haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

初二英语不规则动词过去式过去分词的变化规律

发布时间:2014-05-25 23:00:45  

初二英语不规则动词的变化规律

时态是中学阶段的重点,也是难点,而与其息息相关的动词(尤其是不规则动词)的过去式、过去分词的变化散乱难记,令人头疼。可仔细琢磨就不难发现它们的变化有一定的规律可循。现将初中常见的105个不规则动词的变化规律归纳如下:

一、A—A—A型,即原形、过去式和过去分词三者都相同。(共8个)

let—let— let (让) set—set—set (放置)

hit—hit—hit (打) cut—cut—cut (割)

put—put—put(放) read—read—read(读)

hurt—hurt—hurt(伤害) cost—cost—cost (花费)

二、A—B—B型,即过去式、过去分词相同。(共47个) 1 -ought。(4个)

bring—brought—brought (带来)

buy—bought—bought(买)

fight—fought—fought (打斗)

think—thought— thought (想) 2 -aught。(2个)

catch—caught—caught (抓住) teach—taught—taught (教)

3.词尾有-ild,-end时,只需把d变为t。(5个)

build—built—built(建设) rebuild—rebuilt—rebuilt (重建)

lend—lent—lent(借) send—sent—sent(送)

spend—spent— spent(花费)

4.把-eep变为-ept。(3个)

keep—kept—kept(保持) sleep—slept—slept(睡觉)

sweep— swept—swept(打扫) 5-ell变为-old。(3个)

sell—sold—sold(卖) tell—told—told (告诉)

retell—retold—retold(复述)

6.过去式、过去分词都含有-elt。(3个)

smell—smelt—smelt(闻) spell—spelt—spelt (拼写) feel—felt— felt

(感觉)

7.过去式、过去分词都在原形词尾加t。(2个)

learn—learnt—learnt (学习) mean—meant—meant (意思是)

8. 过去式、过去分词词尾是d。(4个)

say—said—said (说) pay—paid—paid (支付) hear—heard—heard (听)

9.改变元音字母。(15个)

dig—dug—dug(挖) meet—met—met (遇见)

sit—sat—sat (坐) find— found—found (找到)

hold—held—held(抓住) shine—shone—shone(照耀)

speed—sped—sped (加速) feed—fed—fed (喂)

win—won—won(获胜) lead—led—led (带领)

light—lit—lit(点亮) hang—hung—hung (悬挂)

lose—lost—lost (丢失) stick—stuck—stuck(粘贴)

10.改变辅音字母。(1个)

make—made—made (制造)

114个)

leave—left—left (离开) stand—stood—stood(站立 )

have(has)- had—had (有) understand—understood—understood (理解)

三、A—B—C型,即原形、过去式、过去分词都不相同。(共38个) 1i—a—u变化。(5个)

begin—began—begun(开始)

drink—drank—drunk (喝) sing—sang—sung(唱)

ring—rang—rung (铃响) swim—swam—swum (游泳) 2-ow,-aw时,过去式将其变为-ew,过去分词在其原形后加n。(5个)

blow—blew—blown(吹) draw—drew—drawn (画画)

grow— grew—grown(生长) know—knew—known (知道)

throw—threw—thrown (扔) (show除外, show-showed-shown 表明) 3i+辅(1个)+e”,过去式将i变为o,过去分词多在原形后加n,若那个辅音字母为d或t,须双写d或t后加n。(4个)(give,hide除外)

drive—drove—driven (开车) ride— rode—ridden (骑)

rise—rose—risen (升起) write—wrote—written (写) 4e)n。(5个)

break—broke—broken(打破) choose—chose—chosen (选择) speak—spoke

—spoken (选择) steal—stole—stolen (偷)

wake—woke— woken (醒来) 5-ten构成。(2个)

forget—forgot—forgotten (忘记) get—got—gotten(got) (得到) 6e)n构成。(7个)

be—was(were)—been (是) eat—ate—eaten (吃)

fall—fell—fallen (落下) give—gave—given(给) hide—hid—hidden (藏) see—saw—seen (看见) 7-ake时,过去式将其变为-ook,过去分词在原形词后加-n。(2个)

take—took—taken (拿) mistake—mistook—mistaken (误会) 88个)

bear—bore—born(borne) (生) do/does—did—done (做)

fly—flew—flown (飞) go—went—gone(去)

lie—lay—lain(躺) show—showed—shown(表明) wear—wore—worn (穿)

四、A—A—B型,即过去式和原形相同。(1个)

beat—beat—beaten (打)

五、A—B—A型,即过去分词和原形相同。(3个)

become—became—become (变得) come—came—come(来) run— ran—run (跑)

六、情态动词型,只有原形和过去式,没有过去分词。(4个)

can—could may—might shall—should will—would

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com