under the trees and had our picnic.(吃野餐)All of the food was delicious. We took many photos during the trip. We were tired, but we all had a great time.

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