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2014新人教版八年级英语下册unit 7短语和知识点总结

发布时间:2014-05-25 23:00:55  

Unit 7 W hat’s the highest mountain in the world?

一、重点短语

1. the population of China 中国的人口 2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一

3. feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事 4. as far as I know 据我所知 as you can see,..正如你所看见的,…

5. man-made objects 人造物体 6. part of... ...... 的组成部分 Badaling is part of Ming Great Wall.

7. mountain climbing/ climbing mountains 登山运动 8. man-make objects人造物体

9.higher than any other mountain 比其他任何一座山高 10. of all the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中

11. run along 绵延,横亘… … 12. another 200 or so还有大约200左右

13,one of the world’s most dangerous sports 最危险的运动之一

14,one of the most popular places最受欢迎的地方之一 15,of all the mountains所有的山之中

16,freezing weather conditions冰冻的天气条件 17,risk their lives冒着他们的生命危险

18, oneself挑战自我 challenge ourselves 19, in the face of difficulties 面临危险

20, take in air 呼吸空气 21. the first people to do sth. 第一个做某事的人 the first people to reach the top

22. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 23. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想 = make one’s dream come true

24. the forces of nature 自然界的力量 25. reach the top 到达顶峰 26. even though 虽然;尽管

27. at birth 在出生的时候 28. be awake 醒着 live up to 活到……

29. run over with excitement 兴奋地跑过去 30. walk into sb. 撞到某人 die from……死于……

31. fall over 被…绊倒 fall over the chair 被椅子绊倒、 32. take care of 照顾;照料

33. every two years 每两年 34. cut down the forests 砍伐林木

35. endangered animals 濒危动物 36. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越少

37. be in danger 处于危险之中 38. the importance of saving these animals 拯救这些动物的重要性 39,wild animals野生动物sea life海洋生物 40 ,rules on whale protection保护鲸的规定(on 关于)

41.water pollution水污染,42only live for a short time because of illnesses由于疾病仅活很短的时间

43,make more homes for the pandas为大熊猫建造更多的家园 43. stand on two legs 两腿站立

44,catch whales for meat, fat and oil为肉,脂肪和油而捕鲸

45,stop putting rubbish into the sea停止往大海里丢垃圾 46,jump high out of the water高高地跃出水面

47, protect … from…保护…免于…的伤害 protect children from catching a cold. 保护孩子免于感冒

48,bamboo forests竹林 49, panda keeper熊猫饲养员 50,in the remaining forests在剩下的森林里 51, the highest mountain in the world (Qomolangma)世界上最高的山

52, the biggest desert in the world (the Sahara)世界上最大的沙漠

53, the longest river in the world (the Nile)世界上最长的河

54, the deepest of all the salt lakes (the Caspian Sea)所有咸水湖中最深的湖

二、重点句型

1. It is -\~adj. + (fo r sb. ) to do sth.

It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。

2. . . . is because... One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时 挑战自己。

3 . . . . show(s) that... The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应 该放弃实现自己的梦想。

4, 表达事物的长,宽,高,深……? sth. /sb. +be+数量+单位+形容词long, wide, tall, deep。

如,The river is 2 meters deep. Qomolangma is 8,844.43 meters high.

long---length (n. 长度) wide---width (n.宽度) deep---depth(n.深度) high----height(n.高度)

the length/depth/ width/height/size of sth. …的长度,深度,宽度,高度,面积

5,问事物的高,深,宽,长…? How high/ deep/tall/ wide/ long/ is ... ? 问重量用 How heavy be+sth,/sb.? How high is Qomolangma? 珠穆朗玛峰有多高? How heavy are you? What is the weight of you? What is the height of Qomolangma? I am 50 kilos. My weight is 50 kilos.

三,必背句子

1. This makes it the longest wall in the world.这让它成了世界上最长的墙

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. 主要原因是为了保卫他们部分的国土. As far as I know, there are no man-make objects as big as this.就我所知,世界上没有和这个一样大的人造工程. The Himalayas run along the southwestern part of China.喜马拉雅横卧在中国的东南部. Of all the mountains, Qomolangma rises the highest.所有的山之中,珠穆郞玛耸立得最高. 厚厚的去覆盖着山顶, 雪也可能下得很猛. It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. (as = when)当你接近山顶的时候,呼吸也非常的困难. No ocean in the world is as big as the Pacific Ocean.世界上没有海洋和太平洋一样大.

这头大象的重量比这头熊猫重许多倍. When the babies see the keepers, they run over with excitement and some of them even walk into their friends and fall

over! 当宝宝们看到饲养员的时候, 他们就兴奋地跑过来,

,并且摔倒了.

11. they’re my own babies..

12. I wash, feed and play with them every day.我每天都洗他们,喂他们并且和他们一起玩.

13. Pandas do not have many babies, maybe only one every two years.熊猫不能生很多宝宝, 也许每两年才一只.

14,Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo.成年熊猫每天花超过12h吃10kg竹子.

14. The Chinese government is also planting more bamboo trees so there will be more forests for pandas to live in.中国政

府也正在种植更多的竹子以便于熊猫有更多的竹林可以生活.

15. We all hope that in the future there will be a lot more pandas than now.我们都希望, 未来比现在有更多的熊猫. 四, 语法讲解。

1,freezing weather conditions, 极冷的天气状况。condition 条件.状况,可数名词;但,in good/bad condition. 不可数 2, Yu Gong put the earth and stone from the mountain into the see. stone, 石料,岩石不可数。石块,可数。Don’t throw stones.

3, risk their lives. 冒着生命危险。risk, n/v. 作名词,take risks/ a risk to do sth. 冒风险去做…at risk 在危险中。 risk sth. to do sth. 冒…风险去做…

4, The main reason was to protect their part of country. 主要原因是去保护他们国家的部分领土。

不定式to protect…做be 的表语,表目的。

the first people to reach the top, 不定式做people 的后置定语。第一个到达山顶的人。

5,The first Chinese team did so in1960, while the first woman to succeed was Junko Tabei.

1) while, 此处是“而,然而,”轻微对比。不是“当…时候”

2) succeed. V. 成功 succeed in doing sth. He succeeded in finishing the work.

success n. “成功”不可数,Confidence is the key to success. 自信是成功的关键。

success n. “成功的人,物” He is a great success.他是一个很成功的人。

successful, adj. 成功的, successfully, 成功地

6

,We should never give up trying to achieve our dreams. give up doing sth.

7, There are now fewer than 2,000 pandas living in the remaining forests. 现在不到2000 只熊猫生活在剩下的竹林里。 There be +…

doing “有…正在做…” There are some students playing soccer on the playgroud.

Bamboo 做“竹子做的食物”或“竹子制品”不可数,bamboo chair;但做植物讲时可数。

1) sb. spend + time/ money + on sth. / in doing sth.

2) sb. pay +money +for sth. 某人为某物支付多少钱

3) It takes sb + time+ to do sth. 花费某人多长时间做

4) sth + cost +money 某物值多少钱。 The book costs ten dollars.

9, prepare 用法, v, 准备n. preparation make preparation(s) for 为…做准备

prepare是一动词,意为"准备"。其用法相当灵活,现归纳如下:

1). prepare sth. "准备…",宾语是所准备的内容。如:Mother was preparing dinner in the kitchen. 妈妈在厨房准备饭菜。

2). prepare to do sth. 准备做某事,如: He is preparing to go on a trip. 他正准备去旅行。

After taking out a piece of paper, he prepared to write to his parents. 他拿出纸,准备给父母写信。

3). prepare for sth.是"为……做准备", for是准备的目的。如: prepare for a test

Hope for the best and prepare for the worst.抱最好的希望,做最坏的准备。

4). prepare sth. for sth/sb... 为……准备某物,如: Please prepare the table for the dinner. 请摆好桌子吃饭。

You must prepare a room for the guest. 你必须为客人准备一个房间。

5). prepare sb. for sth.使某人对……进行准备,如:

We have to prepare the students for that work step by step. 我们要为学生进行这项工作一步步做好准备。 10, Why do some of them have to be protected? 为什么他们中的一些要被保护?

protect v, protect …from… 保护…免受…危险。Protect the pandas from dying from illness. 11, Canada is a lot less crowded than China. 加拿大不及中国拥挤很多。 less+adj+than 不及比较: Joseph is less honest than his brother. 约瑟夫不像他兄弟那样诚实。

less than (中间不加任何词)“少于” There are less than 30 girls in my class. 我们班不足30个女生。

more than (中间不加任何词)“超过,多于,相当于over” There are more than 30 girls in my class. 我们班超过30个女生。 五, 语法讲解。 形容词副词比较级和最高级。

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