Adverbial clauses of time
2014. 4. 8 深夜
Adverbial clauses of time 时间状语从句
I went home at 5:00 in the afternoon. School is over at 5:00 in the afternoon. I went home after school.
I went home when school is over.
时间状语从句. 由一个句子来充当另一个句 子时间状语的句子。
When/while/as/before/after/until/as soon as+一个完整的句子构成“时间状语从句”
when, while, as的区别： when he came in, we were having a class. ______
When/while I was walking down the street, _____________ I came across an old friend of mine.
The girl sang happily ______ he walked . as As summer comes, it is getting hotter and ____ hotter. ______summer coming, it is getting hotter With and hotter.
when / while / as引导时间状语从句时的
when 1.当….的时候 while as 1.一边….一 边…. 2.随着…. 1.当…的时候 2.这时,正在这 (从句的谓语 必须是延续性 时
2.而,然而(强 调两者对比） 3.虽然
? “While” 指时间段 ，与延续性动词连用 ? 表示主句与从句动作同时发生 ? “When” 指时间点，与非延续性动词连用 指时间段； 与延续性动词连用
got (1)When she _____(get) home last night,her son ___________(do) his homework. was doing rang (2)When the bell ________(ring), he was sleeping ______________(sleep). while my mother (3)My father was reading a book ______ was cooking.
when/while主从句两个动作一长一短，长的动作用过去 进行时，短的动作用一般过去时。两个动作分不清长短或 先后，一般前后都用进行时，且用while连接。 As 主 从句的两个短暂动作同时发生多as
as soon as, 引导时间状语从句 “一……就” 表示主句 的动作紧接着从句的动作而发生。
我一看到他，就告诉他。 I will give him the message as soon as I see him.
Please call me as soon as you arrive.
After he heard the bad news,he couldn’t help crying.
He didn’t watch TV before he finished his homework.
…until… “直到” …not…until…直到…才…
我们一直等到他回来。 We waited until he came back
She didn’t stop working until eleven o’clock .
? “not … until…” 指主句的动作在从句所表示的时 间才开始，谓语用非延续性动词； “until” 主句的 动作在从句所表示的时间之前就开始，并且一直持 续到该时间为止，其谓语用持续性动词。
如主句动词是延续性动作，常用until，表示“直到…为 止”;如主句动词是瞬间动词，常用not…until，表示“直 到…才”
until / not… until 句型
? He waited until it was 12 o’clock. ? He didn’t go home until it was 12 o’clock.
I didn’t go to bed until he came back.
I went to bed after /when he came back I didn