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初中英语单词辨析

发布时间:2014-05-27 08:06:13  

初中各年级课件教案习题汇总 语文 数学 英语 物理 化学

scientist of the day

34. three of us, the three of us

three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema. 35. by bus, on the bus

by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围 They went there by bus. 36. for a moment, for the moment for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed.

37. next year, the next year

next year将来时间状语,the next year过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year.

38. more than a year, more than one year

more than a year一年多,more than one year超过一年(两年或三年等) 39. take advice, take the(one's) advice

take advice征求意见,take the advice接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again. 40. take air, take the air take air传播,走漏,take the air到户外去,散步 We take the air every day. 41. in a word, in words

in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right. 42. in place of, in the place of

in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.

43. in secret, in the secret

in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning. 44. a girl, one girl a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box? 45. take a chair, take the chair take a chair相当于sit down坐下,take the chair开始开会 46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea 47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher

the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is 48. in office, in the office

in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office.

49. in bed, on the bed

in bed卧在床上,on the bed在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.

50. in charge of, in the charge of

in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge

of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her. 51. in class, in the class in class在课上,in the class在班级里 He is the best student in the class. 52. on fire, on the fire

on fire着火,on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.

53. out of question, out of the question

out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的 54. a second, the second

a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize. 55. by day, by the day by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day. 56. the people, a people the people指人,a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people. 57. it, one it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one. 58. that, this

that指代上文所提到的,this导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why… 59. none, nothing, no one

none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None. 60. anyone, any one

anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you 61. who, what who指姓名或关系,what指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher. 62. what, which what的选择基础是无限制的,which在一定范围内进行选择 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples? 63. other, another

other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student 64. not a little, not a bit

not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。

65. many, much, a lot of

many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books. 66. much more…than, many more…than

much more…than后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful 67. no, not

no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water 68. no more than, not more than

no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过 69. majority, most

majority只能修饰可数名词,most可数不可数均可 the majority of people 70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself

by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself. 71. at all, after all

at all根本,全然, after all到底,毕竟 After all he is a child. 72. tall, high

tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall. 73. fast, quickly

fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly 74. high, highly

high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of 75. healthy, healthful

healthy健康的,健壮的,healthful有益于健康的 healthful exercise 76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.

77. gold, golden

gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring 78. most, mostly

most用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词,mostly大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly… 79. just, very

just表强调时是副词,作状语,very表强调时是形容词,用作定语 the very man, just the man 80. wide, broad

wide侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad侧重于幅面的宽广broad shoulders 81. real, true real真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story 82. respectful, respectable

respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged

83. outwards, outward

二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面,outward还可用作形容词 an outward voyage

84. pleasant, pleased, pleasing

pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing. 85. understanding, understandable understanding明白事理的,能体谅的,understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake

86. close, closely

close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close 87. ill, sick ill做表语,sick定,表均可 a sick boy 88. good, well

good形容词,well副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again. 89. quiet, silent, still quiet安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent不发出声音,但可以动,still完全不动,完全无声响 He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。 90. hard, hardly

hard努力,hardly几乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it. 91. able, capable

able与不定式to do连用,capable与of连用 He is capable of doing… 92. almost, nearly 二者均为"几乎,差不多" 和否定词连用用almost almost nobody 93. late, lately

late迟,晚,lately最近,近来 I haven't seen him lately. 94. living, alive, live, lively

living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能做定语,lively意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive

95. excited, exciting excited使人兴奋的,exciting令人兴奋的 I'm excited. The news is exciting. 96. deep, deeply

deep具体的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep 97. aloud, loud

aloud出声地,loud大声地 read aloud(出声地读) 98. worth, worthy

二者均为值得,worth后接doing,worthy后接to be done, of being done It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.

99. bad, badly

bad形容词,badly副词,不好,但与need, want, require连用为"很,非常" go bad I need the book badly. 100. before long, long before

before long不久以后,long before很久以前 not long before = before long 101. quite, rather quite完全地,相当于completely, rather修饰比较级 quite impossible 102. happy, glad

happy高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad高兴,只能做表语 a happy girl 103. instead, instead of instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film. 104. too much, much too

too much 后接不可数名词,much too后接形容词 much too heavy 105. be about to, be going to, be to do

be about to表最近的将来,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重打算,想法,be to do侧重意志,计划,安排I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思) 106. raise, rise

raise及物动词,rise不及物动词 The sun rises in the east. 107. bring, take, carry, fetch bring拿来,take带走,carry随身携带,fetch去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk 108. spend, take, pay, cost

spend人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物做主语,花时间; pay人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost物做主语,花钱 109. join, join in, take part in

join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago. 110. learn, study

learn学习,侧重学习的结果,study学习,侧重学习的过程,研究 study the problem 111. want, hope, wish

want打算,想要,want to do, want sb. to do, hope希望(通常可以实现),hope to do/ hope that… wish希望(通常不能实现)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success. 112. discover, invent, find out

discover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西,invent发明本来不存在的物体,find out发现,查明 At last he found out the truth. 113. answer, reply

answer及物动词,reply不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter 114. leave, leave for leave离开,leave for前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai. 115. rob, steal

rob抢劫 rob sb. of sth.,steal偷 steal sth. from sb. 116. shoot, shoot at

shoot射死,shoot at瞄准,但不一定射中 He shot the bird and it died. 117. drop, fall drop及物不及物均可,fall不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice.

118. search, search for

search后接地点,search for后接东西 He searched his pocket for money. 119. used to, be used to

used to过去常常,be used to习惯于,后接sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early. 120. win, lose, beat

win后接sth.,反义词为lose, beat后接sb. win the game, beat them 121. live on, live by live on以…为主食,live by靠…谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing 122. beat, hit, strike

beat连续性地击打;hit打中,对准打;strike打一下或若干

下 beat the wings 123. meet, meet with

meet遇到,meet with体验到,遭遇到 meet with an accident 124. lose, miss

lose失去(具体的物体),错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过sth. is missing, miss the chance 125. be tired of, be tired with/from

be tired of厌烦…,be tired with/from因为…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters 126. care about, care for

care about关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for关心,照料,喜欢,愿意 He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care for movies. 127. catch a cold, have a cold

catch a cold不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用,而have a cold可以 She has had a cold for a week. 128. change for, change into change for调换成,change into变成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice. 129. continue, last

二者均为持续,continue主动,被动均可,last只能用主动 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued. 130. feed, raise

feed喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children) raise the family 131. go for a doctor, go to a doctor

go for a doctor去请医生,go to a doctor去看病 132. notice, observe, catch sight of notice注意到,observe观察,仔细地看,catch sight of突然看到 observe the stars

133. insist on, stick to

insist on坚持要求,后常接doing, stick to坚持, 后常接sth. stick to the plan

134. look, seem, appear

look指从外表上看,seem指内心的判断,appear指给人以表面的印象 appear wise, look like his father 135. gather, collect

gather把分散的东西集中到一起, collect指精心地、有选择地进行收集 collect stamps 136. mean to do, mean doing mean to do打算,想要做某事,mean doing意思是,意味着 By this I mean giving the students more practice. 137. die from, die of

die from表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of表示死于疾病,饥饿,寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素 die of hunger and cold 138. pay for, pay back, pay off pay for为…付钱,pay back还钱,但不一定还清,pay off还清 pay for the book, pay off the debt 139. divide, separate

divide把一个整体分成几部分,separate把连在一起的个体分开 divide the apple, separate the houses 140. arrive, get, reach

arrive不及物动词,后接in (大地点),at(小地点),get不及物动词后接to,reach及物动词 arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing 141. grow, plant

grow使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去,plant移植,移栽已经长成秧苗的植物 plant the trees, trees are growing 142. manage, try

manage to do设法做成了某事,try to do尽力去做某事但不一定成功 He tried to pass the exam, but he failed. 143. choose, select

choose凭个人的判断力进行选择,select有目的地仔细认真地选择 choose the best answer 144. build, put up, set up, found build一般用语,建成,put up临时搭建,set up建成(内部的设施基本齐全),found国家或组织的建成 put up a tent, set up a school 145. be familiar to, be familiar with be familiar to某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with某人熟悉某物 The book is familiar to me. I'm familiar with the book. 146. agree with, agree to, agree on agree with同意某人,agree to同意某事,agree on在…上达成一致意见,主语是复

数 agree with you, agree to the plan 147. throw to, throw at

throw to扔到…, throw at朝…扔 He throw a stone at me. 148. receive, accept

receive收到某一东西,但不一定接受,accept接受 I received a gift, but I didn't accept it. 149. wear, put on, dress

wear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时,dress接人,be dressed in, put on表动作 It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes. 150. listen, hear

listen强调动作,hear强调结果 I listened, but I heard nothing. 151. look, see, watch look看的动作,see看的结果,watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展watch TV 152. lie, lay lie躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay平放(laid, laid) lay the book 153. work as, act as work as工作是…,act as充当某种职务或身份,或扮演某种角色 He works as a teacher. He acts as an interpreter. 154. move, remove move动一动,但不一定移走,remove从一处移到另一处 remove the table to the kitchen>

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